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Computer graphic

  1. 1. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC viTüasßanCatiBhubec©keTskm<úCa mhaviTüal½ysMNg;sIuvil RkaPickMuBüÚT½r mnÞI BaNiC¢kmμ nig ]sSahkmμ kUer: RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 1
  2. 2. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC matika CMBUk 1³ esckþIsegçbénRkaPickuMBüÚT½r nig Commands edIm,IbegáItnUvsMNakKMrU ........ 5 1> View porténkmμviFI Max nig Commands mUldæanRKwH ........................................... 6 1>1 View part ¬pÞaMgkargar¦................................................................................. 6 2> Geometry ¬erxaKNit¦ ............................................................................................ 9 2>1 Box ¬RbGb;¦ .................................................................................................. 9 2>2 Sphere ¬EsV‘r¦ ................................................................................................... 9 2>3 Cylinder ¬suILaMg¦ .......................................................................................... 14 2>4 Torus ................................................................................................................. 17 2>5 Teaport ¬):an;Et¦ ............................................................................................... 19 2>6 Cone ¬ekan¦ .................................................................................................... 21 2>7 Geosphere .......................................................................................................... 24 2>8 Tube¬TIb¦ ......................................................................................................... 26 2>9 Pyramid ¬BIr:amIt¦ ............................................................................................ 28 2>10 PLane ¬épÞrab¦ ............................................................................................ 30 3> RTg;RTay .................................................................................................................. 32 3>1 Line ¬bnÞat;¦ .................................................................................................... 32 3>2 Rectangle ¬ctuekaNEkg¦.............................................................................. 38 3>3 Circle ¬rgVg;¦.................................................................................................... 39 3>4 Ellipse ¬eGlIb¦ ............................................................................................... 41 3>5 Arc ¬GkS½¦ ........................................................................................................ 42 3>6 Donuts ¬dUNat;¦ .............................................................................................. 44 3>7 Ngon .................................................................................................................. 47 RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 2
  3. 3. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 3>8 Star ¬páay¦....................................................................................................... 48 3>9 Text ¬GtßbT¦................................................................................................... 50 3>10 Herix ............................................................................................................... 52 3>11 Section ¬BMnuH¦............................................................................................... 54 CMBUk 2³ Commands edIm,IEkERbrrUbsMNak.................................................................... 58 1> Modify ¬karpøas;bþÚrrag¦ ....................................................................................... 59 1>1 Bend ¬karBt;¦................................................................................................ 59 1>2 Taper ¬kareFVIeGayRsYc¦ ............................................................................... 61 1>3 Twist ¬karkac;¦ .............................................................................................. 66 1>4 Noise ¬sMelg¦ ............................................................................................... 69 1>5 Extrude ¬karBnøÚt¦ ........................................................................................... 73 1>6 Lathe ¬karRkLwg¦ 2> Edit Spines ¬karBinitüelI Splines¦ 2>1 Modifier Stack ¬karpøas;bþÚrelIbegÁal¦ 2>2 Configure Modifier Sets dialog ¬karEkERbragsNæanerobcMtam dialog 2>3 Edit Splines ¬karBinitüelI Splines¦ 3> Edit Meshs ¬karBinitüelI Splines¦ 4> Boolean CMBUk 3³ Rendering Command 1> Light ¬BnøW¦ 1>1 Properties of Light ¬KuNsm,tþiénBnøW¦ 1>2 GaMgtg;suIet 1>3 RBMEdnénmuM RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 3
  4. 4. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 1>4 karbnßy 1>5 BnøWcagMpøat nigBnøWsayPayCuMvij 1>6 BN’ nigBnøW 1>7 RbePTBnøWénvtßú 1>8 ):ar:aEm:RténBnøw 2> Camera ¬kaemr:a¦ 2>1 Camera CMBUk 4³ sMPar³rUbPaBelIkareFVIEpnTI 1> karBinitüelIsMPar³ 1>1 RbePTsMPar³ 2> RbePTEpnTI 2>1 yl;dwgBIRbePTEpndI 2>2 RbePTEpnTIEdl)anbMeBjtaragehIy CMBUk 5³ sMeyaKrUbPaB nigRkaPiceFVIeGaymanrUbPaB 1>karbegIátbg¥Üc 2>karbegáIteRKOgsgðarwm 3>karbegáItedImeQI 4> karbegáItmnusS 5> karbegáItrfynþ CMBUk 6³ karGnuvtþn_ nigRkaPicedIm,IrUbPaBecj 1>karbegIátbg¥Üc RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 4
  5. 5. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC CMBUkI ³ esckþIsegçbelIRkaPickuMBüÚT½r nig Command edm,I begáItnUvsMNakKMrU 3 RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 5
  6. 6. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 1> View port : énkmμviFI Max nig Command mUldæanRKwH 1>1 View ports rUbsNæanén viewport xagelIenHKW CarUbPaBepþImdMbUgbg¥s;enAelIeGRkg;énkmμviFI max rUbsNæanéneGRkg; EdlbgðajdMbUgman TUeTA ³ Tile Bar enHKWCacMNgeCIgxagelI EdlbgðajBIÉksarEdlkMBugdMeNIrkar. RbsinebIcg;rkSaTuknUvÉksarEdleyIgkMBug eFVIkar tamry³ File/ same command kar save ÉksarrYmKW begáIteGay)ancMNgeCIgmYy. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 6
  7. 7. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC Menu Bar > niymn½y³ vaKWCa Command EdlrYmpSMCamYynUv Commands CaeRcIneTotenAkñúgkmμviFI Max. Rbsin A ebIeyIgcucEpñkxageqVgelI Mouse ehIydak;eGay Mouse enAelI Menu EdleyIgcg;)an enaHnwgman Commands bnÞab;eTotbgðajeLIg. B> viFIEdlGñkeRbIR)as;erobcM Menu bar eTAtamTItaMgEdleyIgcg;)an 1> Mouse TTYl)annUvTItaMgmYyedayépÞcMhrEdlenACit Command Help enAcugxagsþaMén Menu Bar . 2> cuc Mouse xagsþaMnwgecjnUvclnamYyEdlbgðajBITItaMgbnÞab;fμImYyeTot edIm,Icg;eRbIR)as; elIvacUlcucelI Command Dock enAkñúgRbGb; Dialog. Tool Bar PaBcMbgénkarvilmksPaBedImvij (Default) én Tool Bar KWpþl;CaRckcUly:agelOneTAkan;]bkrN_ (Tool) nig Dialogs sMrab;kargarTaMgLayEdlmanlkçN³smBaØTUeTAenAkñúgEpñkTn; (Software) . RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 7
  8. 8. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC Viewport vaKWCakarpSMKñaeday viewport bYn ehIyeFVIkarenAelIeGRkg;EtmYyEdlCamUldæanRKwHénkmμviFI MAX mü:ageTotva KWCaépÞsMrab;kargarfμI² CamYy viewports nigCaBMnuHEckpþac;mYyEdlmanRBMRbTl;CaBN’ ehIyman BN’ssMrab;kareFVI enARKb; viewport TaMgbYn. GñkRtUvkMNt;BIviFIEbgEck Viewport nig kMNt;eGay)anCak;lak;BI RbePTénKMehIysMrab; Viewport nimYy²enAelIbnÞHKMnUsRBag (layout) kñúgRbGb;rUbsNæanén Viewport cMeBaH Layout Edl Save enAkñúg kmμviFI MAX GacrkSaTukenAkñúg Layout d¾éTeTotEdlEckdac; BIKña kñúgkmμviFI MAX manpÞúknUvÉksarCaeRcInEdlGñkcg;)an ehIy bBa©ÚlKñaenAkñúgmatikarénÉksarEdlGñkcg;)an ehIybBa©ÚlKña enAkñúgmatikarénÉksard¾éTeTotedIm,IEfTaM Layout TaMgenH. enAkñúgEpñkTn; (Software) minmaneGaykareRCIserIs)anyUrsMrab; Layouts A nig B eT. eTaHCay:agNak¾eday tamry³ Maxscript KWman Commands edIm,Idak;eGay Layout fμI²eTAkan;karerobcMEdlGac)ancMnYn14eTot. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 8
  9. 9. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC Gñkk¾GaceFVIeGay Viewpot NamYymanskmμPaBk¾)an rYmTaMgerobcMRbePTénKMehIj. GñkGaceFVIeTA)aneday begáItnUvKMeragFM² nigrebobrbbénGñkeRbIR)as;TaMgLay edaykarbgáb;muxénb‘UtugsMrab;cucedIm,IerobcMelI Layout NamYyEdlGñkeRCIserIs. Command Panel karbegáItbnÞH (Panel) pþl;eGaynUvkarRKb;RKgsMrab;karbegáItvtßú. enHKWCaCMhandMbUgelIkarksagpÞaMg TsSnIyPaBfμIenAkñúgkmμviFI 3ds MAX. PaKeRcInGñknwgeFVIkarbEnßmCabnþbnÞab;nUvvtßúepSg² eBjkñúgKMeragEdl )anbBa©b;ehIy. ]TahrN_³ enAeBlEdlRtUv Render elIpÞaMgTsSnIPaBmYyGñkGacRtUvkarbEnßmBnøWEfmeTot. eyIgmanRkumEdlbegáIt Panel KWRbePTénvtßúepSg²EdleyIgbegáIt enAkñúg 7RbePT. ral;EpñknImYy²manb‘Utugerog²xøÜn. enAkñúgRbePT nimYy²TaMgenH GacmanRbePTepSgeTotEdlCaRbePTbnÞab;elIvtßú nanaCaeRcIneTot. bBa¢IEdlTnøak;cuHeRkam GaceGayeyIgeRCIserIs vtßú)ankñúgcMeNamRbePTbnÞab;TaMgenaH ehIycMeBaHvtßúnimYy² k¾man b‘UtugpÞal;xøÜnrbs;EdlGñkGaccucelIvaedIm,Icab;epþImkarbegáIteLIg. 2> erxaKNit (Geometry) Geometric kMritdMbUgEdlmanlkçN³RsedogKñaeTAnwgvtßúEdlmanBitkñúgelak dUcCa)al; bMBg; RbGb; nMdUNat; nignMragekansMrab;dak;kaer:m. kñúgkmμviFI 3ds MAX GñkGacbegáItnUvsMNkCaeRcIndUcCavtßúnan eday eRbIR)as;EtkMritdMbUgb:ueNÑaH. Gñkk¾GacbB©ÚalnUvkMritdMbUgTaMgenaHeGaycUlkñúgvtßúEdllkçN³sμúKsμaj ehIyeFVI eGayvamanlkçN³RbesIreLIgCamYynwgkarEkERbrUbrag. 2>1 Box ¬RbGb;¦ cucelI Create Panel cucelIb‘Utug Geometry Standard Primitives Object Type Rollout cucelIb‘Utug Box . RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 9
