Competency 15.00 Use information specific to each breed to choose the best cat for a given use.
Cat Breeds• Differ in color, patterns, length of hair, shape and length of ears, shape and color of eyes, head shape, body conformation, size, and disposition• For our discussions we will focus on the two major types of hair: – Shorthaired Breeds – Longhaired Breeds
Objective 15.01 • Describe major shorthaired and longhaired breeds of cats Pictures courtesy of Google Images
Abyssinian• Ruddy (orange-brown), red and blue, all ticked with darker colors at tips of each hair• Medium sized – Muscular cat• Almond shaped eyes• Very active – Fond of water – Can be taught to retrieve
Bombay (1958)• Relatively new breed resulting from Burmese x American Shorthair – Medium sized cat – Jet black – Copper or gold colored eyes• Disposition – Graceful, charming, and get along well with others, even strangers
British Shorthair• Oldest Natural English breed – Larger and taller than American Shorthair – Large rounded head – Big, round copper or gold eyes – Quiet, easy going, docile nature • likes to sleep a lot
Burmese• Originated in the Unites States• 1930’s• Cross between Siamese x Burma – Medium-sized – Sable-brown in color with gold eyes – Good disposition, enjoy being held • Can become bossy, stubborn, and angry
Japanese Bobtail• Known for calico (tortoiseshell or 3 colors) – Calico is some shade of black, orange (red), and white.• Distinctive short (bob) tail – Is kinked to form a “pom” or “bunny tail”• The tail is sensitive – Care must be taken to prevent injury and pain when handling the cat
Manx• Among earliest European breeds – result of a genetic mutation• Medium-sized – affectionate cat – tends to be better in one-to-one relationships• The BEST show Manx cats do not have a tail (rumpy) – others have a short tail (stumpy) – some have a long tail (longy)
Siamese• Known for one-on-one devotion to one person• Eye color is always deep blue• Head forms an equilateral triangle from the nose to the tips of the ears – Very little pigmentation in color pattern – Pigmentation is darker at the points – Color is restricted to the points: mask, ear, foot and tip of tail
Siamese• Medium-sized – very long and refined• Siamese cats are very unpredictable; however, they are described as talkative, loyal• Fearless cats of extraordinary intelligence.• Siamese cats are particularly sensitive to vaccinations and anesthetics
Snowshoe Breed• Medium to large size – Similar to American Shorthair • white feet – Bright blue eyes are large, oval – Ears are large and broad at base – Wedgeshaped head• The mask, tail, ears, and legs are usually defined seal or blue with the masking colors covering the entire face, except for inverted white V-shaped pattern over mouth and nose
Sphynx• Canadian origin in the late 1960’s• Known for its tough, wrinkled hairless skin• Indoor cat – cannot survive outdoors – depends upon people for survival – Constantly purrs• Adores body contact and is very affectionate• Normal body temperature is 4°F higher than most other breeds – unable to store body fat – must eat more frequently to maintain its body temperature
Birman• Sturdy cat of medium to large size• Long, silky coat that does not mat – requires little care• Very sociable – needs the company of others• White paws – Eyes are round – Ears are medium with rounded tips
Maine Coon• Oldest natural breed in North America – native American origin• Large-sized – reaches 12 -18 pounds• Brown tabby is the best known color• Lovable and friendly – has a tiny voice that squeaks and chirps
Persian• One of the oldest and most popular breeds• Medium to large size – short, compact body – large head – small rounded ears• Well mannered – easy going – quiet cats• Make good apartment cats and excellent companions• Require daily grooming – removes and knots• Requires regular bathing – removes excess oil from the coat
Ragdoll• Originated in the US during the 1960’s• Exceptionally large• Heavy breed• Blue eyes• Docile, quiet, and composed – named because they show little signs of fear or pain – take a floppy posture when handled
Objective 15.02 • Select a cat based on qualifying characteristics
Selecting a Pet Cat The Cat vs. The Dog• Requires less care – independent nature• Lower feeding cost – smaller• Initial purchase price is less
Qualities to consider• Adult cats are better for elderly or busy owners• Kittens adapt quickly• Females reach sexual maturity at 5 months – estrus cycle every three weeks• Friendly affectionate pets – “they don’t usually kill or injure small children”
Qualities to consider• Pedigree animals have certain characteristics – most cats are mixed breeds• Long haired breeds require frequent grooming – require air conditioned facilities• Mixed breeds are cheaper to purchase.
