Sub-Title;      (An Idiots Guide to Space)                   Terry McManus                   Project Manager              ...
Presentation Overview Tekdata Interconnections Overview Low Temperature Detector Concepts Cryoconnect Capabilities and ...
Tekdata Interconnections Ltd                  Location: Etruria,                   Stoke-on-Trent, UK                  F...
Market Sectors       Avionics             Defence (Land, Air and Marine)Space Astro (Cryoconnect)      Motor Sport & Others
Memberships and ApprovalsMEMBERSHIPS       ACCREDITATIONS                          AS9100C    ISO14001-2004               ...
Major CustomersAVIONICS/DEFENCE                              SPACE                                                    Nati...
Standard Harness BuildComplex multi-branch assembliesContra-helically wound for maximum flexibilitySealed or open WireRayc...
Low Profile, Screened and Moulded Battlefield Communications
Complex Box BuildComplex assembliesBackplanesCopper, Fibre-optic,alloys, Mixed
Cabinet and Bench Assembly Complex cabinet wiring & assembly Some units >10,000 terminations 100% testing
Woven Cables Wire types can be mixed Signal,  coax, twisted pair, power wires,  optic & strengthening fibres Flexible, l...
Specialist MouldingsSolving design issues usingspecialist mouldings
Low TemperatureDetection Concept  (the Science bit)
Low Temperature Detection Concept (e.g., SPIRE)• Need to detect long wavelength IR radiation.  (200 to 650 microns)• This ...
Heat flow depends upon surroundings If you open the door of the fridge, you don’t feel heat. In fact you start to warm  ...
Heat flow depends uponsurroundings If, however, you are colder than the fridge, you  will see the inside of the fridge as...
Heat flow depends upon   surroundings   If, however, you are colder than the fridge, you    will see the inside of the fr...
SPIRE Instrument principleA detector element, it absorbs heatand we measure its temperature rise.                        ...
SPIRE Instrument principleSurround the detector element with                    something cold                      Heat ...
SPIRE Instrument principleSupport the detector element, withoutconducting much heat into it.                           Str...
SPIRE Instrument principle2 K (minus 271 degrees C)                                       Heat                          0...
SPIRE Instrument principle2 K (minus 271 degrees C)                                       Heat                          0...
SPIRE Instrument principleEach detector is an array of these elements                            Herschel Plank Launch : ...
String Not ordinary string Kevlar fibres  (poly paraphenylene terephthalamide) Developed by Dupont 1965 >5 times stron...
Challenges in the Space Environment Robust – to withstand Launch forces Lightweight – to reduce overall payload Reliabl...
Space & Astrophysics -    CryoconnectUltra Low Temperature &Feed-Through Solutions  Custom interconnects  Custom alloy wir...
HeatsinksDesigned to suit all applicationsCareful heat sinking isrequired where wires areexpected to become superconductin...
Feedthroughs                      One feedthrough.Feedthroughs whichallow the wires to                         1000 Wires ...
InnovationAn infinitevariety ofsolutions tomeet everysituation
Cryoconnect SaversWhere sacrificial“connector savers”are required tominimise themate/demate cycleson harnessconnectors dur...
Cryoconnect Applications Astro-Physics Ground Based Telescopes Balloon Mounted Space / Satellite Wiring Laboratories ...
Large Hadron Collider (LHC) CERN –ATLAS Experiment
Cryoconnect Space Projects JWST   MIRI   NIRCam   NIRSpec Herschel   HFI Planck   SPIRE
HFI 400mK Plate
Resulting Images
Current / Major ProjectJames Webb Space Telescope (JWST)
How to survive in Space?? Be the BEST at what you’re BEST at :- Become the Expert
Technical Skill setsTekdata has Operators trained using IPC 620and graded internally, at levels 1 – 5Cryoconnect Technicia...
Purpose built clean area
Features of the Space MarketLong gestation periodsIntransigentConservativeExtremely risk-averse
Features (cont)Require lots of documentation (AS9100)Open within the Scientific Community yet, Secretive  ITAR, NDAs, C...
Features (cont)New language  PA, PM&P, Thermal Budgets, Vacuum Bake-outGlobalMissions are Fragmented with Complex Matr...
