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English Grammar intermediate.

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  1. 1. More Free Books Available @ www.IELTSeBook.comA-PDF Watermark Demo. Purchase from to remove the watermark
  2. 2. More Free Books Available @ Revision I File r Word order in questions o Present simple o Adverbsand expressions frequency of o Present continuous:be+ verb + -ing o Definitiverelativeclauseswith who,which,where Revision 2 File o Pastsimpleregularand irregular ¡ Pastcontinuous:wasI were+ verb + -ing o Pastsimpleor pastcontinous? o Questionswith and without auxiliaries o So,because, although but, Revision 5 File o Goingto . Will, wont+ infinitive (predictions) o WiIl (promises, offers,and decisions) o Reviewof tenses: present, past,and future Revision 4 File ro o Presentperfect (experience) + ever,never o Presentperfect or past simple? o Present perfect * yet, just, already r Comparative adjectives o Comparative adverbs o Superlatives(+ ever + present perfect) Revision 5 File t2 o Usesof the infinitive (with ro) o Verb + -ing o Haveto, dont haveto, must,mustnt ¡ Expressing movement: efc.+ preposition go, Revision 6 File t4 . will + infinitive (first conditional) If + present, . If + past,would+ infinitive (second conditional) . mayI might+ infinitive (possibility) o should shouldnr I (advice) Revision 7 File l6 . Presentperfect+ for andsince r Presentperfector pastsimple(2)? o Usedto I didnt useto . Passive: + pastparticiple be Revision I File rs c Something anything nothing etc. o Quantifiers o Word order of phrasalverbs r So,neither+ auxiliaries Revision 9 File 20 o Pastperfect ¡ Reported(or indirect) speech lrresular verbs 22I -
  3. 3. More Free Books Available @ IA order questions word in Questionswith do I doesI didin present and past simple Questions with be,presentcontinuous, and going to uestion word Auxiliar Subiect Infiiritive (= rerb) ¡()u lirre rr,itl-l vour parents? lent-i1 Iike Chinese firoel? What are thel cioiitg? Where )¡ou live? are yoll i¡lking .ibout? What food Jennv like? Where is he In the presentsimple use the auxiliary verb do I does i:515==, In questionswith be,make questionsbv invcrtir-ig to make questions. the verb and the subject. . In the pastsimple usethe auxiliary verb didto make questions. In thesequestionsthe subjectgoesafkr the auxiliary verb. by (listett to. tttlk i . If a verb is followeci a prep<-tsition RememberASI (auxiliar¡ subject,infinitive) or QUASI about),the prepositiongoes the end of the question. at (questionworcl,auxiiiar¡ subject,infinitive) to help vou rvith Wat areyau talkingabout? I{OT About whatarefroüdking word order in presentor past simple questions. IB present simple offrequency adverbs expressions and helsheiit . We often use the presentsimple rvith adverbs I/voulweithev L J.- rvork at htrrtie I usuallr,- i-llinly know tne verv weil. of frequen (alt+aVs, cy o.ften,sometimes, usunlL,v, hardly ever,never). 1 Ihev dont live nealhcrt: It clo nt otierr rain ircre. D c l l{r,ral i ke Ii :ttsi ci " Adverbsof frequencygo beforetlreuain t erb, ] Do vor-rsmoke? btrt after be. r- ,( Yes,I do. i No, i clont. Ye s > h i does c .i rc doesn t. .. fIe often goesotLt.NC)T }*rgoeroften-ott . LJse presentsirnplefur things,voudo e¡ervdar,rveeli, the ear Shesalwrys lctÍe.NOI S]¡c1-hte-ahrats. or lvhich are aluaystrue. Expressicrns frec¡.ter-rc1 of (evervda1,onceo . Rentemberthe spellingrules for 3rd personsingular -s: neek,ctc.) usuallv.eoat the cnd of a sentence. work>r,rorks add s I haveEnglishc/¿r-sscs a week. twice study)studies consonantf y: v and add les finish>finishes sh,s, ch,x: add es go>goes do>does have>has . Rememberthe rvord order in questions(ASI and QUASI - see1A above). . IJsethe presentcontinuousfor things harppening IC continuous: + verb+ ing present Óe now, at this rnoment. My brotheris working irr Germanl AWhat areyoLtdoing? Im working Yon IIC B Im sending text niessdge Sarnh. a to s "Ic re working She working . Remember spellingrulesfor tlle -lr¡gform" the Tirev It cook>cooking stuclv>studving not working bu Hc live >living rltn )running !e arent working Sheisnt working Someverbsare not normalh useci the ¡r",* in Thev It presentcontinuous, fotexauple like,vnnt, Are voLr working? Yes, I am. No, Im not. have(= possess), need. Yes,he is. No, he isnt. I needto talk to yott ttov. Is he working? I{OT frnrr€edintrto tal}t+o Tott rlow. ID relative defining where with who,which, clauses ¿iS You can usethat insteadof who or which. A cook is a personwho woriis itr ¿r rcstaur¿rnt. Shes girl who I that workswith ntvbrother. the A clock is a thing which tells the time. where )c)ucan buv starnps Its a thing which I that conflects cotttPtfiers. tttto A post oflice is a ¡rlace . Use relativeclauses explain u,hat a place,thing, or person is or does. to Thats the woman who won the lottery last year. This is the restaurantwherewe had dinner last week. . Use who for a person,which for a thing, and wherefor a place.ffi