  10. 10. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC Create Menu Standard Primitives Box KUb³ eFVIeGay beNþay TTwg nigkMBs; mantMélesμIKña karbegáItKUbKWCa CMh‘anmYyénkarGnuvtþ eyIgcab;epþImBIcMnuckNþalénKUb TajbBa©ÚlKña view port EtmYyedIm,IerobcMTMhMpÞal;rbs;KUbNamYy enAkñúg Parameter rollout. RbGb;³ begáItnUvRbGb;KMrUfñak;dMbUgmYy edaycab;epþImBIRCugmYy eTAkan;RCugmYyeTotEdlsßitenAbeBaäógKña CamYynigkarerobcMRbEvgepSg²KñaénbeNþay TTwg nigkMBs;. pÞaMgkargar Keyboard Entry pÞúknUvkarerobcMCaTUeTAénTItaMg EdlerobtamlMdab;GkSr X,Y nig Z tYelx EdlGñkvaybBa©Úlnwglyecjtam cMnYnenaHeTAtambeNþayGkS½énépÞrab EdlkMBugEtdMeNIrkar ehIyk¾man lkçN³dUcKñanig Home grid rW Grid object Edr. tMélbUk nigdkRtUvKña nigTwsedAviC¢man nigGviC¢manénGkS½TaMg enaH. Defauts= 0,0,0 KWCacMnuckNþalén Grid EdlkMBugdMeNIrkar. TItaMgEdlerobeday X, Y KWmanPaBesμIKña nigTItaMgénkarrMkil Mouse cuHeRkamelITImYy enAkñúgviFIsa®sþKMrUénkarbegáItvtßú. Parameters Rollout begáItRbGb;mYyedaykMNat;mYyenAelIEpñknimYy² Defauts - beNþay TTwg kMBs;³ erobcMbeNþay TTwg nigkMBs;énRbGb;. ktþaTaMgGs;enHk¾sMEdgeLIgdUcCa³ - kMNat;beNþay TTwg kMBs;³ erobcMtYelxsMrab;karEbgEcktamGkS½nimYy² énvtßú. eyIgGac erobcMTukCamun rW eRkayeBlénkarbegáIt. tamry³ Default EpñkmYyénRbGb;KWCakMNat;mYy. eBlEdlGñkerob cMtMélelxmþgeTot enaHtMélfμInwgkøayCa Default fμImYyeTot Default= 1,1,1 . - Tip:karerobcMedaytMeLIgtMélelxénkMNat;NamYy edImIeGayvtßúenaHTTYl)annUvlT§pl elIsFmμta tamry³RbsiT§iPaBénbMlas;bþÚr. ]TahrN_³ RbsinebIGñk nigBt;RBGb;mYyelIGkS½ Z GñkRbEhlnwgcg; (Height Segments Parameters) 4dg rWeRcInCagenH. Generate Mapping Coordinate: karbegáItnUvkarsMrbsMrYlsMrab;Gnuvtþ elIsMPar³nanaEdlTak;TgnigRbGb;. Default = off . RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 10
  11. 11. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC edIm,IbegáItRbGb; 1> Click elI Create cucelIpÞaMgrUb Geometry enAkñúg Command Panel 2> Click elIb‘Utug Box 3> enAelIpÞaMg Object Type Edlbgðajmk/ cucelI Box enAkñúg View port NamYyk¾eday RtUvbBa¢ak;n½y BIépÞ)atragctuekaNEkg bnÞab;mkRtUverobcMelIbeNþay nigkMBs;. 4> Click edIm,IbBa©b;elIkarerobcMkMBs; ehIybegáItRbGb;eLig 2>2 Sphere ¬EsV‘r¦ cucelI Create Panel cucelIb‘Utug Geometry Standard Primitives Objective Type rollout cucelIb‘Utug Sphere . Create menu Standard Primitive Sphere RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 11
  12. 12. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC Create Method Rollout - Edge ¬RCug¦³ eyIgKUrEs‘VrBIRCugmçageTARCugmçageTotGñkGacpøas;bþÚr TItaMgéncMnuckNþaledaykarrMkil Mouse . - Center ¬cMNuckNþal¦³ KUrEsV‘rcab;bIcMnuckNþalecjeTA karkMNt; Defauls nwgplit)anEsV‘rd¾rlagmYyEdlpÁúMeLIgeday 32kMNat; ehIy ehIycMnucEdlCasñÚlénEsV‘renaH KWCacMNuckNþal. - Radius ¬kaM¦³ kMNt;eGay)anCak;lak;nUvkaMrbs;EsV‘r - Segments ¬kMNat;¦³ erobcMcMnYnkMNat;rbs;EsV‘redaykarEbgEckrag BhuekaN. - Smooth ¬PaBrelag¦³ PaBbnSúIKñaénépÞmuxrbs;EsV‘r begáItegay)anCaépÞrelagmYybgðajeLIgkñúg KMehIjénkar Render. - Hemisphere ¬GDÆEs‘Vr¦³ karbEnßmtMélelxeLIgCalMdab;nwg bNþaleGaykat;pþac;ragEsV‘r edaycab; epþImBI)ateTAedIm,ICakarbegáItEsV‘rmYyPaKtaragtMélelxmancab;BI 0>0 eTA 1>0. Default KW 0>0 begáIt)anCa EsV‘rmanrUbrageBjeljmYy. karEkERbtMélelxmk 0>5 nwgbegáIteGay)anrag eBajeljmYy. karEkERbtMélelxmk 0>5 nwgbegáIteGay)anragBak;kNþal EsV‘r cMeBaMtMél 1>0 nwgkat;bnßyragEsV‘rGs;rlIg. Default: 0.0 karBuHnwg karbMEbk Chop ¬karBuH¦³ karbnßycMnYnénExSbBaÄr nigépÞmuxkñúgEsV‘redaykarBuH “Chopping” EpñkTaMgenaHecj KWdUcCakar kat;pþac;ragGDÆEsV‘rEdr. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 12
  13. 13. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC Default = On - ¬karbMEbk¦³ karrkSatMélelxénExSbBaÄr nigépÞmuxkat;enAkñúgEsV‘redIm. karbMEbkrag Squash Geometry eGaykan;EttUceTA² eq<aHeTAkan;EpñkxagelIénEs‘Vr. kñúgxN³EdlkarrkSaragEsV‘r eyIgGaceRbIkMENfμIxusBImux cMeBaHEsV‘rEdl)anbMEbgehIysMrab;vtßú. - Slice on ¬kareRcokelI¦³ eyIgeRbImuMeRcokecj (From) nigeRcokcUl (To) edIm,IbegáIt)anEsV‘rmYyPaK. cMeBaHRbsiT§iPaBrbs;vaKWman lkçN³RsedogKña nigkarRkLwgragBak;kNþalrgVg; EdlmanmuMticCa 360 . º - Slice From ¬kareRcokecj¦³ kMNt;muMEdlcab;epþIm - Slice To ¬kareRcokcUl¦³ kMNt;muMEdlRtUvbBa©b; - Base to Pivot ¬BI)ateTAsñÚl¦³ rMkilEsV‘reLIgelItambeNþayGkS½ Z dUcenHcMNucsñÚlénEsV‘r KWsßitenAKl;rbs; va. eBlEdleyIgyk Off enaHcMnucsñÚlsßitenaelIépÞrabénsMNg; ehIyenAcMkNþalénEsV‘r. Default = Off karpøas;bþÚrBIKl;eTAsñÚlGaceGay eyIgeFVIeGayGDÆEsV‘rkMerIk)andUcenHvabgðajeLIgdUcCakardusecjBI épÞrab rWk¾liccUlkñúgenaH. mü:ageTotGaceGayGñkTukdak;EsV‘rTaMgGs;enaH)anenAelIépÞrabmYy dUcCaeyIgdak; )al;enAelItuy:agdUecñHEdr. RbsiT§PaBén kareRbIR)as; karerobcMBIKl;eTAsñÚl. Generate Mapping Coordintates: karbegáItnUvkarsMrbsMrYlsMrab;Gnuvtþn_elIsMPar³nanaEdlTak;Tg nig RbGb;. Default= Off edIm,IbegáItEsV‘r 1> Click elI Create cucelIpÞaMg Geometry enAkñúg Command Panel nig Click elIb‘Utug Sphere 2> enAelIpÞaMg Creation method rollout cucelI Center 3> enAelI Viewport NamYyk¾eday TajmkedIm,IkMNt;kaM 4> EsV‘rmYypusecjmkedaykarTajrbs;eyIg ehIycMnuckNþalsßitenARtg;cMnucsñÚlrbs;va bnÞab;mk eyIgRBElgkarcuceLIgkarcucelI Mouse nigerobcMRbEvgkaMedIm,IbegáIt)anEsV‘r. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 13
  14. 14. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 2>3 Cylinder ¬suILaMg¦ cucelI Create panel cucelIb‘Utug Geometry yk Standard Primitives objective type rollout cucelIb‘Utug Cylinder Create Menu Standard Primitives Cylinder Create Method Rollout - Edge ¬RCug¦³ eyIgKUrsuILaMgBIRCugmYyeTARCugmYyeTto. GñkGacpøas; bþÚr TItaMgéncMnuckNþaledaykarrMkil Mouse . - Center ¬cMNuckNþal¦³ KUrsuILaMgedayecjBIcMnuckNþaleTA. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 14
  15. 15. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC Parameters Rollout Defauts begáIteGay)anCaEsV‘rrelagmYypÁúMeLIgeday 18 cMerok nigmancMNucsñÚlsßitenAcMkNþalén )at. vamankMBs; 5kMNat; nig1kMNat;sMrab;KMrb. RbsinebIGñkminmanKMeragnwg eFVIkarEkERbragerArbs;suILaMg dUcCakarBt;ragvaenaHeT kaerobcMkMNat;kMBs;GaymantMéleTAelx 1 edIm,Ikat;bnßyPaBsμúKsμaj. ebIGñkcg; EkERbcugrbs;suILaMg RtUvBinitüelIkartMeLIgEpñkkMNat;KMrb. - Radious ¬kaM¦³ kMNat;kaMénsuILaMg - Height ¬kMBs;¦³ kMNt;TMhMtambeNþayGkS½kNþal. cMeBaHtMélelxGviC¢manbegáIteGay)ansuILaMg sßitenaeRkamépÞrab. - Height Segments ¬kMNat;kMBs;¦³ kMNt;cMnYnénkarEbgEcktamGkS½cMbgrbs;suILaMg. kMNat;kMBs;=5 kMNat;kMBs;=12 KMrb=0 KMrb=5 - Cap Segments ³ erobcMcMnYnénkarEbgEckeGay)anjwkCuMvij cMnuckNþalénEpñkelInig )atrbs; suILaMg. - Sides ¬cMehog¦³ erobcMcMnYncMehogenACuMvijsuILaMg. CamYy nigkareRCIserIsykBakü Smooth off RtUvbnßytYelx dUcenHvabegáIt)anvtßúragBhuekaN. cMeBaHkaryk Smooth on RtUvbEnßmtYelx ehIy dak;RsemalelIva nig Render eGaydUcCargVg;y:agBitR)akdmYy. - Smooth ¬PaBrelag¦³ épÞmuxrbs;suILaMgmanlkçN³bnSúcUlKñakarbegáItPaBrelag KWeFVIeLIgenAkñúg I KMehIykar Render. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 15
  16. 16. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - ³ manmuxgarEdlGaceRcok)an. ¬Default= Off¦ eBlGñkbegáItcMerokmYy ehIyGñkbiTelI Slice on Bakü Slice on naMeGaysuILaMgmYyEdlmanrUbrageBjeljnwgbgðajeLIg. GñkGaceRbIR)as;RbGb; Binitü (Check Box) edIm,ibiT rWebIkvas;sÞg;TaMgBIrenH. - Slice from, Slice To³ erobcMcMnYnmuMCuMvijGkS½ Z cab;BItMélelx 0 enAelIGkS½ sMrab;karerobcMTaMgBIrenH tMélviC¢manrMkilcugéncMerok ehIyRcasnigRTnicnaLikar cMENktMélGviC¢man manclnaRsbnwgRTnicnaLika. dUcKñaenHEdr karerobcMGaceFVIeLIgTukCamun eBjEdldl;cMnuccugeRkayenaHrag suILaMgeBjeljmYynwgbgðajeLIg. Generated Mapping Coordinates: erobcMelItMrUbkarénkarsMrbsMrYlsMrab;pþl;sMPar³nanaEdlTak;Tgnig suILaMg. Default= Off edIm,IbegþItsuILaMg 1> Click elI Create cucelIpÞaMg Geometry kñúg Command Panel 2> Click elIb‘Utug Box 3> elIpÞaMg Creation Method rollout, Click elI Center 4> enAelI Viewport NamYyk¾eday cuc Mouse enAelIenHehIyGUsecjedIm,IkMNt;kaMénépÞ)at bnÞab; mkRBElg Mouse vijedIm,IerobcMelIkaMgTaMgenaH. karrMkileLIg rWcuH sMedAelIkMBs; dUcKña nigtMél viC¢man rWGviC¢manEdr. Click edIm,IerobcMelIkMBs; nigbegáItsuILaMg. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 16
  17. 17. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 2>4 Torus Create panel cucelIbU‘tug Geometry Standard Primitives Object Type rollout cucelIb‘Utug Torus Creation Method Rollout - Edge ¬RCug¦³ eyIgKUr Torus cab;BIRCugmYyeTARCugmYyeTot. GñkGac pøas;bþÚrTItaMgéncMNuckNþaledaykarrMkil Mouse . - Center ¬cMnuckNþal¦³ KUr Torus edayecjBIcMnuckNþalén Torus eTA kan;cMnuckNþalénBMnuHkat;rgVg;. enHKWCakaMénrgVg;EdlvN½ÐCuMvij Torus. - Radious 1 ¬kaMTI1¦³ begáItcMgayBIcMnuckNþalén Torus eTAkan;cMnuc kNþalénBMnuHkat;rgVg;. enHKWCakaMrgVg;vNнCuMvij Torus. - Radious 2¬kaMTI2¦³ begáItkaMénBMnuHkat;rgVg;. tMélén Default KW 10 units tMélelxenHtMNageGayral;eBl EdlGñkbegáIt Torus. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 17