 Theme How does the Solar    System work?   Primary Goal How does the    Sun create and control the    heliosphere?   T...
Solar Orbiter Launch    2017 – 2018 Launcher    NASA - Atlas V 401. Backup    ESA - Ariane 5 launcher
There are 10 different experiments  on this mission; UK involved in hardware (x4);      Mag: Magnetometer (Imperial Col...
Intransigent?  Conservative?  Extremely Risk   Averse?What do you see if you look at the materials andprocesses used in ...
Requires Lots of Documentation?  Hardware /   Normal, Commercial, Transaction  Equipment            Receipt / C of C
Requires Lots of Documentation?  Hardware /  Equipment      SPACE               None-Flight?
Requires Lots of Documentation?  Hardware /  Equipment      SPACE        SPACE               None-Flight?   Flight
Business Options andStrategies“Competitive strategy is about being different”                    Michael Porter
Strategic Options          The Basis of Competition Differentiation Approach   Many Products into Many Markets Cost-Bas...
Marketing Strategies (Ansoff)                                   PRODUCTS                          Present                 ...
Marketing Strategies (Ansoff)                                   PRODUCTS                          Present                 ...
Opportunities / ThreatsOPPORTUNITIES                   THREATS Budget constraints             Budget constraints    Inc...
Strategies / Activities Understand the needs of your  customers - Research Differentiation (better solutions)  Be the e...
Strategies / Activities Communications  Mail-Shots Marketing  Social Networking  Blogs Exhibitions, Shows, Conferenc...
SPONSORSHIPKeele Uni. – Best Degree in Astrophysics
Shows, Conferences &Exhibitions
Summary Although it is going through difficult times, Space  is still a growing marketplace Innovation is needed Innova...
Thank You For ListeningIf you have any queries or comments on the content   of this presentation please do not hesitate to...
Cryoconnect and the space marketplace   an idiots guide
Cryoconnect and the space marketplace   an idiots guide
Cryoconnect and the space marketplace   an idiots guide
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Cryoconnect and the space marketplace an idiots guide

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Presentation about opportunities for technology businesses to get into the space market. Visit www.cryoconnect.com for more information.

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Cryoconnect and the space marketplace an idiots guide

  1. 1. Sub-Title; (An Idiots Guide to Space) Terry McManus Project Manager Cryoconnect
  2. 2. Presentation Overview Tekdata Interconnections Overview Low Temperature Detector Concepts Cryoconnect Capabilities and Heritage Features of the Space Marketplace Business Options and Strategies Summary
  3. 3. Tekdata Interconnections Ltd  Location: Etruria, Stoke-on-Trent, UK  Founded in 1969  £8m turnover  90 staff  40,000 ft² factory
  4. 4. Market Sectors Avionics Defence (Land, Air and Marine)Space Astro (Cryoconnect) Motor Sport & Others
  5. 5. Memberships and ApprovalsMEMBERSHIPS ACCREDITATIONS AS9100C ISO14001-2004 FM 01849 EMS 61335 APPROVALS (selected) European Space Agency
  6. 6. Major CustomersAVIONICS/DEFENCE SPACE National Research Centre of Canada Rutherford Appleton Laboratory
  7. 7. Standard Harness BuildComplex multi-branch assembliesContra-helically wound for maximum flexibilitySealed or open WireRaychem System 25 Heatshrink
  8. 8. Low Profile, Screened and Moulded Battlefield Communications
  9. 9. Complex Box BuildComplex assembliesBackplanesCopper, Fibre-optic,alloys, Mixed
  10. 10. Cabinet and Bench Assembly Complex cabinet wiring & assembly Some units >10,000 terminations 100% testing
  11. 11. Woven Cables Wire types can be mixed Signal, coax, twisted pair, power wires, optic & strengthening fibres Flexible, light, strong, e.g. woven hinges RFI/EMI: separation can be defined and repeated to eliminate cross-talk ComputaWEAVE: Wires structured to enter and exit weave in a repeatable fashion
  12. 12. Specialist MouldingsSolving design issues usingspecialist mouldings
  13. 13. Low TemperatureDetection Concept (the Science bit)
  14. 14. Low Temperature Detection Concept (e.g., SPIRE)• Need to detect long wavelength IR radiation. (200 to 650 microns)• This is emitted by cool things in space• The temperature of bodies radiating at these wavelengths is 4 to 15K (-269 to -258 degrees C)• This is not very warm, Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space but it is still “heat”.
