Parts of speech

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Parts of speech

  1. 1. PARTS OF SPEECH
  2. 2. Quick Reference Guide <ul><li>Noun: person, place, thing, or idea </li></ul><ul><li>Verb: action </li></ul><ul><li>Adjective: describes a noun </li></ul><ul><li>Adverb: modifies a verb, adjective, or other adverb. </li></ul><ul><li>Preposition: Describes a relationship between two words </li></ul><ul><li>Conjunction: Connects words or parts of a sentence. </li></ul>
  3. 3. NOUNS <ul><li>PERSON PLACE THING IDEA </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of nouns <ul><li>Possessive  The table’s leg </li></ul><ul><li>Proper vs. common  France / country </li></ul><ul><li>Abstract vs. Concrete  government / president </li></ul>
  5. 5. PRONOUNS <ul><li>A WORD USED IN PLACE OF A NOUN </li></ul><ul><li>I, YOU,SHE, HE, IT </li></ul><ul><li>WE, THEY </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Nouns Test! <ul><li>Formal Tests </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does the word contain a noun-making morpheme? organiz ation , misconcep tion , weird ness , state hood , govern ment , democr acy , philistin ism , realt or , tenac ity , </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can the word take a plural-making morpheme? pencil s , box es (Can it be made plural or singular). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can the word take a possessive-making morpheme? today 's , boy s‘ (Can it be made possessive) Note: If a noun is plural-possessive, the apostrophe comes after the “s” </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Function Tests <ul><ul><li>Without modifiers, can the word directly follow an article and create a grammatical unit (subject, object, etc.)? the state, an apple, a crate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can it fill the slot in the following sentence: &quot;(The) _________ seem(s) all right.&quot; (or substitute other predicates such as unacceptable, short, dark, depending on the word's meaning)? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Posers <ul><li>Some words that are clearly other parts of speech sometimes funtion as nouns. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Running </li></ul><ul><li>“ He is in the running for president.” </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Blue </li></ul><ul><li>“ The blue is nicer than the purple.” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Practice <ul><li>Highlight all of the words that function as nouns in the song. Do not highlight nouns functioning as adjectives. </li></ul>
  10. 10. VERBS
  11. 11. Action Words <ul><li>Verbs are actions, but some actions are not very active </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sleep, think, have, be </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. To Be <ul><li>Just being is an action! Fill in the sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I _____ responsible. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You ____ responsible. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He __ responsible. </li></ul></ul>is are am You will need to recognize “to be” verbs as verbs I am always forgotten. It is hard being me.
  13. 13. Conjugating <ul><li>Verbs change depending on who is doing the action. English conjugation is usually really simple: </li></ul>To Walk Present (no addition) Past I, you, we, they walk walked she, he, it, walks walked
  14. 14. Conjugating <ul><li>Verbs change depending on who is doing the action. English conjugation is usually really simple: </li></ul>Usually adds an s Usually adds an ed To Walk Present Past I, you, we, they walk walked she, he, it, walks walked
  15. 15. Some verbs are irregular Notice that these two stay the same. To Give Present Past I, you, we, they give gave she, he, it, gives gave
  16. 16. Some are very irregular Hey! You remembered me! You are too kind! To Be Present Past I am was you are were she, he, it is was
  17. 17. Verbs Test <ul><li>Does it conjugate? </li></ul><ul><li>Can it be made present, past, or future tense? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you add –ing (to the infinitive form)? </li></ul>
  18. 18. ADJECTIVES <ul><li>DESCRIBES A NOUN OR PRONOUN </li></ul>What a BEAUTIFUL sunset!
  19. 19. Adjectives test <ul><li>Can it fit in this sentence: </li></ul><ul><li>The __________ man is very _________. </li></ul><ul><li>ex: The sad man is very sad . </li></ul>
  20. 20. ADVERBS <ul><li>DESCRIBES VERB, ADJECTIVE, ANOTHER ADVERB </li></ul>SHINING BRIGHTLY . Note: Most adverbs end in –ly
  21. 21. ADVERBS <ul><li>What an amazingly beautiful sunset </li></ul><ul><li>What a </li></ul><ul><li>very (adv) </li></ul><ul><li>amazingly (adv) </li></ul><ul><li> (adj) beautiful </li></ul><ul><li>(noun) sunset. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Adverb test <ul><li>The man told his story ___________. </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>The woman walked her dog _________. </li></ul>
  23. 23. PREPOSITIONS <ul><li>RELATES A NOUN OR PRONOUN TO ANOTHER WORD IN THE SENTENCE </li></ul><ul><li>In other words, it’s anything you can do to a box. </li></ul>
  24. 24. PREPOSITIONS <ul><li>You can go </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In the box </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Over the box </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Through the box </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Around the box </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On the box </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Near the box </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. PREPOSITIONS <ul><li>You can also </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sit with the box </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stand next to the box </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think about the box </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look after the box </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrive before the box </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. WORD OR PHRASE USED TO EXPRESS STRONG EMOTION OR SURPRISE INTERJECTIONS YIKES!
  27. 27. CONJUNCTIONS <ul><li>CONNECTS WORDS OR INDIVIDUAL GROUPS OF WORDS </li></ul><ul><li>AND, BUT, OR, NOR,FOR, SO, YET </li></ul><ul><li>EITHER, OR, NEITHER, NOR, </li></ul>WATER AND ROCKS
  28. 28. Period 2 <ul><li>Get your textbook </li></ul>

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