Smallanimal cats unitf


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Smallanimal cats unitf

  1. 1. Small AnimalCats- Unit F
  2. 2. Competency 15.00 Use information specific to each breed to choose the best cat for a given use.
  3. 3. Cat Breeds• Differ in color, patterns, length of hair, shape and length of ears, shape and color of eyes, head shape, body conformation, size, and disposition• For our discussions we will focus on the two major types of hair: – Shorthaired Breeds – Longhaired Breeds
  4. 4. Objective 15.01 • Describe major shorthaired and longhaired breeds of cats Pictures courtesy of Google Images
  5. 5. Shorthair Breeds
  6. 6. Abyssinian• Ruddy (orange-brown), red and blue, all ticked with darker colors at tips of each hair• Medium sized – Muscular cat• Almond shaped eyes• Very active – Fond of water – Can be taught to retrieve
  7. 7. Abyssinian
  8. 8. American Shorthair (Domestic Shorthair)• Came to US with English settlers• 34 recognized color patterns – tabby is the most common color• Medium to large sized• Affectionate – makes great lap cat
  9. 9. American Shorthair (Domestic Shorthair)
  10. 10. Bombay (1958)• Relatively new breed resulting from Burmese x American Shorthair – Medium sized cat – Jet black – Copper or gold colored eyes• Disposition – Graceful, charming, and get along well with others, even strangers
  11. 11. Bombay
  12. 12. British Shorthair• Oldest Natural English breed – Larger and taller than American Shorthair – Large rounded head – Big, round copper or gold eyes – Quiet, easy going, docile nature • likes to sleep a lot
  13. 13. British Shorthair
  14. 14. Burmese• Originated in the Unites States• 1930’s• Cross between Siamese x Burma – Medium-sized – Sable-brown in color with gold eyes – Good disposition, enjoy being held • Can become bossy, stubborn, and angry
  15. 15. Burmese
  16. 16. Cornish Rex• Small to medium size• Oval eyes and curves or rippling hair coat• Must be kept indoors – lacks guard hairs to protect it from the elements
  17. 17. Cornish Rex
  18. 18. Devon Rex• Resulted from feral (wild) domestic cat x cared-for stray – Medium sized cat with wavy hair coat – Large, wide-based ears are set low and distinctive to this breed
  19. 19. Devon Rex
  20. 20. Japanese Bobtail• Known for calico (tortoiseshell or 3 colors) – Calico is some shade of black, orange (red), and white.• Distinctive short (bob) tail – Is kinked to form a “pom” or “bunny tail”• The tail is sensitive – Care must be taken to prevent injury and pain when handling the cat
  21. 21. Japanese Bobtail
  22. 22. Korat• Highly prized, rare cat of Thailand – Protective of family members, and reserved with strangers• Medium-sized cat – Silver blue fur tipped with silver • Produces a halo effect
  23. 23. Korat
  24. 24. Manx• Among earliest European breeds – result of a genetic mutation• Medium-sized – affectionate cat – tends to be better in one-to-one relationships• The BEST show Manx cats do not have a tail (rumpy) – others have a short tail (stumpy) – some have a long tail (longy)
  25. 25. Manx
  26. 26. Siamese• Known for one-on-one devotion to one person• Eye color is always deep blue• Head forms an equilateral triangle from the nose to the tips of the ears – Very little pigmentation in color pattern – Pigmentation is darker at the points – Color is restricted to the points: mask, ear, foot and tip of tail
  27. 27. Siamese• Medium-sized – very long and refined• Siamese cats are very unpredictable; however, they are described as talkative, loyal• Fearless cats of extraordinary intelligence.• Siamese cats are particularly sensitive to vaccinations and anesthetics
  28. 28. Siamese
  29. 29. Singapura• Small breed• Known for its’ quiet, shy disposition• Males weigh at most 6 pounds• Females usually weigh less than 4 pounds
  30. 30. Singapura
  31. 31. Snowshoe Breed• Medium to large size – Similar to American Shorthair • white feet – Bright blue eyes are large, oval – Ears are large and broad at base – Wedgeshaped head• The mask, tail, ears, and legs are usually defined seal or blue with the masking colors covering the entire face, except for inverted white V-shaped pattern over mouth and nose
  32. 32. Snowshoe Breed
  33. 33. Sphynx• Canadian origin in the late 1960’s• Known for its tough, wrinkled hairless skin• Indoor cat – cannot survive outdoors – depends upon people for survival – Constantly purrs• Adores body contact and is very affectionate• Normal body temperature is 4°F higher than most other breeds – unable to store body fat – must eat more frequently to maintain its body temperature
  34. 34. Sphynx
  35. 35. Longhair Breeds
  36. 36. Balinese and Javanese• Body style of Siamese• Warm• Vocal• Persistent• Eyes are deep vivid blue
  37. 37. Balinese and Javanese
  38. 38. Birman• Sturdy cat of medium to large size• Long, silky coat that does not mat – requires little care• Very sociable – needs the company of others• White paws – Eyes are round – Ears are medium with rounded tips
