Tsunami and Earthquake Report and analysis (March 25 2011)


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Tsunami and Earthquake Report and analysis (March 25 2011)

  1. 1. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko KatoTohoku, East Kanto Earthquake, Tsunami Nuclear Reactor damage reportI. Total Damage EstimateII. On site inspection report(Kamaishi)III. Recommendation NoteI.1 Total Damage Estimate report on March 25rd. 2012 Damage and casualties Tohoku 6 prefecture ( Aomori, Akita, Iwate, Yamagata Miyagi, Fukushima) Earthquake of Magnitude 9 and Tsunami of higher than 10 m and highest 16 m hit Tohoku region particulary Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima plus North of Kanto include Tochigi and Ibaragi on 11th. of March.I.2 Mostly damaged area Most of the damage are concentrated in 3 prefecture out of 8 prefectures particularly on Miyagi, Iwate and Fukushima. However, nature of casualties are diversified depending on the region. Missing and death number based on NHK news on 2011/03/25Prefecture Death Missing Total % Coast Coastal Pref. Coast Casualties towns population population lineIwate 3025 4869 7894 2.44 12 309,466 1,330,530 710kmMiyagi 6097 6671 12768 0.74 15 1,708,963 2,347,975 842kmFukushima 839 5997 6836 0.13 10 529,867 2,028,752 167km Total casualties are over 27,498 including death(9961) and missing(17537) in addition, there are more or less of 250,000 people who arenow spending shelter life according to statistics reported National Police onMarch 24th . 2011 . Total number of casualties will be expected to raisedespite the desperate search and rescue operation by military, police andfiremen as time goes by. Tohoku temperature is below zero in the night andit is sometimes snowy even in March. We cannot collect nor identify thebodies on the coast line of Sanriku coast spread over 3 prefectures in Iwate, 1
  2. 2. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko KatoMiyagi and Fukushima in Tohoku facing Pacific Ocean. Many towns werelost in 10 minutes in the three consecutive tsunami wave one of the highestwas 16 m which took away thousands of lives just in 10 minutes and leftonly sand and mad and garbages to the town . Those are only the figureswhich has been reported to the police and particularly missing numbers ofMiyagi prefecture will increase as time goes by. Ishinomaki city andMegawa city located in OJIKA peninsula are particulary damaged byTsunami wave and Ishinomaki is very difficult to have transportation accesstherefore the number of casualties is not known.Damage are beyond the scale and whole coastal villages in Sanriku coast of35,236km length in TOHOKU except for kamaishi are fishery and sea foodtowns.Currently 37 communities on the coast, some of them are still isolated fromthe rest of the world with no Telephone communication, no electricity, nowater and no gas, no petro for days. One city in Iwate was also gone withregistration of residence. Main streets, backroad, whole towns are covered bywith sands and mad after Tsunami are gone.One of the issue is petro. Oil terminal in TOHOKU are located by the coastand lost in Tsunami with hundreds of tank rollies. Gasoline disappearedfrom petro station in east of Japan in one day due to TOHOKU crisis nowrecovered to be normal. We confirmed oil reserve in the underground wassafe from Tsunami. However, amazing progress we see from Port recoveryand Road recovery by the 24 hours full reconstruction efforts of engineersand workers in MLIT (Ministry of Land, Infrustructure, Transport andTourism).Fukushima is the anther area which we cannot confirm the exact casualtiesdue to nuclear reactor issues. Police has not entered in the vicinity of 20 km.of Nuclear reactor for search operation. Therefore we cannot identify theexact number of tall.What we found in Kamaishi was worth the reporting. So I would like tosend you this report and share the news with you. There were the kilos ofrubbles, destroyed and demolished building, piece of houses and abandonedcar on the street in the black sand with smells of sea fish and mad. After 6 2
