Changes in the movement

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Changes in the movement

  1. 1. CHANGES IN THE MOVEMENT
  2. 2. GREATER EQUALITY <ul><li>South: de jure segregation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By law </li></ul></ul><ul><li>North: de facto segregation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By practice </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. North erupts in violence Harlem, Watts, Detroit
  4. 4. NEW LEADERS <ul><li>Malcolm X </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nation of Islam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation of blacks and whites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilgrimage to Mecca changes his views </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Breaks from the Nation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Killed while speaking in 1965 </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. NEW LEADERS <ul><li>Stokely Carmichael </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader of SNCC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Black Power” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Racial Pride </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>King thought phrase would promote violence </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. BLACK PANTHERS <ul><li>Started in Oakland California </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Huey Newton and Bobby Seale </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. BLACK PANTHERS <ul><li>Fight police brutality </li></ul><ul><li>Advocated self-sufficiency for African American communities </li></ul>
  8. 8. 1968 <ul><li>King Killed in Memphis </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Kennedy calls for calm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100 cities erupted in riots </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. 1968 <ul><li>Robert Kennedy killed in LA while running for president </li></ul>
  10. 10. GAINS <ul><li>End of de jure segregation </li></ul><ul><li>Increased black voters </li></ul><ul><li>Increased college enrollment </li></ul><ul><li>Greater pride in race </li></ul>
  11. 11. UNFINISHED WORK <ul><li>Few attitudes about race had changed </li></ul><ul><li>Education still a problem </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment in inner cities </li></ul><ul><li>High poverty rate </li></ul>

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