Modern Europe    Emerges…    Industrial Revolution,World War I, and World War II           Notes
Age of Imperialism During the late 1800s, European nations  took over other countries and turned  them into colonies (“Im...
Nationalism By the 1900s, many people in Europe  took great pride in their countries. This strong sense of “nationalism”...
Australian war propaganda           poster
England War  Poster
Alliances During  the early 1900s, European  nations feared one another—afraid  others would invade/take over their land...
Two Major Alliances During       World War I (1914)Germany           Great BritainAustria-Hungary   FranceItaly           ...
World War I The   spark to start a war:  – June 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand    was assassinated.  – Fighting:    • ...
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
World War I…   End of the War:    – September 1918: Allies were able to push      Germans out of occupied territory.    –...
Weapons
Trench Warfare
Mustard Gas…
World War II… Beginnings   of War:  – After WWI there was a worldwide    depression. Tensions arose between    countries.
Two Major Alliances During       World War II (1939)        Axis Powers        Allied PowersGermany               Great Br...
Axis Powers– Germany   •   Adolf Hitler became Chancellor in 1933.   •   1936 began invading European countries.   •   193...
Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini
USS Arizona: Pearl Harbor Attack
Japanese Airplane
Allied Powers– Great Britain, France, US, China, Soviet  Union– US: Roosevelt– Great Britain: Churchill– Soviets: Stalin  ...
Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin
Turning Points…– Stalingrad: 1942. Germany was in the  Soviet Union heading toward Stalingrad.  Soviets fought back and Ge...
Troops Preparing to Fight: D-Day
End of World War II…– May 7, 1944 Germany surrendered.– Japan refused to surrender  • Harry Truman now US president. Decid...
Harry S. Truman
Enola Gay
“Little Boy” – The Atomic Bomb Dropped             Over Hiroshima
Atomic Bomb Dropped   Over Nagasaki
Nagasaki – after the atomic          bomb
Survivors of Nagasaki
Hiroshima (after A-bomb)
? How   did nationalism change Europe?
Holocaust    --Mass murder of Jews and Gypsies and      other ethnic groups.    – 12 million total killed 1945    full ho...
Nationalism ww iand ii
Nationalism ww iand ii
Nationalism ww iand ii
Nationalism ww iand ii
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Nationalism ww iand ii

4,737 views

Published on

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,737
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3,762
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Australian War propaganda poster: Germans taking over the world. Title: “Once a German, Always a German.” 1918
  • Nationalism ww iand ii

    1. 1. Modern Europe Emerges… Industrial Revolution,World War I, and World War II Notes
    2. 2. Age of Imperialism During the late 1800s, European nations took over other countries and turned them into colonies (“Imperialism”) European nations colonized other countries to get more money and raw materials. European nations took over Africa, Southeast Asia, and many South Pacific Islands. Struggles among these nations eventually bring disaster to Europe.
    3. 3. Nationalism By the 1900s, many people in Europe took great pride in their countries. This strong sense of “nationalism” was one of the causes of World War I and II. – Destructive nationalism caused nations to harm one another in the struggle to get ahead. Also, it prevents nations from working together.
    4. 4. Australian war propaganda poster
    5. 5. England War Poster
    6. 6. Alliances During the early 1900s, European nations feared one another—afraid others would invade/take over their land To protect themselves, they created “alliances” (partnerships) where they agreed to protect each other if someone else attacks them.
    7. 7. Two Major Alliances During World War I (1914)Germany Great BritainAustria-Hungary FranceItaly Russia
    8. 8. World War I The spark to start a war: – June 28, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated. – Fighting: • Lasted 4 years • The Industrial Revolution helped in new types of Warfare – Machine guns, tanks, airplanes and poison gas. • 21 million people died.
    9. 9. Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    10. 10. World War I… End of the War: – September 1918: Allies were able to push Germans out of occupied territory. – A new map of Europe was created – Germany was forced to pay for cities destroyed throughout Europe. – Millions were homeless, this war created a worldwide depression. – War changed how people looked at the world. – US President Wilson created a fourteen point plan that called for a League of Nations, which would help with peace throughout the world.
    11. 11. Weapons
    12. 12. Trench Warfare
    13. 13. Mustard Gas…
    14. 14. World War II… Beginnings of War: – After WWI there was a worldwide depression. Tensions arose between countries.
    15. 15. Two Major Alliances During World War II (1939) Axis Powers Allied PowersGermany Great BritainJapan United StatesItaly Russia
    16. 16. Axis Powers– Germany • Adolf Hitler became Chancellor in 1933. • 1936 began invading European countries. • 1939 marked the start of WWII. • Nazism: belief and practice of Nazi’s. Superior race.– Italy • Benito Mussolini • Offered “A little something for everyone” to gain support. • Dreamed of Mediterranean empire. • 1940 Mussolini declared war on Great Britain and France • Fascism: a political idea that glorifies a country. Single party with a strong ruler and aggressive nationalism.– Japan • 1940 decided to expand empire to east. • December 7, 1941 attacked US troops in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii • Dec. 8, 1941 US declared war on Japan
    17. 17. Adolf Hitler
    18. 18. Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini
    19. 19. USS Arizona: Pearl Harbor Attack
    20. 20. Japanese Airplane
    21. 21. Allied Powers– Great Britain, France, US, China, Soviet Union– US: Roosevelt– Great Britain: Churchill– Soviets: Stalin • These leaders met to discuss the war. Set a day to attack Germany.
    22. 22. Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin
    23. 23. Turning Points…– Stalingrad: 1942. Germany was in the Soviet Union heading toward Stalingrad. Soviets fought back and Germans surrendered in 1943.– D-Day: June 1944 in Normandy, France. Attack on Germans by US and G.B troops. It was a success.
    24. 24. Troops Preparing to Fight: D-Day
    25. 25. End of World War II…– May 7, 1944 Germany surrendered.– Japan refused to surrender • Harry Truman now US president. Decided to use Atomic bomb on Japan. • August 6, 1945 Hiroshima • August 9, 1945 Nagasaki • August 14, 1945 Japan surrendered.
    26. 26. Harry S. Truman
    27. 27. Enola Gay
    28. 28. “Little Boy” – The Atomic Bomb Dropped Over Hiroshima
    29. 29. Atomic Bomb Dropped Over Nagasaki
    30. 30. Nagasaki – after the atomic bomb
    31. 31. Survivors of Nagasaki
    32. 32. Hiroshima (after A-bomb)
    33. 33. ? How did nationalism change Europe?
    34. 34. Holocaust --Mass murder of Jews and Gypsies and other ethnic groups. – 12 million total killed 1945 full horrors of camps discovered by troops. (See Holocaust Powerpoint for more pictures)

    ×