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#WERN2018 -- From decoupling to ecological reconstruction


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Presentation at #WERN2018

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#WERN2018 -- From decoupling to ecological reconstruction

  1. 1. BIOS From decoupling to ecological reconstruction. An evaluation based on the need for absolute decrease in material use. Tere Vadén, Ville Lähde, Antti Majava, Paavo Järvensivu, Tero Toivanen Tero1, Jussi T. Eronen 1 BIOS Research Unit Helsinki, Finland
  2. 2. BIOS Decoupling • ”Detaching environmental bads from economic goods” • Economic growth with no growth or even degrowth in ecological damage  ex. Obama 2017, Orpo 2018, Tiilikainen 2018 • GDP compared to CO2 emissions, waste, material use, etc. • Relative (economy growing faster than ecol. damage) • Absolute (ecol. damage actually diminishing)
  3. 3. BIOS ”Successful decoupling” • GDP growth 2% per year • Global material resource use 7 tons per capita by 2050 (tot. 68 billion tons, population 9,7 billion) • → • Per capita use -40% (-70% in Finland & North America) • 2.6 times more GDP out of every material ton (6,6 times in Finland)  (ca. 50% of material use goes to maintaining existing stock)
  4. 4. BIOS GDP/material use (DMC)
  5. 5. BIOS Finland
  6. 6. BIOS ”Ecological reconstruction” • the main task of economy: human welfare (not GDP) • Historical precedents: war economy, post-war reconstruction • massive public investment • wide-reaching government regulation & coordination  Deinvesting from fossil infra, investment in new energy, food, travel, housing infra & social/welfare arrangements
  7. 7. BIOS Thank you! @biosresearch