  4. 4. More Free Books Available @ www.IELTSeBook.comIA Put the word or phrasein the right placein the question. b Put the words in the right order to old How I is yourson? (old) you work wheredo? 1 shecominghome tomorrow?(is) ? 1 a haveyou do question? ? 2 What problemis he talking?(about) 2 you to shehow speak doesoften? ? 3 Do start tomorrow?(the lessons) 3 bus the time doeswhat leave? ? a rvVhy tell your friends? you (didnt) 4 teachhow shemany doesstudents? ? 5 What time did end?(the film) 5 playyou aregoingto golf tomorrow?IBa Write sentencesand questions with the present simple. b Completewith a verb in the presentsimple. E She/ usuallyget up early She usually setsuD earlv. not get on not have listen +ire rain speak I E Frank/ like the painting 2 She lives in Spain. A Sue/ havemuch money 3 1 - it often herein summer? E he / alwaysread The Times 4 2 Tony a mobile. nyou I havea cat 5 3We to the radio at breakfast. El they I know his phone number 6 4 you - good German? El Charlotte/ go out everynight 5 Xavier with his brother.tca Write sentences with the present continuous. Complete the sentences with the present simple or E tt / snow. It isnt snowing. presentcontinuous. 1 E We / look for the cathedral The man in the photo is singing a song.(sing) 2 f What / shereadat the moment 1 Jo - skiingbut she often. (love,go) 3 tr She/ weara scarfand a hat . 2 I- flyug so I - there.(not like, drive) 4 tr She/ look for a job at the moment 3 He to the shops. - He sometea.(go,need) 5 El Hey! you i drink my tea! 4 - Dan always Andreaon Tuesdays? (meet) 6 tr They I driveto Mexico City 5 Bobsnot here. he - volleyball? (play)ID Ta Complete defi¡itions with who,which, n Q the f c Write sentences d¡o, which o¡ where. with ot where. üat / thedog/ always barks night at ZUIS - Its the person rvho serves )¡ou in a café. g ^-. Thats the dog which alwaysbarksat nigltt . barhs night Á ^,,n f-l -.-, fl 1 Hesthe person- helpsyou with your t / the café met Sandra lI luggage fr | tz y y// the cats/lhavenohair cats haveno hair 2 Its an animal - haseight legs. | / the man / livesin Flat 4 t t7- - -^^ ^,^ I 1:--- - l-^ Fl -r / 3 Its a room peopletry on clothes. ñ 4rt,smachine cuts gras$ { a - the JfiJ:iiffi*1TJr,* 5 Theyre people make laugh. you tr: -lb Match the definitionsand the pictures. t I
  5. 5. More Free Books Available @ www.IELTSeBook.com2A past regular irregular simple and trtr r infinitive I You work He stayed in a hotel. didnt stay in a hotel. stay stayed She went on holiday. didnt go on holiday. It iike liked (just add d if verb finishesin e) We study studied (y>i aftera consonant) They stop stopped(if verb finishes in trtEtrDid you stay in a hotel? go on holiday? YesI did. No, I didnt. conso nant-vowel-co sonant, n double the finai consonant) Did you To make the past simple E of regular verbs add -ed. Llsethe past simple to talk about finished actions in the past. Remember the spelling rules. The past simple is the samefor all persons. Many comfiIon verbs are irregular in E past simple, for [Jsethe infinitive after Did... i and didnt for negatives example go>wentSeethe lrregular verb list on p.155. and questions.28 + + continuous: I were verb ing past wls simple past past or continuous? I You Ahen I took the photo, they were writing a song. He was working We were working I was sitting at home when I saw the news on TV. She They Tt . LJse past simple for a completed action. the tr i He wasnt working You I We werent working I took the photo./ I saw the news. . tJsethe past continuous for an action in progress. She They They were writing a song.I I was sitting at home. It tr !Z E Was he working? Yes, was. No, he wasnt. --, he were No,theywerent. working?Yes,they Werethey Use the past continuous to describean action in progressat a specificmoment in the past. At sixoclocklastnight I wasdrivinghome. On April lst I wasstayingwith some friends in the country.2C quest¡0ns and auxiliaries with without Questions with an auxiliary Questions without an auxiliarY uestion Auxiliarv Subiect Infinitive Subiect i Verb i What tnusic vvlr4L rrlLlJrL do Ll, you /-" like? What happened after the concert? Which CD did he I buY? Which country i won i the Eurovision Song Contest? Who did you go with? A4ro writes their sonqs? . To make questionsin the past and present simple, . When the question word (Mho?Ihhat? Which?How many?) we normally use the auxiliary verbs do I doesI did is the subjectof the verb in the question,we do not use an + the infinitive. auxiliary (do, does,did) and the verb is in the third person. What musicdo you llk¿iI{OT @ Wo writes their songs? NOT . The normal order for questionsin the present and pas tis Q UA S I (Se e .1 2 6l A). p2D so,becorrse, olthough but, because so and but andolthough Shewas driving fast becauseshewas in a hurr¡ (reason) Shetried to stop but shehit the man. Shewas in a hurry so shewas driving fast. (result) Although shetried to stop,shehit the man. Hannah spoketo the DJ becausethey didnt like the music. (reason) It was late but she couldnt sleep. They didnt like the music so Hannah spoketo the DJ. (result) Shecouldnt sleepalthough it was late. Use because expressa reason. to Use but and althoughto show a contrast. Use soto expressa result. Abhough can go at the beginning or in the middle of the sentence.
