Russian Revolution


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Russian Revolution

  1. 1. Russian Revolution <ul><li>1917 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Czar Nicholas II <ul><li>Last Czar of Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Exhausted nation’s economy by involving Russia in WWI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This left the Russian people poor and starving, but the Czar and his family lived comfortably. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The people were angry with this, so they decided to REVOLT! </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Karl Marx (1818 – 1883) <ul><li>He died long before Revolution began, but his political ideas of communism lived on. </li></ul><ul><li>Considered father of communism </li></ul><ul><li>People of Russia who revolted adopted his ideas </li></ul>
  4. 4. Communism <ul><li>Form of government that has a classless society </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone is equal; no rich and no poor </li></ul><ul><li>The Bolsheviks, or revolutionaries, adopted this idea. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Bolsheviks <ul><li>The Bolsheviks - an organization formed by the revolting people, or revolutionaries, of Russia. </li></ul><ul><li>Bolsheviks were led by Vladimir Lenin. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Vladimir Lenin <ul><li>A revolutionary who led the Bolsheviks (working class) to freedom. </li></ul><ul><li>They eventually were able to overthrow the Czar. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Czar is Overthrown… <ul><li>With the rise of the Bolsheviks, the Czar was forced to give up thrown </li></ul><ul><li>In 1918, the Czar and his entire family, wife and 5 children, were assassinated by an execution squad set up by the revolutionaries </li></ul><ul><li>The entire family was killed because they feared one of them could rise to power again. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Lenin’s Death <ul><li>Lenin died in 1924, leaving the Bolsheviks leaderless. </li></ul><ul><li>This caused a power struggle between two other revolutionaries, Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Leon Trotsky <ul><li>A revolutionary who was popular with the people </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to make life better for all by industrializing Russia </li></ul>
  10. 10. Josef Stalin <ul><li>Lied to people to gain support </li></ul><ul><li>People believed his lies and promises, so he beat Trotsky in the power struggle </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin had Trotsky exiled from Russia. He feared Trotsky would try to regain power, so he eventually had him killed. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Stalin, cont’d… <ul><li>Stalin grew more and more powerful over the years. </li></ul><ul><li>He began eliminating anyone who opposed him. </li></ul><ul><li>He set up a secret police to carry out his deadly orders. </li></ul>
  12. 12. NKVD (KGB) <ul><li>Stalin’s secret police </li></ul><ul><li>Killed, tortured, starved, intimidated anyone Stalin ordered </li></ul><ul><li>Completely loyal to Stalin </li></ul>
  13. 13. Stalin’s Rule <ul><li>Stalin became so greedy, he lost the original vision of the revolutionaries </li></ul><ul><li>Millions of innocent people were killed under his rule </li></ul><ul><li>Ironically, he made Russia worse off than it had been before the Czar </li></ul><ul><li>Stalin became known as one of the most ruthless dictators in history, comparable to Hitler </li></ul>