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เสนอสอนม.3

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เสนอสอนม.3

  1. 1. . By BIOLOGY
  2. 2. Nutrient :    Carbohydrate Lipid,Protein  Vitamin,Mineral,Water
  3. 3. Carbohydrate Blood glucose Glycogen storage in Liver and Muscle
  4. 4. Lipid Subcutaneous tissue
  5. 5. Protein Albumin
  6. 6.
  7. 7. C, H, O H :O=2:1 monomer monosaccharide
  8. 8.  MonosaccharideCnH2nOn ≤n≤7 H:O≠2:1 deoxyribose C5H10O4  Monosaccharide C triose ,u 3C tetrose C , pentose C , hexose C heptose 7C
  9. 9. Pentose ribose deoxyribose C5H10O4 DNA C5H10O5 RNA
  10. 10. Glucose Galactose Fructose
  11. 11.  Oligosaccharide Monosaccharide - covalent bound glycosidic bond
  12. 12.  Maltose glucose +  Sucrose glucose  Lactose glucose glucose fructose galactose  C12H22O11
  13. 13. • Polysaccharide Monosaccharide 11 Up
  14. 14. amylopectin amylase
  15. 15.  Glycogen amylopectin
  16. 16.  Chitin exoskeleton arthropod
  17. 17. Cellulose
  18. 18. glycogen amylase cellulose
  19. 19.   reducing sugar glycogen sucrose hydrolysis
  20. 20.  C, H, O, N polymer carboxyl,
  21. 21.  essential amino acid   non- essential amino acid
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
  24. 24.   :
  25. 25. : steroid
  26. 26.  :hemoglobin, hemocyanin, myoglobin O2
  27. 27.  : antibody
  28. 28. • actin, myosin tubulin cilia flagellum
  29. 29. : cytoskeleton keratin
  30. 30. histone
  31. 31. histone),
  32. 32.  Biuret test – Xanthoproteic test - NaOH + CuSO4 HNO5
  33. 33.  polymer C, H, O H:O≠2:1
  34. 34. Fatty acid Unsaturated fatty acid) Saturatedfattyacid) H H C cholesterol oil) fat)
  35. 35. Glyceride dehydration ester bond Glyceride triglyceride oil) fat)
  36. 36.  Cholesterol cholesterol UV, steroid hormone testosterone, aldosterone progesterone,
  37. 37. Cholesterol lipoprotein HDL cholesterol LDL cholesterol
  38. 38.  DNA RNA pentose, phosphodiester bond
  39. 39.  nitrogenous base N  Purine C2 Guanine G Adenine A  Pyrimidine C 1 Cytosine C Uracil U Thymine T  DNA A T C G  RNA AU CG
  40. 40. – hydrogen bond metabolism
  41. 41.   AD EK  B C
  42. 42. B1
  43. 43. B2
  44. 44. B3
  45. 45. B6
  46. 46. B12
  47. 47. C
  48. 48. - -
  49. 49. - -
  50. 50. - - - A -
  51. 51. - - - - - - -
  52. 52. chloroplast , lysosome , central vacuole , cell wall centriole ,tonoplast
  53. 53. Nucleus • nucleus membrane prokaryotic cell • nucleus membrane eukaryotic cell nucleus , cytoskeleton , centriole
  54. 54. Structure Prokaryote Eukatyote Nuclear Envelope Organelle E em system ndom brane Endosym biosis organelle (D A N) DA N DAN Histone C atin hrom netw ork DA N 2 Structural D A N C atin hrom Plasm D A id N Ribosom size al 70S 80S , , ,
  55. 55. Nuclear envelope Cell membrane Nucleopre RNA ,Protein Ribosome membrane 2
  56. 56. Nucleoius rRNA Ribosome Ribosome
  57. 57.  Chromatin network DNA DNA Histone protein
  58. 58. cell wall plasmodesmata cellulose
  59. 59.  diatom silica
  60. 60. cell membrane semipermeable membrane Carbohydrate Phospholipid bilayer Protein membrane
  61. 61. Phospholipid bilayer  polar head hydrophilic  non-polar tail hydrophobic Cholesterol Phospholipid membrane
  62. 62. •Ribosome
  63. 63.  Cytoskeleton  Microtubule tubulin spindle fiber, cilia, flagellum, basal body centriole spindle fiber
  64. 64. Intermediate filament keratin
  65. 65. Microfilament actin cytoplasm cyclosis pseudopodia cytokinesis
  66. 66. Centriole • Spindle fiber centriole 2 centrosome
  67. 67. endoplasmic reticulum ER  rough endoplasmic reticulum: RER ribosome  peptide hormone antibody
  68. 68. smooth endoplasmic reticulum: SER • phospholipid, steroid cholesterol steroid hormone • SER Steroid RER insulin •
  69. 69. Golgi body Golgi complex, Golgi apparatus exocytosis
  70. 70. Lysosome vesicle Golgi body • food vacuole • lysosome • organelle autolysis