  6. 6. More Free Books Available @ www.IELTSeBook.com2Aa Put the verbs in brackets in the past simple. b Re-orderthe wordsto makequestions. Last we had (have)holiday ltaly. 1 year a in We (ly)to Where )tougo on holiday? whereholidayyou on did? did go Rome - and 2 (stay) forthree there nights. We 3- (see) France. everything we4- and (eat) fantastic - we some food ? nice haveweathervou did? s- (have)delicious onourlast a pizza night. 6- I also It was Yery nice and warm. (buy) ofnew loads clothes. ? stayyou did where? Then - we7 (hire) car a and 8- (drive) Pisa. to But With my sister. when e- we (anive) r0- we (can find hotel not) a ? you long go how did for? room! the werr- In end (stay) a little but in hotel, itwas lovely Ten days. and 12 we - gleep) well. next wer3- really The day (go) 4 ? did mountainsseethe you? toSienathecar, then ra- in but we (breakdown)lMy Yes,my sistershouseis in the mountains. 15- boyfriend (ing)forhelp, we16- but (wait) hour an 17 ? did interestingdo you anything? before someone - (come) take back ourhotel. to us to Yes,we went walking in the Alpr.28a Completewith a verb in the pastcontinuous. b Put the verbsinto the pastsimpleor pastcontinuous. I He abroadwhen he met Helen.(live) She arrived when we wereeatinglunch. (arrive,eat) 2 They all night for the news.(wait) 1 I - when it - raining. (sunbathe,start) 3 he - a bagwhen he arrived? (carry) 2 He his keyswhen he - round the town. 4 Who you - to at the cinema? (speak) (lose,walk) 5 It when we got to the hotel. (snow) 3 Where when you - your flat?(live,find) 6 I dinner when I cut my finger.(make) 4 I - my hand when I - squash.(hurt, play) 7 The sun when we left. (not shine) 5 I - when you - me. (drive,call)2ca Cross out the wrong question. b Write the questions. Do you know the answers? Who yoü^did / did you seelast night? Who said Ill be back?(say) 1 Who paid I did,payyou? I Which competition- in 2005? (Liverpool/ win) 2 What meansthis word / doesthis word mean? 2 Who the bestactressOscarin 2006? (win) 3 How many peoplespoke/ did speakto you? 3 Who the 2005 fiIm King Kon{ (direct) 4 Which train goes/ doesgo to the centre? 4 When PrimeMinister of the UK? (TonyBlair / become) 5 Who left I did leavethe room first? 5 Who TheDa Vinci Code? (write) 6 What askedthe student / did the student ask? 6 What beforehe became actor?(Tom Cruise/ do) an2Da Completewith so, because, or although. but, b Match the sentencehalvesand complete with so,because, but, We missedthe bus so we walkedhome. or although. 1 The soupwashorrible - he ateit. I had too much work so ffi A -y computerwasbroken. .ffi 2 I wanted-y moneyback it wasbroken. 1 Ive started playrnggolf - B it washer birthday. 3 Shecalledme - I wasout. 2 His Frenchis terrible ¡..;É¿{the lived in Parisfor years. C 4 - he getsangrya lot, peoplelike him. 3 I went to his house W @ {ffi 5 I wastired I went to bed. 4 Shes abroad E I want to get fit. 6 The shopswereclosed 5 I tried to sendan e-mail - g.m F he wasnt there. it wasSunday. 7 I liked Jeremy he didnt like me. 6 I bought her some G she cant come floweis ffi tonight.
  7. 7. More Free Books Available @ goingto present for arrangements cont¡nuousfuture Im going to work in a restaurant. Éf j Im seeingsome friends tonight. tl i Shessoinq to meet me at the airport. Were havine dinner at their housetomorrow. i:-l We arent going to stayvery long. i He isnt eoins to like the weatherthere. tr Sheisnt leaving until Friday. lTheyarentcg@ Are you going to find a job? nl What are )/ou doing this evening? A4ren your brother going to visit you? is Is shemeeting us at the cinema? lJse (be)going ro + infinitive to talk about future plans You can also usethe presentcontinuous for future and predictions. arrangements which we haveplanned for a fixed time lm goingto work in the tJK for sixweeks. (plan) or place. I think itsgoingto rain this afternoon. (prediction) Dont usethe presentsimple for this. i{OT Lsee-some When you usegoing to go,you can omú to go. #iendstoftight The presentcontinuous is especiallycommon with the Im going to go to universitynextyear rrcxtyear. expressions tonight,tomorrow,this weekend, and efc. or Im going+egoto universtty with theseverbs: go,come,meet,see,letve, and arrive. + (predictions)5B will,wonf infinitive trtr rtl i : l g r tr I I I I I You You yotl you you He He he he he ll be late. She wont be late. Will she be late? Yes, she will. No, she wont. She It It it rt lt We We we we we They They they they they ll = wilh wont = will not . We often usef think I I dont think ...+ will... I think heIlfail the Contractions: ex.atn. dont thinkheII passthe exam.NOT f@ I rJsewill I wont+ infinitive for future predictions. (You can also use going fo. See3A above.) i e Somffi.t i" g t.ttt*n."t*ith ranJ *r,p,"oplruse sftal/(not , will), but this is very formal (for example,ln á businessletter). The future of thereis I are = therewiII be; the future of I can - IIl be able úoNOT Fll-€an. I shall write to vou when I havestudiedvour case.5C will(promises, anddecisions) offers, offering, lJsewill I wont + infinitive for making decisions, Decisions I I wont have the fish, I11have the steak. Well take the 6.30 train. and promising. IIl helpyou with thosebags. NOT +$deToft Offers Ill help you with your homework. tJseShall1...? Shallwe .,.i when an offer is a question. or r Shall I open the window? Promises Ill alwayslove you. ShaIII pol,?ShaIIwe call you tonight at 7.00? I wont tell anyone.5D review tenses: of past, present, andfuture Tense Example present simple I live in the city centre. Things that happen alwaysor usually. She doesnt smoke. present continuous Hes looking for a new job. Things that are happeningnow or in the near future. Im leaving tomorrow past simple We saw a good fihn last night. I Finishedactionsin the past. i We didnt_4t ""yttti"g¿qf past continuous He was working in Paris. Actions that were in progressat a past time. What were you doing at7.00? going úo+ infinitive j Im going to seeTom tonight. Future plans and predictions. Its soins to rain. willlwont+infinitive Youll love New York. Predictions, offers,and promises. instant decisions, Ill phone her later. Ill help you. Ill pay you back tomorrow.
