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Bba L04 Dt Social Research


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Bba L04 Dt Social Research

  1. 1. Social Research Welcome Class BBA-L04- / /08
  2. 2. Today’s Objectives <ul><li>To Clarify the concept of Social Research along with its Importance. </li></ul><ul><li>To spell out basic steps of Social Research and to discus its other relevant aspects. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definitions of Social Research <ul><li>What is Social Research? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Research is careful, exhaustive, intelligent, purposive and un-biased investigation of a problem……it is an exploration in to the unknown facts. “( Young P.V. ) </li></ul><ul><li>“ In reality scientific techniques are systematic procedures and ways of doubting and testing facts, judgments, that in turn become the subject matter of further scientific scrutiny leading to discovery and new formulation. Thus the scientist through his techniques has a means of correcting his mental, emotional and volitional faculties and is enabled to gain added power to control his environment and himself in relation to it.”( Young P.V. ). </li></ul>
  4. 4. Benefits of Social Research <ul><li>Social Research Indicates the Local problems intrinsically. </li></ul><ul><li>It provide comprehensive Basis for social Policies and Planning. </li></ul><ul><li>Through Social Research the People and Governments can know better how to act properly on Democratic Values. </li></ul><ul><li>Social Research is helpful for any community to choose right approach of community development / Organization. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Characteristics of Social Research <ul><li>S tatistical calculation and correction. </li></ul><ul><li>O bjectivity </li></ul><ul><li>I mpartiality </li></ul><ul><li>S cientific procedure </li></ul><ul><li>R esearch is Step by Step </li></ul><ul><li>R esearch is Logical </li></ul><ul><li>R esearch is Experimental </li></ul>
  6. 6. Obstacle in the way of Social Research <ul><li>Ignores </li></ul><ul><li>Lake of Finances </li></ul><ul><li>Misconceptions about the Social Research and Researcher </li></ul><ul><li>Fear </li></ul><ul><li>Unnecessary Interference </li></ul><ul><li>Prejudice of researcher </li></ul>
  7. 7. Objectives of the Social Research <ul><li>T o form Social Theory </li></ul><ul><li>T o Assist Local Administration and Government </li></ul><ul><li>T o enhance Research Material </li></ul><ul><li>T o examine Existing Social Theories </li></ul><ul><li>T o Create Social Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>T o Promote Community Organization and Development </li></ul>
  8. 8. Types of Social Research <ul><li>D escriptive Research “ A Social Research in which present Social Problems are studied in call Descriptive Research.” </li></ul><ul><li>H istorical Research “ A Research in which the problem of the past are Studied is Called Historical Research.” </li></ul><ul><li>F uture Research “ This type deals predictions that are made regarding the consequences of Existing Social Problems.” </li></ul>
  9. 9. ( Continue ) Types of Social Research <ul><li>D irect and indirect Research “ In Direct Research the Researcher go to respondents himself. Where as indirect Research is based on all ready available Sources.” </li></ul><ul><li>B asic and Applied Research “ basic research deals with Social Problems with any discrimination where as Applied Research deals with In Knowledge.” </li></ul><ul><li>Q uantitative and Qualitative “ Quantitative research is based on Statistical Analysis and Interpretation of the Data where as Qualitative is Analytical Form of Research based on Discussion, Description or Case Studies etc.” </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Social Research Step by Step </li></ul><ul><li>S election of Research Problem </li></ul><ul><li>S election of Research Topic </li></ul><ul><li>D efining the Social Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Review of the Related Literature </li></ul><ul><li>S tudy of the Related Books </li></ul><ul><li>S tudy of the Research Articles and News Papers </li></ul><ul><li>S tudy of Internet Resources </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Formulation of Hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>H ypothesis is assumption about the </li></ul><ul><li>R esearch problem </li></ul><ul><li>H ypothesis may be one or more than one </li></ul><ul><li>H ypothesis may be Accepted or Rejected </li></ul><ul><li>Selection of Strategy </li></ul><ul><li>D etermination of Time Period </li></ul><ul><li>S election of Type of Research </li></ul><ul><li>S election of Research Design </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Data Collection </li></ul><ul><li>F ormulation of Sample Size </li></ul><ul><li>S election of Universe </li></ul><ul><li>S election of Tool for Data Collection </li></ul><ul><li>Data Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>O rganization the Data ( Data Entry ) </li></ul><ul><li>I nterpretation of Data </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Report Writing </li></ul><ul><li>A t the End of all stages the results are presented in Summary form </li></ul><ul><li>C onclusion of the research result and recommendations are also given </li></ul><ul><li>Bibliography </li></ul><ul><li>M.Mahmood, (1982) “ Enforcement of Hudood: Procedure” Pakistan Law Times Publication, Kabir Street, Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Pakistan. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Thank you, and Good bye </li></ul><ul><li>Till Next Class </li></ul>