Maize village 27 NOV 2011

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Maize village

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Maize village 27 NOV 2011

  1. 1. 1 July 2010 – 30 June, 2011 Field Crops Research Institute , DOA AFACI Project (Yr.1) MAIZE SEED VILLAGE IN THAILAND Presentation on 27 Nov.2011 " Follow-up Workshop and Annual Meeting for the ThaiKoRAA 2011” at Pailyn Hotel, Sukhothai
  2. 2. Principal Investigator <ul><li>Dr.Chutima Koshawatana, PI </li></ul><ul><li>Director Pichet Grudloyma, Co-PI </li></ul><ul><li>Ms.Amara Traisiri, Co-PI </li></ul>3 years (2010-2013) Duration
  3. 3. Objectives -Transferring knowledge and technology on hybrid seed production -Strengthening self-sufficient agriculture -Establish seed villages to reduce cost of maize seed
  4. 4. Methodology Promote and disseminate NS 3,a new drought tolerant maize to villagers in target sites. Group discussion and talk with villagers about how to manage seed production 34 farmers,16.8 ha,10 Sub-districts (Tambons),4 Provinces
  5. 5. <ul><li>Four Provinces of NS 3 hybrid maize seed production in dry season 2010. </li></ul>CM: Chiang Mai SK: Sukhothai NS: Nakhon Sawan PB: Petchabun CM NS PB SK
  6. 6. Table 1 Farmers/areas/sites 0.32 ha Chiang Mai (CMFCRC) 12 farmers 2 farmers 8.32 ha 4 Tambons Petchabun (PBARDC) 10 farmers 4.64 ha 2 Tambons Sukhothai (SKARDC) 10 farmers 3.52 ha 2 Tambons Nakhon Sawan (NSFCRC) Total 34 16.8 2 Tambons 10
  7. 7. Table 2 Site (Tambon) Chiang Mai ( 4) Petchabun ( 2) Sukhothai ( 2) Nakhon Sawan ( 2) Lamphayon Khoaw- chai-thong Mae-van, Veang Kuan-pak, Ban-pong Bo-Thai Klong- krachang Na- khun-krai Pak-kwae
  8. 8. <ul><li>1. Capacity building </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1.1 Training NS 3 hybrid seed production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.2 Producing 300 manuals for farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. NS3 demon. plots in farmers’ fields </li></ul><ul><li>3. Multiplication of parent inbred </li></ul><ul><li>4. Demonstration plot of NS 3 production </li></ul><ul><li>5. Hybrid NS3 seed production plots </li></ul>5 activities in Progress:
  9. 9. <ul><li>1.1 Training on NS 3 hybrid seed production </li></ul><ul><li> At Nakhon Sawan Province </li></ul>Activity 1: Capacity building 25 farmers were trained 2 times at NSFCRC - July 29,2010: clarified benefit of self-sufficient seed and sustainable production : visited hybrid NS3 demonstration plot - September 14,2010: training on hybrid seed production : group discussion and field visit
  10. 10. Activity 1: Capacity building 1.1 Training on NS 3 hybrid seed production At Sukhothai Province 26 farmers were trained 1 times at SKARDC - October 22,2010: understanding of self-sufficient seed and sustainable production : training on hybrid seed production : group discussion and exchange experience with farmers who worked with seed companies
  11. 11. <ul><li>- No training, farmers experienced production with seed companies. </li></ul><ul><li>- emphasized on purposes of the projects and sustainable production. </li></ul>Activity 1: Capacity building 1.1 Training on NS 3 hybrid seed production At Chiang Mai and Petchabun Province
  12. 12. <ul><li>300 booklets, “easy to understand”, were produced, lots of illustrates on </li></ul><ul><li>- field management, </li></ul><ul><li>- inbred plants, rouging off-type plants, </li></ul><ul><li>- detasselling, male cutting, </li></ul><ul><li>- harvesting, </li></ul><ul><li>- seed processing etc . </li></ul><ul><li>The manuals are ready for distribution now. </li></ul>1.2 Producing NS 3 seed production mannual Activity 1: Capacity building
  13. 14. Activity 2: Nakhon Sawan 3 hybrid demonstration plots in farmers’ fields - Demon. Plots : NS 3 vs 9 Commercial hybrids at Tambon Lamphayon and Khoaw-chai-thong, NS province, 0.16 ha/plot. - Invited farmers nearby to visit and to select preference hybrids.
