Cryoconnect and the space marketplace an idiots guide
Sub-Title; (An Idiots Guide to Space) Terry McManus Project Manager Cryoconnect
Presentation Overview Tekdata Interconnections Overview Low Temperature Detector Concepts Cryoconnect Capabilities and Heritage Features of the Space Marketplace Business Options and Strategies Summary
Tekdata Interconnections Ltd Location: Etruria, Stoke-on-Trent, UK Founded in 1969 £8m turnover 90 staff 40,000 ft² factory
Market Sectors Avionics Defence (Land, Air and Marine)Space Astro (Cryoconnect) Motor Sport & Others
Memberships and ApprovalsMEMBERSHIPS ACCREDITATIONS AS9100C ISO14001-2004 FM 01849 EMS 61335 APPROVALS (selected) European Space Agency
Major CustomersAVIONICS/DEFENCE SPACE National Research Centre of Canada Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
Standard Harness BuildComplex multi-branch assembliesContra-helically wound for maximum flexibilitySealed or open WireRaychem System 25 Heatshrink
Low Profile, Screened and Moulded Battlefield Communications
Cabinet and Bench Assembly Complex cabinet wiring & assembly Some units >10,000 terminations 100% testing
Woven Cables Wire types can be mixed Signal, coax, twisted pair, power wires, optic & strengthening fibres Flexible, light, strong, e.g. woven hinges RFI/EMI: separation can be defined and repeated to eliminate cross-talk ComputaWEAVE: Wires structured to enter and exit weave in a repeatable fashion
Low TemperatureDetection Concept (the Science bit)
Low Temperature Detection Concept (e.g., SPIRE)• Need to detect long wavelength IR radiation. (200 to 650 microns)• This is emitted by cool things in space• The temperature of bodies radiating at these wavelengths is 4 to 15K (-269 to -258 degrees C)• This is not very warm, Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space but it is still “heat”.
Heat flow depends upon surroundings If you open the door of the fridge, you don’t feel heat. In fact you start to warm up the fridge That’s because you are warmer than the fridge. Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
Heat flow depends uponsurroundings If, however, you are colder than the fridge, you will see the inside of the fridge as warm or at least warmer Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
Heat flow depends upon surroundings If, however, you are colder than the fridge, you will see the inside of the fridge as warm or at least warmerSo the ability to detect heat (IR radiation)depends upon the temperature of the :observer. Herschel Plank Launch Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
SPIRE Instrument principleA detector element, it absorbs heatand we measure its temperature rise. Heat Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
SPIRE Instrument principleSurround the detector element with something cold Heat Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
SPIRE Instrument principleSupport the detector element, withoutconducting much heat into it. String Heat Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
SPIRE Instrument principle2 K (minus 271 degrees C) Heat 0.3 K (minus 272.7 degrees C) Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
SPIRE Instrument principle2 K (minus 271 degrees C) Heat 0.3 K (minus 272.7 degrees C) SPIRE has 330 of these detector elements Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
SPIRE Instrument principleEach detector is an array of these elements Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
String Not ordinary string Kevlar fibres (poly paraphenylene terephthalamide) Developed by Dupont 1965 >5 times stronger than steel (weight for weight) Low thermal conductivity Used in body armour, climbing ropes etc. Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
Challenges in the Space Environment Robust – to withstand Launch forces Lightweight – to reduce overall payload Reliable – to last for the design life of the satellite Designed and built to meet specific technical requirements; Thermal properties Electrical characteristics Radiation Magnitisation etc. ...........
Space & Astrophysics - CryoconnectUltra Low Temperature &Feed-Through Solutions Custom interconnects Custom alloy wires & weaves To 44 AWG wire (0.002” = 0.05mm dia) Vacuum sealed feed-throughs Major cost reductions from existing technologies
HeatsinksDesigned to suit all applicationsCareful heat sinking isrequired where wires areexpected to become superconducting, or at ultra lowtemperatures whereboundary resistance effectsmay make adequate heatsinking more difficult.
