Transatlantic slave trade

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Transatlantic slave trade

  1. 1. Transatlantic Slave Trade
  2. 2. Where did they go?
  3. 4. Triangular Slave Trade 15 th – 19 th Centuries <ul><li>10 to 20 millions Africans were transported to the Americas for over 300 years </li></ul><ul><li>The majority of the slaves were shipped to Brazil, Caribbean and the Spanish empire </li></ul><ul><li>Less than 5% travelled to N. America </li></ul><ul><li>Slave trading was important to European’s economic development </li></ul><ul><li>Western and Central Africa’s population was greatly impacted </li></ul>
  4. 5. Europeans enslaved Africans <ul><li>Profitable enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves were cheap source of labor for plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Africans slaves produced the following items on the plantation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cotton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sugar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobacco </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Molasses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rum </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Africans Enslaved their own people <ul><ul><li>One African people(chief) raided another to sell to the Europeans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traded Guns, clothes, and beads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cowrie shells (used as money) and brandy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A few Africans sold themselves into slavery to escape the hardship and famine in their home countries </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. Treatment of the Slaves <ul><li>Captured Africans were treated brutally </li></ul><ul><li>Given little food or clothing and often beaten </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves traders packed the slaves tightly into ships, shackled together with chains </li></ul><ul><li>They were left to make the Middle Passage in deplorable conditions(urine, feces, and vomit) </li></ul>
  7. 9. Treatment of the Slaves <ul><li>The Middle Passage was the leg of the trip from Africa to the Americas </li></ul><ul><li>Many Africans died on the way to America </li></ul><ul><li>Africans were forced to lay beside one another with bodies touching. </li></ul><ul><li>This was a way to strip slaves of their identity and self appreciation. It made it easier for them to be controlled. </li></ul>
  8. 10. How long did the slave trade last? <ul><li>About 500 years </li></ul><ul><li>From 15 th – 19 th Century (1401 to 1900) </li></ul>
  9. 12. Reasons for Europeans to Abolish Slave Trade <ul><li>Moral opposition ( people felt that it was wrong) </li></ul><ul><li>Partly as a result of Industrial Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial Revolution proved trade in manufactured goods and raw materials to be more profitable than human capital </li></ul>
  10. 13. Overall Effects of Slavery on Africa and its development <ul><li>Depopulation of African’s labor base </li></ul><ul><li>Tore apart communities and families </li></ul><ul><li>Hindered(stalled) economic development </li></ul>
  11. 14. Overall Effects of slavery on European development <ul><li>Slavery was a profitable industry </li></ul><ul><li>Provided labor needed on their plantations </li></ul><ul><li>Helped build the capital(money) necessary for Industrial Revolutions </li></ul>

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