  3. 3. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko Katodays, city started to resume its functions slowly but their first priority isrescue operation and as rescue operations move on, we find the scale ofcasualties bigger and bigger.You will not imagine train cars, houses, towns disappeared in 10 minutes.Weather is not in favor of survivors of the victims of Tsunami. It is snowy inIwate and water is freezingly cold. Recovery of 2 survivors after 9 days weremiracle but we do not give up the hope. After tsunami, constructiondemand will increase and government plan to spend 10 trillion yen to Tohoku.Building houses takes time and people has to sustain their lives in very hardcondition. Temporary Housing development is urgent for people stayingin shelter house but we need their psychological support in addition tophysical support. Lives of family, relatives and friends lost in Tsunami willnever come back. It will take years to find the missing people and find theidentification of bodies temporarily buried. We are all shocked without anywords to console bereaved family who lost everything. They also need timeto digest their sadness and sorrow but very calm because all the neighborsshare the same hardship. In addition, Tsunami damage weaken economic base of Tohoku by losingfishery and farming population. Commercial and some manufacturingbasis are heavily damaged by Tsunami wave. Forestry and public servicewill be recovered and may have construction demand in the future but theywill not be sufficient enough to support local economy, Tokyo has to supportTOHOKU area in the generations to come. Despite the pessimism in Tokyoabout TOHOKU’s future, I found many survivors in Tohoku Tsunamiincredible optimism, they are much much stronger than I expected. Nature of the damage differs depending on the three prefecture. Among three prefectures, Fukushima has the deepest issues due to nuclear reactor problems caused by Tsunami. Farmers away from nuclear reactor area will not be able to sell the products for many years due to the fear of contamination of consumers. According to today’s news approximately 30,000 population from FUKUSHIMA are forced to evacuate to Saitama prefecture or to relative’ house in Tokyo or adjacent provinces vicinity to Fukushima. I encountered the busses from Futaba city where nuclear reactors are located in service station of TOHOKU. They need 3
  4. 4. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko Kato psychological care since they have trauma from nuclear reactor in addition to their loss of their houses in Tsunami. .II. 1. Kamaishi InspectionDate: March 18thCompany: Nittetsu Mining Co. OB (ex president Mr. Hamabe)Hamayurikai( Mr. Onozaki) Care Japan (Ms. Kaiharazuka) CordinatorKoko Kato,Relief Aid: 6 ton Cargo (List of items in the separate page)Purpose: VisitingSponsor: Nippon Steel mining, Hamayuri-kai, Kyushu Yamaguchi modernindustrialization for WH organization、 Care Japan, Care Okayama, CareKumamoto, Morinaga confectionary company, Daio seishi, Yoko Abe,Mutsuko Kato, Kazuhiko Morinaga, Ryoji Nagata, Tatsuo Aso, Anrakuji,Iwate prefecture, many villages just disappeared in 10 minutes in Tsunamimore than any other area that is why we see 5018 people missing and stillunder the search. According to NHK news, among all 12 coastal towns, 4
  5. 5. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko KatoRikuzentakada city was the worst hit area with loss estimated to 1000 andpolice cannot grasp the accurate figure now bassed on NHK news thisevening. Generally speaking, the mad and sand cover the whole coasts, it isvery hard to recover the body and cannot identify the countless bodies on thebeach therefore, those bodies they found are temporary buried for futureidentification work instead of cremating. No electricity, no water and manycity hall and government people are also victims of tsunami tidal wave butinstead of going to find their own family, they dedicated their lives to rescueschool children, conducting search operation, helping citizens from theirshelter house. But when I visit Kamaishi on 18th. of March after 7 days ofTsunami for 13 hours of drive from TOKYO, they are strong and never losethe hope for future. Kamaishi is different from neighboring fishery towns.It is the steel mill town and the first town where Japanese iron and steelindustry started however due to the production shift of Nippon steel,population of 73000 in 1970 was dropped to the half (39578) in 2010.Industrial base is mainly iron and steel and production of heavy industry butalso fishing, sea food processing , forestry, and mining. They have 458death and 470 people still missing on 18th report at city hall. They havethe wharf high as 10 m but Tsunami easily pass this wharf and whole townwas swollen and sand wave came up to the station.Central area, commercial area are totally gone and major residential arealocated to the south disappeared in 10 minutes. 10,000 people, out of 39000population are living in shelters are from City central and southernresidential people and number of people going to shelter are increasing everysingle day. People does not want to leave the houses even though it is just 5
