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EU Funding for R&D in SMEs

EU Funding for R&D in SMEs
Public version of a sharper in-house presentation. Global full overview not intended, but may be a good start for an SME looking for pointers.

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EU Funding for R&D in SMEs

  1. 1. static void _f_do_barnacle_install_properties(GObjectClass *gobject_class) {R&D EU Funding GParamSpec *pspec; /* Party code attribute */ pspec = g_param_spec_uint64 (F_DO_BARNACLE_CODE,An overview from an ICT SME "Barnacle code.", "Barnacle code", 0, G_MAXUINT64,point of view G_MAXUINT64 /* default value */, G_PARAM_READABLE | G_PARAM_WRITABLE | G_PARAM_PRIVATE); g_object_class_install_property (gobject_class, F_DO_BARNACLE_PROP_CODE,Teo
  2. 2. Introduction and EU Funding MapFramework Programme (FP7)Eurostars ProgrammeIberoeka ProgrammeTechnological Platforms, JTIs, PPPsActions in R&DFeedback and Involvement fromyour company*This will be just an overview it is just too much information to compress
  3. 3. Introduction and EU Funding Map
  4. 4. EU R&D Funding Map ...Ideas Base R&D InnovationAcademia ProductsR&D CompaniesInstitutions Public Adm.R&D Dept. Market Bilateral e+ Canada e+ Japan e+ China e+ Korea e+ India e+ South Africa
  5. 5. EU R&D Funding Map Base R&D InnovationIdeas Products● Top-down (Work Programme) ● Bottom-up (no Work● Supervised by EC Programme)● Centralized funding ● Consortium agreement competitive with calls ● National funding, no● Results property of EU competition, no calls participants ● Results, property of the consortium
  6. 6. Framework Programme (FP7)
  7. 7. What is the FP7?● 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development in the EU● 2007 – 2013 | Over € 50 billion Obscene amount of money to co-finance research projects through grants that aredetermined on the basis of calls for proposals in a peer review process, which is highly competitive.
  8. 8. Who can apply to the FP7?● Research groups at universities or research institutes● Corporations● Small or medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)● Public administration● Researchers, individuals experienced or novel● Many other institutions and different combinations of all these● FP7 is open to any country in the world● EU Members retain the broadest rights and access to funding● EEA and Candidate countries (Turkey, Croatia, Macedonia, Iceland...)● Also Russia and other Eastern European and Central Asian states, developing countries, Mediterranean partner countries and Western Balkans countries… so basically anyone except South America, USA and Japan!● Participation rules vary depending on the initiative
  9. 9. FP7 Specific Programmes● Cooperation ● The core of the FP7 ● Collaborative projects across Europe ● 10 key thematic areas, ICT is number 3● Ideas ● “Frontier research” based in scientific excellence ● Not need for cross-border partnerships● People ● Researcher mobility and career development ● Industry-academia partnerships● Capacities ● Aimed at infrastructures, specific regions, specific local actions... etc ● Includes research for the benefit of SMEs● Nuclear research
  10. 10. FP7 Specific Programmes€ million JRC (EC) Capacities 1,751 4,097 People 4,750 Ideas 7,510 Cooperation 32,413 Euratom FP: € 2.7 billion over 5 years – not included above
  11. 11. ICT in FP7● FP7 thematic areas in the Cooperation Specific Programme ● Health ● Food, agriculture and fisheries, and biotechnology ● Information and communication technologies ● Nanosciences, nanotechnologies, materials and new production ● technologies ● Energy ● Environment (including climate change) ● Transport (including aeronautics) ● Socio-economic sciences and the humanities ● Space ● Security
  12. 12. FP7 Cooperation Budget % amongst key areas Space Security 4% 4% Socio-economic sciences Health 2% 19% TransportAgriculture and biotechnology 13%6% Environment 6% Energy 7% ICT Nano production 28% 11%
  13. 13. ICT in FP7● Information and Communication Technologies ● 8 calls between 2007 – 2011 ● Annual calls from JTIs and AAL ● Calls from PPPs ● One specific call for SMEs● Key principles ● Support the competitiveness of the EU industry ● Multiply the effect of private R&D with EU funds● Structured in 8 challenges with sub-topics
