Building Materials teresa campano villalon


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Building Materials teresa campano villalon

  1. 1. Building Materials :
  2. 2. 1. Building Materials: <ul><li>Materials used in construction:
  3. 3. Petreous materials, Biender materials, Concrete, Ceramic materials and Others.
  4. 4. Construction of buildings:
  5. 5. Seven steps. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Materials used in construction: <ul><li>Petreous materials: materials that are made of stone. Types:
  7. 8. >Compact stones:blocks oflimestone, granite, marble...
  8. 9. >Disgragated stones: fragments of stones such as arids and clays. There are two types: fine and coarse. </li></ul>
  9. 10. >Petreous materials:
  10. 11. Materials used in construction: <ul><li>Biender materials: materials that mixed with water become pasty and when they solidificate they acquire stiffness.
  11. 12. >Lime: it comes from limestone.
  12. 13. >Gypsum: with water, it is used to cover walls and roofs.
  13. 14. >Cement: it is the most used biender material. </li></ul>
  14. 15. >Biender Materials:
  15. 16. Materials used in construction: <ul><li>Concrete: it is a mixture of arids, bienders and water.
  16. 17. >Mass: formed by water, cement and sand.
  17. 18. >Cyclopean: formed by cement, water and very big arids.
  18. 19. >Cellular: it has bubbles inside, so that they are lightier and better termic insulator.
  19. 20. >Reinforced: it has bars of steel inside, so that they are stronger. </li></ul>
  20. 21. >Concrete materials:
  21. 22. Materials used in construction: <ul><li>Ceramic materials: they are pieces of clay baked in ovens.
  22. 23. >Bricks: they have prismatic forms and holes.
  23. 24. >Roof tiles: used in roofs.
  24. 25. >Tiles: square shaped pieces used in bathrooms and kitchens.
  25. 26. >Porcelain: it is used for bathroom's sanitaries.
  26. 27. >Stoneware: made of clay, quartz and feldspar, it is used in roofs and walls. </li></ul>
  27. 28. >Ceramic materials:
  28. 29. Materials used in construction: <ul><li>Other materials:
  29. 30. >Metals: the most used are:
  30. 31. -Steel: used for reinforced concrete.
  31. 32. -Aluminium: for doors, windows...
  32. 33. -Copper: instalations of water, gas and heating.
  33. 34. >Wooden: used in roofs, doors, windows, floor...
  34. 35. >Plastic: artificial materials used in plumbs, cables, windows, flooring, enclosures...
  35. 36. >Glass: in windows, doors, decoration... </li></ul>
  36. 37. >Other materials:
  37. 38. Construction of buildings: <ul><li>1.-Preparation of terrain:
  38. 39. By demolition, earth moving and leveling.
  39. 40. The used machines are heavy machinery. </li></ul>
  40. 41. Construction of buildings: <ul><li>2.-Foundation:
  41. 42. Placement of the elements that hold up the building. They are made of mass and reinforced concrete. There are three types: zapatas, pilotes and losas. By excavators and cranes. </li></ul>
  42. 43. Construction of buildings: <ul><li>3.-Structure:
  43. 44. The pillars and the forges are constructed. Pillars are made of reinforced concrete. The forges are made of beams and vaults. Machinery: cranes. </li></ul>
  44. 45. Construction of buildings: <ul><li>4.- Roofing:
  45. 46. It is the placement of the roof of the building. It depends on the climate of each place. It has insulations. There are 2 types:
  46. 47. mixed roof tile and arabic roof tile. </li></ul>
  47. 48. Construction of buildings: <ul><li>5.-Cladding:
  48. 49. It consists of the exteriorm wall of the building. It is made of bricks and a termic and acoustic insulators, called polyurethane
  49. 50. foam. </li></ul>
  50. 51. Construcion of buildings: <ul><li>6.- Flooring and cloison:
  51. 52. -Cloison is to separe the rooms. The walls are not as thick as in cladding. Itis made of bricks and plasterboard.
  52. 53. -Flooring is the floor of the different rooms. Types of flooring:
  53. 54. -terrazzo, marble, wood, granite, stone, synthetic, laminated and sandstones. </li></ul>
  54. 55. Flooring and cloison:
  55. 56. Construction of buildings: <ul><li>7.- Finishing and other facilities:
  56. 57. >Finishing:
  57. 58. -exterior: marble facings, peinture, mortars..
  58. 59. -interior: peinture, limestone, furniture...
  59. 60. >Other facilities:
  60. 61. -plumbing, heating, electrical, air conditioning, alarms and intercorms, tv, radio, telephone, internet and others. </li></ul>