Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

QC Review Process


Published on

Published in: Design
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

QC Review Process

  1. 1. Quality Control Review p r e s e n t a t i o n
  2. 2. <ul><li>Identify potential…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Errors & Omissions (E & O) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Request for Interpretations (RFI’s) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constructability & Liability Issues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quality of Deliverables </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compliance to EUA Standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Misdirected focus : Not enough vs. too much info </li></ul></ul><ul><li>See how EUA project teams work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PM’s : project scheduling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tech Staff : interactions w/design team </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Team : meeting deadlines + communication </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expectations : not perfect, all projects will have E&O’s </li></ul>WHY … QC Review Projects?
  3. 3. HOW … QC Review Projects? <ul><li>Review through the eyes of others : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contractor + Subcontractors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Owner + Stakeholders (Users) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bldg Code Officials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Limitations of QC Review </li></ul><ul><ul><li>QC Reviewer is unaware of : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Client Expectations </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Project Budget & Design Schedule </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Specific Codes & Zoning </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. WHEN? . . . Design Stages <ul><li>SD : Schematic Design : conceptual design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Planning : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Schedule : Milestone Deadlines (SD, DD, & CD) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Project Team : EUA Team + Design Team </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project Scope : Area + Height + Site + Orientation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EUA Standards : Sheet Numbering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Liability Issues : Bldg Type + Site Issues </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DD : Design Development : refinement of the design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems & Components : Preliminary Project Description (PPD) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phasing Strategies : Multiple Bid Packages? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Issues : Adjacent to Train Tracks? Acoustical Engineer? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CD : Construction Documents : detail project requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultant Coordination + Detailing </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. HOW MUCH? … Time & Cost <ul><li>QC Review : 30 minutes/Sheet </li></ul><ul><li>Rules of Thumb $50/Sheet </li></ul><ul><li>SD-Schematic Design : 16 sheets : 8 hrs </li></ul><ul><li>DD-Design Development : 24 sheets : 12 hrs </li></ul><ul><li>CD-Construction Documents : 40 sheets : 20 hrs </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL : 80 sheets = 40 hrs </li></ul><ul><li>40 hrs x $100/hr = $4000 </li></ul>
  6. 6. QC Issues : Scheduling <ul><li>PM's don't always know milestone dates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How can support staff work toward unknown due dates? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Set a date for review sets to be final </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don't send “what you have” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine due date of all deliverables (consultants) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plan schedule “backwards” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine deliverable due date = D </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subtract Distribute Time (Dx) = D-Dx </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subtract Revise Time (Dy) = D-Dy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subtract Review Time (Dz) = D-Dx-Dy-Dz </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. QC Issues : Scheduling
  8. 8. QC Review : Standard Tools <ul><li>Redline Color Codes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suggested </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>General Comments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kudos…. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critique… </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. QC Issues : General <ul><li>Standards : Legends & Symbols </li></ul><ul><li>L:Design ApplicationsRevitImperial LibraryAnnotationLegends and Diagrams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legends and Diagrams.rvt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbol Legend.rfa </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abbreviation Legend.rfa </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. QC Issues : General <ul><li>Tags & Schedules </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Dumb” text </li></ul><ul><li>Keynotes </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Dumb” text </li></ul>
  11. 11. QC Issues : General <ul><li>Q : Since we aren’t sued because of standards , why focus on their noncompliance? </li></ul><ul><li>A : The time EUA staff takes to create project or studio specific standards is time not spent on litigious issues (E&O’s, detailing, etc.) </li></ul>
  12. 12. QC Issues : General <ul><li>Graphics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sheet layout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Start on right </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Work to left </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Note Block </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vertical or Horizontal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All sheets : same date & deliverable description </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. QC Issues : Annotation <ul><li>Say it ONCE … </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use references notes (keynotes, general discipline notes and/or sheet notes) vs. “dumb text” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don't repeat or redraw other disciplines' info </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t repeat specification info </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. QC Issues : Annotation <ul><li>Dimensioning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NCS : &quot;The purpose of dimensioning is to locate each element of the construction. Each wall or part of a detail must be tied to a fixed point such as a column centerline or an existing or bearing wall.“ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dim to gridlines as much as possible </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dim to identify design intent </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dim using Dot vs. tick </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Don't close dimensions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Don't dim the tagged & scheduled components </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>Do’s Don’t Do’s
  15. 15. QC Issues : Annotation <ul><li>Tags & Schedules </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Room Name/Number </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t include areas (w/o a disclaimer) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Door/Frames + Borrowed Lights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Openings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exterior Windows </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Storefronts + Curtainwalls </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment + Specialties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Furniture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Casework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wall Types </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. QC Issues : Annotation <ul><li>Callouts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sections : Bldg vs. Wall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enlarged plans + elev </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Miscellaneous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>North Arrow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grids (A,B,C…1,2,3…) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diagrams : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mounting hgts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ADA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shelving quantities </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. QC Issues : Constructability <ul><li>Consider the sequencing of construction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Once the foundation, walls and slabs (w/opngs) have been set, the locations & dims of the &quot;arch&quot; components are determinate on this &quot;in-place&quot; structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use gridlines as common project benchmark (s) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Design Intent : Implied vs. Implicit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t indicate Means & Methods (GC’s role) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. G000 : Index <ul><li>Updated legends </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abbreviations + symbol legend </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Arch and Consultant sheet series correspond </li></ul><ul><li>Set Title : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t include percentages (%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ 100% CD’s ” : no such thing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Progress stamp </li></ul><ul><li>Signature stamp </li></ul>