  18. 18. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - Rotation ¬karbgVil¦³ kMNt;kMritmuMedIm,IbgVil. kñúgkarbgVilEpñkbBaÄrmanlkçN³dUcKña nigkarrt;rbs;rgVg;tam ry³GkS½kNþalrbs;ExSvN½ÐCuMvij Torus . tMélviC¢man nigGviC¢mansMrab;erobcMkarbgVl;enH KWEpñkbBaÄrmanTis edAdUcCaenAelIépÞmuxrbs; Torus. - Twist ¬karmYl¦³ begáItmuMsMrab;karrmYl. karbgVilénBMnuHkat; manlkçN³kan;EtekIneLIgdUcCa clnart;rbs; rgVg;CuMvijcMnuckNþalrbs; Torus. cMnuccab;epþImcMeBaHkarrmYlKW PaBrgVilbnþKñaénBMnuHkat; rhUtdl;BnuHcug eRkay EdlmantMélelxénmuM )ankMNt;Rsab;. karrmYlekok nig Torus ¬minEmnCakareRcokeT¦ begáIteGay)anCakarrYmtUcenAkMNat;TImYy. GñkGac eCosvagbBaðaenHedaybEnßmtYelxelImuM 360 rWedaykaryk Slice on ehIyerobeGay Slice from nig Slice To º eTAelxsUnü edIm,IrkSa Torus eGay)aneBjelj. - Segments ¬kMNat;¦³ erobcMcMnYnénkarEbgEckEdlmanlkçN³dUcCagkaMkg;enACuMvij Torus .tamry³ karkat;bnßycMnYnTaMgenHvij eyIgGacbegðItCargVg;ctuekaNCMnYseGayragrgVg;mul. - Sides ¬cMehog¦³ erobcMnYncMehogénBMnuHkat;rgVg;rbs; Torus . edaykarkat;bnßycMnYnxagelI eyIg GacbegáItCaBMnuHkat;ragRBIwsmYyCMnYsBMnuHkat;ragrgVg;mUl. Smooth Group ¬RkumsMrab;PaBrelag¦³ eRCIserIsykkMriténPaBrelagmYykñúgcMeNamkMritTaMg4³ - All (Default)³ KWCakarbegáItPaBrelagy:ageBjlkçN³enARKb;épÞmuxTaMgGs;rbs; Torus . - Sides ¬cMehog¦³ PaBrelagy:ageBjeljlkçN³enARKb;épÞmuxTaMgGs;rbs; Torus. - None ¬Kμan¦³ karbiTnUvPaBrelagTaMgGs; naMeGaybegáIt)anCaépÞmuxragRBIsenAelI Torus. - Segments ¬kMNat;¦³ kMNat;nimYy² manPaBrelagpÞal;rbs;vakMNat;TaMgenaH begáIteGaymanlkçN³ dUcCakgenACuMvij Torus . - Slice On ³ kareRcok Torus tammuM 360 begáIteGay)anCacMENkmYy º - Slice From ³ eBleyIgebIk Slice On RtUvkMNt;muMeGay)anRtwmRtUvenAkEnøgEdlcab;epþImeRcok Torus. - Slice To³ eBlEdleyIgebI Slice on RtUvkMNt;muMeGay)anRtwmRtUvenAkEnøgEdlkareRcok Torus RtUv bBa©b;. Generate Mapping Coordinates: erobcMelItMrUvkarénkarsMrbsMrYlsMrab;pþl;sMPar³nanaeTA Torus . Default = Off RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 18
  19. 19. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC edIm,IbegáIt Torus 1> Click elI Create Click elI Geometry kñúg Command Panel Click elIb‘Utug Torus 2> enaelIpÞaMg Creation Method Rollout cucelI Center 3> enAelI Viewport NamYyk¾eday cuc Mouse elIenaHehIyGUsecjedIm,IkMNt; Torus. tamkarTaj enaH Torus k¾bgðajeLIgCamYynwg cMnuckNþalEdlsßitenAcMnucsñÚlrbs;va. RBElg Mouse vijedIm,IerobcMkaMén kg; Torus . 4> rMkileTAkarkMNt;kaMénBMnuHkat;TTwg rgVg;ehIy Click edIm,IbegáItva Torus 2>5 Teaport ¬)a:n;Et¦ Creat panel Geometry botton Standard Primitives Object Type rollout Teaport Button Create menu Standard Primitives Teaport Creation Method Rollout RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 19
  20. 20. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - Edge ¬RCug¦³ eyIgcab;KUr Teaport BIRCugmYy eTAkan;RCugmYyeTot. GñkGac pøas;bþÚrTItaMg éncMnuckNþaledaykarrMkil Mouse . - Center ¬cMnuckNþal¦³ KUr Teaport edayecjkNþaleTA. Parameter Rollout - Radious¬kaM¦³ begáItkaMrbs; Teaport - Segments ¬kMNat;¦³ begáItcMnYncMENksMrab; Teaport rWk¾EpñknimYy²rbs;va. - Smooth ¬PaBrelag¦³ lkçN³bnSúIKñaénépÞmuxrbs; Teaport begáIteGay)anPaBrelagenAkñúgKMehIy render . ¬RkuménbMENk Teaport ¦ Teaport Parts Group eyIgyk Check Boxes ebIk rWbiTsMrab;bMENkén Teaport tamry³karebIk Default TaMGs; eFVIeGaybegáIt )annUvrag Teaport y:ageBjlkçN³mYy. Generate Mapping Coordinates: erobcMelIkarsMrbsMrYlsMrab;GnuvtþelIkarbMBak;sMPar³elI Teaport Default= Off edIm,IbegáIt Teaport 1> Click elI Create cucelI Geometry kñúg Command Panel bnÞab;mk click elI Teaport b‘Utug. 2> enAelIpÞaMg Creation Method Rollout Click elI Center 3> enAelI View port NamYyk¾eday cucelIenaHehIyGUsvamkCamYynigkarGUsenaH Teaport mYyk¾ bgðaj eLIgedaymancMNucsñÚlsßitcMkNþalénépÞ)at. 4> RBElg Mouse mkvijedIm,IerobcMelIkaM nigbegáIt Teaport RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 20
  21. 21. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 2>6 Cone ¬ekan¦ Create panel Geometry button Standard primitives object type rollout cone button Create Menu Standard Primitives Cone Create Method Rollout ¬RCug¦³ eyIgKUrekanedaycab;BIRCugmYyeTARCugmYyeTot eyIgGacpøas;bþÚrcMnuc kNþaleday - Edge karrMkilTItaMgén Mouse . - Center ¬cMnuckNþal¦³ KUrekanedayecjBIcMnuckNþaleTA Parameters Rollout Default begáIt)anCaPaBrelag kñúgmYyCuMekanpÁúMeday 24cMENk ehIy mancMnucsñÚlenAcMkNþal)at. vamankMNat;kMBs; 5 nigkMNat;sMrab; KMrbmYy.edIm,IeFVIeGay Render kan;EtmanlkçN³RbesIreLIg eyIgRtUv bEnßmtYelxrbs;kMNat;kMBs; edIm,I)annUvekand¾relagmYy CaBiessKW cugRsYc. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 21
  22. 22. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - Radius 1¬kaMTI1¦/ Radius 2 ¬kaMTI2¦³ begáItkaMTI1 nigkaMTI2 sMrab; ekan. cMnYnénkarbegáIttYelxtUcbMputKW sUnü cMeBaHtMélGviC¢manTaMgGs;KW pøas;CasUnü. eyIgGacbBa©Úlkar erobcMTaMgenH edIm,IbegáItekanEdlmancugRsYc nigekanEdlmancugCaépÞrab ehIydak;bBaÄrRtg;eTAelI rW dak; bRBa©avij. kñúgkarbBa©ÚlKñaxagelIenH RtUvsnñtkMBs;kñúgtMélviC¢manTukCamun. - Height ¬kMBs;¦³ begáItnUvRbEvgtambeNþayGkS½kNþal. tMélelxGviC¢manbegáIt)anekanEdlsßitenAeRkam épÞrab. ¬kMNat;kMBs;¦³ begáItnUvcMnYnéncMENkrbs;kMNat;kMBs;tambeNþayGkS½emrbs;ekan. - Height Segment - Cap Segment ¬EpñkKMrb¦³ begáItcMnYnéncMENkEdlmancMnucrYmEtmYy enACuMvijcMnuckNþalénEpñkxagelI)at rbs;ekan. kaMTI2 = 0 begáIt)anekanEdlcugRsYc kaMTI1 = 0 begáIt)anekaNEdlmancugRsYcbRBa©as kaMTI1 FMCagkaMTI2 begáIt)ankMNt;ekan kaMTI2 FMCagkaMTI1 begáIt)ankMNat;ekanbRBa©as - Sides ¬cMehog¦³ kMNt;cMnYncMehogenACuMvijekan tMélelxEdlx<s;KWmanRsemal nig Render eGaydUcCargVg; CamYynig karykBakü Smooth. tMélelxEdlkan;EtTab begáIt)anCavtßúragBhuekaNFmμta CamYynwgkaryk Bakü Smooth off . - Smooth ¬PaBrelag¦³ eFVIeGayépÞmuxkat;rbs;ekanmanlkçN³bnSúIKñaenaH vanwgbegáIt)annUvPaBrelagkñúg KMehIj Render. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 22
  23. 23. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - Slice On ³ manmuxgarEdlGaceRcok)an. Default=off eBlEdlcab;epþImeRcokehIy biTBakü Slice on enaH ekanEdleBjlkçN³mYynwgbgðajeLIg. eyIgGaceRbIRbGb; Check box edJIm,IeRCIserIskarbiT rWebIkrvagkar vas;sÞg;TaMgBIr. - Slice from, Slice to ³begáItcMnYnmuMCuMvijGkS½ Z Edlcab;epþImBIcMnucsUnüenAelIGkS½ X cMeBaHkarerobcMTaMgBIrxagelI tMélviC¢manmanclnarMkileTAcugrbs; Slice nigmanTisedAbRBa©asRTnic naLika rIÉtMélGviC¢manrMkiltamTisedARTnicnaLika. CamYyKñaenHeyIgGacerobcMTukCamun)an ehIyeBlcMnuc xagcugCYbKña naMeGayekanbgðajrUbrageLIg. Generate Mapping Coordinates: erobcMtMrUvkarsMrab;sMrbsMrYl sMrab;karGnuvtþn_elIkarbMBak;sMPar³elIekan. Default= Off edIm,IbegáItekan³ 1> Click elI Create cucelI Geometry kñúg Command Panel nigcucelIb‘Utug Cone 2> enAelIpÞaMg Creation Method Rollout cucelI Center 3> elI Viewport NamYyk¾)an cucelI Mouse elIenaHehIyGUsecjedIm,IkMNt;kaMénépÞ)atrbs;ekan bnÞab;mkRBElg Mouse vijedIm,IerobcMelIenaH. rMkileLIgelI rWcuHeRkamedIm,IkMNt;kMBs;k¾dUcnig tMélviC¢man rWGviC¢manEdr ehIycucelIenaHedIm,ICakarkMNt;. karrMkiledIm,IkMNt;kaMrbs;cMnucmYy eTotrbs;ekan. bnßytMélkaMeTAelx 0 edIm,I)anekanEdlmancugRsYc. 4> Click edIm,IerobcMelIkaMgTIBIr nigbegáIt)anekan. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 23
  24. 24. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 2>7 Geoshpere Create Panel Geometry Button Standard Primitives Object Type Rollout Geosphere button Create menu Standard Primitives Geosphere - Diameeter ¬viC¢maRt¦³ KUr Geosphere cab;BIRCugmYyeTAkan;RCugmYyeTot. eyIgGacbþÚrTItaMgéncMnuckNþal edaykarrMkil Mouse. - Center ¬cMnuckNþal¦³ KUr Geosphere ecjBIcMnuckNþal. Parameters Rollout - Radius¬kaM¦³ begáItTMhMrbs; Geosphere - Segment ¬kMNat;¦³ begáItcMnYnépÞmuxsrubenAelI Geosphere. cMnYnépÞ muxenAelI Geosphere KWesμInwgcMnYndgéncMehogrbs; Polyhydron elIk Cakaer. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 24
  25. 25. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC cMeBaHkMNat;EdlmantMélelxkan;EtTab KWmandMeNIrkar)anl¥. cMENkkareRbIR)as;kMNat;mantMélGtibrma rhUtdl; 200 GacbegáIt)anépÞmux dl;eTA 800/000 b:uEnþCarUbbgðajEdlmanlkçN³Gn;minsUvl¥. Geodesic Base Type Group eyIgGnuBaØateGayGñkeRCIserIsykrag Polyhydron FmμtamYykñúgcMeNam Polyhydrons TaMgbIsMrab;Ca RKwHén Geometry rbs;EsV‘r. - Tetra ³ KWCamUldæanRKwHénctumux ¬muxbYn¦ épÞmuxEdlmanragRtIekaNGacpøas;bþÚrTMrg; nigTMhM)an. EsV‘rmYyGacbMEbkCabYncMENkesμIKña. - Octa³ KWCamUldæanRKwHénGdæmux ¬muxR)aMbI¦ épÞEdlmanragCaRtIekaNGacpøas;bþÚrTMrg;nig TMhM)an.EsV‘r mYyGacbMEbkeTACaR)aMbIcMENkesμIKña. - Icosa³ KWCamUldæanRKwHragmanmuxémÖ épÞmuxragRtIekaNTaMgGs;manTMhMesμI²Kña. EsV‘rGacbMEbkCacMnYn Nak¾)anEdlmankMNat;esμIKña. KWCamUldæanRKWHénBhuekaN nigkarEbgEckmuxémÖ. - Smooth ¬PaBrelag¦³ PaBrelagGacGnuvtþ)aneTAelIEpñkxagelIrbs;EsV‘r. - Hemisphere ³ KWCakarbegáIttaragBak;kNþalEsV‘r. - Base To Pivote ¬BI)ateTAsñÚl¦³ erobcMTItaMgsMrab;cMnucsñÚl eBlEdleyIgebIkva enaHcMnucsßitenA)at eRkaménEsV‘r ktþaTaMgenHminmanp;lb:HBal;GVIenAeBlEdl Hemesphere enAebIkeT. Generated Mapping Coords ³Gnuvtþn_ Default sMrab;sMrbsMrYlelIkarerob Geosphere edIm,IbegáIt Geosphere 1> Click Create cucelI Geometry kñúg Command Panel nig Click elI Geosphere 2> enAelIpÞaMg Creation Method Rollout cucelI Center 3> enAkñúg ViewportNamYycuc Mouse elIenaHehIyGUsecjedImI,kMNt;cMnuckNþal nigkaMrbs; Geosphere 4> erobcMelI Parameters dUcCa Geodesic Base Type nig Segments RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 25
