DescriptionIts the capital city of England and the UnitedKingdom, the largest metropolitan area in theUnited Kingdom, and the largest urban zone inthe European Union. Located by the RiverThames, London has been a major settlementfor two millennia, its history going back to itsfounding by the Romans, who named itLondinium.
Principal MonumentsThe Big Ben: is thenickname for the great bellof the clock at the northend of the Palace ofWestminster in London.Tower Bridge: is acombined bascule andsuspension bridge inLondon, England, over theRiver Thames.
ClimateLondon has a temperate oceanic climate, similar tomuch of southern Britain. Despite its reputation asbeing a rainy city, London receives less precipitationin a year than Rome at 834 mm (32.8 in), or Bordeauxat 923 mm (36.3 in).Winters are generally chilly tocold with frost usually occurring in the suburbs onaverage twice a week from November to March. Snowusually occurs about 4 or 5 times a year mostly fromDecember to February. Snowfall during March andApril is rare but does occur every 2–3 years.
TourismLondon is a popular centre fortourism, one of its primeindustries, employing theequivalent of 350,000 full-timeworkers in 2003,while annualexpenditure by tourists isaround £15 billion.Londonattracts over 14 millioninternational visitors per year,making it Europes mostvisited city.
DemographyWith increasing industrialisation, Londonspopulation grew rapidly throughout the 19thand early 20th centuries, and it was for sometime in the late 19th and early 20th centuriesthe most populous city in the world untilovertaken by New York in 1925. Its populationpeaked at 8,615,245 in 1939 immediatelybefore the outbreak of the Second World War.
CultureThe Culture of London concerns thearts, music, museums, festivals andother entertainment in London, thecapital city of the United Kingdom.London is widely believed to be theculture capital of the world, althoughthis title is disputed with a number ofother cities internationally.The city isparticularly renowned for its theatrequarter, and its West End theatre districthas given the name to "West Endtheatre", the strand of mainstreamprofessional theatre staged in the largetheatres in London. London is alsohome to notable cultural attractionssuch as the British Museum, the TateGalleries, the National Gallery, theNotting Hill Carnival and The O2.