Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Prj Fin Ppt Grp 8 Wid Changes (1)


Published on

Risk analysis for Ferro Alloys

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Prj Fin Ppt Grp 8 Wid Changes (1)

  1. 1. Group 8 Project Finance
  2. 2. <ul><li>99 Neha Thadani </li></ul><ul><li>21 Darshan Kanayalkar </li></ul><ul><li>73 Sagar Rajput </li></ul><ul><li>38 Karthik Subramaniam </li></ul><ul><li>69 Roshni Shetty </li></ul><ul><li>89 Subrot Sikdar </li></ul><ul><li>82 Shruti Shah </li></ul>
  3. 3. Case - 1
  4. 4. <ul><li>Objective-to develop marine costline </li></ul><ul><li>MMB is responsible to design, finance, construct, operate, maintain and manage a multi-purpose, common user port facility </li></ul><ul><li>BL formed -SPV named M/s Sigma Ports Limited </li></ul><ul><li>Clinton Group-strategic investor </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>Sigma Port is located south of the Karanja Fishing Harbour on the West Coast of Maharashtra </li></ul><ul><li>Locational advantage,Mumbai- major economic, and trade centers in the country </li></ul><ul><li>Proposed development of two large Specials Economic Zones </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>The Clinton Group , founded by Mr. George Clinton </li></ul><ul><li>businesses in the energy and materials value chain </li></ul><ul><li>track record of successfully implementing large projects </li></ul><ul><li>has experience in management of ports </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>Types of risk involved : </li></ul><ul><li>Inherent risk-Resulting from nature of project </li></ul><ul><li>Acquire risk-Based on decision taken by Project team </li></ul><ul><li>External risk-Caused by factors outside control of project manager </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Political risk </li></ul><ul><li>Specific to country </li></ul><ul><li>Change in government policy </li></ul><ul><li>Change in party which is in power </li></ul><ul><li>Civil unrest </li></ul><ul><li>National strike </li></ul><ul><li>Tax laws </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure projects –require extensive govt approvals </li></ul>
  9. 13. <ul><li>Objective of infrastructure project is to provide goods & services to public </li></ul><ul><li>Lending during construction phase-high degree of risk </li></ul><ul><li>Long gestation period </li></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>Infrastructure project-large & complex </li></ul><ul><li>Technology involved-requires constant upgradation </li></ul><ul><li>Project financing sources are difficult to find </li></ul>
  11. 15. <ul><li>Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Tax arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation of participant risk –All sponsors have a strong background </li></ul><ul><li>Legal risk can be reduced through proper contract agreement s </li></ul>
  12. 16. Case -2
  13. 17. <ul><li>Gaurav Ferrotech Pvt. Ltd. (GFPL), a part of Gaurav Group, proposes to set up an 8X13.5 MVA ferro alloy plant at Haldia, West Bengal. </li></ul><ul><li>Total capacity => 119,401 tpa of ferro manganese </li></ul><ul><li>=> 61,406 tpa of silico manganese </li></ul><ul><li>The promoters have adequate experience in implementation and operation of a ferro alloys plant. </li></ul><ul><li>Gaurav Ispat Alloys Ltd. (GIAL) already operating a 38,500 tpa ferro manganese plant at Durgapur. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>90% of the production is exported. GIAL has also developed capabilities for producing export quality ferro manganese from silicious manganese ore chips/fines. The company has already identified and put together an experienced team for execution of the Project and monitoring day to day operations of the plant. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 18. <ul><li>Cater mainly to the international markets since demand for high grades of Ferro-alloys are higher in the international markets. </li></ul><ul><li>The company is at an advanced stage of negotiation for entering into an agreement for supply of Manganese Ore (lump) with Comang Mine, South Africa for a period of 30 years. </li></ul><ul><li>The company is also exploring the option of acquiring a manganese ore mine in Indonesia. </li></ul>
  15. 19. <ul><li>The promoters are already operating 38,500 tpa Ferro – Manganese (FeMn) plant at Durgapur The promoters have developed relationships with various international buyers for supply of FeMn and SiMn. </li></ul><ul><li>The promoters would use its current marketing expertise for sale of GFPL’s products. They are also considering setting up of international trading business in Ferro-Alloys and other steel intermediaries through a separate marketing outfit. In this regard, it has identified a top executive with over 10-year experience in international marketing and business development to head the company. </li></ul><ul><li>GFPL has signed MoUs with the following international buyers for supply of FeMn and SiMn </li></ul>Name of the buyer MoU date Yearly offtake (tonnes) Lemetco GMBH, Germany December 18, 2007 25,000 of FeMn and SiMn Lux Alloys SA, Luxembourg December 18, 2007 25,000 of FeMn and SiMn
