This is the initial group of mappers, today, in fact, the young women havve taken over, there are now 5 young women and 4 young men as the core mapping group. This is the group building the base map that can then be leveraged for a public conversation with groups of young women.
The map changes weekly, and available in its most updated form at www.mapkibera.org
How do we put these maps to work? Here is a picture of a printed map, laminated that we printed out and added a layer of tracing paper, so young girls and women and write their thoughts directly on the map, our first theme, health services, was completed just last week in kibera
Over two days, with dozens of young people and service providers, we facilitated conversations based around the detailed findings of the map. The conversations will be available via video, audio, text, and visualized maps online very soon. There is so much latent knowledge in the community, that policy makers do not capture. We found out which local pharmacists, for example, are known for giving out faulty drugs on a regular basis. We are repeating this process with vulnerability/public safety, informal education and water/sanitation.
Some of these notes read: “If not for MSF, many people would suffer. Government needs to do more!” Also, “This clinic has good medicine but its too expensive and the only one in my village.”
Kenya unicef kibera preso 6.8.10
Strengthening Community Participation Around HIV/AIDS Vulnerability Through Open Source Mapping in the Kibera Slum A Mid-Pilot Update Tuesday, June 7 th , 2010 UNICEF- Kenya Joshua Goldstein [email_address]
Background <ul><li>Initial Goal: Demonstrate how digital maps and mobile applications can increase understanding that vulnerable girls and young women have to the risks of sexual violence and as a result reduce HIV/AIDS transmission </li></ul><ul><li>Conceived by UNICEF HQ DOC in collaboration with HIV/AIDS section in January 2010 </li></ul>
Why Kibera? <ul><li>High vulnerability: 60% of girls afraid of being raped; 47% afraid of someone in neighborhood; only 25% have a safe space in community (POP Council, 2007) </li></ul><ul><li>Map Kibera, a youth-led initiative to create the first free map of Kibera, has been underway since October 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>General indicators: estimated 600,000 residents is 2.5 sq. km, among people age 5+, HIV/AIDS and TB account for 50% of mortality burden </li></ul>
Phase I: Initial Mapping Phase October – December 2010 <ul><li>13 mappers (one from each village), ranging from age 19-34, with 5 young women and 8 young men who were established leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Using GPS devices (Garmin eTrex, consumer grade) mapped points of interest </li></ul><ul><li>Using Java OpenStreetMap application, results uploaded to Open Street Map, the wikipedia of maps </li></ul><ul><li>Vision was to create not just a one-off map, but engaged community around open and shared information </li></ul>
Phase II : Linking Mapping with Issue Advocacy March 2010- July 2010 <ul><li>In consultation with UNICEF-Kenya and local partner SODNET, expanded to scope to collect not only vulnerability, but also health services, informal education and water/sanitation data points </li></ul><ul><li>2-6 Community map tracing exercises (per theme) incorporating 20 youth groups and grassroots organizations (200 participants) to engage with map using tracing paper and pens </li></ul>
Preliminary Findings <ul><li>Amplifying Community Voice for Better Planning + Policy Making (examples from the vulnerability/safety theme) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehensive map of existing safe spaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Places where bars correlates with a lack of safe spaces for girls; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Places where young girls (13-24) spend weekend nights, where their friends have experienced violence, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known danger points where carjacking, rape and defilement are most likely to take place (Ayany Bridge, Nairobi Dam) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personal Impact on Youth Participants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New GPS and computer skills; the GIS experts of Kibera </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved self confidence and personal development </li></ul></ul>
Findings cont. <ul><li>Tools for Grassroots Leaders to Self-Advocate for Improved Services (From Predictability to Emergence) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety/Vulnerability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Local network of GBV responders using map and potentially SMS short code to better coordinate legal, physo-social and medical response to GBV emergencies; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Binti Pamoja, a girls safety network, is utilizing map to plan improved safe spaces and advocate for a more secure Kibera in specific locations where violence takes place; </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informal Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The network of pastors that lead Kibera’s informal schools are using the map to show which schools meet the Government criterion for community school funding. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>KCODA, a local transparency network, is developing a group of community monitors to map the difference between constituency development funds (CDF) regarding education on paper and in reality. </li></ul></ul></ul>
Challenges <ul><li>Technology: getting online, understanding technology, lack of access </li></ul><ul><li>Economics: challenges of volunteerism, paying for participation, and impact of NGO saturation </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations: Information silos and competitive tendency </li></ul>
Applying Methodology to Other Programmatic Areas Questions to Ask <ul><li>Would a Real-Time Map With Deep Information of Community Assets Help Planning and Achievement of Results? </li></ul><ul><li>Can Community Owned Data Lead to Better Self-Advocacy for Improved Services Amongst Young People and Grassroots Leaders? </li></ul>
Next Steps <ul><li>Continue to Collect Theme Related Narratives and Data </li></ul><ul><li>Kibera: Help Youth and Grassroots Leaders to Leverage Digital Technology in Their Advocacy Campaigns Around Relevant Themes </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya: Present Findings to National AIDS Control Council (NACC) and National AIDS/STD Controlle Programme (NASCOP) </li></ul><ul><li>UNICEF HQ: Apply Methodology to Haiti to Amplify the Voices of Young People in Long Term Rebuilding </li></ul>