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  1. 1. Choosing a CareerChoosing a Career Rule#1Rule#1:: Choose a career that is somethingChoose a career that is something you really like to really like to do. Rule#2Rule#2:: Do your research and chooseDo your research and choose carefully and thoughtfully.carefully and thoughtfully. Rule#3Rule#3:: Make it meaningful toMake it meaningful to One of the hardest—and most exciting— choices you’ll ever make is your career. Although chance may play a part, come prepared! You owe it to yourself to look for work that is meaningful and rewarding!
  2. 2. Choose Career Options ThatChoose Career Options That Match Your ValuesMatch Your Values  Knowing what you value most will helpKnowing what you value most will help you refine your career search and choice:you refine your career search and choice:  Helping othersHelping others  PrestigePrestige  High incomeHigh income  Flexible work hoursFlexible work hours  Establish and align values, career choice,Establish and align values, career choice, and career goals for motivation.and career goals for motivation.
  3. 3. Surviving in a Fast EconomySurviving in a Fast Economy  You will always have some control overYou will always have some control over your career.your career.  You must accept risks and plan for theYou must accept risks and plan for the future to advance your career.future to advance your career.  A college degree does not guaranteeA college degree does not guarantee employment.employment.  A commitment to lifelong learning willA commitment to lifelong learning will help keep you keep you employable.
  4. 4. Factors to ConsiderFactors to Consider Do:Do:  explore a number ofexplore a number of careers and majorscareers and majors  get involvedget involved  Get advice fromGet advice from people in yourpeople in your target occupationtarget occupation  follow your passionfollow your passion  Dare to tryDare to try something newsomething new Don’t:Don’t:  focus on a majorfocus on a major just to get a careerjust to get a career out of itout of it  select a major justselect a major just because it is “cool”because it is “cool” or seems to promiseor seems to promise prestigeprestige  let someone elselet someone else push you into a jobpush you into a job  Assume that youAssume that you have it all figuredhave it all figured outout
  5. 5. Factors Affecting Career ChoicesFactors Affecting Career Choices InterestsInterests SkillsSkills AptitudesAptitudes People skillsPeople skills ExperienceExperience FamilyFamily traditionstraditions PersonalityPersonality Life goalsLife goals and workand work valuesvalues
  6. 6. Exploring Your InterestsExploring Your Interests Holland’s Hexagonal Model of Career FieldsHolland’s Hexagonal Model of Career Fields Investigativ e Artistic Socia l Realisti c Conventiona l Enterprisin g
  7. 7. Where to Go for HelpWhere to Go for Help  Career centerCareer center  FacultyFaculty  Upper-classUpper-class studentsstudents  StudentStudent organizationsorganizations  PlacementPlacement servicesservices
  8. 8. Become KnowledgeableBecome Knowledgeable About CareersAbout Careers  Explore theExplore the Occupational Outlook HandbookOccupational Outlook Handbook atat  Research several careers, not just oneResearch several careers, not just one  Browse the Careers section of a local bookstoreBrowse the Careers section of a local bookstore  See a career counselorSee a career counselor  Scope out Internet resourcesScope out Internet resources  Network--many people love to talk aboutNetwork--many people love to talk about their jobs!their jobs!
  9. 9. Explore theExplore the Occupational Outlook HandbookOccupational Outlook Handbook  Keep up with the occupationalKeep up with the occupational outlook for various fields.outlook for various fields.  Get to know which ones areGet to know which ones are adding jobs and which onesadding jobs and which ones are losing them.are losing them.  The Occupational OutlookThe Occupational Outlook HandbookHandbook is an excellentis an excellent source, and is updated everysource, and is updated every two years.two years.  Good news!Good news! Over the next fewOver the next few years, jobs requiring collegeyears, jobs requiring college degrees will be the fastest-degrees will be the fastest- growing and highest payinggrowing and highest paying..
  10. 10. What to Look for in aWhat to Look for in a CareerCareer  Major career field targetMajor career field target  Preferred type of workPreferred type of work  Income requirementsIncome requirements  Geographical requirementsGeographical requirements  Special needsSpecial needs  Industry preferencesIndustry preferences  Stress levelStress level  Level of interaction with otherLevel of interaction with other peoplepeople  Indoor vs. outdoorIndoor vs. outdoor  Amount of independenceAmount of independence  Balance between creative andBalance between creative and conventional tasksconventional tasks  The type of people you wouldThe type of people you would interact withinteract with  Physical requirementsPhysical requirements  Local/national/internationalLocal/national/international organizationorganization  Benefits and perksBenefits and perks  Advancement opportunitiesAdvancement opportunities  A good bossA good boss  TrainingTraining  Industry outlookIndustry outlook  Reputation of the firm in theReputation of the firm in the industryindustry
  11. 11. Select Several Careers,Select Several Careers, Not Just OneNot Just One  It’s a good idea to have several careers in mindIt’s a good idea to have several careers in mind rather than just one in your first year of college.rather than just one in your first year of college.  Approximately 60% of students change theirApproximately 60% of students change their major at some point during their college career.major at some point during their college career.  It pays to be knowledgeable about more thanIt pays to be knowledgeable about more than just one career field. The average graduatejust one career field. The average graduate changes their job seven times in their life.changes their job seven times in their life.  It also pays to develop a wide variety of generalIt also pays to develop a wide variety of general skills, particular those related to communication.skills, particular those related to communication.