  14. 14. Challenges and Objectives in ICT1. Pervasive and Trusted Network and Service Infrastructures2. Cognitive Systems and Robotics3. Alternative Paths to Components and Systems4. Technologies for Digital Contents and Languages5. ICT for Health, Aging Well, Inclusion and Governance6. ICT For Low Carbon Economy7. ICT For the Enterprise and Manufacturing8. ICT For Learning and Access to Cultural Resources● Future and Emerging Technologies (FET)
  15. 15. Call 8 ● Current call (8), published 26/7/11 open till 17/1/20121.1 Future Networks1.2 Cloud Computing, Internet of Services and Advanced Software Engineering1.4 Trustworthy ICT1.6 Future Internet Research and Experimentation3.1 Very advanced nanoelectronic components: design, engineering, technology and manufacturability3.2 Smart components and smart systems integration3.5 Core and disruptive photonic technologies4.4 Intelligent Information Management6.1 Smart energy grids6.3 ICT for efficient water resources management6.7 Cooperative systems for energy efficient and sustainable mobility8.1 Technology-Enhanced Learning9.6 FET Proactive: Unconventional Computation9.7 FET Proactive: Dynamics of Multi-Level Complex Systems9.8 FET Proactive: Minimising Energy Consumptionof Computing to the Limit (MINCON)9.12 Coordinating Communities, Identifying new research topics for FET Proactive initiatives andFostering Networking of National and Regional Research Programmes
  16. 16. Call 9 ● Next call (9), tb published 18/1/12 open till 17/4/20122.1 Cognitive Systems and Robotics4.3 Digital Preservation5.2 Virtual Physiological Human8.2 ICT for access to cultural resources9.9 FET Proactive: Quantum ICT (QICT) including ERA-NET-Plus9.10 ET Proactive: Fundamentals of Collective Adaptive Systems(FOCAS)9.11 FET Proactive: Neuro-Bio-Inspired Systems (NBIS)9.12 Coordinating Communities, Identifying new research topics for FETProactive initiatives and Fostering Networking of National and RegionalResearch Programmes10.3 International Partnership building and support to dialogue
  17. 17. What about the money?● Funding in FP7 is through co-financing● The EC does not buy research● The EC grants a certain % to selected projects ● Standard for research and technological development is 50% ● Certain entities (including SMEs) can reach 75% ● Demonstration activities 50% ● Consortium management, networking, training, coordination, dissemination... etc. may get to 100%* Rates of reimbursement vary wildly depending on the funding scheme, the participants and the type of activity. The EC pays yearly after every review.
  18. 18. Funding Schemes in ICT ● Collaborative projects (CP) ● STREP, small or medium and focused ● IP, large and integrating a set of activities ● Networks of Excellence (NoE) ● Integration of activities of research organizations ● Coordination and Support Actions (CSA) ● CA, for coordination or networking ● SA, evaluation, reports, analysis...* There are more Funding Schemes, but not inside the ICT topic.
  19. 19. Funding Schemes in ICT● STREP (Specific Targeted Research Projects) ● Focused in a clear result ● Expected impact should be in the WP ● Technological R&D + Demonstration – Avg. number of participants 6 – 15 – Avg. budget 1 – 4 M€ – Avg. duration 1.5 – 3 years● IP projects (Integrated Projects) ● Long term higher risk research ● Expected impact should fulfill the WP ● Technological R&D + Demonstration + Training ● Management and viability is key – Avg. number of participants 10 – 20 – Avg. budget 4 – 25 M€ – Avg. duration 3 – 5 years
  20. 20. Life Cycle of a Project● Application process 1.Find the right call ● Know your idea/potential ● Infodays, networking, find/meet potential partners, show off... ● Get to know the programmes and their rules and work programmes 2.Build the consortium ● Lead or follow a consortium ● From 3 to 20+ participants 3.Write a proposal ● Get to master the rules and documentation of the call ● Meet other partners and discuss tasks and budget ● Put it all together in an appealing document 4.Submit the proposal 5.Evaluation and selection ● Panel of experts reviews, impact, novelty, implementation, feasibility, consortium... etc. 6.Negotiation ● Grant agreement, with the EC ● Consortium agreement with the other partners
  21. 21. Life Cycle of a Project 6 – 9 Months 1 – 3 Months 3 – 9 MonthsFind Build Prepare Sendthe Call Proposal Evaluation Negotiation Consortium Proposal … something between a year and a year and a half and then your project starts. And that is when real work begins!!