  15. 15. Heat flow depends upon surroundings If you open the door of the fridge, you don’t feel heat. In fact you start to warm up the fridge That’s because you are warmer than the fridge. Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
  16. 16. Heat flow depends uponsurroundings If, however, you are colder than the fridge, you will see the inside of the fridge as warm or at least warmer Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
  17. 17. Heat flow depends upon surroundings  If, however, you are colder than the fridge, you will see the inside of the fridge as warm or at least warmerSo the ability to detect heat (IR radiation)depends upon the temperature of the :observer. Herschel Plank Launch Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
  18. 18. SPIRE Instrument principleA detector element, it absorbs heatand we measure its temperature rise.  Heat Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
  19. 19. SPIRE Instrument principleSurround the detector element with something cold  Heat Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
  20. 20. SPIRE Instrument principleSupport the detector element, withoutconducting much heat into it. String  Heat Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
  21. 21. SPIRE Instrument principle2 K (minus 271 degrees C)  Heat 0.3 K (minus 272.7 degrees C) Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
  22. 22. SPIRE Instrument principle2 K (minus 271 degrees C)  Heat 0.3 K (minus 272.7 degrees C) SPIRE has 330 of these detector elements Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
  23. 23. SPIRE Instrument principleEach detector is an array of these elements  Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
  24. 24. String Not ordinary string Kevlar fibres (poly paraphenylene terephthalamide) Developed by Dupont 1965 >5 times stronger than steel (weight for weight) Low thermal conductivity Used in body armour, climbing ropes etc. Herschel Plank Launch : Eric Sawyer, RAL Space
  25. 25. Challenges in the Space Environment Robust – to withstand Launch forces Lightweight – to reduce overall payload Reliable – to last for the design life of the satellite Designed and built to meet specific technical requirements;  Thermal properties  Electrical characteristics  Radiation  Magnitisation  etc. ...........
  26. 26. Space & Astrophysics - CryoconnectUltra Low Temperature &Feed-Through Solutions Custom interconnects Custom alloy wires & weaves To 44 AWG wire (0.002” = 0.05mm dia) Vacuum sealed feed-throughs Major cost reductions from existing technologies
  27. 27. HeatsinksDesigned to suit all applicationsCareful heat sinking isrequired where wires areexpected to become superconducting, or at ultra lowtemperatures whereboundary resistance effectsmay make adequate heatsinking more difficult.
  28. 28. Feedthroughs One feedthrough.Feedthroughs whichallow the wires to 1000 Wires !!!pass though avacuum wall withoutthe electrical,mechanical, andfinancial costsassociated withadditionalconnectors.
  29. 29. InnovationAn infinitevariety ofsolutions tomeet everysituation
  30. 30. Cryoconnect SaversWhere sacrificial“connector savers”are required tominimise themate/demate cycleson harnessconnectors duringmanufacture andsubsequent testssituations.