  39. 39. Birman
  40. 40. Cymric Longhaired Manx• Alert and sweet natured• Excellent with other pets and children• Large cat that is tailless
  41. 41. Cymric Longhaired Manx
  42. 42. Himalayan and Kashmir• (Siamese x Persian x Birman)• Medium to large size• Persian type cat• Long, flowing hair coat with Siamese patterns
  43. 43. Himalayan and Kashmir
  44. 44. Maine Coon• Oldest natural breed in North America – native American origin• Large-sized – reaches 12 -18 pounds• Brown tabby is the best known color• Lovable and friendly – has a tiny voice that squeaks and chirps
  45. 45. Maine Coon
  46. 46. Persian• One of the oldest and most popular breeds• Medium to large size – short, compact body – large head – small rounded ears• Well mannered – easy going – quiet cats• Make good apartment cats and excellent companions• Require daily grooming – removes and knots• Requires regular bathing – removes excess oil from the coat
  47. 47. Persian
  48. 48. Ragdoll• Originated in the US during the 1960’s• Exceptionally large• Heavy breed• Blue eyes• Docile, quiet, and composed – named because they show little signs of fear or pain – take a floppy posture when handled
  49. 49. Ragdoll
  50. 50. Tiffany• Himalayan x Burmese• Medium size• Oriental style – essentially a long-haired Burmese• Follows owner like a puppy• Few exist in the United States
  51. 51. Tiffany
  52. 52. Turkish Angora• Small to medium-sized cat• Polite• Intelligent – very responsive – easily trained to perform tricks• Prefers a clean, almost spotless environment
  53. 53. Turkish Angora
  54. 54. Objective 15.02 • Select a cat based on qualifying characteristics
  55. 55. Selecting a Pet Cat The Cat vs. The Dog• Requires less care – independent nature• Lower feeding cost – smaller• Initial purchase price is less
  56. 56. Qualities to consider• Adult cats are better for elderly or busy owners• Kittens adapt quickly• Females reach sexual maturity at 5 months – estrus cycle every three weeks• Friendly affectionate pets – “they don’t usually kill or injure small children”
  57. 57. Qualities to consider• Pedigree animals have certain characteristics – most cats are mixed breeds• Long haired breeds require frequent grooming – require air conditioned facilities• Mixed breeds are cheaper to purchase.
  58. 58. Choosing a healthy cat1. Look for signs of health – Pale pink gums – White teeth – Nose should be cool and slightly damp – Clean glossy coat – Free of mats
  59. 59. Proper teeth cleaning can preventthe absorption of toxins andbacteria present in the mouthwhich can damage internal organs.
  60. 60. Most veterinarians can clean teeth and do so regularly for most cat owners
  61. 61. Choosing a healthy cat2. Look for signs of illness – Discharge from the eyes or nose – Buildup of wax in the ears • ear mites – External Parasites • Fleas – Internal Parasites • Potbellied cats may indicate worm infestation
  62. 62. Competency 16.00Use techniques that improve the well being of cats.
  63. 63. Objective 16.01 • Discuss grooming practices for cats
  64. 64. Grooming Cats• Removes old and dead hair• Provides opportunity to check for: – Parasites – Skin disorders – Eye problems – Ear problems
  65. 65. Longhaired Cats• Need daily care to keep free of tangles and mat.• Equipment – Combs – Blunt end scissors – Nail clippers – Grooming brush – Grooming powder
  66. 66. Grooming Longhaired Cats • Procedures for longhair cats – 1st-Use a wide tooth comb for animal – 2nd- Use a small toothed comb – Once all tangles are out, brush hair in opposite direction of growth occasionally and sprinkle grooming powder • This removes old hair and reduces hairballs. – Check for parasites, skin disorders, eye and ear problems
  67. 67. Longhair Grooming• Comb with two sizes of teeth (fine toothed and a flea comb).• Nail Clippers• Grooming brush natural bristles (nylon causes static)• Grooming powder such as baby powder, talcum, or cornstarch.
  68. 68. Shorthair Grooming• Rubber grooming brush• Fine-toothed/ flea comb• Soft chamois, silk, nylon pad• Rubber grooming brush – Avoid removing good hair
  69. 69. Flea Combs
  70. 70. Bathing Cats1. Start bathing as early as 4 months2. Avoid splashing or running water when cat is present3. Use ~4 inches of warm water4. Gently lower cat into the water until the entire cat is wet5. Keep water our of eyes and ears6. Apply a baby shampoo to the wet coat, lather and rinse • Medicated shampoo for fleas7. Towel dry or use a hairdryer
  71. 71. Other Grooming• Check teeth and gums – Dry food helps to clean the teeth• Check for ear mites – Dark, crumbly wax indicates mites – Use ear drops to treat• Used special clippers to trim claws – Do not cut into pink area of claw, it will bleed – Scratching post helps to reduce claw trimming
  72. 72. Objective 16.02 • Describe major health concerns for cats.
