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Pronunciation Made Easy - appi2017


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Presentation I gave at the 31st APPI Conference in Lisbon, Portugal, on 28April2017.

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Pronunciation Made Easy - appi2017

  1. 1. Pronunciation Made Easy Teresa Almeida d’Eça 31st Annual APPI Conference Lisbon, 28 April 2017
  2. 2. do you think pronunciation is important? do you deal with pronunciation in class?
  3. 3. do you think pronunciation is beneficial to your students? do you think a simple and intuitive strategy can bring about change?
  4. 4. change /tcheindj/
  5. 5. change of the status quo of pronunciation
  6. 6. change in approaching pronunciation
  7. 7. how it all came about /hau it ól keim abaut/
  8. 8. why focus on this pronunciation strategy? it worked!
  9. 9. and pronunciation is important
  10. 10. it's all about intelligibility: making yourself understood
  11. 11. and comprehensibility: understanding others
  12. 12. pronunciation a two-way communication process
  13. 13. correct pronunciation improves speaking & listening
  14. 14. incorrect pronunciation can cause misunderstandings that interrupt the flow of conversation
  15. 15. correct pronunciation empowers students /êm pau arz stiu dantss/
  16. 16. boosts their confidence
  17. 17. helps them feel comfortable when speaking…
  18. 18. and more at ease when listening
  19. 19. helps students transmit their ideas more easily, be able to maintain a conversation and grasp ideas of others with less effort
  20. 20. do "you" dedicate (enough) time to pronunciation?
  21. 21. if not, you're not alone!
  22. 22. reasons for pronunciation being considered a neglected aspect in the English classroom
  23. 23. not sure how to teach it / inexperience
  24. 24. lack of specific training
  25. 25. lack of time /laék óv taim/
  26. 26. how can you integrate it in your lessons?
  27. 27. several different ways
  28. 28. my focus today a simple and intuitive strategy
  29. 29. a strategy that uses the L1 to help pronounce the L2
  30. 30. a strategy that bridges the L1 and the L2
  31. 31. a strategy that uses the known to decode/interpret the unknown
  32. 32. how? /hau/
  33. 33. by using the most familiar element, sounds of the L1, to pronounce the L2
  34. 34. yes, sounds of our native language, Portuguese!
  35. 35. the alphabet a h q u w x y /ei/ /eitch/ /kiú/ /iú/ /dabeliú/ /ékss/ /uai/
  36. 36. the same letters "in" words apple house queen ugly wait & water Xmas & xylophone yes /aé pel/ /hauss/ /kuín/ /a gli/ /ueit/ & /uó tar/ /krisst mass/ & /zai la foun/ /iéss/
  37. 37. equivalent or very close sounds a in agora (or about) á é ê ó ô ú banana, bus, cousin, heard, herd, lovely arm, father, heart any, red, said, weather cent, friend, went body, office, sausage, thought cold, gold, old, shoulder canoe, food, fruit, glue
  38. 38. Portuguese diphthongs ai au ei oi ou by, bye, child, I house, how cake, day, maid boy, lawyer, point ago, low, phone, though
  39. 39. non-existent sounds /th/ /th/ /u/ for w & wh /i/ for y /k/ & /ss/ for c & ch /tch/ for /ch/ & /t/ thank, think, thirteenth, thought than, the, their, this wait, was, what, when yellow, yes, you cancel, ache, chemistry cheese, achieve, adventure, picture
  40. 40. 5th & 6th grade pronunciation webpage
  41. 41. status quo pronunciation is probably the weakest link in the English classroom tragicomic situation
  42. 42. complication spelling & pronunciation have very little, if any, resemblance On spelling English The Chaos
  43. 43. solution use L1 sounds to create a bridge with the L2
  44. 44. helps cope with inconsistencies comb /koum/ bomb /bóm/
  45. 45. some /sam/ home /houm/
  46. 46. bridging the L1 & L2 helps overcome students' difficulties with pronunciation, a pain point
  47. 47. opens up an intuitive new world
  48. 48. generates change, effortless change
  49. 49. intelligibility & comprehensibility
  50. 50. but… even more! students will be able to transcribe the sound of any new or problematic word
  51. 51. pron(unciation) made easy a simple and intuitive strategy grasped immediately by students
  52. 52. from Portuguese to English a simple sound /ai/ I by dry bye eye hi high
  53. 53. another simple sound /a/ about bus cousin heard lovely
  54. 54. a less simple sound /aé/ black cat hat grass
  55. 55. a complicated letter combination -gh- right /-/ daughter /-/ cough /f/ enough /f/
  56. 56. an even more complicated letter combination -ough- through /ú/ cough /óf/ enough /af/ though /ou/ bough /au/
  57. 57. a difficult sound /th/ think athlete thin
  58. 58. non-existent sounds in Portuguese: agree on a code th as /th/ th as /th/ w & wh as /u/ y as /i/ c & ch as /k/ & /ss/ /ch/ & /t/ as /tch/ thank, think, thirteenth, thought than, the, their, this wait, was, what, when yellow, yes, you cancel, ache, chemistry cheese, achieve, adventure, picture
  59. 59. introducing this strategy in class start simple and small
  60. 60. alphabet, colors, days of the week, months of the year…
  61. 61. red blue Friday Monday May August /réd/ /blú/ /frai dei/ /man dei/ /mei/ /ó gasst/
  62. 62. initial phase: curiosity write the sound of a word they know on the board have them read it & guess the word write 2-3 other sounds randomly point to these sounds during the lesson
  63. 63. when each is said correctly 3-4 times, it's a recipe! have a student jot down the sounds and the words you, the teacher, create a pronunciation page
  64. 64. next phase: excitement & motivation pronounce a new word & write it on the board ask students for suggestions for the sound transcription have them agree on the best one include it in the pronunciation page
  65. 65. result you've got them hooked on this strategy!
  66. 66. student recordings Francisca (5E) Margarida (5C) Rafael to Brazil
  67. 67. Appearance (6E) Chat with M. Coghlan
  68. 68. the dictionary From Portuguese to English: Pronunciation Made Easy /fróm pór tchu gíz tu in glich: pra nan ssi ei chan meid í zi/
  69. 69. in the the dictionary /dik cha né ri/ note the stressed syllable in bold because English is a stress-based language
  70. 70. assessing student development a work in progress!
  71. 71. BIG change change in pronunciation to bring order to the chaos of English spelling vs. pronunciation
  72. 72. core element of the strategy bridging the L1 and L2
  73. 73. put our native language to good use
  74. 74. break the rules!
  75. 75. follow your gut feeling!
  76. 76. "Sometimes teachers [leaders] have to let their gut lead them into uncharted territories..." (Resonate by Nancy Duarte, 2010: 11%, Loc 492 of 4503)
  77. 77. give change a chance!
  78. 78. this strategy works so… let the adventure begin!
  79. 79. You can contact me at and visit the dictionary website
  80. 80. Thank you!
  81. 81. Q & A
  82. 82. Suggested audio tools Audioboom Audiopal Soundcloud SpeakPipe Vocaroo
  83. 83. Suggested readings & videos Pronunciation in the Classroom: The Overlooked Essential, edited by Tamara Jones, TESOL Press 2016 Why is English so hard to learn? learn-53336 Ed Rondthaler on English Spelling Learn English (really funny commercial) The Chaos by G. Nolst Trenité