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5.1. Introduction (Batz)


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5.1. Introduction (Batz)

  1. 1. PharmaceuticalDisposalWhat Pharmacists Need to Know<br /> Victoria Henderson<br /> Forrest Batz, PharmD<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br /><br />
  3. 3. Outline<br />Background Information<br />Methods of Disposal<br />Federal Regulations<br />State Regulations and Guidance<br />Doing Your Part<br />
  4. 4. Background Information<br />Origination of:<br />Pharmaceutical contaminates<br />Personal care products (PPCP)<br />Pathways<br />
  5. 5. Pharmaceutical &Personal Care Products (PPCP)<br />Pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) refers, in general, to any product used by individuals for personal health or cosmetic reasons or used by agribusiness to enhance growth or health of livestock. PPCPs comprise a diverse collection of thousands of chemical substances, including prescription and over-the-counter therapeutic drugs, veterinary drugs, fragrances, and cosmetics. <br />
  6. 6. Pharmaceutical &Personal Care Products (PPCP)<br />PPCPs as environmental pollutants is a subject that has received exponentially growing attention since the late 1990s. <br />Over the next few topics you will learn why this is the case and how you can play a part in the green pharmacy revolution. <br />
  7. 7. PPCPs include…<br />Prescription and over-the counter therapeutic drugs<br />Veterinary drugs<br />Fragrances<br />Cosmetics<br />Sun-screen products<br />Diagnostic agents<br />Nutraceuticals (e.g. vitamins)<br />
  8. 8. Sources of PPCPs<br />Human activity<br />Residues from pharmaceutical manufacturing (well defined and controlled)<br />Residues from hospitals<br />Illicit drugs<br />Veterinary drug use, especially antibiotics and steroids<br />Agribusiness<br />
  9. 9. Origins of pharmaceuticalsinto our environment & possible ramifications<br /><br />
  10. 10. Why we should care…<br />According to the EPA, studies have shown that pharmaceuticals are present in our nation's waterbodies. <br />Further research suggests that certain drugs may cause ecological harm. <br />More research is needed to determine the extent of ecological harm and any role it may have in potential human health effects. <br />To date, scientists have found no evidence of adverse human health effects from PPCPs in the environment.<br />