  16. 20. <ul><li>The project cost of Rs 555.32 crores includes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>provision to enhance capacity of furnaces from 13.5 MVA to 18 MVA each to produce Silico-Manganese at a marginal cost of Rs. 67.50 lakh per furnace. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost of setting up a sintering plant. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost of a 220 KV/33KV substation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cost of the project excluding these cost components and cost of land is Rs. 2.54 crores per MVA of furnace capacity, which is comparable to that of various ferro alloys projects in the planning and execution stage. </li></ul>
  17. 21. <ul><li>The project cost is proposed to be financed at a debt equity ratio of 2:1. The proposed components of financing are </li></ul><ul><li>Promoters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The promoters propose to bring in their equity through their investment companies by liquidating investments. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Value of total investments => Rs 152 crores </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amount already brought in by promoters => Rs 19.75 crores </li></ul></ul>Particulars % Rs. in crores Equity 33.33% 185.11 Debt 66.66% 370.22 Totla 100% 555.33
  18. 22. <ul><li>Strategic Investor – Manganese ore supplier </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The majority shareholder (51%) of Comang Mining, South Africa, with whose nominee GFPL is entering into long-term agreement for supply of Manganese ore, is agreeable in principle, to subscribing 20-49% of GFPL’s equity subject to ongoing due diligence. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 23. <ul><li>Ferro alloy - used in the production of steels and alloys as a raw material. </li></ul><ul><li>most widely used Ferro-alloys are Ferro-chrome, Silico-manganese and Ferro-manganese </li></ul><ul><li>used as de-oxidizing agents and also added as an alloy to improve the wear resistance and corrosion resistance properties of steel </li></ul><ul><li>the average percentage of Consumption for period 2005-06 and 2006-07 compared to 1 unit of Steel is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FeMn is 0.60% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SiMn is 1.31% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ferro Alloy Industry is hence dependent on the Steel Industry for its demand and growth. </li></ul>
  20. 24. <ul><li>The overall production of Ferro Alloys in India 2.00 million tonnes in 2006-07 as compared to 1.65 million tonnes in 2005-06, registering a growth of 21.21 % </li></ul><ul><li>According to CRISIL Infrastructure Advisory, there is a demand supply gap in the industry </li></ul><ul><li>Need to increase manufacturing capacity of manganese alloys in the medium term by 10-15% (1-1.5 million tpa). </li></ul>2008 (TPA) 2012 (TPA) FeMn 83,501 2,55,581 SiMn 114510 4,88,719
  21. 25. <ul><li>Ferro Manganese prices have largely been dependent on the steel price movements </li></ul><ul><li>FeMn Prices reached a high in 2004 and dipped again in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Historically, the SiMn prices have been 10% higher than those of FeMn </li></ul>
  22. 26. <ul><li>Most widely consumed metal after iron, aluminium and copper </li></ul><ul><li>About 95% of manganese is used in Steel Industry in various forms </li></ul><ul><li>Manganese ore is the most vital raw material used in the production of FeMn & SiMn </li></ul>
  23. 28. <ul><li>Gaurav Ispat Alloys Limited (GIAL) has been producing export grade Fe-Mn with siliceous chips consistently for last one year with the following parameters </li></ul><ul><li>However, the company proposes to use conventional manufacturing process with 50% lumpy ore and 50% sintered manganese fines. The company is also entering into a long term contract for supply of lumpy manganese ore </li></ul>Requirements for Export grade Fe-Mn Achieved by the company Mn (Minimum) 75.00% 76.00% P (Maximum) 0.25% 0.22% Si (Maximum) 1.50% 1.20% S (Maximum) 0.03% 0.02% C 6 TO 8 % 6 TO 8 % Size 10 - 50 mm 10 - 50 mm
  24. 29. <ul><li>International buyers backing out of the deal </li></ul><ul><li>Failure to get supply of Manganese Ore from Comang Mine, South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Using of silicious chips - 11 mm against normal size of 75 mm </li></ul>