The conquistadors were Spanish and Portuguese explorers and soldiers who came to the New World to conquer Native American ...
 
Ponce de Leon <ul><ul><li>Sailed with Columbus on his 2 nd  voyage to the New World. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Named Flor...
<ul><ul><li>Searched the peninsula of Florida for the mythical “Fountain of Youth.” </li></ul></ul>
<ul><ul><li>Explored Panama </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established the first permanent European settlement on the mainland...
<ul><ul><li>In 1513, Balboa’s expedition crossed the isthmus of Panama. </li></ul></ul>
<ul><ul><li>These are the first Europeans to see the Pacific Ocean from the Americas. </li></ul></ul>
<ul><ul><li>Explored for gold and a route to China in what would become the southeastern U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><...
 
<ul><ul><li>The expedition of Hernan de Soto was the first to see the Mississippi River. </li></ul></ul>
<ul><ul><li>Explored what would become the southwestern U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Claimed for Spain </li></ul></...
 
<ul><ul><li>Explored and conquered the Aztec Empire. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Built Mexico City on the ruins of the Azte...
 
Spanish Arrive in Mexico <ul><li>Before Cortes arrival, the Aztecs had 7 omens predicting future trouble. </li></ul><ul><l...
Spanish Arrive in Mexico <ul><li>The Aztec leader, Montezuma, sent a messenger with gifts to welcome the Spanish at the co...
Cortes Marches Inland <ul><li>Scaring the Aztecs and getting allies, Cortes leads a massacre at Cholula . </li></ul><ul><l...
Cortes accepted the gifts and continued his march inland.
Cortes Marches to Tehuantepec
 
 
 
Cortes and Montezuma met for the first time.
Cortes Takes Control <ul><li>They exchanged gifts and the Spanish took control of the city. </li></ul><ul><li>Montezuma wa...
Massacre at the Main Temple <ul><li>Cortes and his men begin to destroy Aztec property. </li></ul><ul><li>At a religious f...
Cortes and the Spaniards kill many innocent men and women at the temple.
Aztecs fight Back <ul><li>When Cortes leaves Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs fight back. </li></ul><ul><li>The Aztecs kill the Sp...
 
 
Spanish Destroy Tenochtitlan <ul><li>When Cortes returns, he surrounds Tenochtitlan. </li></ul><ul><li>He prevents food fr...
After the Conquest of Mexico <ul><li>The Spanish create an empire based in Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain’s New World emp...
Spanish Legacy Today <ul><li>You can see Spain’s colonial legacy today in the U.S. and Latin America. </li></ul><ul><li>Sa...
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El Conquistador

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El Conquistador

  1. 2. The conquistadors were Spanish and Portuguese explorers and soldiers who came to the New World to conquer Native American Empires.
  2. 4. Ponce de Leon <ul><ul><li>Sailed with Columbus on his 2 nd voyage to the New World. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Named Florida, which is Spanish for …. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flowered Land </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First Spanish explorer to set foot upon what would become the U.S. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 5. <ul><ul><li>Searched the peninsula of Florida for the mythical “Fountain of Youth.” </li></ul></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><ul><li>Explored Panama </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established the first permanent European settlement on the mainland. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Santa María, Panama </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtained much gold from conquered Native American tribes. </li></ul></ul>Vasco Nunez de Balboa
  5. 7. <ul><ul><li>In 1513, Balboa’s expedition crossed the isthmus of Panama. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. <ul><ul><li>These are the first Europeans to see the Pacific Ocean from the Americas. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 9. <ul><ul><li>Explored for gold and a route to China in what would become the southeastern U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Claimed for Spain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excellent horseman and tactician, who was known for his brutality. </li></ul></ul>Hernan de Soto
  8. 11. <ul><ul><li>The expedition of Hernan de Soto was the first to see the Mississippi River. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><ul><li>Explored what would become the southwestern U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Claimed for Spain </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Looked for the mythical “7 cities of gold.” </li></ul></ul>Francisco Vasquez de Coronado
  10. 14. <ul><ul><li>Explored and conquered the Aztec Empire. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Built Mexico City on the ruins of the Aztec capital, Tenochtitlan. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perhaps the most successful conquistador. </li></ul></ul>Hernan Cortes
  11. 16. Spanish Arrive in Mexico <ul><li>Before Cortes arrival, the Aztecs had 7 omens predicting future trouble. </li></ul><ul><li>The Aztecs believed that Cortes was the human form of their god, Quetzalcoatl, returning to rule Aztec people. </li></ul>Quetzalcoatl Cortes
  12. 17. Spanish Arrive in Mexico <ul><li>The Aztec leader, Montezuma, sent a messenger with gifts to welcome the Spanish at the coast. </li></ul><ul><li>Cortes tied up the messengers and fired a gun which made the messengers faint. </li></ul>
  13. 18. Cortes Marches Inland <ul><li>Scaring the Aztecs and getting allies, Cortes leads a massacre at Cholula . </li></ul><ul><li>After hearing about this, Montezuma sends gifts of gold to Cortes to hopefully make him go away. </li></ul>
  14. 19. Cortes accepted the gifts and continued his march inland.
  15. 20. Cortes Marches to Tehuantepec
  16. 24. Cortes and Montezuma met for the first time.
  17. 25. Cortes Takes Control <ul><li>They exchanged gifts and the Spanish took control of the city. </li></ul><ul><li>Montezuma was placed under guard and Cortes began to plunder Montezuma’s personal treasure. </li></ul>
  18. 26. Massacre at the Main Temple <ul><li>Cortes and his men begin to destroy Aztec property. </li></ul><ul><li>At a religious festival in the middle of the city, the Spanish attack the dancers. </li></ul>
  19. 27. Cortes and the Spaniards kill many innocent men and women at the temple.
  20. 28. Aztecs fight Back <ul><li>When Cortes leaves Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs fight back. </li></ul><ul><li>The Aztecs kill the Spanish soldiers and their horses and display the heads on the temple walls. </li></ul>
  21. 31. Spanish Destroy Tenochtitlan <ul><li>When Cortes returns, he surrounds Tenochtitlan. </li></ul><ul><li>He prevents food from entering the city. </li></ul><ul><li>Small pox further weakened the Aztecs and Cortes takes the city. </li></ul>
  22. 32. After the Conquest of Mexico <ul><li>The Spanish create an empire based in Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain’s New World empire extended from South America into southern North America. </li></ul>
  23. 33. Spanish Legacy Today <ul><li>You can see Spain’s colonial legacy today in the U.S. and Latin America. </li></ul><ul><li>San Diego, San Francisco, San Antonio and Santa Fe are Spanish cities and most countries south of the U.S. speak Spanish. </li></ul>

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