An Introduction to Technology A lecture presentation in Justo G. Canare Jr, Ph.D. Lecturer
Three things about technology you should remember #1 Technology is location- and site-specific. #2 Technology is location- and site-specific. #3Technology is location- and site-specific.
Three things about technology you should not forget. #1 Technology is location- and site-specific. #2 Technology is location- and site-specific. #3Technology is location- and site-specific. “Every farm has its own signature.” - IIRR
Adopt a technology Adapt a technologyA recipe for sinigang is a technology. We change theamount of salt or patis or sili, the kind of pang-asim(manggang hilaw, sampalok, etc), the “damo”(kangkong, talbos ng kamote, petsay, etc., etc.). Weadapt the sinigang to our taste and the availability ofingredients.
Tools used in sowing seeds in containersFingers Trowe l Barbeque stick
A “recommended technology” can be used as starting point .But to be able to adapt a“recommended technology”, youmust… understand it. know the reasons behind it. You must know and understand its principles.
“Our general philosophy has been thatmodern, highly productive farmingpractices depend on an understandingof the principles of plant growth. Whenprinciples are grasped, the practicesfollow logically.” S. Chapman and L. Carter Authors of “Crop Production”
“Farmers do not simply adopt or reject technology options, they conduct various “trials” to better adapt these technologies in locally relevant ways. Technology adaptation indicates farmers’ perception of the underlying principles behind technology options. Themodifications or adaptations are often more economical, less labor intensive and simpler.” - IIRR. “Farmers Changing the Face of Technology”
God’s Creationof Plants and Animals on Earth(Verses from Genesis)
11. Then God said, "Let theland produce vegetation: seed-bearing plants and trees on theland that bear fruit with seed init, according to their variouskinds." And it was so.12. The land produced vegetation: plants bearing seedaccording to their kinds and trees bearing fruit with seed init according to their kinds. And God saw that it wasgood.
13. And there was evening, and there was morning-- the third day.
20. And God said, "Let thewater teem with livingcreatures, and let birds flyabove the earth across theexpanse of the sky." 21. So God created the great creatures of the sea and every living and moving thing with which the water teems, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.
22. God blessed them and said, "Be fruitful andincrease in number and fill the water in the seas,and let the birds increase on the earth.“23. And there was evening, and there was morning-- the fifth day.
24. And God said, "Let the landproduce living creatures according totheir kinds: livestock, creatures thatmove along the ground, and wildanimals, each according to its kind."And it was so. 25. God made the wild animals according to their kinds, the livestock according to their kinds, and all the creatures that move along the ground according to their kinds. And God saw that it was good.
27. So God created man in his own image, inthe image of God he created him; male andfemale he created them.28. God blessed them and said to them, "Befruitful and increase in number; fill the earth andsubdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and thebirds of the air and over every living creaturethat moves on the ground.“
29. Then God said, "I give youevery seed-bearing plant on theface of the whole earth and everytree that has fruit with seed in it.They will be yours for food. 30. And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air and all the creatures that move on the ground--everything that has the breath of life in it--I give every green plant for food." And it was so.
31. God saw all that he had made, and itwas very good. And there was evening,and there was morning--the sixth day.
In the beginning was the earth. It was beautiful. Andhumans lived upon the earth. And humans said: "Let us build skyscrapers and expressways”.And humans covered theearth with steel and concrete.And humans said, “It is good”.
On the second day, humans looked upon theclear blue waters of the earth. And humans said: “Let us dump sewage and wastes into the waters”. And humans did. The waters became dark and murky. And humans said: “It is good”.
On the third day, humans gazed at the forests of theearth. They were tall and green.And humans said: “Let uscut the trees and buildthings for ourselves”.And humans did.And the forest grew thin. And humans said: “It is good”.
On the fourth day, humans saw the animals leapingin the fields and playing in the sun. And humans said: “Let us trap the animals for money and shoot them for sport”. And humans did. And the animals became scarce. And humans said: “It is good”.
On the fifth day, humans felt the cool breeze in hisnostrils.And humans said: “Let usburn our refuse and let thewind blow away the smokeand debris”.And humans did.And the air became densewith smoke and carbon. And humans said: “It is good”.
On the sixth day, humans saw many kinds of peopleon the earth, different in race, color and creed. And humans feared and said: “Let us make bombs and missiles in case misunderstandings arise”. And humans did. Missile sites and bomb dumps checkered the landscape. And humans said: “It is good”.
On the seventh day, humans rested.And the earth was quiet and deathly still.For humans were no more.And it was good.
Agriculture is harmed by environmental degradation. Agriculture contributes to environmental degradation. We should be able to reduce both.And nature should be our guide.
The Seven Environmental Principles 1. Nature knows best. 2. All forms of life are important. 3. Everything is connected to everything else. 4. Everything changes. 5. Everything must go somewhere. 6. Ours is a finite earth. 7. Nature is beautiful and we are stewards of God’s creation.
A prayer for God’s garden April 16, 2008 by Debbie Warnock Source:http://edenspath.wordpress.com/2008/04/16/a-pray /
I imagine your world, Lord, and feelso small.We’ve messed it up, this beautifulworld…just in my lifetime.Like greedy, unappreciative children,we’ve ransacked your gifts…taking what suits us and throwing therest away like worthless trash.
We’ve replaced the real things oflife with imitations–plastic homes,plastic food made of artificialingredients in a factory far fromhome,plastic flowers in our outdoor pots,plastic families living isolated lives…watching their personal TV alone.
We’ve polluted the water.We’ve manipulated plants to have patentsbut no seeds.We’ve killed off some animals to extinctionand exploited others as if they cannotfeel.It must make you very sad, Lord, to seeyour beautiful gifts, so awesome andintricate,scattered in disarray all over the world.
What can one person do to right thewrong that seems hopelessly out ofcontrol?I will start today to clean up themess…to put things back right.
I will work in the garden you havegiven me.I will plant trees.I will treasure things made from lovinghands.I will see that my hands are alwaysbusy giving good to the world and notharm.I will eat real food that is grown closeto home.
I will take time to nurture andappreciate the beauty in nature.I will tread softly upon this earth andnot take advantage of any living thing.I will take time for my family andfriends and not confuse the virtualworld with relationships.I will make the world around mekinder, lovelier, more natural, morejoyful than it was before.
I will need help, Lord, since there’s alot I don’t know how to do.But, I will do what I can,and learn what I can,and encourage others to do the same…bringing hope and healing to their owngarden….called home.Amen.
Is there anybody who wants to Do you have any questions? share his/her thoughts?
AcknowledgmentsGalang, Angelina, et al. 2003. Seven Lenses orenvironmental principles as if adults mattered. TheBookmark, Inc., Makati City.International Institute of Rural Reconstruction. Undated.Farmers Changing the Face of Technology: Choicesand adaptations of technology options. Silang,Cavite.The Holy Bible, New International Version. ZondervanPublishing House, Michigan, USA.