  6. 6. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko Katoa bare shelters without electricity or hot water in the below zero temperature.They have to move to facility for the safety. Production facilities of Nippon steel in Kamaishi is also affected by Tunamibut prepare to resume the production in the hardship by waiting for recoveryof electricity and wharf and port facility. They are kindly providing theirfacility for unidentified body’s Charnel house. Kamaishi is lucky comparedto neighboring fishery towns since Mountain side are still less damagedincluding Kamaishi mining and Hashino furnace area, WH candidate areain the forest, while neighbor fishery town of Kamaishi are totally gone andmore than half the population including city hall disappeared in the wave ofTsunami. Just for your information, IWATE’s 98% of fishery business aredepending on those coastal towns and their damage and costs are the secondpriority to discovery of the missing people. But we expect the figure to bevery very high. Kamaishi has surprised me all the time. They do not give up the hopeand hold up with their strong spirit at the time of tragedy. I tried to reachthe mayors in every single communication method on 17th. but could notreachable. So I have arranged 6 t truck, relief aids and foods with miningcompany people to visit the towns. Port people, road construction people,electricity repair worker, bulldozer, firefighters, civil servants are workingall night day and night non stop without having proper food and proper heat.There were fishermen who want to go back to the ocean, company executivewho wants to resume business operation, restaurant owner camping to feedothers survivors talking about recovery of the Kamaishi, dreaming to achieverugby contest in 2016 in the rubbles on the coast. They are fighting so hard.There is spirit of hope everywhere in the town.1.City hall All the city government officials either lost the family or house because majority of them resides UNOSUGAI coastal residential area. They are sacrificing themselves to work as a government responsible for relief aid, search operation and recovery of body. (Following photo is vice 6
  7. 7. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko Kato Mayor sasaki, who also lost his house.) Mr. Kikuchi, who accompanied my visit are formerWH officer, whose house is lost and his wife was found on the day of my arrival after 5 days of Tusnami but serving for the missing people day and night rescuing school children from the bridge. Many of their employees are very tired and worn out without proper food, no electricity no water but survive and help others. It is matter of time to resume water, electricity but in order to recover the capacity of city government, it takes quite long time. (Prefectural government is located in mountain and less damaged) Missing information board ⇔ First priority to recover1.Relief Aid distribution(Military and volunteer) 7
  8. 8. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko KatoRelief Aid: Boxes of relief aids are shipped to the town from all over theworld: Particularly from prefectural center to C plaza run by citygovernment but unfortunately those boxes of food stay in the city storage andnot be distributed to the each shelters promptly and efficiently due to theshortage of gas and lack of manpower.Note: (ア) Distribution is not clear(Volunteer came to pick up the box)→ Quite ineffective and inefficient(It may be just lunch time…)from what I see, no director is in the storage, but city representative is doing reception,and one by one volunteer come over to pick up one box whatever necessary in 15 minutes of my stay in distribution center. ⇔ I am sure the situation has improved since then. (イ) If there is 63 evacuation shelters with 9800 people, you need 10 to 13 cars to move around, and distribute the goods in the morning, lunch and dinner. In addition, we need staffing to transport fromKamaishi to other cities since situation on the coastal towns surrounding Kamaishi is even worse.(We do not NGO but Locals) Private industry located vicinity of Tsunami hitted area have manpower and more ability to deliver and distribute products such as Michinoku Coka Cola bottlers and Nittetsu etc. on business basis. (ウ) Also taxi is untapped sources. There is no gas in station but Taxi is not using the same fuel and there is no shortage of taxi gas. It costly but can be distributed. 8
