Know how to identify these Know how to identify these two major problems. two major problems.A comma splice looks like this: Main clause Main clause +,+ main clause. main clause.A fused sentence looks like this: Main clause Main clause +Ø+ main clause. main clause.
Recognize a main clause when you see one: subject + verb =complete thought.
In an important piece of writing, both ofthese sentence errors = D E A T H ! ! !
Read this sample sentence:Read this sample sentence: The error is The error is here! here!Grandma still rides her Harleymotorcycle her toy poodle balancesin a basket between the handlebars. Adding a comma won’t help, sweetheart. It will just make a comma splice, an equally terrible error.
Come on, PrincessLet’s take aride to thesolutions!
Option 1: Fix the error with aOption 1: Fix the error with aperiod and a capital letter.period and a capital letter.Grandma still rides her Harleymotorcycle. Her toymotorcycle her poodlebalances in a basket betweenthe handlebars.
Let’s fix the errors thatfollow! Use a period and acapital letter.
1. While Oreo gnawed the corner of a shoe, Skeeter shredded a roll of toilet paper. Thedogs roll of toilet paper, the dogs love when we have forgotten to close the master bedroom door.
2. A bucket catches water under the leaky ceiling. Annette ceiling, wishes she had trimmed the big oak tree before the rotten limb crashed through the roof.
3. Freddie’s car is a mess, she mess. She has overdue library books piled on the front seat, and she uses the floor as a trashcan for her frequent lunches at fast food restaurants.
4. On a busy Saturday night, Andre sweated in the hot restaurant kitchen as he assembled pizzas. He pizzas, he dreamed of one day having his own cooking show on the Food Network.
Option 2: Fix the error with acomma and a coordinatingconjunction: and, but, for, nor,or, so, or yet.Grandma still rides her Harleymotorcycle, and her toy poodlemotorcycle her toy poodlebalances in a basket betweenthe handlebars.
Let’s try some! Use and, but,for, nor, or, so,or yet to fix the errors that follow.
1. Darren scooped seven tablespoons of sugar into his coffee, and thensplashed coffee, then he he poured cream into the cup and stirred the concoction.
2. We suspected that Tahoe had tipped over the trash,he he trash for flattened his ears and curled his tail between his legs as we cleaned the kitchen floor.
3. Lawana planted the bare backyard with an assortment of flowers, butterflies began to to flowers, so butterflies began visit, sipping nectar from the blooms.
4. Serena searched every corner of her bedroom she she bedroom, but could not find her math book to study for the final exam.
Option 3: Fix the error Option 3: Fix the error with a semicolon (;). with a semicolon (;). Use sparingly—three or four times per essay. Don’t capitalize after the semicolon unless the word is a proper noun, one that is always capitalized. When you are writing by hand, make sure that the semicolon has good posture. Locate the dot right above the comma.
Look at our sample: Look at our sample:Grandma still rides her Harleymotorcycle; her toy poodlemotorcycle herbalances in a basket betweenthe handlebars.
Try to fix the errors thatfollow—this time withsemicolons!
1. Smoke billowed from the hot grill;plump pork chops lay on a grill plump pork chops lay on a plate, waiting for Uncle Rick to cook them.
2. Laurie flashed a big smile we smile; we cringed at the spinach stuck to her front tooth.
3. Jiggling his foot, Carlos sat in the waiting room, he dreaded room; the shot of Novocain and whining drill required to fill his cavity.
4. Pushing and grunting, Tyrone tried to budge the heavy refrigerator; finally he decided refrigerator, finally he decided just to paint around it, leaving a square of dirty beige that he alone knew existed.
Option 4: Fix the error with a Option 4: Fix the error with a subordinate conjunction. subordinate conjunction. after since although so [that implied], so that as than because that before though even though unless if, even if when, whenever in order that where, wherever, whereas once whether provided that while
Look at our sample: Look at our sample:Grandma rides her Harleymotorcycle whiletoy poodle her her toy poodlebalances in a basket betweenthe handlebars.