  26. 26. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 2>8 Tupe ¬TIb¦ Create Panel Geometry button Standard Primitives Objective type rollout Tube button Creation menu Standard Primitives Tube Creation Method Rollout - Edge ¬RCug¦³ KUrTIbBIRCugmYyeTAeTARCugeTot. eyIgGacpøas;bþÚrTItaMgéncMnuckNþaledaykarrMkil Mouse . - Center ¬cMnuckNþal¦³ KUrTIbecjBIcMnuckNþaleTA. Parameters Rollout Default eFVIeGay)anCaPaBrelag bMBg;TIbmYypÁúMedaycMehogcMnYn18 nigmancMnucsñÚlsßitenAcMkNþal )at vamankMNat;sMrab;kMBs;5 nigmankMNat;mYysMrab;KMrb. ebIGñkminmanKMnitpøas;bþÚrragsuILaMgdUcCapøas;bþÚr edaykarBt; karkMNt;kMBs;eTACaelx1 edIm,Ikat;bnßynUvPaBsμúKsμaj. ebIGñkcg;pøas;bþÚrcugrbs;suILaMgRtUv emIlelIkarbEnßmcMnYnrbs;KMrb. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 26
  27. 27. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - Radius1, Radius2³ cMeBaHkaMxageRkArbs;TIbRtUverobcMeGay mantMélelxFMCag ehIykaMenAxagkñúgerobcMeGaytUcCag. - Height ¬kMBs;¦³ kMNt;cMgaytambeNþayGkS½kNþal. tMél GviC¢manrbs;kMBs;begáIteGay)anCaTIbsßitenAeRkamépÞrab. - Height Segment ¬kMNat;kMBs;¦³ erobcMcMnYnéncMENktam beNþayGkS½emrbs;TIb. - Cap Segments ¬KMrb¦³ erobcMcMnYncMENkEdlmancMnuckNþal rYmKña enACuMvijén)at nigEpñkxagelIrbs;TIb. - Sides ¬cMehog¦³ kMNt;cMnYncMehogenACuMvijTIb tMélelxkan;Etx<s; pþl;nUvRsemal nig Render bEnßmman lkçN³dUcCargVg;Bit² TnÞwmnigkarEdleyIgykBakü Smooth on. cMeBaHtMélelxkan;EtTabvanwg begáIt)anCa vtßúragBhuekaNFmμtamYy edayeyIgykBakü Smooth Off. - Smooth ¬PaBrelag¦³ eBlEdleyIgebIkelI Default enaHépÞmuxrbs;TIbmanlkçN³bnSIcUlKña ehIybegáIt eGay)anCaPaBrelagelceLIgenAkñúgKMehIj Render. - Slice on³ manlkçN³sMrab;eGayeyIgeRcokvtßúecj)an. kEnøgEdlRtUveRcokecjenaHsßitenAv½NÐCuMvijTIb. Default =Off - Slice From; Slice To³ erobcMtMélelxénmuMCuMvijGkS½ Z edaycab;BIcMnucsUnüenAelIGkS½ X . Generate Mapping Coodinates³ erobcMelItMrUvkarsMrab;karsMrbsMrYledIm,IGnuvtþkñúgkarbMBak;sMPar³elITIb. Default =Off edIm,IbegáItTIb 1> Click elI Creat cucelI Geometry kñúg Command Panel ehIy Click elIb‘Utug Tube 2> enAelI Creation Method Rollout Click elI Center 3> enAelI Viewport NamYyk¾eday cuc Mouse elIenaHehIyGUsecjedIm,IkMNt;kaMTImYy EdlkaMenaH GacCakaMenAkñúg rWenAxageRkATIbRBElg Mouse mkvijedIm,IerobcMelIkaMTI1enaH. rMkileTAedIm,IkMNt; elIkaMTI2 ehIy Click edIm,IerobelIva. rMkileLIgelI rW cuHeRkamedIm,IkMNt;d¾dUcCatMélviC¢man rW GviC¢man. 4> Click edIm,IkMNt;elIkMBs; nigbegáItTIbeLIg. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 27
  28. 28. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 2>9 Pyramid ¬BIr:amIt¦ Create panel Geometry button Standard Primitives Object Type Rollout Pyramid Button Creation Menu Standard Primitives Pyramid ¬)at¼kMBUl¦³ begáIt)atBIr:amItcab;BIRCugmYyeTAkan;RCugmYyeTotEdlenAQmmuxKña. - Base/Apex - Center ¬cMnuckNþal¦³ begáIt)atBIra:mItcab;BIcMnuckNþaleTa. Parameters Rollout ³ - Width Depth and Height ¬TTwg/ CMerA nigkMBs;¦ erobcMcMgayrbs; cMehogénBIr:amItEdlmanlkçN³suIKña. - Width Depth and Height Segs ¬kMNat;TTwg kMNat;beNþay nig kMNat;kMBs;¦³ erobcMcMnYnrbs;kMNat;EdlTak;TgeTAnwg cMehogrbs; BIra:mIt. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 28
  29. 29. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC Generate Mapping Coordinates ³ erobcMtMrUvkarsMrab;sMrbsMrYledIm,IGnuvtþelIkarbMBak; sMPar³enAelIBIra:mIt. Default = Off edIm,IbegáItBIr:amIt 1> Click Create cucelI Geometry kñúg Command Panel ehIy Click elI Pyramid b‘Utug 2> enaelI Creation method rollout cucelI Base/Apex 3> enAelI Viewport NamYy cuc Mouse elIenaHehIyGUsecjedIm,IkMNt;)atrbs; Pyramid. ebIeyIgcg; eRbI)at rWkMBUl RtUvkMNt;eGayc,as;BIcMnucpÞúyKñarbs;)at karrMkil Mouse epþk rWbBaÄrKWedIm,IkMNt;elITTwg nig kMBs;rbs;)at. ebIsinGñkcg;eRbIR)as;elIcMnuckNþal RtUvcuc Mouse ehIyGUsecjBIcMnuckNþalén)ateTA. bnÞab;mk Click elIenaH ehIyrMkil Mouse edIm,IkMNt;kMBs;. 4> Click edIm,IsMerc)anBIr:amItmYy. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 29
  30. 30. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 2>10 Plane ¬épÞrab¦ Create panel Geometry button Standard Primitives Object Type rollout Plane button Create menu Standard Primitives > Plane Create Menu Standard Primitives Plane Creation Method Rollout - Rectangle ¬ctuekaNEkg¦³ begáItépÞrabkMritdMbUgedaycab;BIRCugmYy eTARCugmYyeTotEdlenAQmmuxKña cMeBaHkarerobcMkñúgeBlEtmYyrvagtMélelxTaMgGs;xus² KñadUCabeNþay nigTTwg. - Square ¬kaer¦³ begáItépÞrabragkaermYyEdlmanbeNþay nigTTwgesμIKña eyIgGacpøas;bþÚrcMgayTaMgGs;enA pÞaMgkargar Parameters EdlbgðajtameRkay. Parameter Rollout - Length, Width ¬beNþay/TTwg¦³ erobcMRbEvgbeNþay TTwg nigkMBs;rbs;épÞrab. kargarenHnwgbgðajeGay eyIgeXIjRsab;kñúgxN³EdlGñkGUs Mouse ecjBIcMehogRbGb;. GñkGacBinitüemIleLIgvijBItMélTaMgLay. Default=0,0,0 - Length Segs, Width Segs ³ begáItcMnYncMENktambeNþay GkS½nimYy² rbs;vtßú. eyIgGacerobcMTukCamun rWeRkaykar begáIt tamry³ Default, enAtamcMehognimYy² rbs;épÞrabpÁúM edaykMNat;bYn. eBlEdleyIgerobcMeLIgvijBItMélelxTaMg enHtMélfμIEdlbegáIteLIg nwgkøayCa Default fμIsMrab;vKÁfμI. Render Multipilers Group ³ karkMNt;eGaycMnUvktþanImYy² KWbeNþay nigTTwgEdlGaceGayeyIgeFVIkar Render )aneRcIn - Render Scale dg. Scaling ¬maRtdæan¦ bgðajeLIgBIcMnuckNþaleTAxageRkA. - Render Segs³ kMNt;ktþanimYy² tamry³cMnYnénkMNat;rbs;beNþay nigTTwgEdl Render )aneRcIndg. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 30
  31. 31. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC Generate Mapping Coordinates ³ begáItkarsMrbsMrYlkñúgkarGnuvtþn_elIkarbMBak;sMPar³ elIépÞrab. Default=Off edIm,IbegáItépÞrab ³ 1> Click Creat cucelI Geometry enAkñúg Command Panel ehIy Click elIb‘Utug Plane 2> enAelIpÞaMg Creation Method Rollout Click elI Rectangle . 3> enAkñúg Viewport NamYycuc Mouse elIenaHehIyGUsecjedIm,IbegáItCaépÞrab. 4> Click edIm,IbegáItnUvépÞrab RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 31
  32. 32. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 3> Shape ¬RTg;RTay¦ RTg;Tay rWragKWCabnÞat; 2D rWk¾ 3D nigCaRkuménbNþalbnÞat;TaMgLayNaEdlCaFmμtaGñkeRbIR)as;vaCa smasPaKrbs;kmμvtßú (Object) d¾éTeTot. PaKeRcInénRTg;RTayEdleKkMNt;eGaymkRsab;eRcIn EtbegáItBI Spline . 3>1 Lines ¬bnÞat;¦ Create Panel Shape Splines Object Type Rollout Line Create menu Shapes Line ³ GnuBaØatieGayGñkbegáItkmμvtßúCasV½yRbvtþienAelIépÞmuxénvtßúd¾éTeTot edaykarbegáIteLIg - Auto Grid nigkareFVIeGayskmμeLIgnUvsMNg; épÞrabbeNþaHGasnñmYy edayEp¥kelIPaBFmμtaénépÞEdlGñk Click elI. begáItnUvRTg;RTayfμI ³ rUbrag rWRTg;RTaymYyGacmanEt Spline EtmYyrW vaGac)anmkBIkarbBa©ÚlKñaén Spline CaeRcIn. eyIgeFVIkarkMNt;GMBIcMnYnrbs; Splines kñúgRTg;RTaymYyedayeRbIR)as;nUv b‘Utug Start New Shape nig Check Box enAelI Object Type Rollout Check box EdlenACab;nwgb‘Utug Sart New Shape kMNt;faetIenAeBlNa EdlRTg;RTayfμImYyRtUvbegáIteLIg. enAeBlEdleyIgebIkBakü Box kmμviFIbegáItnUvRTg;RTaykmμvtßúfμImYyerog ral;eBlEdlGñkbegáIt Spline eLIg. eBlEdleyIgykBakü Box biTvij/ Spline RtUvbBa©ÚleTAkñúgRTg;RTayEt mYyEdlGñkeTIbbegáItfμI ehIyEdlva)at;eTAvij)anrhUtdl;eBlEdlGñk Click elIb‘Utug Start New Shape. b‘Utug Shape Sellection³ GnuBaØatieGayGñkkMNt;Cak;lak;nUvRbePTRTg;RTayEdlRtUvbegáIt. Name and Color Rollout³ GnuBaØatieGayGñkdak;eQμaH vtßúmYy nigkMNt;nUvBN’rbs;va. karRtYtBinitüelIkarerob cMTaMgenHbgðajBIrebobEdl Spline RtUv)anbegáIt. ExSekag Spline RtUv)anEbgEckCabnÞat;tUc²CaeRcIneTot EdlGacCa ExSekagBitR)akdmYy. cMnYnEbgEckrvagkMBUlnimYy²enAelI Spline ehAfa Steps enAeBlEdl Steps eRbIkan;EteRcInenaHExS ekagkan;EtmanlkçN³c,as;eLIg². Steps= Splines Steps GacKWCalkçN³ERbRbYl “Adaptive” ¬EdlGacbegáItedaysV½yRbvtþiedayRKan;EtebIknUv Bakü Adaptive ¦ rWk¾CakarkMNt;edayéd. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 32
  33. 33. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC enAeBlEdlBakü Adaptive biTenaHeyIgRtUveRbIR)as; Steps Field/ Spinner edIm,IkMNt;nUvcMnYncMENkkMBUl nimYy². cenøaHEdlmansuBlPaBKWBI 0 eTA 100 Steps . Splines EdlmanExSekagENnceg¥ót TamTarnUvSteps kan;EteRcIneLIg edIm,IemIleXIjc,as;l¥ kñugxN³EdlExSekagmanlkçN³ekagticRtUvkar Steps tictYcb:ueNÑaH. Optimize³ eBlebIkvaRtUvykecjeGayGs;nUv Steps EdlminRtUvkarBIkMNat;EdlRtg; (Straingnt Segments) enA kñúg Splines. Optimize minGaceRbI)aneT enAeBlEdl Adaptive ebIkEdr. Default= Off Adaptive ³enAeBlEdlbiT eyIgGacebIkelI Control rbs; Manual Interpalation edayeRbIR)as; Optimize nig Steps sMrab; Spline nimYy² edIm,ibegáItecjCaExSekagEdlmanlkçN³rlUnmYy. Straight Segment EtgEtTTYl nUv 0 Steps . enAxageqVg nig Adaptive Spline enAxagsþaMCalT§pltamry³karemIlBIxagsþaM eyIgeXIjeRKag Optimize Spline ragvtßúEdlmanlkçN³CaExSlYsBT½§CuMvij. Rendering Rollout GñkGacebIk rWbiTlT§pl Render eTAelI Spline )ankMNt;kMras; rbs;enAkñúgKMehIysMrab;Render Parameters Gacmanclna)an ]TahrN_³ GñkGaceGaycMnYncMehogmanclna. GñkGacbþÚrPaBbnSúIKñaEdl)anbgðajeGay eTACavtßúbnSúIKñaedayGnuvtþelI Edit Mesh rWk¾bþÚreTACa Editable mesh k¾)an. RbBn½§enHnwgeRbIR)as;elIkarerobcM Viewport sMrab;bnøas;nUvPaBbnSúIKñaRbsinebI Use Viewport Setting RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 33
