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Smart Cities in Italy


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An opportunity in the spirit of the Renaissance for a new quality of life: Research concept

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Smart Cities in Italy

  1. 1. Smart Cities in Italy: an opportunity in the spirit of the Renaissance for a new quality of life Research conceptA smarter country is the condition for winning competitive challenges: DREAM COUNTRY CITY PRESENTthe world is undergoing profound and rapid change, urban systems will become– more than they are today – cornerstones of progress and growthColor key: ANALYSIS CHALLENGES RESULTS Rapid, pressing, global trends change world structures, impacting our daily lives and causing …and a single, commonly-shared definition still does not exist that new needs to emerge expresses the profound significance of this new model of living - Development of more integrated and inclusive Smart cities, as the modern-day version of urban models. Mobility ICT Environmental Quality Smart Society Renaissance-style ideal cities, are a promising - Strategic management of natural resources. Sustainability of life education, - New models of mobility. response to these needs (energy, health care, - Better quality of life. construction, participatory governance) - Active valorization of senior citizens. land, water) Government EU SET Plan ■ Smart cities also represent an opportunity for Italy: Innovation is a key factor in responding to new EU Smart Cities and Communities Initiatives ■ ■ ■ a chance to place the valorization of urban areas once needs and more rapidly overcoming challenges, Digital agenda for Italy ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ again at the center of the country’s agenda. but technologies alone will not be enough to solve Miur Calls For Bids ■ ■ ■ ■ Even more so in this period when opportunities are problems Academia scarce. Vienna Polytechnic ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ MIT SENSEable Lab ■ ■ ■ ■ Cities are at the center of change: it is in them Caragliu et al. (2009) ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ The issue of smart cities is very much in fashion today, that challenges and threats are condensed. Harvard ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ but over the last decade it has had a number Their sustainability is at risk. Urban systems Business of meanings… must be re-thought. ABB ■ ■ ■ ■ Early 2000 Mid 2000 2010 Alcatel ■ ■ ■ ■ IBM ■ ■ ■ ■ Siemens ■ ■ ■ Smart city as Smart city Smart city as with higher quality Cisco ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ as digital city socially inclusive city of life Accenture ■ ■ ■ Focus on hardware Focus on software hardware Now it is (ICT technology (social and human capital, participation) clear that… software infrastructure) Action must be taken on a number of essential elements which, if not properly addressed, risk thwarting the potential of the smart concept for ItalyDefinition of smart city Strategic vision Communication within the Country Monitoring Italy’s evolutionary processLack of a single or globally-recognized definition Proliferation of fragmented and scattered initiatives Little information about smart issues which today are No common reference framework for evaluating andas a context for experiences currently underway without any overall plan and therefore incapable of the domain of a limited few and risk being perceived improving the performance of local areas that embark generating complex, broad-based change that could as “elitist” on smart processes benefit the entire country Have you ever heard the term smart city? - Metric of benefit for citizens, not the city’sThe smart city is an urban model that minimizes efforts Winning the challenges requires a “smarter” country, physical/non-physical resourcesaround “low-level” needs and (efficiently) satisfies but a lot of smart cities do not necessarily make“higher-level” needs to guarantee a high quality of the country smart Yes 8% - Award for good results under all aspects;life and personal and social growth of individuals penalization for excellence in single areas No 78%and business, while optimizing resources and areas for Don’t recall 14% - Identification of relevant means of action tosustainability. improve performance in order to develop policy Hierarchy coordination Shared goals guidelines. Building synergies Country Strategic choices Removing obstacles Source: CRA poll for City Smartness The European House-Ambrosetti, 2012. indicator Self-actualization 1 Milan ✔ 50.8 Legend: Personal growth Fine-tuning goal and fulfillment City system City system (characteristics, roles, 2 Rome ✔ 49.7 ✘ : highly problematic 1 2 location, etc.) Aesthetic 3 Venice ✔ 42.5 ! : moderately Attractiveness, equilibrium, etc 4 Bolzano ! 36.0 problematic Awareness Knowledge 5 Bologna ! 34.3 ✔ : no problem areas (individual and of the world), sustainability 6 Genoa ! 