Know these generalKnow these generalpunctuation rules when usingpunctuation rules when usingsubordination.subordination. Subordinate clause Subordinate clause +, + main clause. main clause.Main clause + Ø +Main clause subordinate clause. subordinate clause. For exceptions to these rules, see Comma Tip 5 !
Look at our sample: Look at our sample:When Grandma rides her Harleymotorcycle, her toy poodle balancesin a basket between the handlebars.Grandma rides her Harley motorcycleas her toy poodle balances in abasket between the handlebars.
Let’s try fixing some with subordinateconjunctions!
1. Jeff licked the soft serve cone as he tried to keep up cone, he tried to keep up with the melting ice cream.Main clauseMain clause +Ø+ subordinate clause. subordinate clause.
2. Since Nathan rudely slurped the Nathan rudely slurped the , spicy soup, Maybelle began loudly crunching tortilla chips. Subordinate clause Subordinate clause +,+ main clause. main clause.
3. Harold held his hand under the cold water he burnt burnt after he his fingers trying to remove the brownies without an oven mitt.Main clauseMain clause +Ø+ subordinate clause. subordinate clause.
4. Thethe flowers were wilting in As flowers were wilting in , the sun, they waited for rain or the cool spray from the sprinklers. Subordinate clause Subordinate clause +,+ main clause. main clause.
Quick TestDirections: Find and fix all of thecomma splices and fused sentencesin the items that follow.
1. I went into the bathroom last night becausesomeone night, for I heard someone night; I heard I heard someone night. I heard someone night, singing in Spanish.
2. Surprised, I turned on the lights. What idiot was making lights, what noise in my bathroom so late at night?
3. I looked everywhere—behind the door, in the closet, under the bathroom sink—but I couldnt find the source of the music, andsinging was was music, the the singing really weird.
4. I listened closely. Thesinging closely, the singing seemed to be coming from the window above the bathtub, so I stuck my head around the shower curtain and looked in all of the corners.
unbelievable. There5. It was unbelievable, there was a spider spinning a web behind my shampoo bottles; all the while she was bottles all the while, she was singing Spanish love songs.
6. When the spider saw me staring at her, she said, “Yeek!” I wasn’t used to Yeek! "Yeek," wasnt spiders squeaking in surprise at me in my own bathroom.
7. When the spider realized I was a human being, she crouched further behind the shampoo bottle. I, on the shampoo bottle I, on the other hand, went to get a can of Raid.
8. When I returned with the can of Raid, I pointed it at the poor spider, wishing for her death. She, as a result, death, she, as a result, started singing even more beautifully.
9. Did I really want to hurt this poor creature who sang such beautiful Spanish love songs? did IIreally want to songs, Did really want to poison her and cause her to die a slow death behind the shampoo bottle?
10.This spider was frightful looking, for she had long hairy legs, Correct! bulging eyes, and terrible pinching jaws, but I decided that if she would continue singing in her beautiful manner, I would let her live on the bathroom window ledge.
Correct11. Every morning since that surprising evening, I listen again! to my singing spider, who continues ¡Azucar! to live behind the shampoo bottle.
12. I brush my teeth to the melodic voice of a very talented arachnid while my spider eats arachnid, my spider eats whatever unlucky flies get house. I’ve trapped in the house, Ive learned to think before I spray Raid.
The End. Be kind to spiders! PowerPoint PowerPoint Source: Source: https://www.google.com/url? https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=7&ved=0C sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=7&ved=0CFQQFjAG&url=http%3A%2F%2Frlsimmons.blogs.com FQQFjAG&url=http%3A%2F%2Frlsimmons.blogs.com %2Fenc1101%2Ffiles %2Fenc1101%2Ffiles%2Fcsfs.ppt&ei=R3xkUeDmAtSpqQH4sYGoDg&usg= %2Fcsfs.ppt&ei=R3xkUeDmAtSpqQH4sYGoDg&usg=AFQjCNFepeHcYAMcFvJLLRGSbXouhHziYA&sig2=Iij AFQjCNFepeHcYAMcFvJLLRGSbXouhHziYA&sig2=Iij NEDU-g12wdWh-U1TlCw&bvm=bv.44990110,d.aWM NEDU-g12wdWh-U1TlCw&bvm=bv.44990110,d.aWM