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Pharmacology

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this is my pharmacology presentation for cardiovascular disease

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Pharmacology

  1. 1. PHARMACOLOGY NURSHAZFIANA DRUGS FOR CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and they include: coronary heart disease – disease of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle; cerebrovascular disease – disease of the blood vessels supplying the brain; peripheral arterial disease – disease of blood vessels supplying the arms and legs; rheumatic heart disease – damage to the heart muscle and heart valves from rheumatic fever, caused by streptococcal bacteria; congenital heart disease – malformations of heart structure existing at birth; deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism – blood clots in the leg veins, which can dislodge and move to the heart and lungs.
  3. 3. CAUSES OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE  OBESITY  LACK OF EXERCISE SMOKING
  4. 4. TREATMENT (DRUGS) 1.ALTENOLOL(50mg/100mg) a.uses -BELONGS TO A CLASS OF DRUGS KNOWS AS BETA BLOCKERS -taken once daily(depends on hbp rate) -TO TREAT HBP BY LOWERING THE HEART RATE -PREVENT STROKES,HEART ATTACKS AND KIDNEY PROBLEMS b.Side effects -dizziness -nausea
  5. 5. 2.SIMVASTATIN(40mg/20mg) a.Uses -lower bad cholesterol in blood -prevent strokes and heart attack -taken once daily (before sleep) b.Side effects -dehydrated -can cause diabetes
  6. 6. Glyceryl Trinitrate (50mg) a.Uses -relaxing blood vessels -relieve the symptoms of heart failure -used during or after heart surgery if there is an insufficient supply of blood to the heart or to control high blood pressure. -swallow under tongue Side effects -weak -dizzy -drop of bp
  7. 7. GINKGO (SUPPLEMENT) a.Uses -Anxiety. Research shows that taking a specific ginkgo extract can reduce symptoms of anxiety -help blood circulation b.Side effects -increase tendency of blood
  8. 8. THANK YOU

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