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Locke and Hobbes


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Locke and Hobbes

  1. 1. State of nature / Social contract <ul><li>What are people like in “nature”? </li></ul>
  2. 2. Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) <ul><li>Founder of the social contract idea </li></ul><ul><li>In a ‘state of nature,’ life is “solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short” </li></ul><ul><li>Humans cooperate with each other only when it’s in their interest to do so </li></ul>
  3. 3. Gustave Dore, Destruction of Leviathan (1865) Leviathan Sea monster referred to in the Bible Synonymous today with any large sea monster
  4. 4. Hobbes’ Leviathan (1651) - Chaos can only be prevented by a strong central government (ideally an absolute ruler)
  5. 5. John Locke (1632-1704) <ul><li>We are “blank slates” when we’re born </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge comes only through experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced Kant, Rousseau, writers of Declaration of Independence etc. </li></ul>