Ecosystem Analysis - Monsanto Seeds And Traits

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Ecosystem Analysis - Monsanto Seeds And Traits

  1. 1. An ecosystem services review report produced by: Tamara Cohen Jack Solomon Benjamin Schott Yumie Kawasaki
  2. 2. Corporate Overview The Monsanto Company (NYSE: MON) is an international agricultural biotechnology firm.  Their operations fall under two branches: seeds and genomics and agricultural productivity. Greater grain demand drives the need for more yield, and more yield drives the need for more innovation .
  3. 3. Corporate Strategy Trends Technology agreements with farmers   Aggressive acquisition strategy Farmers are prohibited from saving the seeds from one season of produce for planting the next season.
  4. 4. Scope Seeds and Traits Seeds and Genomics accounted for 56% of total revenues in the Financial Year 2008. <ul><li>Increased yield </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency in production </li></ul><ul><li>Herbicide tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Insect resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Drought tolerance </li></ul>Products: Genetically modified corn, cotton, oilseed, and vegetable seeds.  Monsanto sells their genetically modified seed under an assortment of different names including: <ul><li>Asgrow </li></ul><ul><li>Dekalb </li></ul><ul><li>Deltapine </li></ul><ul><li>De Ruiter Seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Genuity </li></ul><ul><li>Roundup Ready </li></ul><ul><li>Seminis </li></ul><ul><li>Vistive </li></ul>Product Attributes:
  5. 5. Ecosystem Assessment Review Top 3 dependent ecosystem services <ul><li>genetic resources </li></ul><ul><li>climate change </li></ul><ul><li>wild foods </li></ul>Top 3 applicable regulatory areas <ul><li>genetic resources </li></ul><ul><li>global climate regulation </li></ul><ul><li>water purification and waste treatment </li></ul>
  6. 6. Changes, Versatility, & Durability of: genetic resources <ul><li>Scientific uncertainty </li></ul><ul><li>Naturally occurring genetic variability </li></ul><ul><li>Biodiversity issues </li></ul>
  7. 7. Climate Change AND ECOLOGICAL SUFFICIENCY A THREAT TO BIODIVERSITY
  8. 8. Strategies Genetically engineer seeds to establish a dual-product correspondence Genetically engineer seeds to in &quot;perform better&quot; in environmental conditions
  9. 10. Ethical Controversies <ul><li>Scientific boundaries? </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulation of not fully understood processes </li></ul><ul><li>Consumption of GMO products </li></ul><ul><li>Manipulation of ecosystem dynamics </li></ul>How does this affect their dependence on ecosystem services?
  10. 12. Competitors Genetic Resource Climate Change Wildlife DuPont (2) <ul><li>Developing GM seed </li></ul><ul><li>$1 million financial support to the Global Crop Diversity Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Support to create a searchable online database hosted by the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing energy use and Co2 emission by conservation or minimum tillage agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>65% reduction of greenhouse gas emission from 1990 level to 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Create DuPont Nature center at Mispillion Harbor Reserve </li></ul><ul><li>Member of Wildlife Habitat Council </li></ul><ul><li>23 DuPont operated sites </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>-planting native weeds </li></ul><ul><li>-planting trees </li></ul><ul><li>-improving water quality of pond </li></ul><ul><li>-setting up birdhouse </li></ul>Syngenta (3) <ul><li>Developing GM seed </li></ul><ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers and public education </li></ul><ul><li>Leading development of GM plants used to produce renewable energy such as ethanol </li></ul><ul><li>Using green energy such as solar energy </li></ul><ul><li>Reducing energy use and Co2 emission by conservation or minimum tillage agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Sale “OPERATION BUMBLEBEE” </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforced projects of biodiversity </li></ul>
  11. 13. Opportunities towards Sustainability <ul><li>A $10 million grant to create “Monsanto's Beachell-Borlaug International Scholars Program” (March 25 th , 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>GM agricultural reports form India, China and Philippine (February 17 th , 2009) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. In china </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy (CCAP) in Chinese Academy of Sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase 9.6% of cotton yield </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced 60% of agrichemical uses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase profit $220/ acre </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Release Roundup Ready 2 Yield tm soybean which has higher yield than the conventional Round UP Ready soybean. (2009 February 4 th )   </li></ul><ul><li>New Initiative Focuses on Water Quality Improvement in the Mississippi River area (2008 December 8 th )  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Project to reduce water waste and soil elusion around Mississippi River area working with Environmental Protection Agency and Agricultural Agency such as The Nature conservancy, The Iowa Soybean Association, Delta Wildlife and National Audubon Society. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More than $ 5million dollar of financial support </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Partnership with African Agricultural Technology Foundation (AATF) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry wide partnership (Syngenta and DuPont) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide information and skills from Global Biotech Stress Tolerance Collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide genetic resources from global proprietary breeding programs </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. Discussion …

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