Migration of Youths in Geita, Tanzania - Präsentation an der Uni Basel
Presentation on: “ YOUTH MIGRATION IN GE ITA RE GION OF TANZANIA” Held on 18 April 2012 Berne SwitzerlandPrepared by:Paulina AlexExecutive DirectorNew Light Children Center Organization (NELICO)Bomani Street, Plot No. 153, Block ‘K’, P.O.Box 160Geita, TanzaniaTel: +255 28 2520 332Mobile: +255 784 940 550Emails: email@example.comfirstname.lastname@example.orgWebsite: www.nelicotz.org
Introduction:This presentation discusses the concept of youth migration in TZ/Geita Region; factors leading to youth migration; places where youth live and work in the Region; positive and negative effects of youth migration; negative the myth behind youth migration in the Region;
youth migrants settlement in the region; the status of their contacts with their families back home and notable success stories.
B ack gr ound i nfor mati on:New Light Children Center Organization (NELICO) is a non governmental and non profit making organization registered under the laws of Tanzania. NELICO strives mainly to advocate for children’s rights and youth empowerment in Tanzania.
NELICO has been supported by terre des hommes Switzerland for more than five years. The interventions supported by tdh are psychosocial support, legal aid, youth empowerment andFirelight Club members get briefing from a plant operator street children.and geologist during their visit to GGM.
With the support of tdh under these interventions NELICO has been able to track youth migration in Geita Region especially when dealing with youth and street children.
Where do youths migrate from?• Youths migrate mainly from areas which experience either acute problems of under development such as Kigoma, Tabora, Singida, Manyara or acute problems of land shortage such as Kilimanjaro, Morogoro and Arusha regions
Factors for Youth Migration:• The push factors favoring youth migrations include low incomes, lack and inaccessibility of social services, land shortage, unemployment and a host of other socio-cultural factors.
Factors for Youth Migration:• The pull factors include the prospects for a better living, prospects for employment and self- employment, and perceived availability of/accessibility to better social services.
Factors for Youth Migration• In Geita there is the existence of small and large scale mines: This is a two fold factor. First and foremost, youth migrate to Geita to seek self employment in the small scale mines and others seeking formal employment with the large scale mining companies primarily Geita Gold Mine Limited (GGM) owned by AngloGold Ashanti.
• Secondly, other youth migrate to Geita to seek for employment in entertainment places like bar and groceries. However, the studies show that such youth of which many of them are girls, are used in sexual business.• Fishing activities is another factor that attract youth to come to Geita. Youth come to Geita to conduct fishing activities which some years back, the sector earned Tanzania considerable revenue in its export.
• Youth migrant to Geita to work as cyclists and motorists, whereas bicycles and motor bikes are used as major means of transport.
Places Youth Live and Work:In migrating to Geita there are definite places where youth live and work. The first place is Geita Town where many youth undertake small businesses. Secondly, areas like Nyarugusu, Mgusu and Lwamugusa where small scale mining activities are conducted. Thirdly, Nkome where fishing activities are conducted.
• Youth get employed in the large scale mining companies particularly Geita Gold Mine a company owned by AngloGold Ashanti.
Positive E ffects of Youth Migration: • Youth have been able to lead their own lives by gaining substantial amount of money from small scale mines. • Youth have been able to start their own projects/businesses in Geita and managed to employ other youth. • Reduced crimes among youth due to earnings obtained from the small scale mines that satisfy their needs.
Negative E ffects of Youth Migration:• Tremendous increase of population within the region and that leads into scramble and partition of the available limited resources.• Wide spread of HIV/AIDS in the region due to great interaction of youth migrants and the indigenous.• Insecurity created by youth to the large scale miners like GGM by marching into the fields of the large scale miners to collect the left over ores.
• Excessive use of alcohol among youth in the small scale mining and fishing operations.
E r r oneous M yth among Youth onM i gr ati ng to G ei ta R egi on: Youth migrate to Geita with a view of getting wealth from the mines (both small and large). For they presume that people who are living and working in the goldfields have a lot of money and live luxurious life.
Youth’s settlement i n the R egi on: Those youth who come for the purpose of working in the small mines do settle for a longer period compared to those who are involved in fishing activities who do move from one place to another within/out of the region searching for fish.
Youth Contacts wi th thei rF ami li es: • Not all youth migrating to Geita keep contacting their families back home. Some of them fail to do also after being dragged in mob of youth using excessive drugs and alcohol.• On the other hand, most of youth that are employed by the large mining companies like GGM have regularly contacts with their families back home.
Success stories:There are viable economic projects created by youth migrant in the small scale mining sector. These projects have not only supported the owners but also offer employment to other youth within the region. These projects include but not limited to crushers of gold; groceries/bars; jewelers; hotels and guest houses just to mention a few.
• Geita has been a center for business for many youth migrants. Youth are involved in both petty businesses as matching guys and whole sale dealers in many commodities like fruits-pineapples, clothes, cell phones; youth also work in the industry mechanics.
Amos is a twenty five year old young man who came in Geita looking for a mechanic job in Geita Gold Mine (GGM) in 2007. He fortunately secured a job with one of subcontracted companies working with GGM as a mechanic, a job that he admired. He was earning a salary of TZS 120,000/= per month, which is equivalent to USD $77. After working for almost two years, he made an evaluation of his income and the achievements that he made within the two years of his work.Unfortunately he found that he did not make any step forward especially in fulfillment of his dream. He decided to quit the job and learned to be a tax driver. This time he changed his carrier and decided to get employed as tax driver a job that he did while working as a mechanic. The following two years, the new carrier earned Amos substantial amount of money that managed him to buy his own second hand tax which is in good condition. He now rejoice on the decision he made for he can cater for his family and remain with a balance of erecting a building.
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