Globalization and Suburbanization: Can Creative Industries Develop in Outer Urban Zones? <br />Terry Flew<br />Professor o...
Brisbane Case Studies<br />2<br />
Melbourne Case Studies<br />3<br />
Australia as an Urban Nation<br />4<br />
Australia as an Urban Nation<br />75% of Australians live in cities with populations > 100,000<br />50% of Australians liv...
Australia: The World’s First Suburban Nation?<br />Separated homes a priority since European settlement (1788 - )<br />“Au...
Two phases of Australian globalization<br />Australian economy always very open to trade and international capital flows<b...
Australia’s “New Prosperity” from mid-1990s to present<br />8<br />
Unemployment rates in Australia by state/territory, 1992-2010<br />9<br />
Trends in the 21st century Australian city (Bill Randolph)<br />Fall in average household size<br />Turn around of inner c...
Our findings<br />Many Australian creative industries workers work live and work outside of the inner city<br />Our focus ...
Creative Industries Employment, Brisbane<br />12<br />
Creative Industries Employment, Melbourne<br />13<br />
What did we find?<br />Serenity of the suburbs is a choice made by creative workers, not a necessity driven by costs<br />...
Australian CI Employment, 2006<br />
Australian CIs as industry share, 2006<br />
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Globalization and Suburbanization

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Presentation to 5th Creative China, Harmonious World International Forum on Cultural Industries, Beijing, China, 9 October 2010

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Globalization and Suburbanization

  1. 1. Globalization and Suburbanization: Can Creative Industries Develop in Outer Urban Zones? <br />Terry Flew<br />Professor of Media and Communication<br />Creative Industries Faculty<br />Queensland University of Technology<br />Paper presented to 5th Creative China, Harmonious World International Forum on Cultural Industries <br />9 October, 2010<br />
  2. 2. Brisbane Case Studies<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Melbourne Case Studies<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Australia as an Urban Nation<br />4<br />
  5. 5. Australia as an Urban Nation<br />75% of Australians live in cities with populations > 100,000<br />50% of Australians live in five major cities: Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, Perth<br />Australia’s population will grow from 22 million in 2010 to 35 million in 2050<br />Most of the new population will live in the suburbs of major cities<br />
  6. 6. Australia: The World’s First Suburban Nation?<br />Separated homes a priority since European settlement (1788 - )<br />“Australia’s founders … anticipated a sprawl of homes and gardens rather than a clumping of terraces and alleys” (Graeme Davison)<br />Suburban home: ability to work in the city but retreat to the peace and serenity of the suburbs (like the countryside)<br />Suburban expansion and private home ownership promoted by all governments<br />
  7. 7. Two phases of Australian globalization<br />Australian economy always very open to trade and international capital flows<br />Decision to remove controls over exchange rate and capital flows 1983<br />1983-mid-1990s <br />Uneven development between Australian cities and regions<br />Decline of manufacturing regions<br />Rise of Sydney as “world city” and centre of FIRE (finance, insurance, real estate) sectors<br />Mid-1990s to 2010<br />More balanced development between Australian cities and regions<br />Mining regions very dynamic but also other cities<br />
  8. 8. Australia’s “New Prosperity” from mid-1990s to present<br />8<br />
  9. 9. Unemployment rates in Australia by state/territory, 1992-2010<br />9<br />
  10. 10. Trends in the 21st century Australian city (Bill Randolph)<br />Fall in average household size<br />Turn around of inner cities<br />Rapid growth of peri-urban fringe<br />Suburbanization of disadvantage (VAMPIRE index)<br />Increasing disparities between suburbs<br />Suburbanization of multiculturalism<br />Dispersal of employment<br />Tension in urban planning between consolidation and outwards expansion<br />Rise of urban mega-regions (e.g. SE Queensland)<br />Rise of sea change/tree change regions<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Our findings<br />Many Australian creative industries workers work live and work outside of the inner city<br />Our focus was on the outer suburbs of major cities (Brisbane and Melbourne) rather than regional centres<br />Australian CI workforce 3.2 – 4.8% of total workforce<br />Suburban CIs 2-3% of workforce<br />Inner urban CIs 6-9% of total workforce<br />
  12. 12. Creative Industries Employment, Brisbane<br />12<br />
  13. 13. Creative Industries Employment, Melbourne<br />13<br />
  14. 14. What did we find?<br />Serenity of the suburbs is a choice made by creative workers, not a necessity driven by costs<br />Creative workers find too many pressures to “conform” in the inner cities<br />Ability to live and work in a similar area provides more time for creative work<br />People with children tend to prefer the suburbs<br />Too many industry association meetings in the inner city<br />Suburban business associations do not typically suit creative workers<br />Access to high-speed broadband a key issue<br />
  15. 15. Australian CI Employment, 2006<br />
  16. 16. Australian CIs as industry share, 2006<br />

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