Leicester 2011


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Slides by Jon Dron and myself to a small group at the Media Zoo at the Univ of Leicester.
Adobe Connect vido available at http://tinyurl.com/anderson-elgg

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Leicester 2011

  1. 1. Fun and Fear in Open Spaces Media Zoo University ofImage from kurtxio Leicester Jon Dron and Terry Anderson
  2. 2. Unpaid ADVERTISEMENTIssues in DistanceEducation Seriesaupress.cawww.irrodl.org
  3. 3. ValuesWe can (and must) continuously improve the quality, effectiveness, appeal, cost and time efficiency of the learning experience.Student control and freedom is integral to 21st Century life-long education and learning.Education for elites is not sufficient for planetary survival
  4. 4. Pervasive Openness 4
  5. 5. University as a More Open Community 5
  6. 6. agoraphobiathe fear of open spaces 2
  7. 7. agoraphiliathe love of open spaces 3
  8. 8. Which networks do you use and find useful? Why? Anyothers?
  9. 9. Social forms collective net set group
  10. 10. The Learning Management Systems or VLE• Fixed periods of engagement• limited learner control• teaching-led• Closed• Private group
  11. 11. Athabasca Landing
  12. 12. A Wordle view of Landing rationale 5
  13. 13. An open space to share... Anyone can share anything with anyone.Open in time and in space.
  14. 14. Multiple rationales collectiveSustaining ties CooperationMaking ties SharingAd hoc networks SerendipityKnowledge diffusion net set Interest -orientationSocial capital Sense-makingSocial presence Collective intelligence Intentional discovery group Courses Committees Research groups Study groups Centres and departments 15
  15. 15. “Your Friends Make you Fat”Fowler & Christakis (2007)A study of Obesity http://www.world-science.net/othernews/070725_obesity.htm
  16. 16. They can also make you smart!Fowler & Christakis (2007)A study of Obesity http://www.world-science.net/othernews/070725_obesity.htm
  17. 17. The Closed Garden versus Facebook• Boutique networks• Differentiating work, from school, from fun• Context is king• social networking a feature, not a destination
  18. 18. A Guided Tour of the Landing https://landing.athabascau.ca 18
  19. 19. Athabasca Landing
  20. 20. Tool InstancesUsers: 2657Messages: 21762Files: 3561Blog posts: 3348Wire posts: 1921Bookmarked items: 1550Discussion topics: 1305Pages: 853Photos: 788Top-level pages: 530Event Calendar: 171Albums: 109Bookmark Folder: 87Polls: 69
  21. 21. New Users Added per Month
  22. 22. Monthly Blog Posts
  23. 23. Landing Groups•271 Groups•Average of 9 .39 members each•42% of population a member of one or moregroups•Of these, members of 8 groups (on average)
  24. 24. Social networking a feature, not a destination• 35% of people followed by someone else (long tail shown here)• 22% following someone else• 17% reciprocal• 4% members of nets and not groups• 24% in groups but not nets
  25. 25. Content creation and the long tail• 28% are content creators• 61% of content created by 1% of those• 33% by next 10%• 90% of the 28% of people creating content create 6% of it
  26. 26. A soft space 24
  27. 27. Public vs private• It all depends on context and purpose... PUBLIC SET NET GROUP Blogs 36% 50% 2% 11% Wikis (8.5% 18% 45% 2% 26% private) Bookmarks 9% 65% 0.5% 24% Images 6% 75% 6% 10% 25
  28. 28. Public vs private 26
  29. 29. Groups• Safety• familiarity (in education)• formality• trust group• scaffolding• structure• Reliability• Group think Scariness• Cliques, hidden curriculum 27
  30. 30. Networks• Connectivity• strength of weak ties• blurred boundaries• shifting contexts net• risk• insecurity• partial openness Scariness• (appear) unstructured 28
  31. 31. Sets• anonymity• Openness• Aggregated traces• analytics set• Danger• Imposed structure• loss of identity Scariness• unreliability 29
  32. 32. Why open?• Greater interaction and feedback• Transparency• Social capital• Self-promotion• Altruism• Course requirements• Good ideas 30
  33. 33. Why not open?• Fear of .... • loss of face • loss of privacy • legal issues • loss of control • permanence • freeloaders • being unkind (especially wikis) • exposure • the unknown
  34. 34. Original MetricsTo increase the ease and effectiveness with Quantitativewhich people at AU can create, sustain and Spread of social networks (number of users) Profile Usediscover relationships and workcollaboratively, both professionally and Qualitativepersonally Interviews Focus groups
  35. 35. Original MetricsTo increase the ease with which Quantitativeinformation and knowledge can be Number and change in wire useageshared outside formal channels Creation of groups Number of blog posts Use by university leaders Qualitative Interviews Focus groups
  36. 36. Original MetricsIntegrate of services with existing Quantitativeprovisions Successful integration of software with Moodle, external blogs, twitter, Wonderland,Zimbra, library, etc Effectiveness of single sign on
  37. 37. Original MetricsTo enable the use of such services in Quantitativeformal as well as informal education and Use in formal coursesresearch Use by research groups Creation of „learning‟ groups (task, subject focused) Number of “beyond the course” learning groups Qualitative Interviews Focus groups
  38. 38. Strategies for openness in social spaces• Selective access control• Context control• Use of defaults• Establishment of norms• Valorisation of open content• Help and resources• Open discussion• Policies and rules 32
  39. 39. Final Questionable Implication equivalencytheorem.info 39
  40. 40. 40
  41. 41. 41
  42. 42. The Interaction Equivalency (EQuiv) Website http://equivalencytheorem.info/Anderson, T. (2003 )Getting the Mix Right Again: An updated and theoretical 42 rationale for interaction.
  43. 43. OERu• Can OERs + Student Networking eliminate the cost of teachers?? 43
  44. 44. OERu as aDisruptive TechnologyClayton Christiansen 2012
  45. 45. • “The pessimist complains about the wind, the optimist expects it to change, the realist adjusts the sails.” William Arthur Ward (1921 – 1994)
  46. 46. https://landing.athabascau.ca/pg/profile/jond Your comments and questions are most welcomedhttps://landing.athabascau.ca/pg/profile/terrya