  34. 34. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC RtUv )anRtYtBinitürYcral;ehIy ebImindUcenHeTvanwgeRbIR)as;elIkarerobcM Render vij. lkçN³TaMgenHpþl;nUvkarbt; EbnGtibrmanigEtgEtpþl;nUvbnøas;bþÚrPaBbnSúIKñaEdlbgðajecjenAkñúg Viewports. - Viewport³ ebIkelIBakü Viewport nigerobcMelIkMras; cMehognigmuM. - Render³ ykBakü Render nigerobcMelIkMras; cMehognig muM. - Thickness ¬kMras;¦³ erocMkMras;edIm,IkMNt;Ggát;p©itén Viewports rW Renders Spline (Spinner Value: Float, 0.0 eTA 1>0E30¦ Render eTAelIkMras;rbs; Spline KW 1>0 nig 5>0 eTAtam Spline nimYy². - Sides ¬cMehog¦³ begáItcMnYncMehogsMrab; Spline EdlmanlkçN³bnSúIKñaenAkñúg Viewport rW Render ]TahrN_³ tMélmYykñúgcMeNamtMél4 niwgeGayGñkTTYl)annUvBMnuHkatragkaermYy. - Angle ¬muM¦³ sMrbsMrYleTATItaMgénkarbgVisBMnuHkat;enAkñúg viewport rW renderd . ]TahrN_³ RbsinebIGñkman BMnuHkat;ragkaermYy GñkGaceRbImuMeTATItaMg “Flat” EdlmanlkçN³cuHeRkam. - Renderable ¬lkçN³Gac Renders )an¦³ eBlEdlebIk TMrg;Edlnwg Render eRbI)ancMeBaHEt Parameters Edl )ankMNt;Tuk. Generate Mapping Coords ³ eyIgebIelIcMnucenHedIm,IGnuvtþelI Mapping Coordinates karsMrbsMrYlrag U KWruMBI eRkACuMvijkMras;én Spline. Tiling ³ RtUv)anbMeBjcMeBaHkareRbIR)as; Tiling Parameters kñúgkarbMBak;sMPar³dUcCaerobdækar:UedayxøÜnÉg. - Display Render Mesh ³ lkçN³énkarbgðajBIsPaBbnSúIKñakñúg Render )anbegáIteGaymanedaysar splines. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 34
  35. 35. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - Use Viewport Setting ³ bgðajBIPaBbnSúIKñaEdlbegáIteday viewport setting. Creation Method Rollout man Tool CaeRcInrbs; Spline EdleRbIelI Creation Method Rollout. en elIpÞaMgkargarenHGñkeRCIserIs karkMNt;n½yeGay Spline tamry³cMnuckNþalrbs;k¾dUcCa viCÄekaNrbs;va ¬RCugbeBaäóg¦. - Edge ¬RCug¦³ karcucelI Mouse dMbUgKWkarkMNt;n½yrbs;cMnucenAelIcMehog rWenAcMnucRCugénrUbrag ehIyGñkcuc elI Mouse edIm,IGUsykGgát;p©it rWRCugbeBaäóg. - Center ¬cMnuckNþal¦³ karcucelI Mouse elIkdMbUgKW karkMNt;n½yrbs;cMnuckNþalrUbrag ehIyGñkGUsedIm,I eGay)ankaMnigcMnucenAcMRCug. Keyboard Entry Rollout GñkGacbegáIt Splines CaeRcInedayeRbIR)as; Keyboard Entry kñúgdMeNIrkarenHmanlkçN³dUcKñaCaTUeTA cMeBaH Splines TaMgGs;ehIy Parameters TaMgLayKW manenAeRkamBakü Keyboard Entry. Keyboard Entry edImdMbUgmaneRcInRbePTkñúgcMnYnén Parameters ehIyrUbPaBxagelIbgðajnUv Keyboard Entry Rollout FmμtamYy sMrab;begáItragrgVg;mUl. Keyboard Entry Rollout pÞúknUvkargar begáItcMnucdMbUg. karpøas;bþÚrtYelxedIm,Ipøas;bþÚr parameters kñúg karbMeBjeGay)an Spline mYy. vaybBa©ÚltMélelxenAkñúgépÞTMenrnimYy² ehIy Click elIb‘Utug Create edIm,IbegáIt Spline. viFIsa®sþkñúgkarbegþIt bnÞat;manlkçN³xusKñaBIkarbegáIt Spline. GñkeRCIserIsnUv Option edIm,IkarRtYtBnitüelIRbePTénkMBUlrbs;va eBlGñk Click rWGUsTTwg. GñkGacerobcMTukCamun nUvRbePT Default rbs; Spline bBaÄr enAeblEdlbegáItbnÞab; CamYykarerobcMTaMgenH. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 35
  36. 36. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC Initial Type Group¬RbePTRkumdMbUg¦ erobcMRbePTéncugkMBUlEdlGñkbegáIt eBlGñk Click TItaMgNamYyrbs;kMBUl - Corner ¬RCugEkg¦³ begáIteGay)ancMnucmYy Spline manlkçN³CaCYrdUcKña nigEpñkénkMBUl. - Smooth ¬PaBrelag¦³ begáIteGay)anCaPaBrelag minmankartMrg;eT KWmanlkçN³CaExSekageq<aHeTAkan; kMBUl. cMnYnrbs;ExSbnÞat;ekagenHerobcMtamry³KMlaténExSbBaÄr. Drag Type Group erobcMRbePTénkMBUlEdlGñknwgbegáIt eBlGñkGUsTItaMgrbs;kMBUl. kMBUlmanTItaMgenARtg;cMnuc cursor eBlEdlGñkcucelI Mouse elIkdMbUgTisedAnig cMgayEdlGñkTajecjmk KWeRbIsMrab;EtkarbegáItelIExSbBaÄr Bezier. - Corner ¬RCugEkg¦³ begáIt)ancMnucmYy Spline manlkçN³CaCYrdUcKña nigEpñkénkMBUl. - Smooth ¬PaBrelag¦³ begáIt)anPaBrelag minmankartMrg;eTKW manlkçN³CaExSbnÞat;ekageq<aHeTA kan;kMBUl. - Bezier ³ begáItPaBrelag Gacbt;Ebn)aneTAkan;kMBUl. cMnYnénExSekag nigTisedAénPaBekag KWkMnt; edaykarGUs Mouse eTAkan;EpñkTTwgnimYy². edIm,IbegáItbnÞat;³ 1> Create Panel eRCIserIsBakü Shapes 2> enAelIpÞaMg Object Type Rollout Click elIbU‘tug Line 3> erobcMelIkarEkelxbEnßm 4> Click Mouse rWGUsecjedIm,Icab;epþImcMnuc nigGUscMnucbEnßm 5> erobcMelIkar Render elIkMras; 6> Click elI Render Scene Botton 7> bnÞab;mkGñkGacemIleXIjbnÞat;Edl Render ehIy. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 36
  37. 37. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 3>2 Rectangle ¬ctuekaNEkg¦ Create panel Shapes Splines Object Type rollout Rectangle Create menu Shapes Rectangle Creation Method Rollout ³ ragctuekaNEkg eRbIR)as;karbegáIttamKMrUrbs; Center rW Edge esÞIrEtTaMgGs;énragEdlman Spline CamUldæan RKwH KWeRbIR)as; Parameters kñúg Creation Method dUcKña. Parameters Rollout: eBlEdlGñkbegáItragctuekaNEkg)anmþgehIyGñkGaceFVIkar bþÚr nUvkareRbIR)as; Parameter TaMgenH)an. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 37
  38. 38. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - Length ¬beNþay¦³ sMrab;kMNt;TMhMrbs;ctuekaNEkgtamGkS½ X - Width ¬TTwg¦³ sMrab;kMNt;TMhMrbs;ctuekaNEkgtamry³GkS½ X - Corner Radius ¬muMEkg¦³ sMrab;begáItRCugmanragmUl eBlGñkkMNt;tMélelxeTAsUnü enaHctuekaNEkgnwg manmuM 90 enARCugnimYy². º edIm,IbegáItctuekaNEkg 1> Create Panel eRCIserIsykBakü Shape 2> enAelIpÞaMg Object Type Rollout Click elIb‘Utug Rectangle 3> eRCIserisviFIsa®sþkñúgkarbegáIt 4> GUs Mouse mkkñúg Viewport NamYyedIm,IbegáItctuekaNEkg 5> erobcMelI Parameters rbs;ctuekaNEkg RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 38
  39. 39. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 3>3 rgVg; (Circle) Create panel Shapes Splines Object Type rollout Circle Create menu Shapes Circle General Rollout Spline EdlpÁúMCa)atTaMgGs;CaTUeTAman Parameters dUcKña Creation Method Rollout ragrgVg;eRbIR)as;karbegáIttamKMrUrbs; Center rW Edge esÞIrEtTaMgGs;énragEdl Spline CamUldæanRKwHKW eRbIR)as; Parameters enAkñúg Creation Method dUcKña. Parameter Rollout eBlEdlGñkbegáItragrgVg;)anmþgehIy GñkGaceFVIkarpøas;bþÚr nUvkareRbIR)as; Parameter TaMgenH)an³ Radius ¬kaM¦³ kMNt;kaMrgVg; edIm,IbegáItrgVg; 1> Create Panel eRCIserIsykBakü Shapes 2> enAelIpÞaMg Object Type Rollout Click elIb‘Utug Circle 3> eRCIserIsviFIsa®sþsMrab;begáIt 4> GUs Mouse enAelI Viewport mYyedIm,IbegáItrgVg; 5> erobcM Parameter rbs;rgVg; RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 39
  40. 40. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 3>4 eGlIb (Ellipse) Create Panel Shapes Splines Object Type Rollout Ellipse Create Menu Shapes Ellipse Creation Method Rollout rageGlIbeRbIR)as;karegáIttamKMrUrbs; Center rW Edge esIÞrEtTaMgGs;énragEdlman Spline CamUldæanRKwH KWeRbIR)as; Parameter enAkñúg Creation Method dUcKña. Parameters Rollout ³ eBlEdlbegáItrageGlIb)anmþgehIy GñkGaceFVIkarpøas;bþÚrnUvkareRbIR)as; Parameter TaMgenH. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 40
  41. 41. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC Length ¬beNþay¦³ sMrab;kMNt;TMhMrbs;eGlIbtamGkS½ Y Width ¬TTwg¦³ kMNt;TMhMrbs;eGlIbtamGkS½ X edIm,IbegáIt Ellipse³ 1> Create Panel ehIyeRCIserIsBakü Shapes 2> enAelIpÞaM Object Type Rollout Click elIb‘UtUg Ellipse 3> eRCIserIsviFIsa®sþkñúgkarbegáIt 4> GUs Mouse eTAkñúg Viewport edIm,IbegáIteGlIb 5> erobcMelI Parameters rbs;eGlIb RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 41
  42. 42. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 3>5 Arc ¬GkS½¦ Create panel Shapes Splines Object Type rollout Arc Create menu Shapes Arc Creation Method rollout karbgðajenH bgðajBIlMdab;edayénkar Click elI Mouse Edl Cab;Bak;Bn½§nigkarbegáItGkS½. - End-End Middle³ cucelI Mouse rYcGUsecj ehIyRBElgvijedIm,IkMNt;cugTaMgBIrrbs;GkS½ nig Click edIm,I kMNt;cMnucTI3EdlenAcenøaHcMnucFugTaMgBIr. - Center –End-End ³cucelI Mouse edIm,IkMNt;TItaMgrbs;cMnuckNþalrbs;GkS½ GUsecjehIyRBElgvijedIm,I kMNt;cMnuccugrbs;GkS½ nigcucmþgeTotedIm,IkMNt;ykcMnucmçageTot. begáItGkS½mYyedayeRbI viFIsa®sþ End-End- Middle begáItGkS½mYyedayeRbIviFIsa®sþ Center-End-End Parameters Rollout eBlEdlbegáIt)anGkS½mþgehIy GñkGaceFVIkarpøas;bþÚrnUvkareRbIR)as; Parameter xageRkam³ - Radius ³kMNt;kaMénGkS½ - From ¬cab;BI¦³ kMNt;TItaMgéncMnuccab;epþImedaykar vas;muMcab;BIcMnYnviC¢maneTAtamGkS½ X RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 42
  43. 43. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - To ¬eTAkan;¦³ kMNt;TItaMgéncMnucbBa©b;edaykarvas; muMcab;BIcMnYnviC¢manenAelIGkS½ X . Pie Slice³ eBleyIgebIkelI Pre Slice KWCakarbegáIt Spline d¾CitmYyEdlmanragdUcCa Pie. cMnuccab;epþIm nig bBa©b;P¢ab;eTAnwgcMnuckNþaledaykMNat;Rtg;². edIm,IbegáItGkS½ 1> Create Panel erIsykBakü Shapes 2> enAelIpÞaMg Object Type Rollout click elIb‘Utug Arc 3> eRCIserIsviFIsa®sþsMrab;begáIt 4> GUs Mouse eTAkñúg Viewport edIm,IbegáItGkS½ 5> erobcMelI Parameters rbs;GkS½ RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 43
