Teenage Smoking Facts- Each day 3,000 children smoke their first cigarette- At least 3 million teenagers are smokers- Tobacco use primarily begins in early years, typically by age 16.- 20% of American teens smoke.- Of every 100,000 15 year old smokers, tobacco will prematurely kill at least20,000 before the age of 70.- Of the 3,000 teens who started smoking today, nearly 1,000 will eventually dieas a result of smoking.
Health Factors of Teenage Smoking-Adolescent girls who smoke and take oral birth control pills greatly increasetheir chances of having blood clots and strokes by smoking.According to the Surgeons General, teenagers who smoke were: - Three times more likely to use alcohol -Eight times more likely to smoke marijuana -22 times more likely to use cocaine.-A person who starts smoking at age 13 will have a more difficult time quitting,will have more health-related problems, and will probably die earlier than aperson who begins smoking at age 21.
Side effects/more issues the teenwill face with teenage smoking.-Kids who smoke experience changes in the lungs and reduced lung growth.They also risk not achieving normal lung function as an adult.-teenagers who smoke have many more significant health problems, includingcough and phlegm production, decreased physical fitness and unfavorable lipidprofile.-Adolescents who have 2 parents that smoke are more than twice as likely as ayouth without smoking parents to become smokers.-"A 2001 survey found that 69.4 percent of teenage smokers reported neverbeing asked for proof of age when buying cigarettes in a store. The samesurvey found that 62.4 percent were allowed to buy cigarettes even when theretailer was aware they were under the age of 18".
Why? Peer pressure and stress can lead to a teenager turning to smoking as an outlet.Studies have shown that peer pressure is among several factors as to why teeangersturn to illegal substances not only drugs but alcohol as well. Especially when a teenbecomes overwhelmed, they look at their only way out of it is to either "get high" off drugsor alcohol. Strain theory: Cohen (1995) Portrayed delinquents as embracing "non utilitarian,malicious, and negativistic" values, but some youths criminality is consumption orientedand ostensibly utilitarian. Similarly, Cloward and Ohlin (1960) delineated three distinctsubcultural forms- criminal, conflict, and retreatist - but delinquents appear to mix theseactivities. "Delinquent boys", Empey (1982) observed, "Drink, steal, burglarize, damageproperty, smoke pot, or even experiment with heroin and pills, but m do they limitthemselves to any single one of these activities". A Control Theory Of Delinquency: Control theories assume that delinquent actsresult when an individuals bond to society is weak or broken. Which then results tounusual behavior. The psychopath is characterized only in part by "deficient" attachmentto affection for others, a failure to respond to the ordinary motivations found in respect ofregard for oneself. For he is also characterized by such things as in excessiveaggressiveness".
How to prevent teenagesmokingThough teenagers are going to do what they please regardless of the parent,there are actions that can be taken to aid in the prevention of teenage smoking.1. Talk to your child about the risk factors of smoking.2. Appeal to your teens vanity. Meaning, warn them of the physical damage ssmoking can lead to.3. Tell your teen that smoking is not allowed. Your strong opinion has an impacton your childs decision.4. If your child is not smoking, applaud them for their good decisions and thengo into detail about the effects of it as well as asking them about the companythey keep and whether or not they smoke.
How to help a teen stopsmokingThe most current clinical practice guideline encourages clinicians to ask teensabout smoking behavior during office visits, and then using age appropriatemethods to help teens quit. Teenagers should:- regularly screen adolescents and their parents to determine whether theysmoke and, if so, suggest interventions to stop.-Use behavioral and counseling interventions.-If the adolescent has become dependent on nicotine and expresses a desire toquit smoking, consider prescriptions for bupropion or nicotine replacementtherapy.
Cited Works1. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/teen-smoking/HQ001392. http://www.cnn.com/2012/08/27/health/health-teen-pot/index.html3.http://www.health.harvard.edu/fhg/updates/Helping-teens-stop-smoking.shtml4. http://www.smoking-facts.net/Teen-Smoking-Facts.html5. http://kidshealth.org/teen/drug_alcohol/tobacco/smoking.html6. http://www.teendrugabuse.us/teensmoking.html7. Travis Hirschi: Cases of Delinquency, pp 16-26 Copyright 1969 by the Regents of theUniversity of California; reprinted by permission of University of California Press.8. Criminological Theory Context and consequences. (Lilly, Ball & Cullen 2011, 5thedition. Sage publication Inc)