The codes and conventions of a news show Codes are systems of signs, which create meaning. Codes can be divided into two categories – technical and symbolic: - Technical codes are all the ways in which equipment is used to tell the story in a media text, for example the font and font size in a newspaper. - Symbolic codes show what is beneath the surface of what we see. For example, the size of the text in a newspaper, to show its importance. Some things you’ll expect to find in a news show- • Studio news readers • Actuality footage • Eye witnesses • Links to the studio • Mode of address to the viewers • Interviews • report structure
News readersA brief overview of a news reader’s job descriptionTo carry out in-depth research to a broad brief, with minimal supervision across the whole range of RegionalBroadcasting news and current affairs output.To write material for programme scripts, bulletins and links, exercising editorial judgement, maintainingprofessional journalistic standards and adhering to the company policy and legal and contractual guidelines.To undertake interviewing and reporting duties, under broad direction in both recorded and live situations, instudio or on location, for both Radio and Television.To prepare and present bulletins, including assessing incoming copy, sub-editing news copy and deploying thenecessary resources.To produce live and pre-recorded radio news and current affairs programmes and to prepare radio and TVpackages under supervision.To originate and develop programme ideas; to assist in forward planning of material for future programmes.To provide briefings for reporters, camera crews and other resources staff and contributors.
News reporter TOTAL EMPLOYEED NATIONALLY: 28,140A brief overview of a news reporter’s job descriptionNews reporters and correspondents, also known as journalists, gather news and keep thepublic informed about important events. They may obtain the information they need from anumber of sources, including personal interviews, news briefings—question-and-answerperiods during which journalists meet with government officials—and reports from wireservices such as the Associated Press or United Press International. Reporters andcorrespondents compile this information and then relay it as news. Newspapers,magazines, television, and radio depend on reporters and correspondents to keep readers,viewers, and listeners informed.
Brief definitions to the codes and conventions of news showsLinks to the studio - This is where a reporter will invite another member to the show(through an in-house link from studio to studio) and the shot quickly moves toanother location, mostly abroad to create more interest. This is usually used on manymainstream news channels such as BBC, ITV and SKY news.Mode of address – The mode of address is the way in which a reporter will presentthe information to the viewer given. This covers techniques such as informal andformal language depending on research of target audience. (i.e. a lower age groupwould be interested in a less formal news show such as channel 5. whereas the BBCand ITV capture its older target audience through solid factual evidence and formaltones)Interview - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mzDQCT0AJcwExperts and witnesses – these kind of people are used in news shows to give a nonbiased and greeter overall sense of trust, as it imposes both sides of the storys arecovered and theres also useful/professional advice from the experts.Report structure – an example of a Report Structure:Cover Sheet: Title / Course Title / Module Number & Title / Date / Name of TeamMembersTitle Page: Full Title of ProjectAcknowledgements: Complimentary Text / Thanks to Contributors
Contents page: Should be ComprehensiveIntroduction: (1/2-3/4 of a page) The purpose behind the report, outlining problemsinvestigated & any info necessary for an overview.Main Body: Include Methods used to get the information/your results/discussionof results (conclusion• Summary• Conclusions• Recommendations (Proposal?)References: List of references used in main body of text.Appendices: Tables/Illustrations/Photos/Peripheral Material, which may notnecessarily be used in the main body of text.• Heres a link to the website I found this http://www.doeni.gov.uk/niea/reportstructure.pdfActuality footage – This is the live footage used as the news shows broadcast straight fromthe scene. A great example of this would be the twin tower plane crash, as news shows took over every channel from 1-5. The second plane crash was watched widely across the globe live.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XELamUnF0EU&feature=related
Documentary formats• Expository – This mode of documentary is more is more easy to watch. This is because it follows much less strict conventions• Observational – this type of documentary is only shot through a singular camera, its aim to enhance the fell of reality through the shots as if it where your own eyes. This is why its mainly used for nature documentarys and wildlife example of observational as a documentary was filmed in This is an programs. a lift http://www.4docs.org.uk/films/show/12/The+Lift• Interactive - Examples: Rouch, de Antonio, Connie FieldIt arose from the availability of same mobile equipment & desire to makefilmmakers perspective more evident. This mode wants to engagew/individuals more directly while not reverting to classic expositioninterview styles.• Examples: Rouch, de Antonio, Connie Field• Reflexive - Ascended from the wish to make the conventions of representation themselves more apparent & to challenge the impression of reality which other three modes normally conveyed straightforward. It is the most self-aware mode - its reflexivity makes audience aware of how other modes claim to construct "truth" through documentary practice.
• Per formative -Like Reflexive Documentary, it raises questions about Endorses definition of knowledge that emphasizes personal experience (in knowledge. tradition of poetry, literature)