GOVERNMENTS AND
ECONOMIES OF
AFRICA
Governments…
 Republic of Kenya-
 Kenya gained its independence from British in 1963
under the leadership of Jomo Kenyat...
Government of Kenya
• Republic
• Executive branch is the strongest and president serves
a 5 year term
• President is the h...
Government of South Africa
• Constitution ratified in 1996; splits power between the
executive and legislative and judicia...
Governments…
 Unlike the Republics of Kenya and South
Africa, many countries have fallen under the
leadership of dictator...
Governments…
 Sudan-
 Government Type:
 Government of National Unity (GNU) - the National Congress
Party (NCP) and Suda...
Country Kenya South Africa Sudan
Type of Government Republic, with one-house
legislature called the National
Assembly
Repu...
Problems with governments…
 Although many countries in Africa are guided
by a democratic form of government, there is
sti...
Problems with government..
 Other problems include civil wars that
have broken out in countries like Sudan
and Nigeria- c...
Economies…
 Nigeria-
 While Nigeria should be one of the wealthiest
countries in Africa due to its resources, it is not....
Economies….
 South Africa-
 South Africa is the most developed country in Africa
 They have a mixed economy that leans ...
Economies…
 Egypt-
 Egypt’s has a mixed economy, but the
state or public owned businesses
account for nearly 70% of Egyp...
What is holding African
countries back…
 What is holding African countries
back from becoming a developed
nation?
 Famin...
Improving Economies…
 What are ways that
countries in Africa can
improve their
economies?
 Investment in Human
Capital (...
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Governments and economies_of_africa_one_to_use

  1. 1. GOVERNMENTS AND ECONOMIES OF AFRICA
  2. 2. Governments…  Republic of Kenya-  Kenya gained its independence from British in 1963 under the leadership of Jomo Kenyatta.  They currently had a democratic republic with an elected president and a one house (unicameral) law making body.  Republic of South Africa-  Up until 1994 South Africa had an Oligarchy form of government, in which the white leaders of the Apartheid controlled  Today, South Africa has a democratic government made up of two different houses the National Assembly (elected by the citizens), and the National Council of Provinces (elected by the provincial
  3. 3. Government of Kenya • Republic • Executive branch is the strongest and president serves a 5 year term • President is the head of state and head of government. • Legislative : parliament, is a unicameral (one) body called the National Assembly, or Bunge. (224 members and 12 are appointed by president)  Rights of Citizens:  Suffrage 18 years of age; universal  Right to participate in political process
  4. 4. Government of South Africa • Constitution ratified in 1996; splits power between the executive and legislative and judicial branches • Constitution also contains a Bill of Rights for South Africans. • Executive : President • President elected to a five year term • President is the head of government and head of state. • Leader of the party with the most seats in National Assembly • Legislative: bicam e ral(two bo die s) parliam e nt. • 1st house called the National Assembly(400 members); 2nd house National Council of Provinces (90 officials
  5. 5. Governments…  Unlike the Republics of Kenya and South Africa, many countries have fallen under the leadership of dictators since their independence. For example…  Sudan-  Although Sudan is called the Republic of Sudan, it is run by a military dictatorship. President is Chief of state and Head of government
  6. 6. Governments…  Sudan-  Government Type:  Government of National Unity (GNU) - the National Congress Party (NCP) and Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) formed a power-sharing government under the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA)  the NCP, which came to power by military coup in 1989, is the majority partner; the agreement stipulates national elections in 2009  Egypt-  Has a Constitutional Democracy
  7. 7. Country Kenya South Africa Sudan Type of Government Republic, with one-house legislature called the National Assembly Republic, with a two-house National Assembly A government of national unity was formed with a National Legislature. However, in reality, it is a one party dictatorship Head of State President is elected by the people President is elected by the National Assembly President and Head of State lead the National Congress Party Who Can Vote All citizens 18 years of age or older All citizens 18 years of age or older All citizens 17 years of age or older Freedoms for Citizens Freedoms are written into the constitution but government is dominated by the president. There have been improvements in citizen rights in recent years Personal freedoms are numerous. Apartheid has ended. Literacy rates are high Citizens of Sudan have few real constitutional freedoms unless they are associated with the National Congress Party. Most government positions are appointed Year of Independence Kenya became independent from Great Britain in 1963 South Africa became independent from Great Britain in 1910. The racially segregated government was ended in 1994, when majority rule was established Sudan became independent from Great Britain in 1956 African Government Chart
  8. 8. Problems with governments…  Although many countries in Africa are guided by a democratic form of government, there is still corruption and instability.  Kenya, for example, has a democracy- but the citizens have very little say. Much of the decision making process is dominated by the president and his party.  Like Kenya, South Africa’s government is still plagued with problems. Even with the end of the Apartheid much of South Africa’s wealth does not reach the black population causing poverty among half the population.
  9. 9. Problems with government..  Other problems include civil wars that have broken out in countries like Sudan and Nigeria- causing government instability.  Sometimes government policies hold certain citizens back from succeeding.  Example: Sudan- Women have limited rights and are not given proper education.
  10. 10. Economies…  Nigeria-  While Nigeria should be one of the wealthiest countries in Africa due to its resources, it is not. Why?  Nigeria is torn apart by civil war, corrupt government, and an increase in population.  Nigeria has a large supply of oil- that has brought the country money, but also corruption.  Most of the money the country makes off of oil goes to the government- leaving the rest of the population in poverty.
  11. 11. Economies….  South Africa-  South Africa is the most developed country in Africa  They have a mixed economy that leans heavily on the market side--currency is called the Rand.  South Africa, like the U.S. relies heavily on Service Industry  Service Industries- Banking, tourism, entertainment, retail, etc.  Problems- South Africa’s economy is still fighting the legacy of the Apartheid- 30% of the population is unemployed- the majority of those people are black.  Also crime has made it harder to attract foreign investment even with their abundant natural resources.  South Africa also has the highest rate of HIV/AIDS in Africa- causing the country to spend more money on health
  12. 12. Economies…  Egypt-  Egypt’s has a mixed economy, but the state or public owned businesses account for nearly 70% of Egypt's goods or services- making it more of a command econ.  Their economy on tourism, natural resources (oil), and agricultural goods (cotton, wheat).
  13. 13. What is holding African countries back…  What is holding African countries back from becoming a developed nation?  Famine  Disease  Low Literacy Rates  Political instability since independence
  14. 14. Improving Economies…  What are ways that countries in Africa can improve their economies?  Investment in Human Capital (workers)  Through education  Better benefits  Investment in Capital goods  New technology  New machinery  Southern African Development Community (SADC)  9 South African countries came together in 1980 to help financial growth  The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)  Created in 1975 to raise the standard of living and stability in

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