Feedthroughs One feedthrough.Feedthroughs whichallow the wires to 1000 Wires !!!pass though avacuum wall withoutthe electrical,mechanical, andfinancial costsassociated withadditionalconnectors.
Features of the Space MarketLong gestation periodsIntransigentConservativeExtremely risk-averse
Features (cont)Require lots of documentation (AS9100)Open within the Scientific Community yet, Secretive ITAR, NDAs, Complex Contractual requirements, Flow-Downs
Features (cont)New language PA, PM&P, Thermal Budgets, Vacuum Bake-outGlobalMissions are Fragmented with Complex Matrix e.g., Solar Orbiter
Theme How does the Solar System work? Primary Goal How does the Sun create and control the heliosphere? Targets The Sun Wavelength Visible, extreme ultraviolet, X-rays Orbit Elliptical orbit around the Sun with perihelion as low as 0.28 AU and with increasing inclination up to more than 25° with respect to the solar equator. Lifetime 7 years (nominal) Type M-class mission
Solar Orbiter Launch 2017 – 2018 Launcher NASA - Atlas V 401. Backup ESA - Ariane 5 launcher
There are 10 different experiments on this mission; UK involved in hardware (x4); Mag: Magnetometer (Imperial College London) SPICE: Spectral Imaging of the Coronal Environment (RAL Space) SWA: Solar Wind Plasma Analyser (Mullard Space Science Laboratory) EUI: Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (CSL, Liège, Belgium) Currently, no UK hardware involvement (x6); EPD: Energetic Particle Detector (University of Alcala, Spain) RPW: Radio and Plasma Waves (Observatoire de Paris, France) METIS: Coronagraph (INAF- Astronomical Observatory of Turin, Italy) PHI: Polarimetric and Helioseismic Imager (-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Germany) SoloHI: Heliospheric Imager (US Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C., USA) STIX: X-ray Spectrometer/Telescope (Benz, FHNW, Windisch, Switzerland)
Intransigent? Conservative? Extremely Risk Averse?What do you see if you look at the materials andprocesses used in a modern ESA Space mission?
Requires Lots of Documentation? Hardware / Normal, Commercial, Transaction Equipment Receipt / C of C
Requires Lots of Documentation? Hardware / Equipment SPACE None-Flight?
Requires Lots of Documentation? Hardware / Equipment SPACE SPACE None-Flight? Flight
Business Options andStrategies“Competitive strategy is about being different” Michael Porter
Strategic Options The Basis of Competition Differentiation Approach Many Products into Many Markets Cost-Based Approach Economy Pricing (Pile-it-High, Sell-it-Cheap) Focus (or Niche) Approach Bespoke (Low-volume, High-value)
Marketing Strategies (Ansoff) PRODUCTS Present New Present MARKETS Market Penetration Product Development Market Development Diversification New
Marketing Strategies (Ansoff) PRODUCTS Present New Present MARKETS Market Penetration Product Development Market Development Diversification New “Related Diversification”
Opportunities / ThreatsOPPORTUNITIES THREATS Budget constraints Budget constraints Increased cost- Availability of future consciousness within the Governmental funding sector Moving from Cost+ to De-Selection of Missions Cost Sensitive Can be difficult to back a (competitive costing) winner COTS materials now considered
Strategies / Activities Understand the needs of your customers - Research Differentiation (better solutions) Be the expert in your field Align yourself with good partners/suppliers/contractors (RAL Space)
Summary Although it is going through difficult times, Space is still a growing marketplace Innovation is needed Innovation (Change) in the Space marketplace is challenging Qualification of novel things can be time consuming and expensive Market Development can be complex Rewards can be prestigious and attractive
Thank You For ListeningIf you have any queries or comments on the content of this presentation please do not hesitate to contact me; Terry McManus, Project Manager Cryoconnect Tekdata Interconnections Ltd.