  9. 9. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko Kato I visited my friend Ms. Iwasaki, restaurant owner in UMISUMAI town, outskirt of Kamaishi, area are totally devastated and nothing remains. Her restaurant was completely gone and you cannot recognize anything except for shelter. Ms. Iwasaki was swept away in Tsunami wave but survived and being rescued and stayed one night over in mountain and going back to her Horaikan restaurant to see the ramining shells of building. Then she started to camp with fire in drum can, washing the rice from dirt and started to cook and cater the food to 10 to 15 survivors in the area. I told her your daughter was looking for you on her blog on net…. Then she said “ I cannot contact her. But I am here. I won’t go anywhere. Kamaishi will be my home. Kamaishi will come back, Iwate will come back and I will be here and not going anywhere but to stay here all the time. This is the town of iron. We won’t give up. In 2016, we have rugby competition and triathelon competition. And we want to make it”. Many of the mid aged ladies with her another daughter are around fire and cooking fishes on barbaque. Most of the people surrounding fire either lost their family or relative. This is Kamaishi spirit. Kamaishi is recovered from 2 big natural disasters Kamaishi will be the first place to come back from Tsunami disaster. Government should provide the economic assistance to the business who wants to resume their operation.Reason1.Industrial base is quite diversified not only fishery, farming but also forestry, mining and manufacturing.Reason 2. North side of Kamaishi, Kitagami, hanamaki, Tono there are no damange. You can provide the support from inland. 9
  10. 10. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko KatoReason 3. From the ocean, they can supply products and port people areworking days and night for the recovery.Reason4 .Kamaishi can be the distribution hub of relief goods for the rest of fishery towns on the coast. They know how to handle recovery from natural disasters and recoveryReason5 Tohoku Highway will be deregulated right away andIchinoseki-Kamaishi was the first to open. 10
  11. 11. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko Kato 11
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  15. 15. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko Kato III . RECOMMENDATION to CARE or any other NGO 15
  16. 16. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko Kato I was determined to visit Kamaishi with the encouragement of former Nippon steel corporation mining department president Mr. Hamabe andMr. Onozaki, with the support of headquarter of Nittettsu Corp. Mr. matsumoto and CARE Japan’s support. Also, mayor Noda and many city officials are my friends so as Ms. Iwasaki. So I was determined to accompany them, even offer to chauffer them to see my old friends in Kamaishi with CARE special pass to the traveling aids. After 13 hours drive to Kamaishi I lost my words. What I saw in Kamaishi is beyond my imagination, there is no Commercial zone, no residential zone from the station, to city center to south, all the city functions destroyed except for mountain area. This scene continues all the coastal towns in the area.Our government have not known the this type of tragedy at this scale. Lack of experience delay the decision but nobody should be blamed for their job at this emergency. We cannot expect them to do perfect job in handling this scale of disaster. We have to do what we can do. Although capacity is quite limited for small volunteer or NGO, and lack of experience in working without any infrastructure, those relief organization can be catalyst of change by tieing up with local business communities. Everybody did the best and tried the best at the time of emergency on site. My recommendation to CARE which supported this visit was instead of hiring new staffs or outsource to distribution companies which have already had experience of distribution otherwise it is not going to work efficiently nor effectively. . Because this is not the scale of NGO independently working by themselves. 16
  17. 17. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko Kato CARE Japan With my observation, Oversea relief organization such as Care Japan have experienced in raising the fund but does not seem to have capacity to organize relief operation in Japan. I am not sure whether they can build the capacity in the future to meet the emergency needs in short period of time but still room to consider in case they work with the local initiative and community. Locals and MLIT knows what to do the best with their experience in recovery of natural disaster. But oversea relief organization can assist them in efficient way while building their own capacity which has experienced in the developing nation. In first place, travelling with CARE was not easy since they are notfamiliar with road and area and their team are not familiar with reliefactivity inside of Japan and I was convinced to see them better to be theassistant to locals who know the local municipalites and community betterthan anybody else. Therefore, with regard to Oversea aid operation to beused effectively and most efficiently, CARE should develop the frameworkin joint operation with local business