  31. 31. Cryoconnect Applications Astro-Physics Ground Based Telescopes Balloon Mounted Space / Satellite Wiring Laboratories (Housekeeping Harnesses) Scientific Instrumentation Scientific Experimentation
  32. 32. Large Hadron Collider (LHC) CERN –ATLAS Experiment
  33. 33. Cryoconnect Space Projects JWST  MIRI  NIRCam  NIRSpec Herschel  HFI Planck  SPIRE
  34. 34. HFI 400mK Plate
  35. 35. Resulting Images
  36. 36. Current / Major ProjectJames Webb Space Telescope (JWST)
  37. 37. How to survive in Space?? Be the BEST at what you’re BEST at :- Become the Expert
  38. 38. Technical Skill setsTekdata has Operators trained using IPC 620and graded internally, at levels 1 – 5Cryoconnect Technicians trained and certified toEuropean Space Agency (ESA) standards High reliability soldered joints Crimping Harness Manufacture Inspection Training / Certification
  39. 39. Purpose built clean area
  40. 40. Features of the Space MarketLong gestation periodsIntransigentConservativeExtremely risk-averse
  41. 41. Features (cont)Require lots of documentation (AS9100)Open within the Scientific Community yet, Secretive  ITAR, NDAs, Complex Contractual requirements, Flow-Downs
  42. 42. Features (cont)New language  PA, PM&P, Thermal Budgets, Vacuum Bake-outGlobalMissions are Fragmented with Complex Matrix  e.g., Solar Orbiter
  43. 43.  Theme How does the Solar System work? Primary Goal How does the Sun create and control the heliosphere? Targets The Sun Wavelength Visible, extreme ultraviolet, X-rays Orbit Elliptical orbit around the Sun with perihelion as low as 0.28 AU and with increasing inclination up to more than 25° with respect to the solar equator. Lifetime 7 years (nominal) Type M-class mission
  44. 44. Solar Orbiter Launch  2017 – 2018 Launcher  NASA - Atlas V 401. Backup  ESA - Ariane 5 launcher
  45. 45. There are 10 different experiments on this mission; UK involved in hardware (x4);  Mag: Magnetometer (Imperial College London)  SPICE: Spectral Imaging of the Coronal Environment (RAL Space)  SWA: Solar Wind Plasma Analyser (Mullard Space Science Laboratory)  EUI: Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (CSL, Liège, Belgium) Currently, no UK hardware involvement (x6);  EPD: Energetic Particle Detector (University of Alcala, Spain)  RPW: Radio and Plasma Waves (Observatoire de Paris, France)  METIS: Coronagraph (INAF- Astronomical Observatory of Turin, Italy)  PHI: Polarimetric and Helioseismic Imager (-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Germany)  SoloHI: Heliospheric Imager (US Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C., USA)  STIX: X-ray Spectrometer/Telescope (Benz, FHNW, Windisch, Switzerland)
  46. 46. Intransigent?  Conservative?  Extremely Risk Averse?What do you see if you look at the materials andprocesses used in a modern ESA Space mission?
  47. 47. Requires Lots of Documentation? Hardware / Normal, Commercial, Transaction Equipment Receipt / C of C
  48. 48. Requires Lots of Documentation? Hardware / Equipment SPACE None-Flight?
  49. 49. Requires Lots of Documentation? Hardware / Equipment SPACE SPACE None-Flight? Flight
  50. 50. Business Options andStrategies“Competitive strategy is about being different” Michael Porter
  51. 51. Strategic Options The Basis of Competition Differentiation Approach  Many Products into Many Markets Cost-Based Approach  Economy Pricing (Pile-it-High, Sell-it-Cheap) Focus (or Niche) Approach  Bespoke (Low-volume, High-value)
  52. 52. Marketing Strategies (Ansoff) PRODUCTS Present New Present MARKETS Market Penetration Product Development Market Development Diversification New
  53. 53. Marketing Strategies (Ansoff) PRODUCTS Present New Present MARKETS Market Penetration Product Development Market Development Diversification New “Related Diversification”
  54. 54. Opportunities / ThreatsOPPORTUNITIES THREATS Budget constraints  Budget constraints  Increased cost-  Availability of future consciousness within the Governmental funding sector Moving from Cost+ to  De-Selection of Missions Cost Sensitive  Can be difficult to back a (competitive costing) winner COTS materials now considered
  55. 55. Strategies / Activities Understand the needs of your customers - Research Differentiation (better solutions)  Be the expert in your field Align yourself with good partners/suppliers/contractors (RAL Space)
  56. 56. Strategies / Activities Communications  Mail-Shots Marketing  Social Networking  Blogs Exhibitions, Shows, Conferences Sponsorship
  57. 57. SPONSORSHIPKeele Uni. – Best Degree in Astrophysics
  58. 58. Shows, Conferences &Exhibitions
  59. 59. Summary Although it is going through difficult times, Space is still a growing marketplace Innovation is needed Innovation (Change) in the Space marketplace is challenging Qualification of novel things can be time consuming and expensive Market Development can be complex Rewards can be prestigious and attractive
  60. 60. Thank You For ListeningIf you have any queries or comments on the content of this presentation please do not hesitate to contact me; Terry McManus, Project Manager Cryoconnect Tekdata Interconnections Ltd.

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