The Electoral Process

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The Electoral Process

  1. 1. The Electoral Process
  2. 2. The Nominating Process for President (by State) • (naming people for office) • 1.) Self-announcement – person announces publicly that they will run • 2.) Caucus* – a group of people who think alike who come together to nominate someone (state-wide townhall meetings) • 3.) Convention – members of a party meet to select delegates to later choose a nominee
  3. 3. • 4.) Primary* – election within a party for candidates (state-wide) – Closed primary – only members of the party can vote – Open primary – anyone can vote 5.) Petition – voters sign petitions to select a candidate
  4. 4. Each state has a primary or a caucus where people vote for one candidate for a political party • (ex: Bob, Bubba, and Steve are all presidential candidates from the Republican party--but there can only be ONE)
  5. 5. • Whichever candidate wins the most votes in a state gets the most delegates – Winner-take-all: Candidate with the most votes gets all the state’s delegates – Proportional Representation: The number of delegates depends on the percentage of votes for a candidate
  6. 6. Winning Delegates • Delegates are people from a political party who vote for a candidate at their party’s National Convention -The bigger the state, the more delegates it has
  7. 7. The National Convention • Each party has a National Convention where they elect their presidential candidate • Here the delegates vote for ONE candidate to run on their party’s ticket
  8. 8. The Electoral College • The presidential election is not won by popular votes, but by electoral votes • Voters in each state choose electors to serve in the Electoral College #Electoral Votes in a State = # in Reps. In House of Representatives + # of Senators) Tennessee has 11 Electoral Votes because we have 9 Representatives + 2 Senators
  9. 9. • Each elector promises to vote for a certain presidential candidate – So when you vote for Obama/Biden, you’re really voting for the Elector who has promised to vote for Obama/Biden in the Electoral College • The presidential candidate who gets the most votes in a state gets ALL* the state’s electoral votes -->YOU NEED 270 (out of 538) ELECTORAL VOTES TO WIN THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION
  10. 10. • After the election, the electors meet in their state capitals to vote for the presidential candidate and make it official • Electors should vote the way their state voted
  11. 11. Campaign Financing • Running for office costs A LOT of money – About $1 million to run for a House seat – Up tp $20 million to run for a Senate seat – In 2012, each presidential candidate spent over $1 billion in their campaigns
  12. 12. Where Do Candidates Get Their Campaign Money?• Small private donations ($5, $10, etc.) • Wealthy private donors (no more than $2,500 to a candidate) • PACs and Super PACs • Gov’t subsidies (grants) • Fundraising organizations • A candidate’s own money
  13. 13. Political Action Committees (PACs) • Groups of people who want to influence gov’t decisions by spending money on candidates’ campaigns (“you owe me”) • PACs can only give up to $5,000 to any one candidate • Super PACs are backed by corporations and can spend unlimited $ (but can’t work directly with candidate’s campaign)
  14. 14. • Hard money - given directly to candidates • Soft money - given to political parties (now banned)
  15. 15. QUIZ • Suffrage • Electorate • Political socialization • Political efficacy • Literacy test • referendum • Straight ticket voting • Poll tax • Split ticket voting • Gerrymandering • Independents • recall

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