34.2 within the factors Esteem Results, status, Smart city Smart city Smart city Smart city 7 Trieste ✘ 33.1 examined responsibility, reputation 1 2 3 4 8 Turin ✘ 33.0 Belonging and love Family, affection, relationships, group, etc 9 Palermo ✘ 32.7 10 Naples ✘ 31.4 Safety Protection, safety, law and order, limits, stability, etc 11 Verona ✘ 31.1 12 Florence ✘ 28.2 Physiological Basic needs: air, food, water, shelter, heat, sex, sleep, etc 13 Bari ✘ 22.6 New strategic needs Strategic objectives in Source: prepared by CERTeT-Bocconi to be fulfilled the 1800s and 1900s for The European House-Ambrosetti. 2012 How With what impact 7 proposals for a “smarter” country Investment and returns for a “smarter” country Proposal Content Step-by-step process is possible, Performance smart 1. Overall strategy for Italy Define a vision for Italy and a strategy for attaining it, while reaffirming the guiding role of opting for intermediary trajectories the national government Becoming a “smarter” country 2. Smartness governance Prepare a national governance plan for smart-related issues which provides guidelines for Smart country Investment = +€ 515 bln requires 3 GDP percentage action and coordinates cross-group interests points each year up to 2030, 3. Italian Smart City Innovation Partnerships Launch the Italian version of the European partnership model for smart city innovation but – thanks to enhanced Top 20 smart cities Investment = +€ 93 bln 4. Smartest Cities” award based on a “ Create an award for the first 5 cities that attain the maximum level of “smartness”, common model measured in terms of actual benefits for their citizens efficiency, available time and 5. Fine-tuning existing initiatives Formally commit to concluding/definitively closing a number of initiatives launched but Top 10 smart cities Investment = +€ 75 bln productivity from innovative never completed directly/indirectly connected to the smart city concept technologies – a “smarter” 6. Short-term quick win Promote (already) available, low-cost smart solutions that can produce significant Status quo Investment = € 319 bln country is worth up to 10 short-term progress Forecast decline in absence of investment 7. 0% increase in 5 years of the “really free” Set a challenging goal to overcome the “elitist” perception of smart-related issues, 1 GDP points a year time of Italians influence expectations and create consensus 2013 2030 Precondition Create competitive Reduce gaps Remove Source: TEH-Ambrosetti based on Energy Lab Foundation data, 2012 advantages inhibiting factors © ABB and The European House-Ambrosetti - 2012
  2. 2. Smart Cities in Italy: an opportunity in the spirit of the Renaissance for a new quality of life DREAM COUNTRY CITY PRESENT7 proposals to make the country “smarter”1. Overall strategy for Italy Strategic visions of selected countries in the world Country Summary of VisionProposal: Define a vision for the country as a whole (political, economic and social project for China Become the no. 1 economy in the world by 2030, building a modern, harmonious, creative and high-income societyItaly) and a strategy for attaining it, while reaffirming the guiding role of the national government France Regain a leading position in all sectors, including economic, cultural, political and defense Be an entrepreneurial, ambitious, open and tolerant country, a world leader in terms of innovation, education and- Goals Great Britain creativity by 2020 - Provide the country with a shared identity that prepares Italy for the future and promotes Be a dynamic country, participatory society and economy concerned with social justice, where economic development initiative Ireland is concerned about the environment and is competitive on a global level - Confirm the role of the national government as the central coordinating body and Become the no. 1 regional power for Central Asia and North Africa and be among the top 10 economies in the world Turkey promoter of the general context by 2023 - Mobilize and motivate the country towards a common vision that provides a “high-level” The “American Dream”: through hard work, courage and determination, anyone can attain a better standard United States goal on which to base potential sacrifices of living and economic prosperity- hy: a vision accepted and internalized by the vast majority of the population and which W Sweden Be pioneers in the transition to a sustainable society forms the basis of an overall strategy, is the essential prerequisite for optimizing the resources (Source: The European House-Ambrosetti) and forces made available, as well as urban policy choices. For Italy (as in all of Europe), these elements are not clear.2. Smartness governance 3. Italian smart city innovation partnership 4. “Smartest city” award based on a shared modelProposal: Prepare a national governance plan for smart- Proposal: Launch the Italian version of the European Proposal: Create an award for the first 5 cities that attain therelated issues which provides guidelines for action and partnership model for smart city innovation. maximum level of “smartness”, measured in terms of actualcoordinates cross-group interests benefits for their citizens - Goals- Goals - Encourage development of win-win strategic - Goals - Rationalize those working with smart-related issues partnerships between business, local government and - Create competition among local areas to exploit and through providing focus and defining roles and functions financial institutions promote inherent excellence to trigger emulative - Define and implement shared rules and