  22. 22. Life Cycle of a Project● Management process ● About 7% of the overall budget ● Money management (transfers) ● Partner meetings, communications ● Report to the EC● Monitoring process ● EC monitors the project through the PO ● Project coordinator monitors project and partners ● Performance indicators (reports, milestones) ● Tackle problems with partners
  23. 23. Life Cycle of a Project● Justification process ● Yearly reviews with the EC ● Financial audits – Expenses, adjustments, moving money between parties... etc. ● Project technical audits – Results, handbooks, prototypes... etc. ● Consortium reports to PO and PO to EC ● Special grand finale at the end of the project
  24. 24. SMEs in the FP● Reasons to participate for an SME ● Money should not be one of them ● Product development ● Access to new technologies ● Access to new business markets ● Looking for a better profile ● Staff development and interest
  25. 25. SMEs in the FP● Cooperation programme (ICT Projects) ● 15% of the funds are allocated to SMEs ● Current call (8), published 26/7/11 open till 17/1/2012 ● Next call (9), tb published 18/1/12 open till 17/4/2012 ● Some calls explicitly require SMEs● People Programme ● This establishes industry-academia pathways and partnerships ● Exchange of people and knowledge through stays, events and networking● Ideas Programme ● Research groups from SMEs that are “competing in grounds of excellence”● Capacities programme ● Research for the benefit of SMEs
  26. 26. SMEs in the FP ● Research for the benefit of SMEs ● Bottom-up approach, no thematic focus. Driven by innovation needs. ● Projects aimed at overcoming specific problems by outsourcing research to RTD performers ● At least three independent SME participants, established in three different Member States (MS) or Associated countries (AC) ● At least two Research & Technological Development performers (RTD). ● Other enterprises and end-users optional. ● Duration of the project 1 – 2 years ● Budget between 0.5 and 1.5 €M ● Funds – Technology R&D – Training and disemination – Management ● Call open till 6/12/2011 next call mid July 2012* Will find out about this programme in the following weeks. CDTI is organizing information actions these days.
  27. 27. SMEs in the FP● Pros ● EU Funding is a great revenue source ● International cooperation an access to industry ● New technical ideas ● Good for meeting more and more partners and customers● Cons ● You need money to co-fund projects ● May divert company from his real goal ● May prevent company from selling what it has ● Significant overheads of work ● Proposals are investments with low rate of success
  28. 28. Eurostars Programme
  29. 29. EUREKA Eurostars programme● First EU funding programme specifically dedicated to R&D performing SMEs● Single Stage on-line application on a continuous basis● 3 – 4 months from cut off to funding decision● Project funded through national funding body in each partner (Spain, CDTI)
  30. 30. EUREKA Eurostars programme
  31. 31. EUREKA Eurostars programme● No restriction in thematic area (bottom up)● Consortium leader is an R&D-performing SME● Minimum 2 partners from 2 different countries (avg. is 3.3 partners from 2.5 countries)● Project duration no more than 36 months (avg. is 28.7)● Close to market (within 2 years after project)● Research-performing SMEs undertake minimum 50% of total R&D cost● No single country or project partner is responsible for more than 75% of the project costs (avg. project total 1.4 €M)* EU SME definition + 10% of turnover (or FTE) dedicated to R&D
  32. 32. EUREKA Eurostars programme● Specific rules applying to Spain ● Type of funding is a grant ● SMEs up to 60% (specific tasks in applied research may go up to 80%) ● Large Companies up to 40% (specific tasks in applied research may go up to 65%) ● Universities and research institutions funded if subcontracted by a company ● Merged somehow with the Interempresas Internacional programme in Spain ● At least one Spanish company ● Funding % is associated to each eligible project task (avg. 50% - 60%) ● Subcontracting by a company is limited to 50% of its total costs
  33. 33. Type of Consortium The main participant of any Eurostars consortium must be an R&D SME in order to satisfy the Eurostars eligibility criteria. Usually consortia are set up with R&D SMEs, SMEs and Research Institutes and Universities.
  34. 34. Technology Areas The bottom-up approach gives the freedom to participants to launch their projects in any technological and market area. The overview of the last cut-offs shows that any kind of innovative technology has its place in Eurostars.
  35. 35. Share of Costs 79% of the shared costs are for R&D SMEs and SMEs, the target group.
