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Geography
            Personal Revision and Notes (Done By HONG FU)




© 2009 All Rights Reversed. Any reproduction of th...
Chapters

• Chapter 1 √
• Chapter 2 √
• Chapter 3 √
• Chapter 4 √
• Chapter 5 √
Chapter 1-The Human
    Environment

• A Human environment is one that has been
  modified by people.
• The components of t...
Chapter 1-The Human
    Environment
• Components are
✴Population        P
✴Agriculture       A
✴Communications    C
✴Trans...
Chapter 2 -Distribution and
Density of World Population

• Population refers to the total number of
  people living in an ...
✓Population density


 • D=P/A
 • D=P (No. Of People) / A (Area in square
   kilometres)
✓Population density
 • Factors of High PD
 ➡NO extreme Climates
 ➡Fertile Soil
 ➡Rich in Resources
 • Factors of Low PD
 ➡...
Chapter 3 - World
    Population Growth
• Population Growth Rate
  =BR-DR
  Country Population Growth Rate
  =(BR-DR) + Ne...
Chapter 4 - High Population
      Growth Rate

• Factors of High Birth Rate
๏Improved Healthcare
๏ Lack or Family Planning...
Chapter 4 - High Population
      Growth Rate


• Factors of low death rate
๏ Better loving environment

๏ Peace stability
Chapter 4 - High Population
      Growth Rate

• Consequences of High Population
➡High depletion of resources
➡Unemploymen...
✓Widespread Poverty
 • Poverty
 • Poor Housing
 • Insufficient food
 • Ill Health
 • Low Education Level
 • Unemployment
Chapter 4 - High Population
      Growth Rate

• Ways to prevent High-Population
❖Incentives for small families
❖Education...
Chapter 5 - Low Population
      Growth Rate

• Factors of low population growth
‣ Education of women
‣ Preference of a sm...
Chapter 5 - Low Population
      Growth Rate

• Consequences of Low population
- Reduced workforce
    -   Difficult to mai...
Chapter 5 - Low Population
      Growth Rate

• Ways to prevent High-Population
1. Family friendly policies
    1. Cash in...
Chapter 5 - Low Population
      Growth Rate

• Overcoming labour shortage
a. Extension of retirement age
b. Re-employment...
Chapter 5 - Low Population
      Growth Rate

• Caring for the aged
I. Healthcare services for elderly
II. Improved amenit...
• Thanks! Hope you enjoyed it! ^_^
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Geography.Key

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Geography.Key

  1. 1. Geography Personal Revision and Notes (Done By HONG FU) © 2009 All Rights Reversed. Any reproduction of this document without permission will be reported :)
  2. 2. Chapters • Chapter 1 √ • Chapter 2 √ • Chapter 3 √ • Chapter 4 √ • Chapter 5 √
  3. 3. Chapter 1-The Human Environment • A Human environment is one that has been modified by people. • The components of the Human environment are interrelated.
  4. 4. Chapter 1-The Human Environment • Components are ✴Population P ✴Agriculture A ✴Communications C ✴Transport T ✴Settlements S
  5. 5. Chapter 2 -Distribution and Density of World Population • Population refers to the total number of people living in an area • Population Distribution describes the way people are spread across an area. • Population density refers to the average number of people per KM Square
  6. 6. ✓Population density • D=P/A • D=P (No. Of People) / A (Area in square kilometres)
  7. 7. ✓Population density • Factors of High PD ➡NO extreme Climates ➡Fertile Soil ➡Rich in Resources • Factors of Low PD ➡Areas of Extreme climate or relief
  8. 8. Chapter 3 - World Population Growth • Population Growth Rate =BR-DR Country Population Growth Rate =(BR-DR) + Net Migration Rate
  9. 9. Chapter 4 - High Population Growth Rate • Factors of High Birth Rate ๏Improved Healthcare ๏ Lack or Family Planning ๏ Preference for boys ๏ Children as labour
  10. 10. Chapter 4 - High Population Growth Rate • Factors of low death rate ๏ Better loving environment ๏ Peace stability
  11. 11. Chapter 4 - High Population Growth Rate • Consequences of High Population ➡High depletion of resources ➡Unemployment and overcrowding ➡Widespread Poverty
  12. 12. ✓Widespread Poverty • Poverty • Poor Housing • Insufficient food • Ill Health • Low Education Level • Unemployment
  13. 13. Chapter 4 - High Population Growth Rate • Ways to prevent High-Population ❖Incentives for small families ❖Education for women ❖Raising the standard of Living
  14. 14. Chapter 5 - Low Population Growth Rate • Factors of low population growth ‣ Education of women ‣ Preference of a small family ‣ Single-hood ‣ High cost of raising children
  15. 15. Chapter 5 - Low Population Growth Rate • Consequences of Low population - Reduced workforce - Difficult to maintain country’s wealth and progress - Aging
  16. 16. Chapter 5 - Low Population Growth Rate • Ways to prevent High-Population 1. Family friendly policies 1. Cash incentives 2. Welfare schemes 3. Special housing schemes
  17. 17. Chapter 5 - Low Population Growth Rate • Overcoming labour shortage a. Extension of retirement age b. Re-employment of workers c. Recruitment of workers
  18. 18. Chapter 5 - Low Population Growth Rate • Caring for the aged I. Healthcare services for elderly II. Improved amenities in public III. Fitness and exercise facilities IV.Early financial planning
  19. 19. • Thanks! Hope you enjoyed it! ^_^

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