Choosing a healthy cat1. Look for signs of health – Pale pink gums – White teeth – Nose should be cool and slightly damp – Clean glossy coat – Free of mats
Proper teeth cleaning can preventthe absorption of toxins andbacteria present in the mouthwhich can damage internal organs.
Most veterinarians can clean teeth and do so regularly for most cat owners
Choosing a healthy cat2. Look for signs of illness – Discharge from the eyes or nose – Buildup of wax in the ears • ear mites – External Parasites • Fleas – Internal Parasites • Potbellied cats may indicate worm infestation
Competency 16.00Use techniques that improve the well being of cats.
Objective 16.01 • Discuss grooming practices for cats
Grooming Cats• Removes old and dead hair• Provides opportunity to check for: – Parasites – Skin disorders – Eye problems – Ear problems
Longhaired Cats• Need daily care to keep free of tangles and mat.• Equipment – Combs – Blunt end scissors – Nail clippers – Grooming brush – Grooming powder
Grooming Longhaired Cats • Procedures for longhair cats – 1st-Use a wide tooth comb for animal – 2nd- Use a small toothed comb – Once all tangles are out, brush hair in opposite direction of growth occasionally and sprinkle grooming powder • This removes old hair and reduces hairballs. – Check for parasites, skin disorders, eye and ear problems
Longhair Grooming• Comb with two sizes of teeth (fine toothed and a flea comb).• Nail Clippers• Grooming brush natural bristles (nylon causes static)• Grooming powder such as baby powder, talcum, or cornstarch.
Bathing Cats1. Start bathing as early as 4 months2. Avoid splashing or running water when cat is present3. Use ~4 inches of warm water4. Gently lower cat into the water until the entire cat is wet5. Keep water our of eyes and ears6. Apply a baby shampoo to the wet coat, lather and rinse • Medicated shampoo for fleas7. Towel dry or use a hairdryer
Other Grooming• Check teeth and gums – Dry food helps to clean the teeth• Check for ear mites – Dark, crumbly wax indicates mites – Use ear drops to treat• Used special clippers to trim claws – Do not cut into pink area of claw, it will bleed – Scratching post helps to reduce claw trimming
Objective 16.02 • Describe major health concerns for cats.
Feline Panleukopenia (FPV)• Feline distemper – caused by a parvo virus or DNA virus – Abnormally low white blood cell count – Affects young cats – 75% death rate• Spread by direct contact but also from food and water, bedding, litter boxes, etc.
Feline Panleukopenia (FPV)• Symptoms: – Depression – loss of appetite – high fever – lethargy – vomiting – diarrhea – dehydration
Feline herpes virus (FHV) • Caused by respiratory virus infection – Shed in discharges from the nose, eyes, throat – transmitted through direct contact • Can remain dormant for years
Feline herpes virus (FHV) • Symptoms – depression – sneezing – coughing – severe eye and nasal discharges – increase in temperature
Feline Rhinotracheitis (FVR)• Widespread disease• Caused by the Herpes virus infection – confined to the upper respiratory tract• Symptoms: – sneezing – discharges from eyes and nasal passages.
Feline Calicivirus (FCV)• Respiratory virus infection• Discharges from the nose, eyes, throat – transmitted from direct contact.• Symptoms- Depression, sneezing, coughing, severe eye and nasal discharges with an increase in temperature
Feline Leukemia (FeLV)• Severely limits the cat’s immune systems – virus is excreted primarily in the cat’s salivary excretions – also present in respiratory, fecal and urine secretions• Spread through direct contact and by sharing litter, food, water, etc.• Symptoms: – low grade fever, vomiting, soft or watery diarrhea, blood in the feces and dehydration
Feline Enteris Corona virus (FECV) • Ingestion of contaminated feces in kittens between four and twelve weeks of age. • Symptoms: low grade fever, vomiting, soft or watery diarrhea, blood in the feces and dehydration.
Feline Infectious Peritonitis virus (FIP)• FIP occurs when FECV mutates• Affect those with weak immune systems• Leads to organ failure• Symptoms: – fever – loss of appetite – depression – weight loss
Rabies• Fatal viral disease• Spread by the saliva of an infected warm blooded animal• Cat become highly agitated and possibly aggressive