  73. 73. Diseases• Infectious – Cat Distemper (FPV) – Feline herpes virus (FHV) – Feline calicivirus (FCV) – Feline Rhinotracheitis (FVR) – Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP) – Feline Leukemia (FeLV) – Feline Enteric Corona virus (FECV) – Rabies
  74. 74. Feline Panleukopenia (FPV)• Feline distemper – caused by a parvo virus or DNA virus – Abnormally low white blood cell count – Affects young cats – 75% death rate• Spread by direct contact but also from food and water, bedding, litter boxes, etc.
  75. 75. Feline Panleukopenia (FPV)• Symptoms: – Depression – loss of appetite – high fever – lethargy – vomiting – diarrhea – dehydration
  76. 76. Feline herpes virus (FHV) • Caused by respiratory virus infection – Shed in discharges from the nose, eyes, throat – transmitted through direct contact • Can remain dormant for years
  77. 77. Feline herpes virus (FHV) • Symptoms – depression – sneezing – coughing – severe eye and nasal discharges – increase in temperature
  78. 78. Feline Rhinotracheitis (FVR)• Widespread disease• Caused by the Herpes virus infection – confined to the upper respiratory tract• Symptoms: – sneezing – discharges from eyes and nasal passages.
  79. 79. Feline Rhinotracheitis (FVR)
  80. 80. Feline Calicivirus (FCV)• Respiratory virus infection• Discharges from the nose, eyes, throat – transmitted from direct contact.• Symptoms- Depression, sneezing, coughing, severe eye and nasal discharges with an increase in temperature
  81. 81. Feline Leukemia (FeLV)• Severely limits the cat’s immune systems – virus is excreted primarily in the cat’s salivary excretions – also present in respiratory, fecal and urine secretions• Spread through direct contact and by sharing litter, food, water, etc.• Symptoms: – low grade fever, vomiting, soft or watery diarrhea, blood in the feces and dehydration
  82. 82. Feline Enteris Corona virus (FECV) • Ingestion of contaminated feces in kittens between four and twelve weeks of age. • Symptoms: low grade fever, vomiting, soft or watery diarrhea, blood in the feces and dehydration.
  83. 83. Feline Infectious Peritonitis virus (FIP)• FIP occurs when FECV mutates• Affect those with weak immune systems• Leads to organ failure• Symptoms: – fever – loss of appetite – depression – weight loss
  84. 84. Rabies• Fatal viral disease• Spread by the saliva of an infected warm blooded animal• Cat become highly agitated and possibly aggressive
  85. 85. Cat Disease Review• Feline panleukopenia – Cat Distemper (FPV) Low White Cell Count and high death rate• Feline herpes virus (FHV)• Feline calicivirus (FCV) Respiratory• Feline Rhinotracheitis (FVR)• Feline Leukemia (FeLV)• Feline Enteric Corona virus (FECV)• Feline Infectious Peritonitis (FIP)• Rabies
  86. 86. Suggested Feline Vaccination Schedule• 5 Weeks – Panleukopenia (distemper)-Killed, Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus• 9 Weeks – Panleukopenia, Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, Chlamydia, Leukemia
  87. 87. Suggested Feline Vaccination Schedule• 12 to 15 Weeks* – Panleukopenia, Rhinotracheitis, Calicivirus, Chlamydia, Leukemia• 16 to 19 Weeks* – Feline Infectious Peritonitis, Ringworm, First rabies *Follow label directions for booster shots
  88. 88. Diseases• Non-infectious – Feline Urological syndrome (fus) – Entropion – Wet eye
  89. 89. Noninfectious• Entropion – eyeball sinks into socket and the eyelid spasms with discomfort.
  90. 90. Noninfectious• Wet Eye – excessive tear production – blockage of drainage canal causing the tears to overflow at the inner corner of the eyes
  91. 91. Feline Urologic syndrome (fus) • A feline urinary tract disease also referred to as FLUTD • May range from mild inflammation to blockage of the urethra • uremic poisoning and death can occur
  92. 92. Internal Parasites• Toxoplasmosis- prtozoan parasite Toxoplasm gondii infection• Ascarids-Toxocara cati• Hookworm-Ancylostoma tubaeforme• Tapeworm-Dipylidium caninum
  93. 93. External Parasites• Lice- Felicola subrostratus• Mites-denidex cati• Feline Scabies-Notoedres cati• Feline Mites-ear mites, walking dandruff mites, chiggers, fleas and ticks.
  94. 94. Fungal Diseases and Poisonings • Cats and dogs share the same concerns for fungal diseases and poisonings – Insecticides – Plants – Household cleaners – Rodenticides – Antifreeze