  36. 36. Application Process1. Be an R&D-performing SME whiling to lead a project2. Contact EUREKA National Project Coordinator, who will guide through3. Submit the application4. Application is checked for completeness5. Application is acknowledged and checked for eligibility criteria6. Application evaluated by experts and an Independent Evaluation Panel for its project structure, technological and innovative value and its market and competitive potential7. Results within three months of the cut-off date of the call8. If successful, final contract negotiation should be completed with your National Funding Body
  37. 37. Application Process
  38. 38. Eurostar Dates● Open for funding applications on a continuous basis● An average of two application submission deadlines each year● Next Deadline: 01 March 2012 ● Ninth Eurostars Cut-off: Autumn 2012● 14 weeks from the Cut-off: resolution● 19 weeks from the Cut-off: availability of funding
  39. 39. Iberoeka Programme
  40. 40. CYTED-IBEROEKA● Scientific cooperation initiative between technological companies in the Latin American area● Instrument to foster cooperation between companies, with the participation of R&D institutions to develop products, process and services aimed to the Latin American marketThis is a way to partially fund the entrance of a product in the Latin American market. It does not even have to be that innovative...
  41. 41. CYTED-IBEROEKA● There are 21 countries in the Network● That means 21 managing entities● In Spain, it is CDTI again ● Helps with the preparation of the project ● Helps with the partner search ● Informs about funding sources ● Advices on how to obtain good results● Iberoeka is decentralized and flexible and easier to obtain than most other helps
  42. 42. Iberoeka Projects● No pre-defined areas● Process/product/service close to the market● Companies from 2 or more countries● Clearly defined development and budget● Duration 2/3 years● Consortium with 2/3 countries● Budget around 1 – 1.5 M€* Also valid for Bilateral projects and Eureka Projects
  43. 43. Iberoeka Projects● Money ● Less help than Eurostars ● Lower excellence level● Financing up to 85% of the total costs of the project● 10 years loan with 0% interest● Grace period of 2 years after the end of the project● Up to a 33% non-refundable part● Managed through Interempresas Internacional programme again by CDTI* Also valid for Bilateral projects and Eureka Projects
  44. 44. Technological Platforms Joint Technology Initiatives (Lobbying)
  45. 45. Tech. Platforms, JTIs and PPPsLobbies tell EC their Lobbies access tointerest, problems and funding (or co-fund)suggest topics EC PromotesEC designs funding programmes andprogrammes and work fundingprogrammes Lobbies work in projectsLobbies organize and evaluate theevents, debate, check programmeswith partners and lookat the market EC gets feedback on how well theEC helps in this process programmes fit the industry
  46. 46. Tech. Platforms JTIs and PPPs● Prometeo/Artemis ● Embedded systems ● National Technological platform and EU JTI● INES/NESSI ● Software and services (SaaS, Cloud Computing) ● National and EU level networks● It is good to be around and show up in their events● It is a good source of information
  47. 47. Actions in R&D
  48. 48. R&D initial steps● Identify potential partners● Networking● Identify convenient programmes ● Get to know the programmes well ● Align R&D goals with company goals● Stew new ideas with all this in mind ● Match research interest in your company with topics in programmes● Show off and communicate
  49. 49. Tools and Mechanisms● Creation of a potential partner repository ● Start small, with your address book + a wiki + a stack of business cards● Go to meetings and show up in events ● National events (specially in Madrid) and EU events (mainly in Brussels)● Learn about the programmes and keep informed ● Infodays, BOE, Ideal-ist, CDTI... and read a lot● Brainstorming for ideas and definition of topics that interest you ● Maybe through internal workshops or specific monthly? Internal meeting● Communicate ● Set an R&D Section in you web page ● Create Slideware on different topics ● Blog about your interest and potential ● Reach big entities doing R&D ● Talk to people you know
  50. 50. Feedback and involvement from your company
  51. 51. What do yo need from your colleagues?● Goals ● What do we want to achieve in R&D?● Partners and contacts ● Who do you know in R&D?● Ideas ● What things do you think that could fit these programmes?● Communication ● Make noise about any news or potentially interesting actions you are into ● Slideware● Get to know what we do and what we can do ● What areas are we in at the cutting edge? What horizontal technologies?● Patience ● Even once focused it takes time, effort and maybe does not even happen● Feedback ● Centralize feedback in one R&D manager