priorities, - Concentrate available resources in a limited number processes. providing stakeholders with a definite context of high-potential projects (that will act as drivers for - Offer a distinctive “plus” to the Italian system and - Bring together the varied special interests of national replicating the experience) increase the country’s awareness of “smartness”. and local government and business - hy: an external impetus is needed to bring together W - hy: to contribute to increasing activism of local areas and W- hy: there is currently a plurality of players of various W business, local government and financial bodies, and to the spread of solutions. The unique aspects of this proposal kinds and without any apparent coordination involved in develop the urban systems of tomorrow which, especially include: smart-related issues, each of which with its own vision and faced by economic crisis, spending cuts and the Italian - Awarding smartness as a whole, not individual aspects. initiatives. A process intended to extend throughout the government’s austerity measures, further risk inhibiting - Evaluating the level of smartness through a metric that country must be coordinated centrally and must have a stakeholder cooperation while also rendering financial expresses use/benefit levels for citizens rather than levels of unified conception of “smartness”. institutions less willing to provide support. urban system (physical/non-physical) resources.Smartness-related stakeholders and initiatives in Italy 5. Fine-tuning existing initiatives MINISTRIES MIUR BUSINESS ASSOCIATIONS Proposal: Formally commit to concluding or definitively The epic of the electronic ID MISE MIT Environment - Interior Confindustria Confcommercio closing a number of initiatives launched but never completed 2001 - irst electronic ID comes into use, entire country by 2005 F STAKEHOLDERS Unioncamere Local Affairs Governmental Affairs Federutility that were directly and/or indirectly connected to the smart city LAWS and REGULATIONS concept 2005 - “ tarting in 2006, paper documentation will be eliminated” S INSTRUMENTS – Production by “Innovazione e Progetti”, cost of €30 MIUR bid REGIONAL/ Digital contracts National Mobility - Goals ea. (shareholders: Poligrafico dello Stato, Poste Italiane, LOCAL BODIES Privacy logistics Conference Agenda plan LARGE COMPANIES w/non-integrated projects - Rationalize processes currently underway to eliminate Finmeccanica) of Autonomous Zoning E-Goverment Regions and Provinces regulations SMART plan (Italian mail, Telecom, ENEL, ENI, FS, ecc.) wasting public resources and regain credibility Regions Municipalities Building National broadband National plan for cities - Insure that all initiatives – often stalled for lack of 2006 - ew government, new cost: €20 ea. – Closing of “Innovazione N Digital and urban planning plan Action Plan public coordination and/or communication among institutional e Progetti”; responsibility transferred to Poligrafico dello Stato; … for energy admin. Finmeccanica takes Poligrafico to court and wins. Process efficiency players – are moving in the same direction. forced to stop. OTHER CENTRAL Energy efficiency … - hy: concluding major smart initiatives before initiating new W BODIES SME ANCI w/isolated individual ones or, alternately, deciding to definitely abandon others, Legambiente projects Adiconsum represents a responsible act for the country as a whole. 2009 - By the end of 2011, all municipalities must adopt the “ electronic ID” RESEARCH ENEA Universities 2012 - “The electronic ID is still part of the government’s program” 11 years, €60 million, only 4 million electronic IDs in use(Source: The European House-Ambrosetti) (200 cities out of 8,000) (Source: The European House-Ambrosetti)6. Short-term quick win 7. 10% increase in 5 years of the “really free” time of italiansProposal: Promote (already) available and low-cost smart Proposal: Set a challenging goal to overcome the “elitist” Free time todaysolutions that can produce significant short-term progress perception of smart-related issues, influence expectations and create consensus 45 23.9 15.4 9.1 6.6- Goals - Rapidly produce tangible results - Goals Physiological Work Free (sleeping, eating, personal grooming) time - Send a clear message to the public about the benefits - Provide citizens with concrete and tangible evidence of Household that can be obtained, through tangible demonstrations the potential benefits the smart concept could have for chores of what is possible (actions speak louder than words). their lives Travel- hy: Investing exclusively in long-term change is not very W - Show the seriousness of governmental commitmen Break-down of the 24 hours of an average weekday for members of the farsighted; to overcome public scepticism and create - hy: today, quality of life is the basic driver and free time W population over the age of 15 (in %) consensus for the “macro” project, short-term results are a key factor, and therefore a potentially effective metric (Source: ISTAT, “Cambiamenti nei tempi di vita e attività del tempo libero”, 2011) also needed. for serious and ambitious government commitment (a sort of Europe 2020 goal focused around a factor of direct relevance to the well-being of citizens). © ABB and The European House-Ambrosetti -