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Mythgods

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Mythgods

  1. 1. Greek and Roman Mythology A Review of The Principal Gods and Goddesses
  2. 2. What is a myth? <ul><li>A traditional story rooted in primitive folk beliefs of cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Uses the supernatural to interpret natural events </li></ul><ul><li>Explains the culture’s view of the universe and the nature of humanity </li></ul>
  3. 3. In the beginning... <ul><li>… was Chaos (shapeless nothingness) </li></ul><ul><li>Chaos had two children: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Night (darkness) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Erebus (death) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ All was black, empty, silent, endless.” </li></ul><ul><li>Mysteriously, Love was born of darkness and death. </li></ul>
  4. 4. And then... <ul><li>When Love was born, order and beauty began to flourish. </li></ul><ul><li>Love created Light and Day. </li></ul><ul><li>Earth was created. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She was the solid ground, but also a personality. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Earth bore Heaven to cover her and be a home for the gods. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The First Parents <ul><li>Mother Earth = Gaea (Gaia) </li></ul><ul><li>Father Heaven = Ouranos (Uranus) </li></ul><ul><li>They had three kinds of children: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three monsters with 100 hands and 50 heads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three cyclopes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The titans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These were the first characters that had the appearance of life, although it was unlike any life known to man. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Titans (The Elder Gods) <ul><li>There were many of them. </li></ul><ul><li>Enormous size, incredible strength </li></ul><ul><li>Cronos (Saturn): Ruler of the titans </li></ul><ul><li>Rhea: Wife of Cronos </li></ul><ul><li>Ocean: River that encircled the world </li></ul><ul><li>Iapetus: Father of Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Atlas (also titans) </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Principal Gods <ul><li>Cronos and Rhea were parents of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Zeus (Jupiter, Jove) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poseidon (Neptune) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hades (Pluto) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hera (Juno) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hestia (Vesta) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demeter (Ceres) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other Olympians include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Athena (Minerva) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ares (Mars) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hebe (Juventas) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hephaestus (Vulcan) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apollo (Apollo) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artemis (Diana) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hermes (Mercury) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aphrodite (Venus) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dionysus (Bacchus) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persephone </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Olympians
  9. 9. Zeus <ul><li>Roman Name: Jupiter (also Jove) </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme god of the Olympians. </li></ul><ul><li>Fathered many characters in mythology </li></ul>
  10. 10. Zeus
  11. 11. Hera <ul><li>Roman Name: Juno </li></ul><ul><li>Zeus’s sister and wife </li></ul><ul><li>Jealous protector of marriage </li></ul><ul><li>Punished the women Zeus fell in love with </li></ul>
  12. 12. Poseidon <ul><li>Roman Name: Neptune </li></ul><ul><li>God of the Seas and Waters </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Earthshaker” </li></ul>
  13. 13. Hades <ul><li>Roman Name: Pluto </li></ul><ul><li>God of the Underworld/ Dead </li></ul><ul><li>Kidnapped Persephone </li></ul>
  14. 14. Hestia <ul><li>Roman Name: Vesta </li></ul><ul><li>Goddess of Home </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful Protector </li></ul>
  15. 15. Demeter <ul><li>Roman Name: Ceres </li></ul><ul><li>Goddess of the Harvest </li></ul><ul><li>A Goddess of the Earth </li></ul>
