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Chase Tower


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A description of modern structural engineering and late modern architecture through a brief history of Rochester, NY skyscraper Chase Tower.

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Chase Tower

  1. 1. MODERN LANDMARKS<br />
  2. 2. In the late 1960's the leaders of the Lincoln-Rochester Trust Company <br />proposed building a new headquarters in downtown Rochester <br />The soaring tower would be the centerpiece of a plan <br />to showcase their commitment to downtown’s future…<br />Times/Union 05/22/69<br />Times/Union 11/17/69<br />D&C 12/5/71<br />Times/Union 05/22/69<br />
  3. 3. CHASE<br />TOWER<br />
  4. 4. “LINCOLN ROCHESTER TRUST TOWER” <br /> Architect - John Graham and Company<br />(Jack Follette, New York Office)<br /> - $18,000,000 : Estimated Cost of Construction<br /> - May 26, 1969 : Groundbreaking <br /> - June 8, 1971 : Structural Steel "Topped Off"<br /> - 1973 : Tower Officially Completed<br /> - $26,000,000 : Final Cost of Construction<br />
  5. 5. Times/Union 05/22/69<br />The chosen site was a 3.9 acre plot at the south-west corner of Main St. and Clinton Ave.<br />Enos Stone's first house in the area, a log cabin, once occupied this corner of downtown Rochester<br />At the time of planning, the site was home to Three Sister's, McFarlin's Clothing, and F.W. Woolworth stores <br />Down's Alley, a crossway on the site, was removed and the land was condensed into one block<br />Times/Union 05/22/69<br />
  6. 6. In addition to the tower, the plan included a plaza/shopping concourse and a pedestrian-bridge link to Midtown Plaza <br />Future plans included additional towers on the site; with the demolition of the Lincoln-Alliance Building of 1926 likely if its Main St. location was desired by a developer for a new building<br />D&C 09/26/69<br />
  7. 7. One Clinton Square, a Palladian ziggurat with “Chicago-style” windows, was completed behind Chase Tower on the Broad St. side of the complex in 1990<br />The Alliance Building was not demolished and retains its prominent position on the corner of Main and Stone<br />
  8. 8. Structure<br />Chase Tower employs a <br />Tube in Tube structural system - popularized in the 1960’s<br />In this system, a concrete <br />service core is tied to <br />exterior support columns <br />by the floor plates<br />The Tube in Tube structural system provides a larger useable floor area with few, or no, interior columns<br />Times/Union 02/22/71<br />
  9. 9. Times/Union 05/1970<br /> Chase Tower's design required only <br /> seven structural columns per side… <br />…This may be the result of using<br /> a robust floor design of interlocking steel beams as a stiffening agent<br />Times/Union 06/08/71<br />
  10. 10. The core provides resistance to the <br /> lateral loads on the building, while 24 exterior columns bear <br /> the brunt of the tower's weight<br />Times/Union 11/17/69<br />D&C 09/26/69<br />
  11. 11. As a result, Chase Tower’s windows do not suffer from the "mail-slot " effect that is a common drawback of bearing wall design<br />One half (24) of the exterior columns do not function <br />as structural supports <br />However, they do perform other functions<br />They provide scale to the façade and enhance the sculptural <br />effect of the flaring and radiating shape of the tower <br />These “decorative” columns carry the tower’s utility lines <br />to each floor<br />D&C 03/15/84<br />
  12. 12. The tower contained an automated "Telelift" system of self-propelled carts<br />The carts ran along a system of tracks that were installed in the tower's service core<br />The system was used to facilitate the inter-office correspondence of the bank<br />D&C 05/05/72<br />
  13. 13. 14,000 sq.ft. Per-Floor Average<br /> 396,000 sq.ft. Rentable Space <br /> 1,200 Windows<br />
  14. 14. 27 Floors<br /> 392' Height to Roof<br /> 398' Structural Height <br /> (top of exterior columns)<br />
  15. 15. 1" Thickness of Original <br />Carrara Marble Panels<br /> 1.5" Specified Panel Thickness<br /> $18,000,000 Cost to Replace<br /> 17,000 Panels of<br /> Warping Marble <br /> with Panels of<br /> Enamel-Coated<br /> Aluminum (1984)<br />D&C c.1983<br />
  16. 16. 1993 - Name Changed from First Lincoln Tower<br />to <br />Chase Tower<br />2006 - Chase Renovates Tower <br />Cost: $30,000,000<br />
  17. 17. This presentation and all illustrations<br />herein not otherwise credited <br />copyright © 2007, 2008 <br />by Daniel J. Palmer<br />Statistics:<br />1967-2006 Rochester Times Union /Democrat and Chronicle<br />