  19. 19. G100 : Life Safety Plans <ul><ul><li>Use standard LS legend & notes </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. A000 : General Architecture Info <ul><li>A000 Bldg Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of Uniformat keynoting for systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>B2010-A Wall System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>WS-# or EWS-# or W-# </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General Notes : Don’t repeat spec language </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A010 Wall Types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General Sheet Notes + Wall Details </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. A100's : Floor Plans <ul><li>Duplication of structural info </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concrete walls </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Too many tags vs. Typical Note </li></ul><ul><ul><li>… all walls are A3S unless noted… </li></ul></ul>(Structural) (Architectural)
  22. 22. A100's : Roof Plans <ul><li>Minimum 4” diameter RD’s per roof area : (2) </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum RD spacing : 60’ </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum area served per RD : 2400 sf </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency drainage : drains vs. scuppers </li></ul>
  23. 23. A110 : Ceiling Plans <ul><li>Coordination of MEP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Linked backgrounds? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Standard symbol legend </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lighting & Devices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ceiling tags </li></ul>
  24. 24. A120 : Finish Plans <ul><li>Standard abbreviations </li></ul><ul><li>Standard room finish tag </li></ul><ul><li>Show design intent </li></ul>
  25. 25. A200 : Exterior Elevations <ul><li>Material Legends </li></ul><ul><li>+ </li></ul><ul><li>Bldg Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Material key (fill) </li></ul><ul><li>vs. </li></ul><ul><li>Keynoting </li></ul>
  26. 26. A200 : Exterior Elevations <ul><li>Show : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Level lines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sections Callouts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gridlines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Const joints layout </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Masonry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EIFS </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. A220 : Window Types <ul><li>Identify common/shared base & head heights </li></ul>
  28. 28. A230 : Interior Elevations <ul><li>Mounting hgts : accessories </li></ul>
  29. 29. A300 : Building Sections <ul><li>Can (2) wall section(s) provide the same info? </li></ul>(2) Wall Sections Bldg Sections
  30. 30. A310 : Wall Sections <ul><li>Don’t dim scheduled items: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Windows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ceiling Hgts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Struct Members </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Don’t repeat info: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Roof slope </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. A320 : Stair Section & Plans <ul><li>Section </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Landing to Landing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(#) of equal risers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t repeat plan dims </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plans : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify important dims: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clear between stringers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clear between handrails </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li># of equal treads </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Landing size </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Handrail + Guardrails </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Extensions </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 32. A320 : Elev Section & Plans <ul><li>Section </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pit Depth ? (4’-0”) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pit ladder - keynote </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total Travel Distance ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Add all flr-to-flr hgts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minimum Overhead ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hoist Beam ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To underside of beam? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Plans : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t repeating shaft dims </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. A460 : Unit Plans <ul><li>Layouts duplicated on overall plans (A100) </li></ul><ul><li>A100’s : Demising and &quot;common“ walls </li></ul><ul><li>A460’s : Interior unit info (walls, doors, elevations, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>If (when) a change occurs in a single unit, team will have to re-issue multiple drawings on multiple sheets. </li></ul>
  34. 34. A500's : Details <ul><li>Create typical details : Quantity vs. Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy for developing details </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify the typical head, sill and jamb details of the exterior materials. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Develop these at a larger scale (1&quot; or 3/4&quot;). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reference the model into these detail views and lock detail components to certain model content: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Face of wall + gridlines, levels, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Refer to Industry Standards: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Brick industry : </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Masonry advisory council : </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>EIFS industry members association : </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Roofing : </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think about constructability and sequencing issues. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use keynotes instead of “dumb text” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don't identify specific sizes of other disciplines info (e.g. stl lintels ; should be identified on structural, not arch) </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. A600 : Door & Frame Schedule <ul><li>Don’t dim scheduled door sizes </li></ul><ul><li>Use standard door/frame names </li></ul><ul><li>Identify glazing types (GL-#) </li></ul><ul><li>A630 : Room Finish Schedule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Standard material abbreviations </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. QC Support : Current <ul><li>Checklists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Studio-specific </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I:Forms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Light table reviews </li></ul><ul><li>Revit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interference check </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Navisworks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Collision detection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Newforma </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compare (PDF’s & DWF’s & DWG’s) </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. QC Support : Future… <ul><li>QC Page on </li></ul><ul><li>Graphic Examples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By sheet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By building type </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Professional Development Programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focused training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dimensioning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Imperial Library + WIP </li></ul><ul><li>Your Ideas ? ? ? </li></ul>
  38. 38. Conclusion <ul><li>Questions??? </li></ul><ul><li>Comments??? </li></ul><ul><li>Concerns??? </li></ul><ul><li>Suggestions??? </li></ul>
  39. 39. QC Issues : Constructability <ul><li>Sequencing… </li></ul>
  40. 40. QC Issues : General <ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Varies across projects/studios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Revit Projects : over-modeling </li></ul></ul>Floor Plan : 1/8” Enlarged Plan : 1/2” Section : 1” Elevation 1/16”
  41. 41. <ul><li>Glazing Types (GL-#) : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>G100-Index (by keynote) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A200-Elevations (individual frames keynoted) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A240-Frame Elevations (glazing legend) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A600-Schedules (door and frame schedule) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Specifications </li></ul></ul>QC Issues : Annotation