  44. 44. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 3>6 Donuts ¬dUNat;¦ Create panel Shapes Splines Object Type rollout Donut Create menu Shapes Donut Create Method rollout ragerArbs; Donut eRbIR)as;viFIsa®sþénkarbegáIttamKMrUrbs; Center rW Edge esÞIrEtTaMgGs;énragEdl man Splines CamUldæanRKwH KWeRbIR)as; Parameter enAkñúg Creation Method dUcKña. Parameters Rollout eBlEdlGñkbegáItrag Donut )anmþgehIy GñkGacpøas;bþÚrkareRbIR)as; Parameter xageRkamenH)an ³ - Radius 1¬kaMTI1¦³ erobcMkaMsMrab;rgVg;TImYy - Radius 2¬kaMTI2¦³ erocMkaMsMrab;rgVg;TIBIr edIm,IbegIát Donut 1> Create Panel erIsykBakü Shares 2> enAelI Object Type Rollout, Click elIb‘Utug Donut 3> eRCIserIsviFIsa®sþkñúgkarbegáIt 4> GUs Mouse enAkñúg Viewport edIm,IbegáItGkS½ 5> erobcMelI Parameters rbs;GkS½ 6> cUlkñúg Modify panel erIsykBakü Extrude 7> erobcMcMnYnsMrab; Exturde 8> bnÞab;mkGñknwgeXIjTIbmYyenAkñúg Viewport RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 44
  45. 45. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 9> Click elIb‘Utug Bend 10> erobcMelIcMnYnsMrab; Bend 11> bnÞab;mkeyIgnwgeXIjragmanlkçN³dUcCaEkgéd RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 45
  46. 46. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 3>7 Ngon Create panel Shapes Splines Object Type rollout NGon Create menu Shapes Ngon Creation Method rollout karbegáItrag Ngon eRbIR)as;viFIsa®sþtamKMrUkarbegáIt Center rW Edge esÞIrEtTaMgGs;énragEdlman Splines CamUldæanRKwH KWeRbIR)as;nUv Parameters enAkñúg Creation Method dUcKña. Parameters Rollout eBlEdlGñkbegáItrag Ngon )anmþgehIy GñkGaceFVIkarpøas; bþÚrkareRbIR)as; Parameters xageRkam³ - Radius ³ kMNt;kaMrbs; Ngon RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 46
  47. 47. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - Inscribed ¬cMNar¦³ kaMRtUv)anvas;BIcMnuckNþaleTAcMnuc RCugrbs; Ngon - Circumscribed Radius ¬karvilduMénkaM¦³ kaMRtUv)anvas;BIcMnuckNþaleTAkan;cMehogrbs; Ngon KWcab;BI 3 eTA 100. - Corner Radius ¬kaMenAcMnucRCug¦ ³ kMNt;muMenACuMvij nig apply eTAkan;RCugEkgrbs; Ngon. karbegáItmuM 0 KWCa KMrUmYysMrab;kMNt;RCugmanragmUl. - Cicular ¬cracr¦³ eBlEdlebIk kMNt;clnakñúgkareFVIcracrrbs; Ngon edIm,IbegáIt Ngon ³ 1> Creation Panel erIsykBakü Shapes 2> enAelIpÞaMg Objective type rollout Click elIb‘Utug Ngon 3> eRCIserIsviFIFIsa®sþsMrab;begáIt 4> GUs Mouse enAkñúg Viewport edIm,IbegáIt Ngon 5> erobcM Parameter rbs; Ngon RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 47
  48. 48. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 3>8 Star ¬páay¦ Create panel Shapes Splines Object Type rollout Star Create menu Shapes Star Parameters rollout eBlEdlGñkbegáIt)anragpáaymþgehIy GñkGaceFVIkarpøas;bþÚreRbIR)as; Parameters xageRkam)an³ - Radius1 ¬kaMTImYy¦³ kMNt;rbs;ExSbBaÄrkñúg ¬RClg¦énpáay. - Radius 2¬kaMTIBIr¦³ kMNt;kaMrbs;ExSbBaÄreRkA ¬cMnucRsYc¦énpáay. - Points ¬cMnuc¦³ kMNt;cMnYnéncMnucenAelIpáay CYrEdlGacykCakar)ancab;BI 3 100. páaymanExSbBaÄreRcInCag 2dgcMnYncMnucEdl)ankMNt;. Bak;kNþalénExSbBaÄrKWenAelIkaMmYytamtamTMrg; cMnuc nigExSbBaÄrEdlenAsl;KW enAelIkaMd¾éTeTottamTMrg;RClg. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 48
  49. 49. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - Distortion ¬kareFVIeGayxusPaBedIm¦³ karbgVilExSbBaÄrxageRkAcMnuc. RbEhlnigcMnuckNþalrbs; páay ktþaenHeFVIeGaymanplb:HBal;edaykarkøayCaragdUceFμjrNa. Fillet Radius1 ¬kaMbMeBjkaMTI1¦³ enACuMvijExS bBaÄrxagkñúg ¬RClg¦rbs;páay. Fillet Radius 2¬bMeBjkaMTI2¦³ enACuMvijExSbBaÄrxageRkA ¬cMnuc¦ rbs;páay. edIm,IbegáItpáay³ RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 49
  50. 50. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC edIm,IbegáItpáay 1> Create Panel erIsykBakü Shapes 2> enAelIpÞaMg Object type Rollout, Click elIb‘Utug Ngon 3> eRCIserIsviFIsa®sþkñúgkarbegáIt 4> GUs Mouse eTAkñúg Viewport mYyedIm,IbegáIt Ngon 5> erobcMelI Parameters rbs; Ngon 3>9 Text ¬GtßbT¦ Create panel Shapes Splines Objcet Type Rollout Text Create Menu Shapes Text Parameters Rollout eBlGñkbegáItGtßbT)anmþgehIy GñkGaceFVIeGaykarpøas;bþÚreRbIR)as; Parameters TaMgenH)an³ - Font List ³ eRCIserIsecjBItarag Font TaMgLayEdl GaceRbIkar)anKW rYmman Font Edl)anbBa©Úlkñúg Windows ehIy. vayGkSrmYyBaküén font kñúg Configure Path Dialog. - Halic Style Button ¬m:UdbBaäit¦³ erobcMeGayGtßbT bBaäit)ans¥atl¥. - Underline Style Button ¬KUsbnÞat;BIeRkam¦³ sMrab; KUrbnÞat;BIeRkamGtßbT. - Align Left ¬tMrg;xageqVg¦³ tMrg;GtßbTeGayeTAeqVgénRbGb;sMrab;sresr. - Center ¬kNþal¦³ tMrwmGtßbTeGayenAcMkNþalRbGb;sresr - Align Right ¬tMrg;xagsþaM¦³ sMrab;tMrg;GtßbTeGayeTAxagsþaMénRbGb;sMrab;sresr. - Justify ¬RtwmesμIKñasgxag¦³ épÞenAsgxagRKb;CYrénGtßbTRtUvsn§wgeGayeBjRbGb;sresr. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 50
  51. 51. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC Note ³ cMeBaHkartMrg;GtßbTTaMg4 RbePTxagelIenH RtUvkareGaymanCYrsMeNrenAGtßbTeRcIn BieRBaHvabgðaj enAelIGtßbTEdlmanTMnak;TMngKñakñúgRbGb;. RbsinebIGtßbTmanGkSrEtmYyCYr enaHvanwgmanTMhMEtmYyenAkñúg RbGb;sesr ehIyminmankEnøgsMrab;eTA)aneT. - Size ¬TMhM¦³ erocMelIkMBs;GtßbT EdlviFIsa®sþkñúgkarvas;kMBs;GtßbTenHKW )anbgðajedayclnaénBum<GkSr. enAeBldMbUgEdlGñkvayGtßbT TMhMEdlCa Default rbs;vaman 100 units. - Kerning ³ RtUvdak; Kerning eGay)anRtwmRtUv ¬cMgayrvagGkSrmYyeTAmYyeTot¦ - Leading ¬naMmux¦³ erobcMelI Leading ¬cMgayrvagCYrnimYy²¦ vamanRbsiT§PaBenAeBlNaEdlmanCYrGkSr eRcInénGtßbTrYmbBa©ÚlkñúgTMrg;mYyRsab;. - Text Edit box ³ GnuBaØati)ansMrab;GtßbTEdlmanCYreRcIn. cuc Enter bnÞab;BICYrnimYy² énGtßbTedIm,Icab;epþIm CYrbnÞab;. lkçN³dMbUgén Defaults KW “Max Text” . RbGb;sMrab;vayGtßbTmin)anTTYlsÁal;CamYynwgcegáam BaküeT. GñkGackat;Bakü nigbiT (Paste) vijEtmYyCYr rWeRcInCYr tamry³ Clipboard. Update Group krNIenHGaceGayGñkeFVIkareRCIserIskareFVIeGayTan;sm½yEdlbegáItsMrab;sßankarN_EdlmanlkçN³sμúKsμaj énTMrg;rbs;GtßbTEdlFMeFgsMrab;kareFVIeGaykan;EtTMenIbedayPaBGUtUm:aTic. Update kareFVIeGayGtßbTmanlkçN³TMenIbenAkñúg viewport edIm,IpÁúMeGaysuIKñacMeBaHkarerobcMPøam²enAkñúg Text Display Window . b‘UtugenHeRbI)anEtenAeBlEdl Manual Update kMBugebIk. Manual Update eBlEdlebIk GtßbTEdlGñkvayGtßbT Text display window minbgðajenAkñúg Viewport eT rhUtTal;EtGñk Click elIb‘Utug Update. edIm,IbegáItGtßbT³ 1> Create panel erIsykBakü shapes 2> enAelIpÞaMg Object Type Rollout Click elIb‘Utug Text 3> Enter GtßbTEdlGñkcg;)ankñúg Text Window 4> Click elI Viewport NamYyedIm,IbegáIt Caracter 5> erobcMelI Parameters rbs;GtßbT RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 51
  52. 52. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 3>10 Herix Create Panel Shapes Splines Objcet Type Rollout Helix Create menu Shapes Helix Parameters Rollout eBlEdlGñkbegáIt Herix )anmþgehIy GñkGaceFVIkar pøas;bþÚr Parameter TaMgenH)an. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 52
  53. 53. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - Radius 1³ kMNt;kMBs;rbs; Herix - Radius 2³ kMNt;kaMedIm,IbBa©b; Herix - Height ³kMNt;kMBs;rbs; Herix - Turn ¬karbEgVr¦³ kMNt;cMnYnénkarbEgVr Herix Edlcab;epþImrvagcMnuccab;epþIm nigcMnucbBa©b;. - Bias ³ KWCasMNagbEgVredIm,IeGayekIneLIgnUvcMnucmYyrbs; Herix Bias min)anbgðajkaremIleXIjnUv RbsiT§PaBGVIeTEdlkMBs;mantMél 0>0. edIm,IbegáIt Herix 1> Create panel erIsBakü shapes 2> enAelIpÞaMg Object Type Rollout Click elIb‘Utug Herix 3> Click elI Renderarable nigerobcMelIkMras; 4> Click elIviFIsa®sþsMrab;begáIt 5> GUs Mouse cUlkñúg Viewport edIm,IbegáI Herix 6> erobcMelI Parameters rbs; Herix 7> Click elIpÞaMg Render Scence Toolbar EdlenAelI Toolbar 8> GñknwgeXIjkar Render elI Herix CamYynwgkMras;rbs;va RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 53
  54. 54. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 3>11 BMnuH (Selection) Creation Panel Shapes Spines Object Type Rollout Section Create Menu Shapes Section Section Parameters Rollout - Create Shape ¬karbegáItTMrg;¦³ karbegáItTMrg;mYy EpñkelIkarbgðajfμI²nUvkarRbsBVrbs;bnÞat;. Dialog mYy)anbgðajBIGVIEdlGñkGaceGayeQμaHvtßúfμI)an. lT§plénTMrg; KW Spline EdlGacEkERb)anCakMNat;én bnÞat;eday nigRCugbBaÄr Ep¥kelIkarRbsBVénPaBbnSúI KñaenAelIpÞaMgEtmYy. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 54