  8. 8. More Free Books Available @ www.IELTSeBook.com5Aa Complete with going to * a verb. b Cross out the wrong form. Tick (/) rfboth forms are bry €offi€ be wear start relax not do possible. I m€et / m meetirg -y girlfriend tonight. What ¡i¡ns are you goingto come tonight? I Where are you going / do you go this weekend? 1 Hurry up! We late! 2 PauIthinks it is going to rain / raining tomorrow. 2 you-anewcar? 3 Weregoingto go out / out tomorrow night. 3 Ien university in September. 4 Im phoning / phone Jackie 3.00. at 4 I- anythingtoday.I - instead. 5 Who is going to find / finding your hotel in Rio? 5 Its so cold that I a scarfl 7 Hesgoing to make / making a cakefor you.5Ba Write sentences questions and with will I wont.lJse b Completethe predictionswith will I wont+ a verb. contractions where you can. be do have last tr it I be difficult ItlI bedifficult I I E he / get better,doctor dont think there will be a woman prime 2 f we / finish before5.00 Minister in my lifetime. Margaret Thatcher, 1973 Its 3 E you / speak her to I a bad joke. It l Coco Chanel (about the miniskirt) 4 tr it / be cold in Berlin now 2 I dont think we anotherwar.This one 5 tr you lwant to go there is probablythe last. 6 tr she/ loveyour present Richard Nixon, 1971 (talking about the Vietnam war) 7 A he / can find my house He 4 never an¡hing important in life. AlbertEinsteins (said hisfather)1895 teacher to5ca Match the sentences. b Complete sentences will I wont(or shall)+ a verb. the with Its hot in here. ffi n Iil explain for you. it get ha¡re help give tell I Im cold. ,,Fi4F lI 2 The TV is too loud. iíÉftc shall I carry one? A tVhatwould you like? B| have the fish. 3 I dont understand. & o Ill turn it down. I A I cantclosemy bag. B-I-you? 4 The babystired. fÉ n ShallI tell her? 3 A Can I contactChris? BI - you his e-mail. 5 I havetoo many bags! ffi e ShallI put her to bed? 4 A Nobody knows! BI anyone. 6 Jodoesn know the news! ffi G Ill light the fire. t 6 A My flightsat 2.00. B-I-youataxi?5Da Complete the sentences with an auxiliary verb. b Put the verb in the right form. Where did you havedinner yesterday? A What are we doing tonight? (do) 1 - you often wakeup early? B We r- to a party. (go) 2 When Eric stayingwith us? A But we 2- out last night! (be) 3 you seeLukeon TV lastnight? B Yes, Tina 3- but us to go. (want) 4 Who you speakingto when I left? (buv) i- ]:: *Y: _o __ _!__ _::T_:_ :*mpagne? 5 Who you think win the game? B Its 7.00!What s_ to you?(happen) 6 - Urs come from Switzerland? 6- A When I work 17- to buy 7 What you going to tell him? the champagne. (leave, And then go). 8 - you working hereyesterday? I 8- Iim in the shop... (see) B Well hurry up. We e- late! (be)
  9. 9. More Free Books Available @ www.IELTSeBook.com4A present perfect (experience) never + ever, tr tr . lJsethe presentperfect to talk about past experiences when you dont sayexactlywhen they happened. Ive (I have) l I havent Ive beento London NOT Youve (You have) You havent My brother has worked abroad. Hes (He has) He hasnt . For regularverbsthe pastparticiple is the sameasthe past been to worked in Shes(Shehas) London. Shehasnt simple (+ ed). For Irregular verbs seep.155. a bank. Its (It has) It hasnt lVe often use the present perfect wifh ever (= in your Weve (We have) We havent life until now) and never. Theyve (They have) They havent Have you everbeento London? I,{0,Ive neverbeenthere. tr V tr I ;fb Compare the presentperfect of go and be. , Hesgone to Paris.= Hes in Paris now. i Have you worked in a bank? Yes,I have. No,I havent. Has he been to London? i Yes, has. No, he hasnt. he , Hesbeento Paris.= He went to Paris and came back. i perfect past present or simple? Conversations often b.g* in the presentperfect (with a general A Haveyou everbeen to Mexico? B Yes,I have. question) and then changeto the past simple (with questionsasking for specificdetails,when, where,who with, etc.) A When did you go there? B I went lastyear. {Jsethe past simple to ask / sayexactlywhen something happened.4B present + just,olready perfect yet, yet just already A Haveyou finished your homework yet? A Would you like a coffee? A Do you want to seethis film? B No, not yet. I haventfinished yet. B No thanks.Ive just had one. B No, Ive already seenit three times. just starteda new job. My sisters A Shall I buy a newspaper? lJseyet + the presentperfect in E and E B No, Ive already bought one. sentences ask if something that you to Use justin E sentences saythat to think is going to happen has happenedor Use alreadyin E sentences saythat to somethinghappenedvery recently. to sayit hasnt happened. . Put iustbeforc the main verb. somethinghappenedbefore now or Pat vet at the end of the sentence. earlier than expected. Put alreadybefore the main verb.4C comparative adjectives adverbs comparative Adiective Comparative Adverb Comparative Adverb Comparative short shorter one syllable:+ er Regular Irregular big bigger one vowel + one consonant quickly more quickly hard harder double final consonant slowly less slowlv well better busy busier consonanl+ :y+|er y badly worse relaxed more reiaxed two or more syllables: nlore+ adjective Use comparative adjectivesto compare people and things. good better Irregular My brotherstaller than me. bad worse Use comparative adverbsto compare actions. far further He drivesmore slowly than me. You can also use (not) as + (adjective/ adverb) + as. Im not as tall as my brother. He doesntdrive as fast as tne,4D superlat¡vesever+ present (+ perfect) . Use the + superlativeadjectivesto saywhich is the biggest,etc. Adjective Comparative Superlative cold colder the coldest in a group. hot hotter the hottest Its the highestmountain in Europe.Shes bestin the class. the prettrer the prettiest . We often use a superlativewith the present perfect. pretty beautiful I more beautiful the most beautiful Russia the coldest is place weveever beento. good better the best Its the most beautiful churchIve everseen. bad worse the worst far further the furthest