  12. 12. NetworkNetwork  Check with people you know about careerCheck with people you know about career information.information.  Networking can lead to meeting someoneNetworking can lead to meeting someone who may be able to answer your questionswho may be able to answer your questions about a specific career or company.about a specific career or company.  It is an effective way to learn about the typeIt is an effective way to learn about the type of training necessary for a particularof training necessary for a particular position, what it took to get into the field, andposition, what it took to get into the field, and the positive and negative aspects of thethe positive and negative aspects of the  More andMore and more professionals are active onmore professionals are active on online networks such as andonline networks such as and Some professionals Some professionals even use Facebook to get in touch with others inuse Facebook to get in touch with others in their field…as well as research potentialtheir field…as well as research potential candidates.candidates.
  13. 13.  Assess Your SkillsAssess Your Skills  Academic StrengthsAcademic Strengths  Reading, Writing, Speaking, and ListeningReading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening  MathMath  Creative ThinkingCreative Thinking  Problem Solving and Decision MakingProblem Solving and Decision Making  Personal QualitiesPersonal Qualities  Self-Esteem, Self-Management,Self-Esteem, Self-Management, ResponsibilityResponsibility  People SkillsPeople Skills  Social, Negotiation, Leadership,Social, Negotiation, Leadership, TeamworkTeamwork
  14. 14. See a Career CounselorSee a Career Counselor  The career counselors at your collegeThe career counselors at your college are trained professionals who can helpare trained professionals who can help youyou discover your strengths anddiscover your strengths and weaknessesweaknesses evaluate your values and goalsevaluate your values and goals sort through what type of career yousort through what type of career you wantwant  They will not tell you what to do, theyThey will not tell you what to do, they will simply help identify what factorswill simply help identify what factors may lead to successful and interestingmay lead to successful and interesting career options.
  15. 15. Questions for Academic AdvisorsQuestions for Academic Advisors  What classes should I take this termWhat classes should I take this term and next?and next?  What sequence of classes should IWhat sequence of classes should I take?take?  Am I taking too many difficult classesAm I taking too many difficult classes in one term?in one term?  What electives do youWhat electives do you recommend?recommend?  What careerWhat career  opportunitiesopportunities are there if I studyare there if I study mainly _____?mainly _____?
  16. 16. Getting ExperienceGetting Experience  Volunteer or serviceVolunteer or service learninglearning  Study abroadStudy abroad  Internships/co-opsInternships/co-ops  On-campus employmentOn-campus employment  StudentStudent projects/competitionsprojects/competitions  ResearchResearch  On-the-job trainingOn-the-job training  ApprenticeshipsApprenticeships
  17. 17. Research the JobResearch the Job  Identify the skills andIdentify the skills and experience necessary toexperience necessary to perform the job you want.perform the job you want.  Determine the generalDetermine the general requirements of the job.requirements of the job.  Learn about the day-to-dayLearn about the day-to-day tasks and responsibilities.tasks and responsibilities.  Research the company andResearch the company and employer.employer.  Determine the company’sDetermine the company’s philosophy.philosophy.  The more you know about theThe more you know about the job, the stronger thejob, the stronger the candidate you will become.candidate you will become. How big will my office be?
  18. 18. Explore Relevant Part-TimeExplore Relevant Part-Time and Summer Jobsand Summer Jobs  Students benefit when their jobsStudents benefit when their jobs are on campus.are on campus.  Investigate if there exists a part-timeInvestigate if there exists a part-time job in the department of your major.job in the department of your major.  Advanced planning will help youAdvanced planning will help you obtain a summer job with a companyobtain a summer job with a company related to your field.related to your field.  If you can’t find a related job, youIf you can’t find a related job, you can still demonstrate work-relatedcan still demonstrate work-related skills and a work ethic that willskills and a work ethic that will impress prospective employers.impress prospective employers.
  19. 19. Internet Career JourneyInternet Career Journey Activity 13.2 --Web ResourcesActivity 13.2 --Web Resources Occupational OutlookOccupational Outlook HandbookHandbook 11_Careers_new.ppt11_Careers_new.ppt Career Resource CenterCareer Resource Center Job HuntJob Hunt http://www.job-hunt.org The Catapult on Job WebThe Catapult on Job Web http://www.job-http://www.job- The Riley Guide:The Riley Guide: EmploymentEmployment Opportunities and JobOpportunities and Job Resources on theResources on the InternetInternet // Quintessential CareersQuintessential Careers ndex.htmlndex.html