  55. 55. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC Update Group: pþl;muxgarsMrab;kMNt;eGayc,as; eBlEdlkarRbsBV énbnÞat;kan;EtmanlkçN³ Update. - When Section Moves ¬eBlBMnuHmanclna¦³ eFVIeGaykarRbsBVénbnÞat; kan;EtmanlkçN³RbesIreBlGñk eFVIclna rWkMNt;TMhMmþgeTotelIragBMnuHkat;. - When Section Selected ¬eBlBMnuHCab; Select¦³ eFVIeGaykarRbsBVénbnÞat;kan;EtmanlkçN³RbesIreBl EdlBMnuHCab; Select b:uEnþminEmnkñúgeBlEdlGñkeFVIclnavaenaHeT. Click elIb‘Utug Update Section edIm,IeGay karRbsBVénBMnuHkan;Etl¥eLIg. - Manually³eFVIeGaykarRbsBVénbnÞat;manlkçN³ kan;EtTMenIbeBlEdlGñk Click elI Update Section b‘Utug. - Update Section ³ eFVIeGaykarRbsBVénmuxkan;EtTMenIbedIm,IeGaysuIKña eTAnwgkEnøgfμIrbs;vtßúEdl)an Select eBlEdleyIgkMBugeRbIelI When Section Selected rW Manually . - Note ³ eBlEdlkMBugeRbIelI When Section Selected rW Manually Gñkgac Offset edaybegáIteGaymanBMnuH kat;TTwgBITItaMgén geometry rbs;karRbsBV. dUcEdlGñkeFVIeGayvtßúBMnuHmanclna ehIyExSBMnuHkatTTwgBN’ elOg k¾manclnaCamYyEdr edayTukecalnUv Geometry enABIeRkay. eBlGñk Click elI Create Shape enaH TMrg;fμInwgbgðajeLIgtamExSBMnuHkat;TTwg enAelITItaMgsMrab; Offset. Section Extends group eRCIserIsykmYykñúgcMeNamkrNIxagelIenH edIm,IkMNt;cMgayénBMnuHkat;TTwgEdlbegáItedaykarBuHvtßú. - Infinite ¬Gnnþ¦³ bøg;BMnuHKW GnnþenARKb;TisedATaMgGs; CalT§plenAkñúgBMnuHkat;TTwg man Geometry Nak¾bnSúIcUlKñaEdrenAkñúgépÞrabrbs;va. - Section Boundary ¬RBMEdnénBMnuH¦³ BMnuHkat;TTwgbegIteLig)anEtCamYyvtßúNaEdlenAxagkñúg rWb:H Bal;edayRBMEdnénkarBuH. - Color Swatch ³ Click elIenHedIm,IerobcMkarbgðajBIBN’énkarRbsBVKña. Section Size Rollout pþl;nUv Spinners EdleGayGñksMrYlelIbeNþay nigTTwgEdlbgðaj tamBuHragctuekaNEkg. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 55
  56. 56. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - Length/ Width ³ sMrYlbeNþay nigTTwgrbs;karbgðajBMnuHragctuekaNEkg. edIm,IbegáItBMnuH 1> begáItCa Max Text enAelI Viewport NamYy 2> Create panel erIsBakü Shapes ehIy Click elI Section 3> GUs Mouse CaragctuekaNEkgenAkñúg Viewport NamYyEdlGñkcg;bgðajpøÚvelIépÞrab. 4> rMkil rW bgVilBMnuH dUcenHnwgeXIj vtßúEdlmanPaBbnSúIKña enAelIépÞrabrbs;va enAkñúgpÞaMg Scence 5> bnÞat;elOgbgðajeLIgenAkEnøgEdlCaTIRbsBVénépÞrab 6> Click elI Create Shape 7> vaybBa©ÚleQμaHeTAkñúg Dialog CalT§pl ehIy Click OK RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 56
  57. 57. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC CMBUk 2 Commands edIm,IEkERbrUbsMNak 1. Modify RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 57
  58. 58. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 1>1 Bend ¬karBt;¦ Modify Panel Make a selection Modify List Parametric Modifiers Bend Make a selection Modifiers Menu Parametric Deformers Bend Modifier Stack - Gizmo sub-object³ GñkGaceFVIeGay Gizmo ERbRbYl nig manclnadUcvtßúd¾éTeTotenAkñúgkMrit sub-subject plb:HBal; énkarbMEpøgBIkarpøas;bþÚr Bend. karERbesckþIelI Gizmo eday ERbcMnuckNþalxøÜnÉgeTAcMgayesμIrYmmYy. ral;karbgVil nigkMNt;maRtdæanelI Gizmo RtUveKarBelIcMnuckNþalrbs;va. - Center sub-object ³GñkGaceFVIkarERbesckþI nigmanclnaelIcMnuckNþalenAkMril Center sub object ehIy bMEpøgeTACaragdUc Gizmo ehIydUcKñanigvtßúEdl)anBt;ehIy. Parameters Rollout Bend Group - Angle ¬muM¦³ erobcMedIm,IBt;cab;BIépÞrabbBaÄr Range = -999,990.0 eTA + 999,999.0 - Direction ¬TisedA¦³ erobcMTisedAelITMnak;TMngelIkatBt; eTAépÞrabepþk. Range = -999,990.0 eTA + 999,999.0 Bend Axis Group: X/Y/Z ³kMNt;GkS½edIm,IBt; RtUvsMKal;fa GkS½enHsßitena Bend Gizmo nigminTak;TgeTAnwgGVIEdl)an Select eT Default= Z Limit Group - Limit Effect ³ karGnuvtþn_elIkMritRBMEdnedIm,IeGaymanRbsiT§PaBelIkarBt;. Default= Off RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 58
  59. 59. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - Upper Limit ³ erobcMRBMRbTl;xagelIenAkñúg World Uniits cab;BIcMnuckNþalénkarBt; EdlkarBt;enHminman RbsiT§iPaBelI Geometry eT. Default = O, Range =0 eTA 999,999.0 - Lower Limit³ erobcMRBMRbTl;xageRkamenAkñúg World Units cab;BIcMnuckNþalénkarBt; karBt;enHminman RbsiT§PaBeTAelI Geometry eT. Default = 0, Range= 999,999.0 eTA 0 edIm,IbegáItragEkgédCamYy Command Bend 1> begáItTIbenAkñúg viewport NamYy ehIy select elIvtßúnwg click elI modifiers rollout 2> Click elIb‘Utug Bend 3> kMNt;muMedIm,IBt;tamGkS½Edl)anerIsehIy 4> enAelIpÞaMg parameters rollout edIm,IGkS½énkarBt;eTA X,Y rW Z enHKWCaGkS½rbs; Bend Gizmo min EmnCaGkS½rbs; Bend Gizmo minEmnCaGkS½rbs;vtßúEdl Select eT 5> ebIkelIBakü Limit Effect enAkñúg Limit Group nigerogcMelI Upper Limit 6> rMkil Gizmo eTAxagsþaM 7> bnÞab;mkGñknwg eXIjragEkgéd RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 59
  60. 60. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 1>2 Taper Modify Panel Make a selection Modifier List Parametric Modifiers Taper Make a selection Modifiers Menu Parametric Deformers Taper karpøas;bþÚrelI Taper pþl;eGaykarv½NÐCuMvijEdlmanlkçN³kan;EttUceTA² edaykarbnßycugTaMgBIrén Geometryrbs;vtßú cugmçagKWbEnßm nig cugmçageTot KWbnßy. GñkGacRtYtBinitücMnYn nigExSekagén Taper elIkar erobcMGkS½BIr Gñkk¾GackMNt;RBMEdnén Taper eTACaBMnuHén Geometry. Modifier Stack - Gizmo ³ enAelIkMrit sub-object enH GñkGacEkERbTTWg nigeFVIeGay Gizmo manclnadUcCavtßúd¾éTeTotEdr. plb:H RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 60
  61. 61. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC Bal;énkarkMEbøgelIkarpøas;bþÚr Taper .karERbesckþIelI Gizmo edayERbcMnuckNþaledayxøÜnÉgeTAcMgayesμI KñamYy. ral;karbgVil nigkMNt;maRtdæan elI Gizmo RtUveKarBelIcMnuckNþalrbs;va. - Center ¬cMnuckNþal¦³ enAelIkMrit sub-object GñkGacEkERbcMnuckNþal nigeFVIeGayvamanclna kar bMElgrag Taper Gizmo naMeGayvtßúenaHmanragkan;EtRsYceTA. Parameter Rollout karpøas;bþÚrelI Taper pþl;eGaykarerobcMenAelIGkS½TaMgBIr nigkarerob cMeGaymanlkçN³suIemRTIenAkñúgRbGb; Taper Axis elI Parameter Rollout CamYynwgkarpøas;bþÚrd¾éTeTot GkS½TaMgenhmanTMenareTArk Gizmo én Taper minEmneTArkxøÜnvaenaHeT. Taper Group - Amount ¬cMnYn¦³ cMgayeTAkan;cMnucnimYy²Edl)ankMNt;maRtdæanehIy tMélcMnYnTaMgenHmanTMnak; TMngCamYynwg tMélGtibrmaKW 10. - Curve ¬PaBekag¦³ GnuvtþkMeNageTAkan;cMehogén Taper gizmo, dUecñHplb:HBal;EdlmanelIRTg; RTayrbs;vaKWkan;EtRsYceLIg². tMélviC¢manbegáIteGay)anEpñkekagxageRkAcMehogEdlmanlkçNkan;EtRsYc tMélviC¢manbegáIteGay)anExSekagEpñkxagkñúg. enAtMél 0 cMehogTaMgLayminmankarERbRbYleT. Default = 0 Taper Axis Group - Primary: GkS½kNþalrWq¥wgxñgrbs; Taper: X, Y rW Z Default = Z. - Effect: GkS½mYyrW GkS½mYyKUrcg¥úlbgðajBITisedArbs; Taper cab;BIGkS½dMbUgeTA. CMerIsCaeRcInEdl Gacrk)an KWkarkMNt;edayCMerIsmYyénGkS½dMbUg. RbsiT§iPaBelIGkS½mYyGacmanlkçN³dUcKñanig GkS½BIreTot EdlenAsl; rWkarbBa©ÚlKñarbs;GkS½TaMgBIrenaH. RbsinebIGkS½dMbUgKWCaGkS½ X enaHRbsiT§iPaBelIGkS½GacCa Y, Z rW YZ . Default = XY RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 61
  62. 62. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - Symemetry ¬suIemRTI¦³ begáItCa Taper manlkçN³suIemRTICuMvijGkS½dMbUg. Taper mYyKWEtgEtmanlkçN³suIemRTICuMvijGkS½NaEdlmanRbsiT§iPaB. Default = Off GkS½dMbUg GkS½TTYlT§iBl Limit Group kar Offset elI Taper KWGnuvtþcenøaHRBMEdnEdlkan;EtTab nig RBMEdnEdlkan;Etx<s;. Geometry Edl enACuMvij/ kñúgxN³EdlminmanT§iBleday Taper xøÜnÉgpÞal; va)aneFVIclnaedIm,IrkSavtßúeGayenAdEdl. - Limit Effect ¬RbsiT§iPaBénRBMEdn¦³ GaceFVIeGayRBMEdnkan;EtTab nigkanEtx<s;)ansMrab;RbsiT§iPaB eTAelI Taper. - Upper Limit ¬RBMEdnkan;Etx<s;¦³ kMNt;elIRBMEdnEdlmanlkçN³kan;x<s;enAkñúg World Unit cab;BI cMnuckNþalén Taper eTA. xageRkayKWCa Taper EdlminmanRbsiT§iPaBelI Geometry eToteLIy. - Lower Limit ¬RBMEdnkan;EtTab¦³ kMNt;elIRBMEdnEdlkan;EtTabenAkñúg World Unit cab;BIcMnuc kNþalén Taper eTAxageRkayKWCa Taper EdlminmanRbsiT§iPaBelI Geometry eToteLIy. RbsiT§iPaBelIkarrMkilcMnuckNþalCamYynwgkarerobcMelIRBMEdn edIm,IbegáItKMrbmanCMralCamYynwg Taper 1-5 begáItTIbenAkñúg Viewport NamYy 6-7 Click elIb‘Utug Bend EdlenAkñúg Modifier Rollout 8 kMNt;cMnYnén TaperegáItTIbenAkñúg Taper nigtMNag 9 erobcMelIGkS½rbs; Taper RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 62
  63. 63. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 10 bnÞab;mkGñknwgeXIjvtßúmYymanragdUcCaekan 11> Click elIb‘tug U V W Map enAkñúg Modifier rollout 12> Select RbePTénRbGb;enAkñúg Mapping Rollout 13> Click elIb‘Utug Fit EdlenAkñúg Aligment 14> Select elI Material /Mapp Browser enAkñúg Toolbar RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 63
  64. 64. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 15> Click elIrn§KMrUTImYykñúgcMeNamcenøaHrn§tUcEdlCaKMrU 16> Click elIb‘Utug Assign Material edIm,IkMNt;sMPar³eTAelIvtßú 17> Click elIb‘Utug Diffuse color map enAkñúg maps rollout 18> Select elI checker map EdlenAkñúg Material /Map browser 19> Click OK 20> erobcMelIkardak;kar:UelIEpnTI ( U=5, V=5 ) 21> LÚvrn§KMrUtUc² TImYyrbs;GñkkøayCaragRklacRtgÁ 22> Click elI Show map enAkñúg viewport edIm,IeXIjRklacRtgÁkñúg Viewport 23> ekanrbs;Gñkpøas;bþÚrrYcehIy 24> pøas;bþÚrRbePTrYcehIy 25> Click Rende Last enAkñúg Toolbar 26> KMrbmanCMral nigbgðajtam Render eLIg RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 64