  10. 10. More Free Books Available @ www.IELTSeBook.com4Aa Write sentences questions with the present perfect. or b Right (/) or wrong (XX Correctthe wrong sentences. he / ever/ be there? Hesgot up latetoday. ffi He got up late today. I you I evereat / sushi? I Wevebeento Prague year. last ffi 2 I / not see/ the newstoday. 2 Haveyou evergoneto Vietnam? ffi 3 they lneverbe / to the new cinema. 3 fanes goneto town. ShelIbeback toon.W#, 4 Chris / live in Poland/ all his life? "ffi 4 I like your TV.Wheredid you getit? 5 they lgo / to live in Tahiti. 5 Ive readthe book lastyear. ffi 6 shei neverdrive I a carbefore. 6 I asked him a moment ago. W 7 he / not meet/ his brotherswife. 7 My sisters the Queenfivetimes. W met 8 you I speak/ to Yvain before? 8 The Cold War hasendedin 1989. ffi4Ba Order the words to make sentences. b Write sentences questions or with already,just,or yet. her seenyou yet have? Haveyou seenher vet z (already) he / leave. I schoolalready for shes left . I I / haveI a cupof tea.(just) just 2 somehad sandwiches weve. 2 you /finish on the phone?(yet) 3 haventI flat found a yet . 3 they / meet.(just) just 4 message Ive got text a . 4 he / go to the airport. (already) 5 aheadyme askedtheyve. 5 you I find him? (yet)4ca Write comparative sentences. b Rewrite sentences th.y meanthe same. as... as. the so Use London is / expensive Manchester. / Mikeis stronger Jim. Iim isntasstrong Mike than as Londonis moreexpensive Manchester than I Kateis more relaxed than me. 1 Mike is / tall I me. 2 This car is largerthan the BMW. 2 Were/ busy I today/ yesterday 3 Istanbulis biggerthan Helsinki. 3 Glasgow / far from London / Bristol. is 4 The cinemais more popular than opera. 4 The history examwas/ bad lthe Frenchexam. 5 My sisterlearnslanguages fasterthan me. 5 ]uventusplayed/ well / Chelsea. 6 He works harderthan Stuart. 6 I work / hard I my brother. 7 Italy playedbetterthan Scotland. 7 This caféis / noisy/ the other one.4Da Complete the sentenceswith a superlative. b Write sentences with ever. Is this the best city in rhe world?(good) it / hot place I I I be to lts the hottestplace Ive ever been to . 1 Mondaywas dayof the year.(cold) 1 she/ patientpersonI I I meet 2 Is this streetin the city?(noisy) 2 it lbad film / I / see 3 Hes personI know. (friendly) 3 it I easyexamI we I do 4 This is paintingby El Greco. (famous) 4 it lexpensive thing lhe lbuy 5 May is time to visit the island.(bad) 5 they/ bestband I I I hear 6 Its city in Europe.(polluted) 6 it lbeautiful town / I / see 7 Ive flown is to SanDiego.(far) 7 it lbest pasta I I have I
  11. 11. More Free Books Available @ www.IELTSeBook.com5A (with uses theinfinitive fo) of + infinitive fo I want to go to the party. Use fo + the infinitive after: - some verbs (want, need,would like, etc.) SeeVerb Forms p. 154. I need to buy some new clothes. - adjectives Itll be nice to meet some new peopie. It isnt easyto find a job. Nice to meetyou. Its important not to be late. The negativeinfinitive is not to + verb. Try not to be late tomorrow. infinitive purpose of A Why did you go to the party? B To meet new people. IJse fo + the infinitive to saywhy you do something. I went to the party to meet new people. I came to this schoolto learn English.ITOTfet-.learn_Eng}ish. lJse verb + ing; - after prepositions5B verb+ -ing - as the subject of a sentence He left without sayinggoodbye. Eating outside in the summer Smokingis badfor you. . Rememberthe spelling rules for makesme feel good. - after someverbs,(like,love,hatq the -ing form (Seep. 126 IC ) I love reading in bed. enjoy,etc.)SeeVerb Forms p. 154. Im thinking of buying a new car. I hategetting up early.5C have dont to, mustnt hove must, ta, haveto, dont hoveto must mustnt I trl i Shehas to get up at 7.00 everyday. E Yo.t must do ,vourhomework tonight. , You have to drive on the left in the UK. Shemust tidy her room before shegoesout. tr We dont have to wear a uniform at this school. ifl You mustrlt smoke in class. He doesnt have to work on Saturdavs. They mustnt leavetheir bagshere. It Do I haveto buy a grammarbook? Contraction: mustnf = must not Does shehave to study tonight? llse must + infinitive to talk about rules and obligations. Dont contract haveor has. You must turn off your mobilephonesbeforecoming into class. I have fo go. NOT ++e+o€o. must I mustnt are the same for all persons.It is not often Use have¿o+ infinitive to talk about rules and used in questions(have fo is more common). obligations, or to say something is necessary. IJse mustnr + infinitive to say something is prohibited. rJsedont have to + infinitive to saythere is no You mustnt smokehere. obligation,or somethingis not necessary. You can use mustnt or cant to talk about rules. llse do I doesto make questions and negatives. Do I have to go?t{OT ++aYe++o€o? You mustnt park here.Youcant park here. Éa Must and have ta arc very similar, but there is a small Mustnt and,dont have to have completelv different meanings. difference.We normally use have to for a generalobligation Compare: (a rule at work or a law). We normally use mustwhenthe Yaumustntgo = You cant go. Its prohibited speaker imposesthe obligation (for example,a teacherto Youdont haveto go = You can go if you want, but its not studentsor a parent to children). But often you can useeither. obligatory/necessary. go, + movement: etc. preposition5D expressing The man went up the stepsand into the church. I ran over the bridge and acrossthe park. . Be careful with in I into and out I out He drove out of the garageand along the street. of, Use into ! out of + noun, but if . To expressmovement use a verb of movement, for there isnt a noun just use in or out. example,go, come,run, walk, etc. and a preposition Come into the living room. Come in. of movement (up, down, etc.) He He went aut of the house. went out.
