Teshe new saw


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Teshe new saw

  1. 1. LoginGet InspiredGet Advice Start AProjectthe Netherlands →Differences between on-site sanitation and off-site sanitaton –ZimbabwePosted on November 25, 2010 by dijoh2o | 1 CommentQ I want to ask about the differences between on-site sanitation and off-site sanitaton for ZimbabweA Here is a short answer from one of our experts, follwed by selected additional information resources fromthe IRC site.Worldwide, onsite sanitation systems are being promoted widely as they can play a key role in increasingaccess to improved sanitation. Particularly in rural and peri-urban areas where space availability andpopulation density are not constraining factors on its adoption and where onsite sanitation can be substantiallycheaper and easier to promote than sewerage networks.Sanitation systems can be divided into ‘onsite’ and ‘offsite’ technologies. Onsite sanitation systems aim tocontain human excreta at the point of generation (the household level). Onsite sanitation can be classified intotwo main categories: ‘wet’ which require water for flushing; and ‘dry’ which do not require any water forflushing. This type of infrastructure comprises of (improved) latrines, septic tanks and other household leveltechnologies that do not involve sewerage.Offsite sanitation systems transport human excreta to another location for treatment, disposal or use. Offsitesanitation can be classified into two main categories: ‘decentralised’ and ‘centralised’. Decentralised systemsinclude systems where groups of two or more houses are linked to a (small bore sewer) network leading to acommunal treatment system. Wastewater systems serving one or several communities are termed centralisedsystems.Decentralised systems represent an appropriate technological option for urban areas that face problems withhigh population density but where financing for larger centralised treatment systems is not available.More info resourcesHere is a selection of other info resource on on-site sanitation options that go beyond technology we have onour site:What is on-site sanitation? A case study of latrinesFaq sheet on on-site sanitation latrines, prepared by CREPA, Burkina Faso
  2. 2. In this 2004 document the concept of on-site sanitation will be described, followed by the description ofdifferent types of latrines. Read morehttp://www.irc.nl/page/10371Sanitation partnerships: Harnessing their potential for urban on-site sanitationPartnership approaches can serve a useful purpose in on-site sanitation. However, collaboration is not easy.The scarcity of existing partnerships for sanitation implies that they are even more difficult to build and tomaintain than in other sectors. The diversity that characterises sanitation calls for particular attention toprocess, careful consideration of context, and strong analysis of the framework within which they can operate.This 2006 paper is based on studies in five African cities.Some concrete conclusions are:* Too little attention is paid to the fact that on-site facilities are typically only one link in a broader chain ofwaste removal and treatment.* For the public goods of sanitation to become a reality, public subsidies will be often be needed. Thesesubsidies need to reinforce rather than undermine the private and provider’s goods.* Manual latrine emptying needs to become a recognised part of broader solutions and the health risks must bemitigated.* Solid waste offers interesting parallels for on-site sanitation but disaggregated demand remains a keychallenge.* Sludge transfer and disposal are key bottlenecks to delivering a viable sanitation system.* Partnerships may offer one way of reconciling the links needed, but sanitation offers challenges distinct fromeither water or solid waste.BPD Harnessing Sanitation partnerships_BPD.pdf (1.21 MB), free downloadableformhttp://www.irc.nl/redir/content/download/143704/456922/file/BPD%20Harnessing%20Sanitation%20partnerships_BPD.pdfSmart sanitation solutionsSmart sanitation solutions is a more pictorial booklet that is freely downloadable from our site:
  3. 3. IRC … [et al.] (2006). Smart sanitation solutions : examples of innovative, low-cost technologies for toilets, collection, transportation, treatment and use of sanitation products. Delft, The Netherlands, Netherlands Water Partnership (NWP). 68 p. :photogr., techn. drwngs Sanitation, along with clean water and food security, is a primary driver for improving public health. Smart Sanitation Solutions gives examples of low-cost household and community-based sanitation solutions that have proven effective and affordable. It illustrates a range of innovative technologies for toilets, collection, transportation, treatment and use of sanitation products that have already helped thousands of poor families to improve their lives. Download here: http://www.irc.nl/page/28448. Answer provided by Dick de Jong and Erik Baetings Like Be the first to like this. This entry was posted in Africa, On-site sanitation, Technology, Wastewater treatment. Bookmark the permalink. ONE RESPONSE TO DIFFERENCES BETWEEN ON-SITE SANITATION AND OFF-SITE SANITATON – ZIMBABWE1. Insured and Licensed | July 30, 2012 at 3:27 pm | Reply Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed! Very useful info specially the last part I care for such info much. I was seeking this particular information for a long time. Thank you and good luck. LEAVE A REPLY Spark Featured: Holiday Life Skills Gadget Guide 1. eHow 2. Lawn & Garden 3. Fences 4. Different Types of Fences
  4. 4. 5. Different Types of Toilets Different Types of Toilets By Cicely A. Richard, eHow Contributor Toilets are a part of the lives of almost every human on earth. However, there are different types of toilets used by individuals around the world. Some of these types of toilets depend on whether or not people have one in their home or have to use public facilities instead. Does this Spark an idea? Other People Are Reading Types of Toilets Different Types of Toilets in Asia Print this article1. The flush toileto The flush toilet, the most common type of toilet found, sends waste through a series of pipes that lead to a sewer system and eventually a waste treatment plant or septic tank. Squat Toileto Common in Turkish and Japanese households, this toilet looks like a porcelain hole in the floor that individuals have to hover over, with their knees bent in a squat position.o Sponsored Links Carrara, packing supplier European producers of seal system for valves, flanges and gaskets. www.carrara.it Urinalso This is the type of toilet commonly seen in mens restrooms. It is mounted against the wall and can be a single or a communal urinal. Incinerating Toileto This is a waterless type of toilet. Instead of using water to flush away waste, it burns excrement and other waste products. Composting Toileto This type of toilet composts human waste by removing moisture from excrement.
  5. 5. Outhouse or Pit Toileto Commonly found at campgrounds or in extremely rural areas, this is a hole dug in the ground with a small structure built around it. Sponsored Links