  65. 65. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 1>3> Twist ¬karmYs¦ * Modifier Panel eFVIkar Select elIenaH Modifier list Parametric Modifier Twist * Make a selection Modifier Menu Parametric Defarmers Twist Twist Modifier begIáteGay)anCakarrmYlmYy ¬dUcCakarBUtRkNat;TTwk¦ enAkñúg Geometry rbs;vtßúmYy. GñkGacRtYtBnitümuMénkarrmYlelIGkS½NamYy)ankñúgGkS½TaMgbI ehIyerobcMelIPaBlMeGogeTAmçagEdl sgát;elI T§iBlénkarrmYl ehIymanTMnak;TMngeTAcMnucsñÚl. Gñkk¾GackMNt;RBMEdnPaBrmYleTABMnuHmYyén Geometry. Note: eBlEdlGnuvtelI Twist Modifier enaHcMnuckNþalrbs; Twist gizmo KWsßitenARtg;cMnucsñÚlénvtßú ehIyExSbnÞat;én Gizmo k¾eLIgtamGkS½rbs;vtßú. mU:EdledIm mU:Edllμm mUEdlxøaMg Modifier Stack GñkGaceFVIeGay Gizmo manclnanig ERbRbYldUcvtßú - Gizmo: d¾éTeTotenAkñúgkMrit sub-object level, plb:HBal;énkarbMEpøg BIpøas;bþÚr Twist. karERbesckþIelI Gizmo edaybkERbcMnuc kNþaledayxøÜnÉgeTAcMgayesμIKñamYy. ral;karbgVilnigkar kMNt;maRtdæanelI Gizmo RtUveKarBelIcMnuckNþalrbs;va. - Center ¬cMnuckNþal¦³ GñkGacERbesckþInig eFVIeGaycMnuckNþalmanclnaenAkñúgkMrit sub-object level Edl bMEpøgelIrag twist gizmo ehIydUcKanigTMrg;énvtßúEdl)anBt;rYc. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 65
  66. 66. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC Twist Parameter Rollout Twist group - Angle ¬muM¦³ kMNt;cMnYnénkarrmYlCuMvijGkS½bBaÄr Default = 0.0 - Bias ¬PaBlMeGogeTAmçag¦³ buBVehtuénkarbgVilehIyrmYl edIm,IcgCa)ac;rvagcMnuccugTaMgBIrrbs;vtßú. eBlEdl Parameters mantMélGviC¢man enaHvtßúEdlrmYlmanlkçN³ xit CitcMnuckNþalrbs; Gizmo . eBlEdlmantMélviC¢manvtßú. EdlrmYlmanlkçN³kan;Etq¶ayBIcMnuckNþalrbs; Gizmo. eBlEdl Parameters mantMél 0 karrmYlmanlkçN³dUcedIm minmanpøas;bþÚrGVIeLIy. Range: 100 eTA -100 . Default = 0.0 Twist Axis Group - X/Y/Z: kMNt;tambeNþayGkS½NamYyEdlmankarrmYlnwgekIneLIgelIenaH. enHKWCaGkS½edImrbs; Twist gizmo . Default = Z Limit Group karGnuvtþRbsiT§iPaBénkarrmYl)anEtenAelIEpñkbBaÄr Edlsn§wgenAcenøaHRBMEdnTab nigx<s;. Spinner BIrEdlbgðajBIcgaytambeNþayGkS½ Z rbs; Gizmo( Z=0 KWenAcMnuckNþalrbs; Gizmo) eBlvatamtMélesμI Kña KWvamanlkçN³dUcnwgkarminmanlT§PaBeRbIelIRbsiT§iPaBénkarrmYl. - Limit Effect ¬RbsiTi§PaBénRBMEdn¦³ GnuvtþelIRBMEdnEdlkMhiteTAkan; Twist Modifier. - Upper Limit¬RBMEdnkan;Etx<s;¦³ kMNt;RBMEdnEdlmanlkçN³kan;Etx<s;sMrab;RbsiT§iPaBénkarrmYl. Default = 0 -Lower Limit ¬RBMEdnkan;EtTab¦³ kMNt;RBMEdnEdlmanlkçN³kan;EtTabsMrab;RbsiT§iPaBénkarmYl. Default = 0 edIm,ImYlvtßúmYy³ 1> Select elIvtßúmYyehIy Apply Twist 2> enAelI Parameters rollout, kMNt;GkS½rbs; Twist eTA X, Y rW Z vamanTMenareTArkGkS½én Twist gizmo minEmnGkS½rbs;vtßúEdl)an SelectenaHeT. 3> kMNt;muMénkarrmYl RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 66
  67. 67. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 4> kMNt;elI Bias énkarrmYl * Modify Panel Make a Select Modifier list Parametric Modifier Noise * Make a selection Modifier Menu Parametric Deformers Noise Noise Modifier eFVIeGaybþÚrTItaMgrbs;ExSbBaÄrénvtßúmYy tambeNþayGkS½EdlbBa©ÚlKñaTaMgbI. ]bkrN_ sMxan;sMrab;eFVIeGaymanclna KWeFVIeGaydUcniglkçN³RBal² epSg² BIKñaenAkñúgragrbs;vtßúmYy. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 67
  68. 68. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC kareRbIR)as;elIkarerobcMcMerokmYy GñkGacsMercelIPaBeFVIeGayRBal)an/ eFVIeGaymanrlkelIRkla dUcCaTg;CatiRtUvxül;bk;. CamYynig karerobcMelIcMerokGñkk¾GacbegáIt)anCalkçN³PUmisa®sþdUcCaPñMcab;BIépÞ rabén GeometryeTA. épÞrabEdlminmandak;sMelg bEnßm Texture eTAépÞrabbegáItCasmuRTmanlkçN³s¶b;mYy Modifier Stack - Gizmo/ Center: GñkGacrMkil/ bgVil/ rWkMNt;maRtdæanrbs; Gizmo nigcMnuckMNþal sub-object edIm,IeGaymanRbsiT§iPaB elIsMelgGñkk¾GaceFVIeGay sub-object køayCamanclna )anEdr. Parameter Group Noise Group RtYtBnitüelIGakar³xageRkAénsMelg dUecñHT§iBlrbs;vaenAelIkarxUcRTg;RTayrUbsa®sþénvtßúenaH. tamry³ Default karRtYtBinitümanlkçN³enARTwgrhUtTal;EtGñkpøas;bþÚrelIkarerobcM. - Seed ¬BUC¦³ begáItcMnuccab;epþImén Random mYycabBItMélelxEdlGñk)ankMNt;. CaBiessman GtßRbeyaCn_elIkarbegáItépÞrab (Terrain) BIeRBaHkarkMNt;nimYy²GacbegáItCarUbsNæanxus² Kña. - Scale ¬maRtdæan¦ ³ kMNt;TMhMénT§iBlrbs;sMelg ¬minEmnkMlaMgeT¦ TMhMkan;EtFMbegIteGay)an CasMelgkan;EtRsTan; tMélkan;EtTabeFVIeGaysMelgkan;EtmanlkçN³reqkrqUc. Dafault = Off RbsinebIGñkcg;ebIBakü Fractal GñkGaceFVIkareRCIserIsxageRkamenH. RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 68
  69. 69. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - Roughness ¬PaKKRKat¦³ kMNt;RbEvgépÞbBaÄrrbs;bMENk. Range=0 eTA 1>0. Default = 0 Iteration ¬mþgehIymþgeTot¦³ RtYtBnitüelIcMnYnénPaBsar eLIgvij ¬rWépÞenAcenøaHGkSrmYyeTAmYyEdldUcKña¦ eRbI tamry³muxgarénbMENk. karsaredImeLIgvijkan;Ettic naM eGayeRbIR)as;famBlrbs;bMENkk¾ticEdr ehIybegáIteGay )anCab;plb:HBal;manlkçN³kan;Etrelag. PaBsareLIgedIm mþg1>0 KWmanlkçN³dUcKña nigkarbiTBakü Fractal. Range = 1.0 eTA 10.0 Default =6.0 Strength Group RtYtBnitüelITMhMénRbsiT§iPaBrbs;sMelg. KμanRbsiT§PaBén sMelgekIneLIgrhUtTal;EtmankMlaMgmYycMnYnRtUv)andak; eGayGnuvtþ. X,Y,Z ³kMNt;kMlaMgrbs;RbsiT§iPaBénsMelgtambeNþayGkS½nimYy²kñúgcMeNaymGkS½TaMgbI. vaybBa©ÚltMél énGkS½mYyy:agticbMputedIm,IbegáIt)ansMelgmYy. Dafault = 0.0, 0.0, 0.0 Animation group RtYtBinitüelITMrg;énT§iBl sMelgtamry³kardak;BIelInUvsésrlkmYyedIm,IeFVItamRklaénsMelg. ktþaTaMgenHrkSasMelgeGayenAkñúgRBMEdn/ nigbenSIm Random xøaMgbMput. eBlEdlebIelIBakü Animate Noise, Parameters TaMgenHmanT§iBlelIsMelgTaMgmUleTaHCay:agNak¾edayGñkGaceFVIeGaysMelgmanclna nig Strength Parameters dMeNIrkareTAedayÉkraCü. ktþaTaMgenHmintMrUveGay Animate Noise ebIkenAkñúg xN³EdreyIgkMBugeGayvamnclnarW RtLb;eRkayvijeT ¬Playback¦. - Aimate Noise: dak;kMritelIT§iBlénkarbBa©ÚlKñarbs; Parameter rbs; Noise nig Parameters rbs; Strenth. Paremeters xageRkamenHsMrab;sMrbsMrYlelIrlkEdlenAeRkam ³ RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 69
  70. 70. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC rUb 1>4> Noise ¬sMelg¦ - Modify Panel Make a selection Modifier list Parametric modifier Noise - Make a selection modifiers menu parametric deformers noise Noise modifier eFVIeGaybþÚrTItaMgrbs;ExSbBaÄrénvtßúmYy tambeNþayGkS½EdlbBa©ÚlKñaTaMgbI. ]bkrN_sMxan;sMrab;eFVIeGaymanclna KWeFVIeGaydUcnwglkçN³RBal² epSg²BIKñaenAkñúgragrbs;vtßúmYy. kareRbIR)as;elIkarerobcMcMerokmYy GñkGacsMercelIPaBeFVIeGayRBal)an eFVIeGaymanrlkelIRkLa dUcCaTg;CatiRtUvxül;bk. CamYynwgkarerobcMelIcMerokGñkk¾GacbegáIt)anCalkçN³PUmisaRsþdUcCaPñMcab;BIépÞrab én Geometry eTA. Twist Axis Group - X/Y/Z: kMNt;beNþayGkS½NamYyEdlkarmYlnwgekIteLIgelIenaH. enHKWCaGkS½edImrbs; Twist gizmo . Default = Z - Limit Effect ¬RbsiT§iPaBénRBMEdn¦³ karGnuvtþelIRBMEdnEdlkMhiteTAkan; Twist Modifier. - Upper Limit ¬RBMEdnkan;Etx<s;¦³ kMNt;RBMEdnEdlmanlkçN³ RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 70
  71. 71. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - Center ¬cMnuckNþal¦ ³ enAelIkMrit Sub object GñkGacEkERbcMnuckNþal nig eFVIeGayva man clnakar bMEpøgrag Taper Gizmo naMeGayvtßúenaHmanragkan;EtRsYceTA . Parameter rollout karpøas;bþÚrelI Taper pþl;eGaykarerobcMenAelIG½kSBIr nig karerobcMeGaymanlkçN³suIemRTIenAkñúg RbGb; Taper Axis elI Parameter rollout CamYynigkarpøas;bþÚrd¾éTeTot G½kSTaMgenHmanTMnreTArk Gizmo En Taper minEmneTArkxøÜnvaeT . Taper group - Amount ¬cMnYn¦ ³ cMgayeTAkan;cMnuccugnImYy²Edl)ankMNt;maRtdæanehIy tMélcMnYnTaMgenH manTMnak;TMngCamYynigtMélGtibrimaKW 10 . - Curve ¬PaBekag¦ ³ GnuvtþkMeNageTAkan;cMehogén Taper Gizmo/ dUcenHplb:HBal;Edlman elIRTg;RTayrbs;vaKWkan;EtRsYceLIg² . tMélviC¢manbegáIteGay)anEpñkekagxageRkAcMehogEdlman lkçN³kan;EtRsYc tMélGviC¢manbegáIteGay)anExSekagEpñkxagkñúg . tMél 0 cMehogTaMgLayminmankar karERbRbYleT . Default = 0 Taper Axis group ³ G½kSkNþalb¤qñwgxñgrbs; Taper : X, Y b¤ Z. Default =Z - Primary - Effect ³ G½kSmYyrW G½kSmYyKU cg¥úlbgðajBITisedArbs; Taper cab;BIG½kSdMbUgeTA . CMerWsCaeRcIn EdlGacrk)an KWkarkMnt;eGayCMerIsmYyénG½kSdMbUg . RbsiT§iPaBelIG½kSmYyGacmanlkçN³dUcKñanigG½kS BIreTotEdlenAsl; b¤karbB©ÚalKñarbs;G½kSTaMgBIrenaH . RbsinebIG½kSdMbUgKWCaG½kS X enaHRbsiT§iPaBelI G½kSGacCa Y, Z b¤ YZ Default = XY RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 71
  72. 72. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC - Symmetry ¬suIemRTI¦ ³ begáItCa Taper manlkçN³suIemRTICMuvijG½kSdMbUg . Taper mYyKWEtgEt manlkçN³suIemRTICMuvijG½kSNaEdlmanRbsiT§iPaB . Default = off G½kSdMbUg G½kSTTYlT§iBl Limit group kar offset elI Taper KWGnuvtþcenøaHRBMEdnEdlkan;EtTabnig RBMEdnEdlkan;Etx<s; . Geometry EdlenAB½T§CMuvij/ kñúgxNÐEdlminmanT§iBleday Taper xøÜnÉgpÞal; va)aneFVIclnaedIm,IrkSavtßúeGayenA dEdl . - Limit Effect ¬RbsiT§iPaBénRBMEdn¦ ³ GaceFVIeGayRBMEdnkan;EtTabnigkan;Etx<s;)an sMrab; RbsiT§iPaBeTAelI Taper . - Upper Limit ¬RBMEdnkan;Etx<s;¦ ³ kMnt;elIRBMEdnEdlmanlkçN³kan;Etx<s;eTAkñúg Word Unit cab;BIcMnickNþalén Taper eTA . xageRkamKWCa Taper EdlminmanRbsiT§iPaBelI Geometry eToteLIy . - Lower Limit ¬RBMEdnEdlkan;EtTab¦ ³ kMnt;elIRBMEdnEdlkan;EtTabenAkñúg Word Unit cab;BI cMnuckNþalén Taper eTA xageRkayKWCa Taper EdlminmanRbsiT§iPaBelI Geometry eToteLIy . RbsiT§iPaBelIkarrMkilcMnuckNþalCamYYynigkarerobcMelIRBMEdn edIm,IbegáItKMrbmanCMralCamYy Taper 1–5 . begáItTIbenAkñúg View port NamYy RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 72
  73. 73. Department of Civil Engineering NPIC 6–7 . Click elIb‘Utug Bend Edlmankñúg Modifier rollout 8 . kMnt;cMnYnén Taper nig kMeNag 9 . erobcMMelIG½kSrbs; Taper 10 . bnÞab;mkGñknigeXIjvtßúmYymanragdUcCaekan RkaPickMuBüÚT½r 73

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