  12. 12. More Free Books Available @ www.IELTSeBook.com5Aa Complete with to + a verb. Match the sentencehalves. not pay go leave not tell meet have They want to go to Paris l-) A to find a cheapflight. 1 Hesstartedjogging B to get somebread. Im planning to go to the USA next month. 2 Youll needa visa C to book our tickets? I It wasnice Richard. 3 Canyou phonethe theatre ffi 2 Do you want steaktonight? 4 I went to the kitchen E to tell him were here. 4 Try her.Its a secret. 5 Shes goneto the supermarket F to visit Kenya. 6 Be careful too much for your ticket. ,7 6 I went on the internet G to losesomeweight. Hesdecided his iob. 7 III text him H to buy someeggs.5B with a verb in the -ingform.a Complete the sentences b Put the verbsin the -ingform or infinitive. be p+ry look after tell write swim work teach Hashefinished teachingnow? (teach) 1 yogais reallypopular in London. (do) I reallyenjoy DIaYing tennis. 2 Wevedecided in a hotel. (not stay) I Im thinking of a book. 3 Its impossible early.(leave) 2 eveningclasses tiring. is 4 Shes reallygood at . (dance) 3 Sheleft home without her parents. 5 I promised them.(help) 4 Ive spenthours on this project. 6 I love the guitar. (play) 5 I hate late. 7 I dont mind but I hate 6 young childrenis fun, but tiring. (lose, giveup) 7 I love in the sea.5ca Write sentences with the right form of have to. b Complete the sentences with have to, dont have tr I / work on Tuesday I dont haveto work on Tuesday . to, of mustnt. I E Jane/ go to York today. h{sdont haveto go to schooltoday.Its a holiday. 2 A I / weara tie 1 You touch that switch.Its dangerous. 3 E Fatma/ help you 2 The park is free.We pay. 4 trI/startthismorning 3 Sorry,I go now. 5 tr what time we / get up tomorrow 4 The noticesays you smokehere. 6 El they I givehim the news 5 You tell me. I know the answer. 7 Ewe/hurry 6 Im so tired I sit down. 7 You sayanything if you dont want to.5Da. Cross out the wrong preposition. b Complete the sentenceswith in, into, My mobile stoppedworking when we went a€r.oss through a tunnel. / out, or out of, 1 The girl ran across/ to her mother,andjumped into / out of her arms. He jumpel into his car and drove away. 2 when we go over / out of the bridge,youll seethe famouschurch. I We go - everyFriday night. 3 I walkedalong / over the sameroad for a long time. 2 Ask forgeto come please. 4 Hundredsof birds flew on I overour house. 3 He took his passport- his bag. 5 The car drovetowards / to me,but then stopped. 4 He walked the cinemaand sat 6 we came over I out of the tunnel and in / into the city centre. down. 7 The runnerswent under / round the track eight times.
  13. 13. More Free Books Available @ www.IELTSeBook.com6A ff + present, + infinitive will (firstconditional) lfI miss the bus, Ill get a taxi. ,d&You can also use the imperative or can. Shewont be angry ;áyoutell her the truth. If you miss tlte bus,get a taxi. What will you do irit rains? If you missthe bus,you can get a taxí. lJse l/+ present,will + infinitive to talk about a possiblefuture situation and its consequence. The i/clause can come first or second. Ill comeif you like. OR If you like, Ill come.6B if + past, + (second would infinitive conditional) . The Ita bear attacked me, Id run away. fphrase can come first or second. If I saw,a bearId run. OR 17 run if I saw a bear. lli I didnt have children, I wouldnt live in the country. . Rememberwith can, Lrse could + infinitive, not Would you take the managers job iithey offered it to you? weul4ean. use z/+ pasr,would + infinitive to talk about an improbable / If I had a car, we could drive there. impossibleor hypotheticalfuture situation and its consequence. With the verb beyou can use were(insteadof was) If a bear attackedme, Id run away.= Im imagining this after I and he I sheI it. situation. Its very improbable. If he wasI were here,hed help you. would I wouldnt is the samefor ail persons. d (Id, Use were(not was)in the expression I wereyou... If The contraction of would is youd, hed,etc.) and of We often use this expressionfor advice. would not is wouldnt. F ir s tand s e c o n d o n d i ti o n a l s c Comparethe first and secondconditionals: Use the first conditional for possible future situations. If I have time tomorrow,Ill help/ou, (= maybe I will have time) Use the second conditional for improbable / impossible or hypothetical situations. If I had time tomorrow,Id help /ou. (= I wont have time.)6C + (possibility) mly I might infinitive We might have a picnic tomorroq but it dependson the weather. dg Yo.t can also useMay 1.., I May we... to ask I might not go to the party. I haventdecidedyet. fbr permission. (= May I useyour phone? can I useyour phone). , I may go to the part¡ but Im not sure. I may not have time to do everything today. Might not and may not arent usually contracted. . use might I moy and might not I may not +infinitive to talk about a future possibility. It might I mq, rain. = Its possiblethat it will rain. . Might I Moy (nor) is the same for all persons,I might I may, he might I may, we might I may, etc.6D should shouldnf I (advice) I think you should changeyour job. The governmentshould do more for old people. Use shouldI shouldnr+ infinitive to give somebody advice or saywhat you think is the right thing to do. Youshouldcut your hair. - I think it would be a good idea. shouldI shouldnr+ infinitive is the samefor all persons. You cán also use ought to I ought not to insteadof shouldI shouldnt. Youought to change your job.
