Functions of the Brain

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The human brain is one of the most complicated objects in the universe. Although it weighs less than 3 pounds, it manages everything from our heart rates to our thoughts and feelings. The functions of the brain are varied, and include: thinking, perception (sensing), emotion, signaling, and many of our physical functions. Our cognition, feelings and behavior are all the result of our brains.

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  • Functions of the Brain

    1. 1. Brain Functions of the
    2. 2. There are 6 functions of the Brain 2. Perception or Sensing 3. Emotion or Feeling 4. Behaviour 5. Physical or Somatic 6. Signaling (being responsive and reacting to the environment) 1. Thinking or Cognition
    3. 3. Communicating Arithmetic Insight Planning Judgement Comprehension Processing Reading Focusing Attending Memory Contemplation Thinking (or cognition) includes all of our internal mental processes and functions
    4. 4. See Hear Smell Taste Touch Perception is the ability to use our five senses to:
    5. 5. Emotion is the ability to experience feelings and to express those feelings to others. We can also call our emotions and feelings “MOODS” <ul><li>Anxious </li></ul><ul><li>Worried </li></ul><ul><li>Fearful </li></ul><ul><li>Nervous </li></ul><ul><li>Panicky </li></ul><ul><li>Inferior </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate </li></ul><ul><li>Lonely </li></ul><ul><li>Discouraged </li></ul><ul><li>Sad </li></ul><ul><li>Depressed </li></ul><ul><li>Guilty </li></ul><ul><li>Ashamed </li></ul><ul><li>Angry </li></ul><ul><li>Irritated </li></ul><ul><li>Annoyed </li></ul><ul><li>Resentful </li></ul><ul><li>Frustrated </li></ul><ul><li>Happy </li></ul><ul><li>Excited </li></ul><ul><li>Calm </li></ul><ul><li>Peaceful </li></ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul><ul><li>Serene </li></ul><ul><li>Joyful </li></ul><ul><li>Pleased </li></ul><ul><li>Carefree </li></ul>
    6. 6. Mood is the ongoing inner feeling experienced by an individual.
    7. 7. Short term shifts towards “ positive ” pole because of “positive” life events Short term shifts towards “ negative ” pole because of “negative” life events Normal Range “ Normal mood” varies, but usually remains within a normal range
    8. 8. Sensory Perception (Ears, Eyes, Nose, Touch, Taste) Internal Signals (Thoughts, Emotions, Physical) DANGER! Brain Registers DANGER! Prepared to Fight or Flee for Safety & Protection What is signaling ? Initiation of Physiologic Cascade  Heart Rate  Tension  Alertness  Perception
    9. 9. <ul><li>Respiratory System </li></ul><ul><li>Circulatory System </li></ul><ul><li>Nervous System </li></ul><ul><li>Genitourinary System </li></ul><ul><li>Digestive System </li></ul><ul><li>Musculoskeletal System </li></ul>Many physical functions are under the control of the brain.
    10. 10. <ul><li>Sitting </li></ul><ul><li>Running </li></ul><ul><li>Walking </li></ul><ul><li>Talking </li></ul><ul><li>Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Working </li></ul><ul><li>Joking </li></ul><ul><li>Playing </li></ul><ul><li>Reading </li></ul>What are behavioral functions?
    11. 11. Sun Life Financial Chair In Adolescent Mental Health For more information visit WWW.TEENMENTALHEALTH.ORG

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