  14. 15. Activity 3: Multiplication of inbred parent seed of NS 3 Harvested in November,2010 Planted in July, 2010, Tak Fa 1 (female) 300 Kg Tak Fa 3 (male) 1,000 Kg
  15. 16. 1 st yr.Planning Sep.26 th ,2010 At NSFCRC
  16. 17. Activity 4: Hybrid seed production demonstration plot In August 2010 at NSFCRC, hybrid seed demon.plot of 0.8 ha was planted. Female : male parent row = 4:1. - 3 times of fertilizer - 12 times of irrigation - 5 times of Rouging - Female detasselling in October - Male cutting 1 week later - Harvested and seed processed in November, 2010.
  17. 18. <ul><li>1. Nakhon Sawan Province </li></ul><ul><li>- 2 farmers : grew in December 1 st and 7 th , 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>- 2 inspection each field at seedling and veg. stage. </li></ul><ul><li>- January, female parent is detasselled followed by cutting of male parent. </li></ul><ul><li>- Rouging off-type before flowering and after pollination. </li></ul><ul><li>- Harvested and seed processed in March-April 2011. </li></ul>Activity 5: NS 3 seed production by farmers
  18. 19. Activities at NSFCRC
  19. 20. <ul><li>2. Chiangmai Province </li></ul><ul><li>- 12 farmers grew November26 th , 2010 - </li></ul><ul><li>January 4 th , 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>- 8 times of field inspection </li></ul><ul><li>- Fields were irrigated every 2 weeks </li></ul><ul><li>- Rouging off-type plant and detasselling was done as recommended. </li></ul><ul><li>- Harvested in April-May,2011. </li></ul>Activity 5: NS 3 seed production by farmers
  20. 21. Activities at CMFCRC
  21. 22. Last April 2011
  22. 23. <ul><li>3. Petchabun Province </li></ul><ul><li>- 10 farmers grew during November 30 th , 2010-December 21 st , 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>- Inspection and rouging was done as recommendation. </li></ul><ul><li>- Detasselled and harvested in April, 2011. </li></ul>Activity 5: NS 3 seed production by farmers
  23. 24. Activities at PBARDC
  24. 25. Last April 2011 (VIP)…Field inspection
  25. 26. <ul><li>4. Sukhothai Province </li></ul><ul><li>- 10 farmers grew during November 9 th , 2010 - December 17 th , 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>- Method of planting followed as recommended. </li></ul><ul><li>- Harvested in April, 2011. </li></ul>Activity 5: NS 3 seed production by farmers
  26. 27. Activities at SKARDC
  27. 28. Last April 2011 Summer storm at harvest
  28. 29. Last April 2011
  29. 30. Seed processing at SKARDC
  30. 31. Table 3 Site (village) & seed volume Chiang Mai ( 7) Petchabun ( 3) Sukhothai ( 2) Nakhon Sawan ( 2) 6,295 kg 6,942 kg 3,944 kg 554 kg. 881 kg/ha 966 kg/ha 1,085 kg/ha 1,306 kg/ha 91 % ger. 98 % ger. 98 % ger. 98 % ger.
  31. 32. Table 4 saved seed and cost/kg *cost/kg data derived from farmers Chiang Mai ( 7) Petchabun ( 3) Sukhothai ( 2) Nakhon Sawan ( 2) 53 % saved seed 0 % saved seed 33 % saved seed 100 % saved seed 26 B/kg 50 B/kg 49 B/kg 35 B/kg
  32. 33. Interview at NS, PB, CM, SK Seed Production satisfaction
  33. 34. Table 5 Seed production satisfaction Activity Satisfaction Production field management (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (N) 1. Land preparation and Isolation 0 4 7 18 3 0 2. Planting male and female rows (1:4) 0 0 8 17 7 0 3. Roguing (5 times) 0 2 10 16 4 0 4. Detasselling (everyday before pollen shedding) 0 2 7 16 7 0 5. Male cutting (after pollen shedding) 0 7 11 7 2 5 6. Harvesting (only female row) 0 0 6 15 11 0
  34. 35. Table 6 Seed production satisfaction Activity Satisfaction Seed processing & etc. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (N) 1. Drying (available area) 2. Ear sorting (discard off-type ears) 3. Shelling (equipment available) 4. Cleaning (equipment available and convenience) 5. Seed quality (germ. and vigor) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 10 9 5 10 0 12 18 12 14 4 10 5 14 6 28 0 0 0 0 0
  35. 36. Interview at NS, PB NS 3,F1 Farmer satisfaction