  14. 14. More Free Books Available @ www.IELTSeBook.com6Aa Match the sentencehalves. b Complete with the correct form of the verbs. If you leave now ll pass A if we wait too long. If you work hard, you (work, pass) 1 It will be easier B youll find it. 1 If he speaking,they _. (start,listen) 2 If you seehim, +yo++Ueon-time 2 He huppyif he _. (not be,find out) 3 Youll enjoythe party D if you help me. 3 If you it down,you _ it. (not write, forget) 4 If it snows, E will you sayhello? 4 - you me if they - today?(call,come) 5 We wont havetime F if you come. 5 If we at 5.00, -- we the bus.(go,get) 6 If you look for the book, G will you go skiing? 6 If you polite,people nice.(be,be)6Ba Match the sentencehalves. b Complete with the correct form of the verbs. Youdfeelmuch better C A Id cook lasagne. If I moved to the USA 1 would live in Seattle. 1 Id work more hours B Id move house. (move, live) 2 If you atemeat @ I We the flat if it _ another bedroom. 3 Would you get married D if I went to live in Peru? (buy,have) 4 If I wereyou, E if you had more 2 I - fancy dress, if I _ to the party. money? (not wear, go) 5 I wouldnt be stressed F if I didnt haveso much 3 If you a crocodile,you (see,panic) work. 4 If you here, you - work here. (live, can) 6 Would you visit me G if I didnt havethe 5 She happier if she more. (look, smile) children. 6 I - there if it - safe. (swim, be)6ca Match the sentencehalves. b Complete the sentences with may I might + a verb. Wear a coat. A It might break. be Simone be at lunch seeDirk go+€+h€-€in€ffia 1 Lets go to India. B It might help. like it win 2 Phone the museum. C I might be late. [m not sure what to do tonight. I might go to the cinema . 3 Dont walk on the ice. @ I The phonesringing. It 4 Lets buy a map. E We might getlost. 2 He isnt here at the moment. He 5 Get some advice. F He might know. 3 Its an interestingfilm. You 6 Wait for me. G It might be closed. 4 If wereluck¡ we 7 Lets ask the man. H We might seetigers. 5 If you go to Rotterdam, /ou6Da Complete with should shouldnt. or b Complete sentences should shouldnt the with or + W ysu shouldnt eat too much red meat. l=l a verb. 1 You work 12 hours a day. get up leare go bry walk wear 2 You start doing exercise. 3 You lose a bit of weight. We should leave earIy.Theres a lot of traffic today. 4 You eat more fruit. I You the red jacket. It looks great! 5 You drink a lot of coffee. 2 Your shoesare terrible! You some new ones. 6 You put salt on your food. 3 You alone late at night. 7 You stop smoking. 4 She on holiday. She needs to relax. 5 We at 5.00.We need to be there at 7.00. aaL
  15. 15. ua%loJlq oq^,{.rtou>[ (tr a1o1s ],uop | 4aan$al ualo$ santnt lyq ua#xL^4 sr¿4 sSuruaril Jo ProT aqJ .uorpe eql uorl)e aql PIP PIp oq^{ fes ot lq ¿sn Jo saop oq^Alueuodrut ]ou Jo u1voDl lou s.lruaq1{ aql a,ussed asn osleuEf noÁ aldnq;ed (atrutang lsed aqt + aratut 8a) Euquredaqt uo erour sr snloJ ar{l efua}uasa¡rssudaq} uJ I súlwqtrw amssed lsed aql a{ery (ossmr¿3a)uosradaqr uo eJoursI snloJ aqlarualuese rlfe eq] uI a¡ ossarrd ¡sedaqt + ara I sxI wa (a,rrssed) lg parurudsarw e)ru:;in1 (a4¡ru) Erruren9 paxumdossand r{lri rÁrSSed aq} tuasa-rd a{EW altssedeql uI Jo alllfe aql ursle¡vt oml ur s8urqlfes uago upf noÁ s{rerC aqt fq ál¡nq íaql aram lq¡.t }¡¡nq t(uere^^ftqJ suerldlSg aql fq sprruu.r.,(d }Unq era./r4. aq¿ llEC Áq palured ¿paluredlr se^{ uerl¡4 l.use/* 11 osserrdfq palurud seruaJrutan) i!l tr lsPd ¿sfepunguo pauuep.,(aqlary uo s.r(uprnleg paueelf, l(ueJeÍr,{J 8uru-rotufrarra pauuap eJBsaluJo asar.lJ etsedqlr^ eperu ¿leau qlrM aPelu tr sI l.usr 11 elrJ rllrl epPlu sr o]losru rE luesaJd a¡drryed + ag :e^tssed gL lsed puw u slr/w naq araq aldrurslsed eq] esn oslp uEf noÁ @€sn+JON I uaLI^4 Suolpaq I sSutua¡.a aqi u! t¡ootl1lansny AJ a atLo01asnLupxpI laat$ aql u! lud ol pasn aaqSuo alLaq , I ol pasnI l1ansn+ aldurrs luasa;d eql esn sllqeq .ro¡aldue*,,_orx,rouarur,-"Á;&i,Ti:#ifr1i#:iT#:Hfi;J luasard roJot asn esnl.uoq aqt 1sed ur slsrxelluo ol pasn relo ro.{lpaieada.r pauaddeqteqt s8urqt roJ e lUu$q + oj asnJ,uplpI oj pasn ¿sfr ffi : ft.lJ fu.