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How australians trade 08 09


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How australians trade 08 09

  1. 1. How do Location, Climate, & Natural Resources Impact Trade? Australia Notes
  2. 2. Location <ul><li>China is Australia’s neighbor to the north </li></ul><ul><li>Australia exports tons of natural resources to China </li></ul><ul><li>1/2 of iron ore goes to China </li></ul><ul><li>In return, China provides Australia with affordable finished goods (cars, kitchen appliances, etc.) </li></ul>
  3. 4. Location <ul><li>Australia’s location makes it expensive for people to visit from other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Most international tourists come from New Zealand and China </li></ul>
  4. 5. Location <ul><li>Foreign tourists create 1/4 of Australia’s $81 billion tourist industry </li></ul><ul><li>Australians do the majority of tourism within their own country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Remote location in the Southern Hemisphere makes it expensive for Australians to leave & visit other countries </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. Climate <ul><li>Tourists from the northern hemisphere visit Australia’s warm beaches when it is winter in their country </li></ul><ul><li>Tourists usually wait until spring or fall to visit the rural areas & the outback--not too hot then </li></ul>
  6. 7. Climate <ul><li>In the non-desert regions, Australians grow many grains </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grown in inland regions of the coastal states (not too hot/dry here) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Grains include a wide range of different crops: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wheat, barley, sorghum, rye, rice, chickpeas, lentils, & oilseeds </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Natural Resources <ul><li>Across much of Australia, the ground is barren & not ideal for farming (outback) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many minerals are found here: gold, silver, uranium, coal, copper, & iron ore </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Australia has exported nearly $400 billion worth of metals, minerals, & fuels in the past 20 years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Natural resources account for 1/3 of the country’s economy! </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Natural Resources <ul><li>Australia exports more coal & iron ore than any other country </li></ul><ul><li>Leads the world in mining bauxite, titanium, & diamonds </li></ul><ul><li>No other country has more reserves of lead, cadmium, or nickel </li></ul>
  9. 10. Natural Resources <ul><li>Have always been important to Australian trade: </li></ul><ul><li>In the mid-1800s, Australia had a gold rush in the southern region </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thousands of immigrants moved to Australia to find gold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many came from England, Ireland, Germany, & China </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. The Super Pit The world’s largest gold mine!
  11. 12. Questions to Consider: <ul><li>Which nation’s citizens visit Australia more than any other? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>What resources attracted thousands of immigrants in the mid-nineteenth century? </li></ul><ul><li>Which country is most important to Australia for trade? </li></ul>