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4 countries uk, russia, germany,italy


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4 countries uk, russia, germany,italy

  1. 1. United Kingdom, Russia, Italy, &GermanyEQ: Why do people choose to live incertain places?
  2. 2. United Kingdom Consists of 4 regions:  England  Scotland  Wales  Northern Ireland
  3. 3. Location UK’s location has helped the country become an international banking and insurance center-more foreign bank branches than any country in the world Location helps with US trade-US is UK’s #1 trading partner!
  4. 4. Location UK’s location makes itHUB for trade Across the EnglishChannel is France, west isIreland, east is ScandinavianPeninsula 10 major ports along thecoast
  5. 5. Climate The UK has a mild (temperate)climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round.-No section go without rain for more than two weeks-Winter are mild and wet; summers are warmest in the south The Gulf Stream crosses the Atlantic Ocean
  6. 6. Natural Resources Major export: manufactured goods coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, slate, arable land Major Industries: automobile production, steel manufacturing, shipbuilding
  7. 7. Natural Resources Fishing is a large and profitable industry in UK Nearly 25% of country has arable land (suitable for faming)-Over half of the land is used for farms
  8. 8. Population / Where People Live/Land Area About 60 million people live in the United Kingdom. Around 90% of the UK’s people live in cities.  London has over 7 million people.  Land Area – 243,610 sq. miles
  9. 9. Russia
  10. 10. Location
  11. 11. Location Spans two continents – Europe and Asia Shares a border with 15 countries At its closest point, Us and Russia are only 3 miles apart across the Bering Straight! European Russia is mostly landlocked (surrounded by land on all sides) Exceptions – Murmansk and St. Petersburg
  12. 12. Climate Most of the western part of Russia has a humid continental climate. Summers are warm and rainy, while winters are cold and snowy. Only two seasons: winter and summer. Eastern Russia experiences cool, short summers and long, snowy winters. Asian Russia (Siberia) northern border is a tundra (nearly frozen, treeless plain). 73% of population lives in European Russia
  13. 13. Natural Resources Major export: petroleum Bauxite, coal, copper, fishing, gold, iron ore, lead, natural gas, nickel, tin, & zinc Volga River – hydroelectric power Lots of forest with lumber have been cleared to build European cities With Russia’s harsh climate and rugged terrain, natural resources and difficult to get to
  14. 14. Population/ Where People Live/ Land Area Russia is one of the most populous countries in the world, with 145.5 million people. Most people live WEST of the Ural mountains, where the climate is mildest and the land is the most fertile. Land Area – 17,098,242 sq. miles
  15. 15. Germany
  16. 16. Location
  17. 17. Location North Central Europe – European Plain Southern region – mountainous Central region – hilly and mountainous Northern region – flat Rhine River – most important commerical waterway in Europe
  18. 18. Climate Because of its mountainous landscape, Germany has a cool climate. West – winters are mild and summers are cool with rainfall year round East – winters are very cold and summers are very hot with long dry periods
  19. 19. Natural Resources An area in western Germany called the Ruhr ranks as one of the world’s most important industrial centers because of its rich deposits of coal and iron ore. Germany imports about 1/3 of its food, although farmers grow grains, vegetables, and fruits. Germany’s Black Forest is a huge producer of timber, although recently acid rain has severely damaged tree growth.
  20. 20. Natural Resources Iron ore, coal, potash, uranium, nickel, natural gas, and copper Timber is also a resource but most of it has been cut down 1/3 of land is arable
  21. 21. Population/Where People Live/Land Area Germany’s population is 82.6 million people. Because of its rivers and fertile land, Germany’s northern plain has many cities and towns.  One of Europe’s most important waterways flows through southern Germany.  85% of people live in cities (Berlin is the largest and the capital)  Land Area: 357, 022 sq. miles
  22. 22. Trade Rhine River is important for trade Many German cities lie on the Rhine
  23. 23. Italy
  24. 24. Location
  25. 25. Location Long, boot-shaped peninsula surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea Alps form northern border Apennine Mountains run from the Alps to the sea 2 small islands, Sardinia and Sicily, are part of Italy
  26. 26. Climate Most of Italy has a mild climate of sunny summers and rainy winters. In spring and summer, hot dry winds called siroccos blow across Italy from North Africa. Temperate (mild) climate with regional differences Coast – mild winters, warm summers Mountains – cold, wet, snowy winters and humid summers
  27. 27. Natural Resources Major export: metal coal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate, 26% arable land Grapes and olives are important crops More than 800 ports for fishing boats
  28. 28. Population/Where People Live/Land Area Italy has 57.2 million people. About 70% of the population live in towns and cities. (More than 90% of Italians work in manufacturing and service industries.) 7 out of 10 people live in urban areas (Rome, Naples, Milan, Turin) Almost half of the people live in the northern 1/3 of the country Land Area: 301,340 sq. miles
  29. 29. Trade Apennine Mtns. Are like a backbone across Italy They affect where people live and how they transport goods and people Location on Mediterranean Sea affects trade with other countries Has a long history of shipping goods to Africa, Asia, and Europe