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Power and Politics


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Power and Politics

  1. 1. Power and Politics
  2. 2. After this presentation you will understand <ul><li>Common power tactics </li></ul><ul><li>The five bases of power </li></ul><ul><li>The difference between ‘power to’ and ‘power over’ </li></ul><ul><li>The importance of the political perspective </li></ul><ul><li>The three questions that can help you determine whether a political action is ethical. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition of Power A capacity that A has to influence the behaviour of B so that B acts in accordance with A’s wishes.
  4. 4. POWER TACTICS When Managers Influence Superiors Least Popular Most Popular <ul><li>Reason </li></ul><ul><li>Coalition </li></ul><ul><li>Friendliness </li></ul><ul><li>Bargaining </li></ul><ul><li>Assertiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Higher Authority </li></ul>
  5. 5. Bases of Power Coercive Power Power that is based on fear
  6. 6. Bases of Power Reward Power Power that is based on the ability to distribute rewards that are seen as valuable
  7. 7. Bases of Power Legitimate Power Power that a person receives as a result of his/her position in the hierarchy
  8. 8. Bases of Power Expert Power Power based on specific skills or knowledge
  9. 9. Bases of Power Referent Power Power based on admiration of another
  10. 10. Giving employees responsibility for what they do. Empowerment has to do with ‘power to’ Empowerment NOT ‘ power over’
  11. 11. Sexual harassment is all about power Sexual harassment is all about…. POWER
  12. 12. Politics: Power in Action Political behaviour: activities that are not required as part of one’s formal role in the organization, but that influence, or attempt to influence, the distribution of advantages and disadvantages within the organization.
  13. 13. Politics is a fact of life in organizations. People who ignore this fact of life do so at their own peril.
  14. 14. One of the most important factors leading to politics within organizations is the realization that most of the ‘facts’ that are used to make decisions and allocate resources are open to misinterpretation.
  15. 15. If you want to become more politically adept in your organization, what could you do? <ul><li>Frame arguments in terms of organizational goals </li></ul><ul><li>Develop the right image </li></ul><ul><li>Gain control of organizational resources </li></ul><ul><li>Make yourself indispensable </li></ul>
  16. 16. If you want to become more politically adept in your organization, what could you do? (continued) <ul><li>Be visible </li></ul><ul><li>Develop powerful allies </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid ‘tainted’ members </li></ul><ul><li>Support your boss </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Ethics of Behaving Politically Question 1: Is the political action motivated by self serving interests to the exclusion of the organization’s goals? Ethical Yes Unethical No Question 3: Is the political activity fair and equitable? No Yes Unethical Question 2: Does the political action respect the rights of the individuals affected? Yes Unethical No
  18. 18. THANK YOU