{J r,{ o y + r r rrr faqr laqi a^A a^A e,1. E] E^^. sasse18 lI sasse13 l,uPlp JU:^ t:: JEeM Jee.^{ lI aus ol.l PIP ser. ree.^, aqs aqs r_i, rl -:, ¿sasse18 ol asn pla ol esn l,uplp ol "rl aH Pasn aH noÍ no,{. nol no,. no¡. I I I I I E a .4 I trtr oJesn l,uptp o1 I pasn )L aU (^{ou palJJetu }ou s,eH -) sna,4.ot+1toJ paxltuLu salw aH ¿paxtJaLu salw3uo7 rwo¡q 1sed aqt ur aunl ¡o porrad peqslug e tnoqe {le} 01 nt pue ¿3uo7/woq + alduns lsed aq1 as¡ (1vouPaIJJETU *.I staal lvroü :) 0t JoJ pauJaw uaaq at<I ¿pauJaLu uaaq nol anaq 3uo1 MoH IFun lsed aqt tuoü aurlt Jo por;rad p ]noqe {le} oi iluts pul,to!¿&uo1rrLotl + raj.rad luasard rql rr¡ srullJ zE ep¿r.ueH ¿e{eur eq p¡p sruiu,{ueru ^oH s¡eaf €00201666t{ nlnu!!,N awlt¿ 0E roJ rolferrp p se^raH ¿rollarlp e )irorqruH se^4, 3uo1,,u.og sa/waH strllu o1"tuo.u XISapuru s,aH ¿epptuaq seq srulu fueu ^{oH esn01a^eqnoÁ s0B6laql oluls rollerrp u uaaq s.eH ¿rollarrp e uaaq ourluereJ seq Suol .ttoH {66+ JON eldurs lsed aqt tqfrw;nu$ asn](uoq +.rfl ¿ (0 aldutslsedro peiledtuoserd gL sL{iuowaatqtnl m sxLü a^,1 paq )7ASJúA^ Ual tOJ .STaAA4 alels e Jo uorlfe ue uorternp aql /t4oH¿sn Jo ]noqe suoqsanb{sE of ¿3uo1 o,w1ntalduexa ro¡ ,arurl3oporrad e ¡ ni as¡ . ^{ou pl!ryr re}saqluew q a I I pue 066I ul I 0 sulw arws nw,w lo pla4a uaaqa^,1 w ralsaq)uefi q a^{ ol atuef I =066t nuts ra+saqJuuft patq altJ t7aaun[ ^ou JoJ lsul iluts 09-6tatuts ,e¡dusexa anrt llils are pue lsed eq] ur patrels qllqmaurr13o aql por;ad e ¡o Suruur8aq qlrlvrarills asn . solplspue suorlls lnoqe {le} o} aluxsro tol + 1ra¡Jed luasaJdaq} asn s-reaÁa^UJoJaJerl]pa{Jo r aA(I fl ¿eraqlpelro^{ noz(a,reqSuol rto¡¡ V g iooqts f-lerur-rd u1 e 0661 ¿IroM nol op rreqq V a.raq JONI efurs araqtPa II e^(I fl ¿areq]pa I nor( aluq Euo¡ rno¡¡ V aldurs luasa;d aql esnl.uel noÁ E-H rrlseqfuPw uI g ¿^^ou a,rr¡nori oP ereq^A V üws puenJ + paFadluasold VL More Free Books Available @
  16. 16. d¡n aqt Jo srnoJ l1rr aql (afernpa)atuoqtB uarplrql atuos ¿ Jo srnol sa8ue¡¡e qog 7 raddngtsul er{J (prorar) raqtuaraqur Euosaql 9 raddng]seI aql palured lrul¡ B(I E (lu¡d) uopalqrul A l? sse¡8 uo sruual S r{su lol v Jo (a¡um)uns aqt lq dn 1 Eururou sHI t qsg (ra,torsrp) 878I ur BluroJrlp3 ul ploD € Jo tol e ]ea alar3 u¡ aldoa¿ ¿ ur{of (tured¡ ma,(,Lnlre sllelv eqJ Z uqof palsarre arrlod aql lq8ru lsef I (lunq) I€6I ul Surp¡rngalels arrdug aq¡ t SV6I uI IUrBC IsuIIuV alor,¿v IIa/vrO (a4eu) raq roJ l1p¡rads -@úZDE saqlop s.rul) 1¡V arussed aql uI safueluas aql alrJlau q arilssed lsed ro ]uasa¡d qllv a1a¡duo3 B gL qnd e aq / luernetsarslr{t E 9 rrBr.I uorls asan8nilo¿ ¡ 4eads Laqt E I ruJoJrun 3 ú pue{aaf aq} tB op 7no/ / }eq,l g v 1e¡alrnb E r(* Iooqrsle suods ¿wLllrelsrs E €, sasse18 z I qll pl-rqr3 s31vuaqmaaJJof / I E z aut.¿v I / Iooqls ol la8 ¡ no,{. rvoqE I /vON ruISw NiIHI¿ sassel8JBa.¿v7 noÍ g NIIHI se1v ^aor{ ar{ }noqe sefualuas a^u ol asn " plp to (oi asn o1 pasn qqlt safuetuas a{BIN q Luptp allrMpaSueqr sBqsatuef ,worl lB {oo"I - 8uol rrog g 1aq7,bql) ¿raqraSot j:,i..;, s¡eal ual paIJJBIu uaeq arreqLaq¡ 1ou palJo^Ip¡ ¡am drart uo I ta8 puarr¡,,(oqreq pue relsrs r(W V(azrou) 998I ur arar{} ag sreaÁrnoC g s:rdurLlg aql afurs ,.: 1o1epa8wql seq Buolafreg t (a,r¡l / aq) ¿araql Suol rvro¡1 y ryF{l afuBrc ul068I uI $lea1vl a^u JoJ aJaql leoq B uo I fl {Jor I {Jo1v I € (alp I r{8oD UBA) ¿- uaq V Z -(area1){n{ u1 araq aqs qaa/v a U ro{ g # sllnsar ruexa z(u parilarar e^er{ I Z ¡r(epralsaz( (4rorvr/ aqs) ¿eraqt 8uo1rrog y erorurllBg uI g lleg ol pa^ou uag 1nqgeal B roJ p?orqepa^I W 1 I I 066I aruls ¿1vOu aurUSU{SaoPaJar{ V I {JO1v ffi Palrretuq eqsaldurrs sarualues8uo¡m aq] lsed ro pa¡rad luasa¡d aqt qulur a1a1duo3 q lrarrof ¿(¡¿) 8uo¡¡vrrc (,f) lqBU t 8L sJBa ollu lnocP aMs I ¿ ¿ua¡qordaql e^eq ¡no( g v002 ]I v ¿ na eql q aq / Bluolsa t s¡eafxrs ft.{J € parrretuaq i laqt g aun{ aqs Z aqt ¿ aur?DIf-I uI aq / aqs z s¡eaÁ aH I l?u slq q a^ll / aq I 7,002 I Ieqleu rou{ 7 no,t z)us to tot a pa¡rad luasard aq1as¡ r ur suoqsanbag¡ r¡ rsuy q ¡re¡:ad ¡uasa:daqt pue 3uo7no¡7 qq.i suo4sanba¡r.r¡¡ UT More Free Books Available @