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The English Phonetic Alphabet_JudyThompson_Appi2013


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The English Phonetic Alphabet_JudyThompson_Appi2013

  1. 1. Judy ThompsonAPPI Conference, LisbonApril, 2013
  2. 2. The Problem with EnglishLetters don’t represent soundsNo one knows what words sound like from reading themblue throughyou whotwo dofew shoedue boo
  3. 3. The Presentation1. A short History of English showing speaking as adifferent language than writing2. The Sounds of English1. Consonants – sounds that stop2. Vowels – sounds that stretch3. Take away pronunciation tools students can useanywhere
  4. 4. 40 sounds26 letters
  5. 5. Checking in(Am I talking too fast?) English speaking as completely separate from Englishwriting The history provides context for students and theireducation so far It is not their fault that their speaking has not gone as wellas they’d hopedWe have a clean slate– a fresh start for some new thinking
  6. 6. Framework for Speaking We are at zero What we put in place now is a structure for how speakingworks in all situations Students can use this framework outside ofclass, independent of teacher support, for the rest of theirlivesToday we’ll cover 1 and 2 from a set of 6 powerful tools fromSpeaking Made SimpleNo other speaking program works like this
  7. 7. 2. SoundsThere are 40 sounds in English24 consonant sounds16 vowel sounds40 Consonant sounds STOP Vowel sounds s t r e t c h
  8. 8. Sound NotationExplain the notation slash brackets/makes the sound/This is a dog.– it makes the sound /woof/This is a d - it makes the sound /d/ 8
  9. 9. 24 Consonants of English18 familiarb, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, y, z/b/ /d/ /f/ /g //h/ /j/ /k/ /l/ /m/ /n/ /p/ /r/ /s/ /t/ /v/ /w/ /y/ /z/6 newSh, Ch, TH, Th, Ng, Zh/Sh/ /Ch/ /TH/ /Th/ /Ng/ /Zh/
  10. 10. EPA Consonants_ b _ d _ f g h _ j k l m n _ p _ r s t _ v w _y z/Sh/ - shoe, sugar, nation, machine*/Ch/ - church, cello, picture/TH/ - thing, thank, both, teeth/Th/ - the, them, these, mother, brother/Ng/ - singing, pink/Zh/ - Asia, garage, usual, Taj Mahal(* Transformation)
  11. 11. Old FriendsOld Friends Ol’ FrenzWe walked and talked we wakt an taktAnd talked and walked an takt an waktWalked and talked wakt an taktTalked and walked takt an wakt(* Transformation)
  12. 12. Families of Exercises Bingo Listening Skills Consonant Hunt Sound Maze Word Search Mystery Match Cry Wolf
  13. 13. EPA Vowels The first thing people learn in a new language is thenames of the colors Inside the names of 16 common colors in English arethe 16 vowel sounds of English Students learn the colors of words and crazy Englishspelling is no longer a barrier to confident speaking
  14. 14. What color is this?
  15. 15. Turn the card around slowlyCan you think of other words with the sound /Ay/?
  16. 16. What color is rain? Great? Play?(* Transformation)
  17. 17. What color is this?Think of other words with the sound /a/Turn the card around
  18. 18. Spelling Doesn’t Matter Anymore
  19. 19. Secret Treasure in the Vowel Chart Students understand the most important feature ofEnglish organically – you just wake it up in them English is a stress-based language The stressed syllable determines the color of the word Every word in English is a colorBAnana is not a wordNeither is banaNAThe word is baNAnaThere are no variations. Banana is a Black word
  20. 20. What color is your name? It is one of the colors on the Thompson Vowel Chart Every word in English is somewhere on that chart! * TransformationFYIIf the word-stress isn’t right, a native English speakercan’t guess what is being said
  21. 21. Old FriendsOld Friends Ol’ FrenzWe walked and talked we wokt an toktAnd talked and walked an tokt an woktWalked and talked wokt an toktTalked and walked tokt an wokt
  22. 22. 3. Take Away for Students Every word in English is a color English is a stress-based language – if someone can’tunderstand word stress is the problem not ‘accent’ Accents don’t matter – everyone has an accent – onlyword stress matters
  23. 23. Take Away for YouThe other four tools we did not talk about today are: Content words carry message – grammar doesn’t Linking – all spoken words start with consonants Expressions – English is idiomatic Body Language – non-verbal is 80% of the messageIt was my goal to show you a new way of looking atSpoken English and how to teach itAnd to assure you that a full range of materials areavailable if you are interested
  24. 24. Thank youJudy Thompson2554 The Grange SideroadCaledon, OntarioCanadawww.ThompsonLanguageCenter.comEmail: judy@thompsonlanguagecenter.comSkype: judycaledonTwitter: @judyisblue