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  1. 2. Objectives: <ul><li>Define : Charter, Joint Stock Company, Royal Colony. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe how a country pays for a colony? </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the hardships experienced by the settlers of Jamestown. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how people came to the New World. </li></ul>
  2. 3. What the playing field looks like…. <ul><li>England didn’t want to be left out of the competition. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain was leading the competition to colonize the New World. </li></ul>
  3. 4. England’s Desires: <ul><li>Resources! </li></ul><ul><li>English merchants saw new customers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Native Americans & Colonists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>England was crowded and the New World offered space. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Where to Colonize First... NOT HERE…this area is claimed by France . England tries its first colony right here. NOT HERE…this area is claimed by Spain .
  5. 6. The 3 rd Time is a charm <ul><li>Sixteen years after Roanoke, the English again attempted to colonize a portion of the North America. </li></ul>
  6. 8. How to pay for a colony: 1.) A businessman wants to start a colony. 2.) He asks the King for permission. 3.) Start a company that will fund the colony.
  7. 9. Paying for a Colony: <ul><li>English merchants asked the King for a charter. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructions on managing a colony. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The charter permitted a joint stock company to fund the colony. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investors who shared in the profits or losses of a colony. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. “ Air Ball!” Roanoke I “ Air Ball!” Roanoke II “ Slam-dunk!” Jamestown A Basketball Analogy:
  9. 11. Jamestown: <ul><li>The Colony of Jamestown was founded when 105 colonists landed near the mouth of the James River, in Virginia. </li></ul><ul><li>Like Jamestown, the James River, and James Peninsula are named after… </li></ul>KING JAMES
  10. 14. Despite England’s support, Jamestown suffered for 10 years.
  11. 15. <ul><li>Most settlers didn’t want to build houses or work in the fields. </li></ul><ul><li>Instead they mined for gold. </li></ul>I’m a gentlemen. I’m not working like a peasant. Why Jamestown Almost Failed:
  12. 16. John Smith <ul><li>The leader of Jamestown Colony. </li></ul><ul><li>He required all men work the jobs necessary for survival. </li></ul>
  13. 18. Why Jamestown Almost failed: <ul><li>2. Built close to a swamp, diseases spread because of bad water and mosquitoes. </li></ul>
  14. 19. Why Jamestown Almost failed: <ul><li>3. Native Americans often attacked the settlement. </li></ul>
  15. 20. Why Jamestown Almost failed: <ul><li>4. The winter of 1609-1610 was known as the “ Starving Time .” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All but 60 of the 500 colonists would die. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 21. Starving Time Menu
  17. 22. Starving time <ul><li>“ The most miserable and poor creatures existed in Jamestown in 1609. They were preserved for the most part by roots, herbs, acorns, walnuts, berries and sometimes fish…even the skins of our horses. So great was our famine that a Savage we slew and buried we took up again and ate him. It was too vile to say and scarce believed what we endured.” </li></ul>
  18. 23. Governing Jamestown: <ul><li>When Jamestown showed no profit, the king made it a royal colony . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A colony governed by the king. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 25. Tobacco Shipments to Europe: <ul><li>1616: 2500 lbs </li></ul><ul><li>1640: 3,000,000 lbs </li></ul>
  20. 26. How to get to Jamestown: <ul><li>Pay for passage. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Become someone’s indentured servant : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A laborer who is under contract for a specified period of time. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Slaves were brought whether they wanted to be here or not. </li></ul>
  21. 27. How Would You Set up Jamestown <ul><li>The Goal of a Colony is to make lots of … </li></ul><ul><li>Money </li></ul><ul><li>It also needs to be stable and sustainable. </li></ul>http://www.historyglobe.com/jamestown/