The McCarthy Trials A modern day witch hunt
McCarthyism <ul><li>Throughout the 1940s and 1950s America was overwhelmed with concerns about the threat of communism gro...
The Alien Registration Act <ul><li>passed by Congress on 29th June, 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>made it illegal for anyone in t...
Senator McCarthy <ul><li>A senator from Wisconsin  </li></ul><ul><li>He accused hundreds of politicians, writers, director...
The House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) <ul><li>The objective was to undermine the American communist party  ...
“ Friendly Witnesses” <ul><li>The HUAC interviewed 41 people who were working in Hollywood.  </li></ul><ul><li>These peopl...
The Red Channels <ul><li>June 1950: a pamphlet listing 151 names of writers, directors, and actors who were alleged commun...
Arthur Miller <ul><li>Used his personal moral and political convictions to write over 30 stage plays and screen plays </li...
The Crucible <ul><li>.&quot;  The Crucible , which premiered in 1953, is a fictionalization of the Salem witch-hunts of 16...
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Mc carthyism[1]

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Mc carthyism[1]

  1. 1. The McCarthy Trials A modern day witch hunt
  2. 2. McCarthyism <ul><li>Throughout the 1940s and 1950s America was overwhelmed with concerns about the threat of communism growing in Eastern Europe and China. Capitalizing on those concerns, a young Senator named Joseph McCarthy made a public accusation that more than two hundred “card-carrying” communists had infiltrated the United States government. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Alien Registration Act <ul><li>passed by Congress on 29th June, 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>made it illegal for anyone in the United States to advocate, aide, or teach the desirability of overthrowing the government. </li></ul><ul><li>The law also required all alien residents in the U.S. over 14 years of age to file statement of their personal and occupational status of their political beliefs. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Senator McCarthy <ul><li>A senator from Wisconsin </li></ul><ul><li>He accused hundreds of politicians, writers, directors, entertainers, and homosexuals of communist affiliation </li></ul><ul><li>Made it clear to witnesses that the only way to show allegiance to U.S. was to name names of others in the communist party </li></ul><ul><li>His trials were highly publicized and ruined many careers </li></ul>
  5. 5. The House of Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) <ul><li>The objective was to undermine the American communist party </li></ul><ul><li>Established in 1938 by congress under Martin Dies to investigate unpatriotic behavior </li></ul><ul><li>In 1947 J. Parnell Thomas began an investigation into the Hollywood Motion Picture Association </li></ul>
  6. 6. “ Friendly Witnesses” <ul><li>The HUAC interviewed 41 people who were working in Hollywood. </li></ul><ul><li>These people attended voluntarily and became known as &quot;friendly witnesses&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>During their interviews they named nineteen people who they accused of holding left-wing views. </li></ul><ul><li>Ten of these nineteen people refused to name names to save themselves. They became known as the “Hollywood Ten” </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Red Channels <ul><li>June 1950: a pamphlet listing 151 names of writers, directors, and actors who were alleged communists </li></ul><ul><li>These people were blacklisted until they were cleared by HUAC </li></ul><ul><li>Anyone who refused to name names for HUAC was blacklisted by Hollywood studios </li></ul>
  8. 8. Arthur Miller <ul><li>Used his personal moral and political convictions to write over 30 stage plays and screen plays </li></ul><ul><li>Won a Pulitzer prize for his outstanding efforts </li></ul><ul><li>Was convicted of contempt of congress for not naming names to HUAC </li></ul><ul><li>Conviction was overturned a year later </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Crucible <ul><li>.&quot; The Crucible , which premiered in 1953, is a fictionalization of the Salem witch-hunts of 1692, but it also deals in an allegorical manner with the House Un-American Activities Committee. </li></ul>

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