  36. 37. Table 7 “NS 3” F1 satisfaction * *Assessment is ongoing, data from PB & NS Characteristics Satisfaction 1. Vegetative growth (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (N) 1. Seed price of F1 0 0 1 7 6 0 2. Germination (good ger.& vigor) 0 0 0 3 11 0 3. Seedling vigor after germination 0 0 0 5 9 0 4. Vegetative growth at 1 month 0 0 0 9 5 0 5. Vegetative growth before flowering 0 0 0 9 5 0 6. Lodging 7. Leaf color 8. Drought tolerance 9. Pest tolerance 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 4 6 2 7 9 8 2 4 0 0 10 1
  37. 38. Table 8 “NS 3” F1 satisfaction * *Assessment is ongoing, data from PB & NS 14 farmers Characteristics Satisfaction 2. Yield and processing (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (N) 1. Hand harvest (easy or difficult) 0 0 0 4 10 0 2. Yield per ha 0 0 0 12 2 0 3. Ear size 0 0 0 8 6 0 4. Husk cover 0 0 0 6 8 0 5. Seed color 0 0 0 4 10 0 6. Corn cob (small cob?) 7. % Shelling 8. Continue growing NS3 9. Overall satisfaction 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 1 10 7 1 3 2 5 11 10 1 0 2 0
  38. 39. Other opinion on NS 3 from Interview 1. Lower plant height for easy harvest. 2. Better seed color compared with other commercial brands. 3. Strong stalk with good plant growth 4. Drought tolerance is not prominent since good rainfall this year. 5. Deep kernel...good!. 6. Improve higher yield
  39. 40. <ul><li> 1. Farmers applied extra fertilizer: foliar fertilizer, bio-fertilizer etc. </li></ul><ul><li> 2. At Sukothai, some damages occurred by detasselling </li></ul><ul><li>3. At Petchabun, some seedlings & plants were damaged by ground weevils. </li></ul><ul><li> 4. Distribution of seed manual was 2 months late from January 2011. </li></ul>Remarks/Observation
  40. 41. <ul><li>1. 34 farmers of 14 villages, 4 provinces covering 16.96 ha joint the project. </li></ul><ul><li>2. 17.735 tons of NS 3 hybrid is produced for the 1 st lot. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Second lot, in rainy season 2011, is ongoing for harvest and processing. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Most farmers satisfy with seed production and NS 3 hybrid performance. </li></ul>Progress of yr.1
  41. 42. <ul><li>Assessment for NS 3 F1 performance and farmers’ satisfaction. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Preparing NS 3 hybrid seed production in rainy season July 2011, and summer Nov.2011-April 2012. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Contact more site of production i.e. Tak Province, by cooperate with Tak Agricultural Research and Development Center (TARDC). </li></ul><ul><li>4. Prepare report and assessment for yr 2. </li></ul>Future plans
  42. 43. (VIP)…Field inspection 2.. Rainy Season 2011 at CM
  43. 44. Yr.2 New site of seed production at Tak Province Planning on 16 Nov.2011 atTARDC
  44. 45. At TARDC
  45. 46. TARDC officers visit demon.field at NSFCRC 18 Nov.2011 Start of yr.2
  46. 47. Get inbred seed at NSFCRC
  47. 48. Final Expenditure Statement yr.1 Items Budget (US$) Actual Expenditure (US$) Balance (US$) Personnel Travel 16,000 15,818.10 181.90 Equipment 3,000 2,952.71 47.29 Project activities 7,400 7,323.40 76.60 Other expense 3,600 3,578.18 21.82 Total 30,000 29,672.39 327.61
  48. 49. <ul><li>Ms. Kalaya Papintu (NSFCRC) </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. Thanawat Supasuthirangkul (NSFCRC) </li></ul><ul><li>Ms. Sutasanee Wongsupathai (NSFCRC) </li></ul><ul><li>Ms. Pattamaporn Vassanacharoen (CMFCRC) </li></ul><ul><li>Ms. Sopit Jaipara (CMFCRC) </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. Surasak Wathanapansorn (SKARDC) </li></ul><ul><li>Ms. Duangpratep Maliduang (SKARDC) </li></ul><ul><li>Ms. Penrat Tiempeng (PBARDC) </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. Samran Thongkum (PBARDC) </li></ul>Lists of working group: yr.1 Thanks for their hard work and cooperation with farmers
  49. 50. <ul><li>Mr.Thewa Maolanon (Director of FCRI) </li></ul><ul><li>Mr.Pichet Grudloyma (Director of NSFCRC) </li></ul><ul><li>Mr.Pornsak Duangbhudtan (Director of CMFCRC) </li></ul><ul><li>Mr.Sompeth Prommuangdee (Director of SKARDC) </li></ul><ul><li>Mr.Rathapol Chooyord (Director of PBARDC) </li></ul>Lists of advisors yr.1 Thanks for their guidance and comments
  50. 51. Special Thanks for for financial support, continuous cooperation and endless warmth friendship
  51. 52. Thank you for your attention

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