  16. 16. Athena <ul><li>Roman Name: Minerva </li></ul><ul><li>Goddess of Wisdom and War </li></ul><ul><li>Sprang from Zeus’s head </li></ul>
  17. 17. Ares <ul><li>Roman Name: Mars </li></ul><ul><li>God of War </li></ul><ul><li>Son of Zeus and Hera </li></ul><ul><li>Bloodthirsty and merciless </li></ul>
  18. 18. Hephaestus <ul><li>Roman Name: Vulcan (Mulciber) </li></ul><ul><li>God of Fire/Forge </li></ul><ul><li>Son of Zeus and Hera </li></ul><ul><li>Kind, unlike his brother </li></ul>
  19. 19. Apollo <ul><li>Roman Name: Apollo </li></ul><ul><li>God of Light/Sun and Music </li></ul><ul><li>Brother of Artemis </li></ul>
  20. 20. Artemis <ul><li>Roman Name: Diana </li></ul><ul><li>Goddess of the Moon/ Hunt </li></ul><ul><li>Sister to Apollo </li></ul>
  21. 21. Hermes <ul><li>Roman Name: Mercury </li></ul><ul><li>Messenger of the Gods </li></ul><ul><li>Appears in more myths than any other character </li></ul>
  22. 22. Aphrodite <ul><li>Roman Name: Venus </li></ul><ul><li>Goddess of Love and Beauty </li></ul><ul><li>Sprang from the ocean foam </li></ul>
  23. 23. Dionysus <ul><li>Roman Name: Bacchus </li></ul><ul><li>God of Wine </li></ul><ul><li>Patron god of the Greek stage </li></ul><ul><li>A God of the Earth </li></ul>
  24. 24. Persephone <ul><li>Roman Name: Proserpina </li></ul><ul><li>Goddess of the Underworld </li></ul><ul><li>Daughter of Zeus and Demeter </li></ul><ul><li>Abducted by Hades </li></ul>
  25. 25. Hebe <ul><li>Roman Name: Juventas </li></ul><ul><li>Goddess of Youth </li></ul><ul><li>Cupbearer to the Gods </li></ul><ul><li>Restored youth to the aged </li></ul>
  26. 26. Eros <ul><li>Roman Name: Cupid </li></ul><ul><li>Young God of Love </li></ul><ul><li>Son of Aphrodite and Hephaestus </li></ul>
  27. 27. Iris <ul><li>Goddess of the Rainbow </li></ul><ul><li>Messenger for Zeus and Hera </li></ul><ul><li>Daughter of the titan Thaumus and the nymph Electra </li></ul>
  28. 28. The Muses <ul><li>Nine daughters of Zeus and Mnemosyne </li></ul><ul><li>Inspired artists of all kinds </li></ul><ul><li>Goddesses who presided over the arts and sciences </li></ul><ul><li>“ He is happy whom the muses love.” </li></ul>Clio, Urania, Thalia, Melpomene, Erato, Calliope, Euterpe, Terpsichore, Polyhymnia
  29. 29. The Graces <ul><li>Three Goddesses of Grace and Beauty </li></ul><ul><li>“ They give life its bloom.” </li></ul><ul><li>Aglaia (Splendor) </li></ul><ul><li>Euphrosyne (Mirth) </li></ul><ul><li>Thalia (Good Cheer) </li></ul>
  30. 30. The Erinnyes (The Furies) <ul><li>Roman Name: Furiae or Dirae (The Furies) </li></ul><ul><li>Three Goddesses of Vengeance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tisiphone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alecto </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Megaera </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They punish evildoers. </li></ul>
  31. 31. The Fates <ul><li>Roman Name: Parcae, Moirae </li></ul><ul><li>Three sisters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clotho (“The Spinner”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lachesis (“The disposer of lots”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Atropos (“The cutter”) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They weave, measure, and cut the thread of life for humans. </li></ul>
  32. 32. The Satyrs <ul><li>Gods of the woods and mountains </li></ul><ul><li>“ Shepherd gods” </li></ul><ul><li>Goat men (like Pan) </li></ul><ul><li>Companions of Dionysus </li></ul><ul><li>They like to drink, dance, and chase nymphs. </li></ul>
  33. 33. The Gorgons <ul><li>Three snake-haired monsters </li></ul><ul><li>Medusa is most well-known </li></ul><ul><li>Their look turns men to stone. </li></ul>
  34. 34. The Centaurs <ul><li>Half man, half horse </li></ul><ul><li>Savage creatures (except Chiron) </li></ul><ul><li>Followers of Dionysus </li></ul>
  35. 35. Sources <ul><li>Graphics in this presentation were taken from the following web sites: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.bulfinch.org/fables/search.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.pantheon.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.messagenet.com/myths/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://mythman.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://web.uvic.ca/grs/bowman/myth/index.html </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.paleothea.com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.entrenet.com/%7Egroedmed/greekm/myth.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This presentation is for educational purposes only; it has not been and should not be sold or used as a vehicle to make money. </li></ul>

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