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Language learning strategies


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Presentation for LN209 week 5

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Language learning strategies

  1. 1. Language learning strategies Learner ownership of the learning process
  2. 2. The good language learner… ..has a wider repertoire of language learning strategies which they use more frequently than their peers …uses monitoring strategies (Vandegrfit,2003) Use of appropriate language learning strategies often results in improved proficiency or achievement overall or in specific skill areas (Oxford et al., 1993; Thompson & Rubin, 1993).
  3. 3. What is a language learning strategy? “ steps or actions consciously selected by learners either to improve the learning of a second language, the use of it, or both” (Cohen, 1998) “tools for active, self-directed involvement” (Oxford, 1990)
  4. 4. Classifications:  Metacognitive strategies  Plan, monitor, evaluate  Cognitive strategies  Learn and use new language/skills  Social/affective strategies  Regulate emotions, motivation and attitude  (O’Malley and Chamot, 1990. Based on cognitive theory)
  5. 5. More classifications:  Cognitive—making associations between new and already known information;  Mnemonic—making associations between new and already known information through use of formula, phrase, verse or the like;  Metacognitive—controlling own cognition through the co-ordination of the planning, organization and evaluation of the learning process;  Compensatory—using context to make up for missing information in reading and writing;  Affective—regulation of emotions, motivation and attitude toward learning;  Social—the interaction with other learners to improve language learning and cultural understanding.  (Oxford, 1990. Taxonomy)
  6. 6. Task 1  Discuss the examples on your handouts:  Which have you used? Have any of them been included in the teaching you have experienced? If so, how?  How would you classify them?  Choose one or two strategies and discuss how you would include them in your teaching.
  7. 7. Does strategy instruction work?  The problems of definition  The issue of generalisability  Need for a research framework “The acknowledged link between strategic competence in language learning, learner autonomy and successful outcomes is a powerful argument for bringing together state-of-the-art research into the theory and practice of language learning strategies in learning environments that do not rely on the physical presence of the teacher.” (Hurd & Lewis, 2008, p. xii)
  8. 8. Teaching and learning: a paradigm shift The death of learning styles Shifting the locus of control Growth mindset (Dweck, 2006) Life hacks: the impact of the internet
  9. 9. Task 2: What would you do to progress this area of language learning? In groups, discuss the issues, risks and potential for language learning strategies.