community which will be the best wayto manage the support operation in Japan. III.2 Fukushima Nuclear Reactor In Service station near Fukushima, there are number of people who are fleeding from the town and quite congested. Many of them just left town without any banknote, nothing to carry and cannot go home to collect and being forced to evacuate to Saitama or Tokyo. They are moving to shelter in Saitama. I do not know how much longer this traumatic experience remains in their mind. They are psychologically damaged and it takes time to heal them. But, I am sure it is very very deep issue and they have no home to go back. Fukushima needs more time than any other place and we need to support. Currently, electricity came to 1-4 nuclear reactor power control center andNuclear reactors are under full control again by brave activity of firemen and 17
  18. 18. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko KatoSelf Defense Forces in the threat of nuclear radiation. Cooling off operationof firefighters will bring the stability of nuclear reactor despite serious newsfrom media. I am not familiar with the impact or effect of nuclear reactoron health of human body. I am sure it is hazardous. But so as flying onthe plane and having X ray in the hospital is. Therefore, I would reserve thecomment about the impact of invisible enemy may penetrate the body anytime and what I saw from the eyes of people evacuating from Futaba city inthe bus in below picture without carrying any asset, they have anxiety andfear for future. And cloud in the sky was the scene of the scientific fictionmovie. I sincerely hope situation will calm down and will come down.Driving back to Tokyo where life is more normal, also people are moreindifferent to those who are suffered in Tsunami nor nuclear reactor. Itlooks like totally different world. But I feel this issues very strongly as ourown issue and would like to share their problems and support them. 18
  19. 19. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko KatoGNNThey provide one third of electricity in TOKYO business activity and lives ofTOKYO we have to appreciate how hard they are working to sacrifice theirlives for our wealthy lifestyle in Tokyo. We expect Japanese economy willslow down due to shortage of the power temporarily. But at least we arelucky to be able to live and survive in this tragedy.As heavy industry support our lives as production and manufacturing inTohoku, we hope they resume operation soon and support the economic baseof our country. It is probably the most complex problem Japan has ever had.Our country has been innovative in technology and stand up from the bottomafter the war and earthquake. We learn the lesson from nuclear disastertriggered by TSUNAMI and I hope we can develop the first new technologylearn from the lesson to control nuclear reactors perfectly or developalternative energy source in the future.Tsunami victims, Nuclear reactor victims, sudden death of families andfriends, missing people, for sure it will be a big and long trauma for ourpeople, probably never be healed for generations to come. It also hurt ourcountry’s economy due to serious damage of production system and takestime for full recovery and resume the operation financially and both 19
  20. 20. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko Katophysically. Many companies are expected to go bankrupt as secondarydamage in addition to this unexpected and unprecedented tragedy since weare heavily depending on the TOHOKU for supply of many products.Shortage of Food distribution coming from TOHOKU area to TOKYO marketwill increase the food price. Japanese fishery and sea food processing, andfarming are heavily damaged by losing the best fishery and sea foodprocessing area.I am not sure how long it will take for full recovery from this terrible naturaldisaster but I hope we will overcome this tragedy because we are all behindTOHOKU people. Tohoku people are strong, patient and gutsy, they haveovercomed poverty and hardship all in their lives. Perseverance are theirspecial character which is something I admire all the time. I am sure theywill come back by their strong efforts and we always support their strongcommunity leadership and guts to challenge hardship . NEVER GIVE UP! Thank you very much for your support and all theankmessage I receive from the world. I am lookingforward to seeing you and welcoming you in Japanbefore too long!!Koko KatoPS. Neil,Hashino was fine and no damage at all. I will keep 20
  21. 21. TSUNAMI, EARTHQUAKE INSPECTION REPORT and analysis 2011, 3.25By Koko Katoon supporting Kyushu Yamaguchi and Tohoku JVfor WH initiative with you, too. It won’t die in 10minutes of Tsunami, earthquake and nuclear reactorproblem. 21