  71. 71. Peroxisome lysosome catalase H2O2 H2O O2Peroxisome
  72. 72. vacuole vesicle • food vacuole Lysosome • contractile vacuole • sap vacuole sap vacuole central vacuole sap vacuole cell sap central vacuole tonoplast
  73. 73. Plastid 3 • chloroplast Plastid • Chromoplast Plastid • Leucoplast Plastid
  74. 74. • mitochondria chloroplast prokaryotic cell • 9+2 20 cilia flagellum • 9+0 27 basal body (kinetosome) centriole
  75. 75. • active transport • active transport
  76. 76. Diffusion
  77. 77. Simple Diffusion
  78. 78. Facilitated Diffusion carrier protein
  79. 79. Osmosis • isotonic solution • hypertonic solution plasmolysis • hypotonic solution hemolysis
  80. 80. Dialysis
  81. 81. Imbibitions
  82. 82. Active transport carrier protein mitochondria Na - K pump
  83. 83. Exocytosis • Vesicle peptide hormone, antibody
  84. 84. Phagocytosis cell eating pseudopodium
  85. 85. gap junction plasmodesmata
  86. 86. sexual reproduction
  87. 87. zygote
  88. 88. 2.Conjugation DNA
  89. 89. asexual reproduc tion binary fission
  90. 90. multiple fission cytoplasm
  91. 91. endospore
  92. 92. sporulation multiple fission endospore
  93. 93. parthenogenesis n
  94. 94. budding cnidarians
  95. 95. fragmentation
  96. 96. cloning
  97. 97. A = reptile mammal B = mammal amphibian A
  98. 98. A B Yolk chorion amnion amniotic fluid PH allantois Yolk sac
  99. 99. zygote • cleavage morula zygote • blastulation blastula blastocoel • gastrulation gastrula blastocoels gastrocoel • organogenesis organ system
  100. 100. ecdysozoa arthropod
  101. 101. Metamorphosis crustacean amphibian ametamorphosis 2. gradual metamorphosis nymph incomplete metamorphosis niad 4. complete metamorphosis larva pupa – – –
  102. 102. metamorphosis Thyroxine • - autolysis • - • - • -
  103. 103. spermatogenesis spermatogonia
  104. 104. cytoplasm head Golgi body , middle piece mitochondria tail flagellum
  105. 105. semniferous tubule Leydig cell interstitial cell of Leydig
  106. 106.  I. semniferous tubule, II. rete testis, III. vas efferents IV. epididymis , V. vas deferens urethra • seminal vesicle • prostate gland PH • cowper’s gland
  107. 107. • oogenesis • primary oocyte meiosis prophase i
  108. 108. FSH primary oocyte meiosis I secondary oocyte metaphase ii first polar body
  109. 109. LH secondary oocyte meiosis ii egg cell, ovum secondary polar body follicular cell corpus luteum progesterone estrogen
  110. 110.  progesterone estrogen FSH LH
  111. 111.  HCG humen chorionic gonadotropin LH copus luteum
  112. 112. 1.FSH meiosis primary oocyte follicle estrogen 2.LH copus luteum progesterone estrogen
  113. 113. FSH LH Gn gonadotropin GnRH
  114. 114. 3.progesterone copus luteum HCG
  115. 115. 4.estrogen follicle – FSH copus luteum – HCG female secondary charactestics FSH LH
  116. 116. • 5.oxytocin , progesterone estrogen prolactin
  117. 117. Organogeosis Fetus
  118. 118. placenta endometrium chorion HCG , progesterone ,estrogen umbilical vein
  119. 119. • estrogen + progesterone : progesterone : • vas deferens oviduct
  120. 120. • fraternal dizygotic twin
  121. 121. identical monozygotic twin
  122. 122. . IVT-ET in vitro fertilization – embryonic transfer
  123. 123. ICSI ( intracytoplasmic sperm injection )
  124. 124. GIFT gamete intra fallopian transfer
  125. 125. ZIFT zygote intra fallopian transfer zygote
  126. 126. • ecosystem)
  127. 127. Ecosystem structure)  Abiotic component) ⁻
  128. 128. Biotic component)  Producer) 1. 2. 3. chemotroph anaerobic bacteria SO4) H2S
  129. 129. • consumer) heterotrophicorganism)
  130. 130. • Primary consumers) (Herbivores)
  131. 131.  secondary consumer) carnivore • tertiary consumers) omnivore) •
  132. 132. Scavenger)
  133. 133. Parasite) Host)   Protozoa)
  134. 134.  Nematode)
  135. 135.  Tapeworm) -
  136. 136.  Fluke)
  137. 137. • • • • •

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