What is Irony?
Irony is about expectations.
Irony: the opposite of what is expected.
3 kinds of irony
A character says one thing but means
It’s easy to remember by thinking of
sarcasm or being sarcastic, but it is not
just that. Sarcasm is usually meant to hurt
someone, while Verbal irony is not.
The locker room smells really good.
Awesome! Another homework packet!
When what actually happens is the
opposite of what is expected.
Something about the situation is completely
Bill Gates uses an Apple computer.
Situational Irony Cont…
• An example would be when someone buys a gun to
protect himself, but the same gun is used by another
individual to injure him. One would expect that the gun
would keep him safe, but it has actually caused him
• There is however a difference between situation irony
and coincidence or bad luck.
• When someone washes his car and it rains, that is just
bad luck; nothing led him or her to think that it would not
rain. However, when a TV weather presenter gets
caught in an unexpected storm, it is ironic because he or
she is expected to know the exact weather changes.
• For situation irony to occur there has to be something
that leads a person to think that a particular event or
situation is unlikely happen.
When the reader understands more about
the events of a story than a character.
You, as the reader or audience, know
something that a character doesn’t.
Tim’s parents are proud of the “A” he got on
the test, but we know he cheated.
Something that is ironic is unexpected.
If unexpected by a character, it’s dramatic.
If unexpected by everyone, it’s situational.
If it’s what someone said, it’s verbal.
Let’s check out The Oatmeal just in case!
No one attacks me with impunity
*Impunity : exemption from
In other words,
you can’t attack
me and expect
to get away with
Topics in Cask…
• You add the “what about it” to make it a
• Revenge (what about it?!)
• Deception (what about it?!)
• Pride (what about it?!)
• Foolishness (what about it?!)
There are more! Write them down if you
pick up on them.